Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Rwanda 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Benin 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.9
Kuwait 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.1
Thailand 3.0 2.3 2.5 1.7 1.4
Lao PDR 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.8
Nepal 1.6 2.4 3.3 2.5 1.9
Burkina Faso 1.7 2.2 1.7 2.1 2.0
Cambodia 2.4 2.7 1.8 1.9 2.0
Bhutan 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.2
Sierra Leone 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.2
Guinea 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Cuba 7.5 6.4 4.9 3.9 2.7
Vietnam 2.4 2.2 3.3 2.3 2.7
Papua New Guinea 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Iceland 2.6 2.9 2.5 2.9 3.1
Korea, Rep. 4.9 3.5 3.2 2.6 3.2
Guatemala 2.3 1.7 1.6 3.7 3.4
Cote d'Ivoire 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
El Salvador 4.7 4.5 4.4 3.5 3.5
China 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6
Mexico 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.6
Uganda 2.8 3.3 3.8 4.0 3.7
Netherlands 4.9 3.5 2.5 2.9 3.8
Malaysia 3.3 3.1 3.9 3.9 3.9
Norway 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.7 3.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.9 3.9 4.1 3.9 3.9
Ireland 5.6 4.3 3.5 3.7 4.0
Niger 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0
India 4.0 4.2 4.0 4.7 4.0
United Kingdom 5.1 4.9 4.2 4.4 4.2
Austria 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.2
Tanzania 6.0 6.6 6.5 4.6 4.2
Brunei Darussalam 4.8 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.2
Cyprus 6.7 7.4 5.8 4.1 4.5
Switzerland 3.6 3.1 3.5 3.1 4.5
Zimbabwe 4.5 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5
Myanmar 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6
Bangladesh 3.0 3.3 3.4 3.5 4.6
Luxembourg 3.4 3.1 2.2 3.6 4.7
Macao SAR, China 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.8
Japan 4.5 4.5 4.8 5.1 4.9
Azerbaijan 4.9 6.6 6.5 6.4 5.0
New Zealand 6.7 6.0 5.4 5.5 5.1
Liberia 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 5.1
Qatar 2.3 1.4 2.4 3.6 5.2
Sweden 6.9 5.5 4.8 4.8 5.3
Solomon Islands 6.0 6.9 6.4 6.0 5.4
Singapore 4.1 4.1 4.0 5.2 5.6
Hungary 6.3 5.6 5.0 5.4 5.6
United States 4.4 4.2 4.7 5.7 5.7
Australia 6.7 6.1 6.4 6.2 6.0
Denmark 5.9 5.0 4.8 5.0 6.1
Madagascar 3.5 3.4 5.0 5.5 6.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.2 4.0 3.9 5.9 6.2
Bolivia 5.3 5.9 6.4 6.8 6.2
Cameroon 7.8 6.7 8.3 6.1 6.2
Peru 4.7 5.7 4.2 5.2 6.3
Romania 5.5 6.3 5.9 7.5 6.3
Moldova 8.9 7.2 5.9 5.6 6.3
Mongolia 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.4
United Arab Emirates 5.9 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.5
Honduras 4.0 4.1 4.4 4.7 6.5
Slovenia 7.4 7.1 6.0 6.8 7.1
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 6.8 5.3 6.9 7.1
Portugal 5.0 4.9 5.0 6.0 7.2
Canada 7.3 6.7 6.9 7.1 7.2
Nigeria 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.1 7.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.0 8.1 7.9 7.7 7.6
Congo, Rep. 7.9 7.4 7.6 7.5 7.7
Chad 8.4 8.5 7.9 8.0 7.8
Mozambique 7.9 8.2 7.7 7.7 7.8
Russian Federation 12.9 10.4 8.6 7.6 7.9
Ghana 11.0 10.7 10.6 10.6 7.9
Comoros 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.9
Angola 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.5 8.0
Guinea-Bissau 7.7 7.7 7.9 8.1 8.0
Togo 8.2 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.1
Gambia, The 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.8 8.2
Somalia 8.1 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.2
Nicaragua 4.3 3.7 3.9 4.1 8.2
Cabo Verde 8.0 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.3
Costa Rica 8.3 7.0 7.9 8.1 8.4
Central African Republic 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.4
Burundi 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5
Ukraine 11.2 11.2 10.5 9.2 8.7
Haiti 8.3 8.5 8.8 8.8 8.7
Germany 8.9 8.1 7.9 8.3 8.8
Malawi 8.8 9.0 9.3 9.1 8.9
Belgium 10.2 8.3 6.9 8.6 8.9
Finland 10.6 10.6 9.7 9.1 8.9
Eritrea 8.9 9.5 8.5 8.8 9.0
France 13.9 12.2 10.5 9.8 9.6
Chile 10.7 10.1 9.7 9.6 9.7
Malta 8.6 6.6 8.1 8.3 9.8
Czech Republic 10.5 10.6 9.9 9.0 9.9
Turkey 7.4 6.1 7.3 9.3 9.9
Paraguay 7.5 9.2 9.2 13.6 10.1
Ethiopia 13.1 12.5 12.0 11.0 10.1
Belarus 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.4
Estonia 10.1 11.5 13.1 8.5 10.4
Kazakhstan 16.3 15.4 12.5 11.1 10.4
Lebanon 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.5
Latvia 13.3 13.4 11.5 11.6 10.8
Kenya 11.1 11.0 10.9 11.0 10.9
Timor-Leste 8.8 8.5 12.6 11.7 10.9
Puerto Rico 9.7 7.5 9.5 10.8 11.0
Uruguay 14.0 13.3 12.6 11.8 11.1
Kyrgyz Republic 9.2 8.4 8.7 14.2 11.1
Israel 9.4 9.2 9.7 10.6 11.3
Philippines 9.5 11.2 11.8 11.8 11.4
Georgia 12.2 10.4 10.7 11.0 11.5
Uzbekistan 11.7 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6
Bahamas, The 9.4 8.8 7.4 9.3 11.7
Fiji 11.1 10.6 8.5 8.0 11.8
Italy 16.2 14.8 13.0 12.6 11.9
Turkmenistan 11.9 11.9 12.0 11.9 11.9
Tajikistan 11.9 12.0 12.1 12.1 12.1
Mali 11.4 11.5 11.7 11.8 12.1
Ecuador 8.1 9.6 11.2 11.2 12.3
Brazil 12.1 12.0 11.9 11.6 12.4
Albania 29.8 14.3 28.9 15.7 12.4
Senegal 12.7 12.9 12.8 13.1 12.6
Indonesia 6.8 6.5 10.3 11.1 12.6
Barbados 13.4 11.6 11.9 12.3 12.7
Mauritius 12.8 11.9 11.1 11.9 12.8
Morocco 13.3 13.2 12.5 12.6 12.9
Sri Lanka 13.5 11.6 12.1 13.7 13.0
Zambia 10.3 10.9 12.7 12.3 13.0
Bulgaria 13.6 15.8 18.7 17.3 13.2
Lithuania 12.0 13.6 14.1 12.8 13.2
Trinidad and Tobago 16.7 15.1 14.2 14.4 14.5
Bahrain 10.3 12.9 10.2 12.6 14.9
Greece 17.8 16.6 15.3 15.6 14.9
Libya 15.0 15.1 14.8 14.7 15.1
Belize 20.5 16.6 13.7 15.0 15.3
Colombia 20.1 21.6 19.2 19.0 15.5
Croatia 14.1 16.8 21.4 17.3 15.7
Pakistan 15.2 16.1 16.7 16.5 15.7
Spain 23.5 20.9 15.4 16.6 16.1
Saudi Arabia 8.3 8.9 8.6 11.0 16.4
Tunisia 18.6 18.1 17.4 17.5 16.5
Oman 17.3 17.5 17.5 17.2 16.9
Jamaica 22.8 22.4 21.1 19.7 17.0
West Bank and Gaza 9.1 10.9 13.8 16.8 17.6
Slovak Republic 16.3 18.5 18.6 18.7 17.7
Serbia 16.0 14.7 14.9 16.1 17.7
Panama 17.1 17.8 18.9 18.5 18.1
Afghanistan 18.6 18.0 17.9 18.0 18.6
Argentina 15.7 17.1 17.5 18.8 18.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.0 20.6 18.7 20.0 18.9
Suriname 20.4 20.2 19.3 19.6 19.3
Venezuela, RB 16.0 14.3 14.6 18.8 20.3
Poland 13.4 18.0 19.7 20.8 20.4
Sudan 21.2 21.2 20.4 20.3 20.4
Gabon 22.4 22.0 21.6 21.3 20.9
Syrian Arab Republic 17.8 22.2 27.4 24.1 21.0
Montenegro 21.5 32.0 21.0 21.2 21.3
Maldives 18.5 19.1 19.8 20.6 21.3
Namibia 21.1 21.6 23.6 20.4 21.6
Jordan 25.4 21.9 23.4 24.5 23.1
Yemen, Rep. 22.6 26.4 23.0 23.0 23.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.9 22.3 23.3 25.6 25.7
Swaziland 25.9 25.9 26.0 26.0 26.0
Dominican Republic 22.6 23.6 22.2 18.8 26.7
Botswana 23.5 27.6 25.8 24.2 26.9
Mauritania 27.1 27.6 27.5 27.6 27.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27.7 27.0 29.5 26.4 27.8
Guyana 31.6 19.7 32.7 30.2 28.3
South Africa 30.4 29.0 27.9 31.4 31.2
Iraq 28.0 28.2 28.3 28.1 33.9
Armenia 21.8 29.0 40.1 33.8 35.2
Macedonia, FYR 33.2 34.8 32.0 32.4 36.3
Algeria 45.7 53.7 49.5 44.9 39.2
Lesotho 33.4 45.5 45.1 40.4 47.3
South Sudan
New Caledonia
French Polynesia
Palau
St. Kitts and Nevis
Antigua and Barbuda
St. Lucia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
St. Martin (French part)
Aruba
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Seychelles
American Samoa
Sao Tome and Principe
Isle of Man
Djibouti
Tonga
Bermuda
Kosovo
Turks and Caicos Islands
Greenland
Vanuatu
Tuvalu
Monaco
Faeroe Islands
Cayman Islands
Andorra
Samoa
Liechtenstein
Northern Mariana Islands
Grenada
Dominica
San Marino
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Marshall Islands
Curacao
Guam
Kiribati

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