Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.3 17.8
Albania 19.5 18.1 19.7 19.4 14.3
Algeria 55.8 46.9 46.9 47.5 55.8
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 6.9 7.3 7.5 7.4 7.4
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 20.2 18.2 15.0 15.7 17.1
Armenia 20.4 19.7 19.9 20.1 20.1
Aruba
Australia 8.2 8.2 7.4 6.7 6.1
Austria 4.4 4.6 4.5 3.8 3.8
Azerbaijan 5.5 7.1 7.9 4.2 12.9
Bahamas, The 14.5 11.3 9.7 9.4 8.8
Bahrain 6.9 7.2 6.6 6.6 7.6
Bangladesh 2.2 2.7 2.2 3.0 3.3
Barbados 17.9 18.3 16.4 13.4 11.6
Belarus 4.9 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.9
Belgium 12.4 11.6 11.7 10.1 8.3
Belize 18.7 21.1 21.8 20.5 16.9
Benin 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.6
Bermuda
Bhutan 3.0 2.2 1.8 1.8 2.1
Bolivia 6.6 5.4 4.4 5.3 5.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27.8 30.4 28.7 28.0 27.2
Botswana 23.6 23.2 23.5 23.5 23.8
Brazil 8.7 9.9 11.5 12.1 12.0
Brunei Darussalam 4.6 4.0 4.0 4.9 4.5
Bulgaria 13.2 13.3 11.8 13.6 15.7
Burkina Faso 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 2.2
Burundi 7.9 7.7 7.5 7.8 7.8
Cabo Verde 12.1 12.0 12.0 11.8 12.1
Cambodia 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.7
Cameroon 9.7 9.3 8.9 8.5 7.6
Canada 9.2 8.9 8.0 7.3 6.7
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 7.7 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.4
Chad 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.8 7.8
Chile 7.8 7.6 7.6 10.7 10.1
China 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8
Colombia 18.9 15.9 17.9 20.0 22.2
Comoros 7.6 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.8
Congo, Rep. 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.0
Costa Rica 8.6 7.7 8.4 8.3 6.8
Cote d'Ivoire 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.0
Croatia 11.1 11.0 11.5 14.1 16.8
Cuba 9.0 8.4 7.3 7.5 6.4
Curacao
Cyprus 5.5 4.1 7.2 6.7 7.4
Czech Republic 4.7 5.9 8.3 10.5 10.6
Denmark 8.4 6.4 6.4 5.8 5.0
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 27.3 25.7 23.5 22.4 23.6
Ecuador 6.8 10.6 8.1 9.1 10.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21.7 20.6 20.6 19.9 22.3
El Salvador 6.5 5.4 5.9 4.7 4.5
Equatorial Guinea 5.5 4.1 6.4 6.4 6.6
Eritrea 7.8 7.8 8.1 8.2 8.6
Estonia 9.0 9.5 8.5 10.1 11.5
Ethiopia 8.7 9.9 11.2 12.7 11.7
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 7.8 9.2 11.6 11.2 10.7
Finland 14.8 13.0 12.1 10.6 10.5
France 14.4 14.4 14.1 13.8 12.2
French Polynesia
Gabon 22.7 25.2 25.5 25.7 26.0
Gambia, The 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Georgia 11.7 11.7 11.8 12.2 10.4
Germany 9.7 10.6 9.9 8.9 8.0
Ghana 10.3 8.1 9.2 11.0 10.7
Greece 15.4 14.7 16.5 17.8 16.6
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 4.2 6.0 4.1 2.4 1.8
Guinea 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.7
Guinea-Bissau 7.4 7.3 8.4 7.2 7.2
Guyana 17.5 16.8 16.1 15.5 15.1
Haiti 14.1 14.1 14.1 8.3 8.5
Honduras 5.9 4.4 5.3 4.0 4.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.4 2.0 3.9 5.2 4.0
Hungary 8.8 7.7 6.9 6.3 5.6
Iceland 4.1 4.5 3.2 2.6 2.9
India 4.1 4.2 4.8 4.3 4.2
Indonesia 5.3 5.5 6.3 6.8 6.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22.2 19.0 19.0 18.2 18.6
Iraq 30.5 27.9 30.2 28.4 28.4
Ireland 11.8 10.2 7.3 5.6 4.2
Isle of Man
Israel 7.8 8.8 9.1 9.4 9.2
Italy 16.1 16.3 16.4 16.2 14.7
Jamaica 22.9 23.7 22.3 22.8 22.4
Japan 3.4 3.4 4.0 4.5 4.5
Jordan 25.2 21.4 18.5 20.7 21.9
Kazakhstan 15.9 15.9 16.0 16.5 15.6
Kenya 11.3 11.4 11.2 11.2 11.2
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.4 3.3
Korea, Rep. 1.5 2.2 5.5 4.9 3.5
Kuwait 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Kyrgyz Republic 9.7 9.1 11.0 9.2 8.4
Lao PDR 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Latvia 11.7 14.6 13.5 13.3 13.4
Lebanon 10.3 10.9 10.2 10.4 10.6
Lesotho 35.2 48.1 40.9 33.4 30.3
Liberia 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Libya 29.7 29.5 29.5 29.4 29.3
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 14.0 13.9 11.8 12.1 13.6
Luxembourg 4.7 3.6 4.3 3.4 3.1
Macao SAR, China 4.0 2.6 3.4 4.4 4.5
Macedonia, FYR 36.0 36.6 37.9 33.2 34.8
Madagascar 4.0 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.5
Malawi 8.7 8.8 9.0 9.0 9.2
Malaysia 2.9 2.7 3.4 3.3 3.1
Maldives 19.0 19.4 19.2 18.5 19.3
Mali 11.9 11.5 11.7 11.4 11.5
Malta 8.2 8.2 7.0 8.3 6.6
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 30.4 30.5 30.5 30.6 30.6
Mauritius 13.2 13.1 13.0 12.9 12.0
Mexico 6.7 6.1 4.9 3.6 3.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 5.4 2.7 4.4 9.0 7.2
Monaco
Mongolia 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3
Montenegro 21.2 21.7 21.1 21.9 20.9
Morocco 16.6 17.4 18.2 13.3 13.2
Mozambique 25.3 25.5 25.3 25.4 25.8
Myanmar 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.0 3.9
Namibia 21.2 21.0 21.1 21.1 21.6
Nepal 4.0 3.4 2.8 1.6 2.3
Netherlands 8.1 7.1 5.8 4.9 3.4
New Caledonia
New Zealand 6.3 6.8 7.6 6.6 6.1
Nicaragua 4.6 4.0 4.5 4.0 3.7
Niger 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7
Nigeria 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.4
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 4.8 4.0 3.3 3.0 3.2
Oman 15.6 16.0 16.3 16.6 16.7
Pakistan 14.9 17.2 15.0 15.2 16.1
Palau
Panama 20.3 18.3 20.9 17.1 17.8
Papua New Guinea 3.1 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.4
Paraguay 5.3 6.7 6.7 7.5 9.2
Peru 7.0 5.9 5.6 6.9 6.8
Philippines 8.2 8.6 9.7 9.5 11.2
Poland 13.9 13.1 12.2 13.3 18.0
Portugal 7.9 7.2 6.1 5.1 4.8
Puerto Rico 11.8 12.4 12.2 9.7 7.5
Qatar 2.6 3.1 1.3 2.8 5.0
Romania 7.3 5.8 5.4 5.4 6.4
Russian Federation 9.3 11.4 13.0 12.9 10.4
Rwanda 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 21.7 19.3 20.3 8.3 8.9
Senegal 13.9 13.5 11.7 11.5 13.4
Serbia 15.6 16.3 16.1 16.1 14.8
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.3
Singapore 2.6 2.3 4.0 4.3 4.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 12.6 12.8 13.1 16.4 18.5
Slovenia 6.6 6.8 7.5 7.4 7.1
Solomon Islands 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.8 5.2
Somalia 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6
South Africa 24.4 26.4 29.6 30.4 29.0
South Sudan
Spain 30.3 29.0 27.2 23.4 21.0
Sri Lanka 18.3 16.7 13.8 13.5 11.6
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 21.4 22.4 21.6 21.6 21.5
Suriname 15.9 15.1 15.0 20.4 20.6
Swaziland 23.6 25.8 25.8 25.9 25.9
Sweden 9.7 9.8 8.1 6.9 5.5
Switzerland 4.1 3.9 4.2 3.6 3.1
Syrian Arab Republic 22.9 19.3 16.7 17.8 22.2
Tajikistan 10.0 10.2 10.3 10.3 10.4
Tanzania 6.6 6.0 6.2 6.0 6.6
Thailand 1.2 1.0 3.4 3.0 2.3
Timor-Leste 8.9 8.9 9.5 9.0 8.7
Togo 7.4 7.6 7.8 7.6 7.7
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 21.1 19.6 18.8 16.7 15.1
Tunisia 17.6 17.3 21.2 19.4 19.1
Turkey 5.8 7.5 6.7 7.4 6.1
Turkmenistan 10.6 10.4 11.0 11.4 11.5
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 2.6 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3
Ukraine 6.7 7.9 10.0 10.2 10.2
United Arab Emirates 6.2 6.0 9.4 10.1 5.8
United Kingdom 6.4 5.9 5.4 5.1 4.9
United States 5.5 5.1 4.7 4.4 4.2
Uruguay 13.3 12.9 12.2 13.3 14.5
Uzbekistan 11.0 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.0
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 16.1 13.5 12.7 16.0 14.3
Vietnam 1.7 2.6 2.1 2.4 2.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 18.7 15.9 11.2 9.1 11.0
Yemen, Rep. 32.7 34.8 37.4 33.0 38.8
Zambia 12.9 12.2 10.1 10.3 10.9
Zimbabwe 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.5 4.7

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