Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan 18.7 18.7 18.6 18.6 18.6
Albania 32.9 30.0 32.3 29.5 29.8
Algeria 51.3 53.9 45.5 45.8 45.7
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 7.4 7.2 7.9 8.1 8.0
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 22.3 20.2 18.2 15.0 15.7
Armenia 31.4 24.1 21.2 31.4 21.8
Aruba
Australia 8.1 8.2 8.2 7.4 6.7
Austria 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.6 3.9
Azerbaijan 5.6 6.7 6.6 6.6 4.9
Bahamas, The 11.7 14.5 11.3 9.7 9.4
Bahrain 10.7 10.6 10.6 10.4 10.3
Bangladesh 2.6 2.2 2.7 2.2 3.0
Barbados 23.1 17.9 18.3 16.4 13.4
Belarus 9.9 10.5 10.7 10.6 10.4
Belgium 12.2 12.4 11.6 11.7 10.2
Belize 18.2 18.7 21.1 21.8 20.5
Benin 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.7
Bermuda
Bhutan 3.9 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.8
Bolivia 6.5 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 26.8 27.3 30.5 28.4 27.7
Botswana 23.1 23.6 23.2 23.5 23.5
Brazil 7.3 8.7 9.9 11.5 12.1
Brunei Darussalam 4.8 4.5 3.9 3.9 4.8
Bulgaria 15.4 13.2 13.3 11.8 13.6
Burkina Faso 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Burundi 8.6 8.6 8.3 8.1 8.5
Cabo Verde 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.0
Cambodia 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4
Cameroon 3.8 9.0 8.6 8.2 7.8
Canada 9.1 9.3 8.9 8.0 7.3
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 7.8 8.4 7.7 7.9 7.9
Chad 8.4 8.3 8.1 8.1 8.4
Chile 8.8 7.9 7.7 7.6 10.7
China 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.9
Colombia 16.0 18.9 17.3 18.6 20.1
Comoros 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.8 7.9 8.1 7.9 8.0
Congo, Rep. 7.7 7.6 7.8 7.6 7.9
Costa Rica 6.8 8.6 7.7 8.4 8.3
Cote d'Ivoire 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5
Croatia 11.7 11.2 11.1 11.5 14.1
Cuba 9.9 9.0 8.4 7.4 7.5
Curacao
Cyprus 4.9 5.5 4.1 7.2 6.7
Czech Republic 4.8 4.7 5.9 8.3 10.5
Denmark 8.6 8.4 6.5 6.4 5.9
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 25.7 27.6 25.9 23.7 22.6
Ecuador 7.4 8.0 9.2 6.7 8.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 27.1 22.0 20.8 20.6 19.9
El Salvador 5.9 6.5 5.4 5.9 4.7
Equatorial Guinea 6.8 5.1 3.2 6.5 6.5
Eritrea 8.7 8.4 8.5 8.8 8.9
Estonia 8.8 9.0 9.5 8.5 10.1
Ethiopia 12.9 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.1
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 7.5 7.8 9.2 11.5 11.1
Finland 15.1 14.8 13.0 12.1 10.6
France 14.0 14.4 14.3 14.0 13.9
French Polynesia
Gabon 19.5 21.2 23.1 22.7 22.4
Gambia, The 8.7 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3
Georgia 13.1 11.8 11.8 11.9 12.2
Germany 9.4 9.6 10.6 9.9 8.9
Ghana 3.5 10.3 7.3 7.8 11.0
Greece 13.7 15.3 14.7 16.5 17.8
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 5.0 3.9 5.4 4.7 2.3
Guinea 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Guinea-Bissau 8.0 8.0 7.9 9.4 7.7
Guyana 37.4 33.3 29.3 26.4 31.6
Haiti 14.3 14.7 14.7 14.7 8.3
Honduras 4.2 5.7 4.3 5.2 4.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.9 2.4 2.0 3.9 5.2
Hungary 8.7 8.8 7.8 7.0 6.3
Iceland 4.9 4.1 4.5 3.3 2.6
India 4.1 4.1 4.4 3.9 4.0
Indonesia 4.6 5.3 5.5 6.3 6.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.7 18.3 18.5 18.3 18.0
Iraq 29.1 30.3 30.0 29.6 28.0
Ireland 12.1 11.8 10.2 7.3 5.6
Isle of Man
Israel 8.6 7.8 8.8 9.2 9.4
Italy 16.0 16.1 16.3 16.4 16.2
Jamaica 22.4 22.9 23.7 22.3 22.8
Japan 3.3 3.4 3.4 4.0 4.5
Jordan 27.2 25.4 25.1 16.8 25.4
Kazakhstan 13.4 15.8 15.7 15.8 16.3
Kenya 11.1 11.1 11.3 11.0 11.1
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.3 4.1 4.0 4.3 3.9
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.5 2.2 5.5 4.9
Kosovo
Kuwait 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Kyrgyz Republic 9.4 9.5 9.3 11.1 9.2
Lao PDR 2.2 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6
Latvia 11.2 10.7 14.6 13.5 13.3
Lebanon 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.2
Lesotho 40.0 35.5 48.1 40.9 33.4
Liberia 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Libya 14.8 15.3 15.1 15.1 15.0
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 15.3 13.9 13.9 11.8 12.0
Luxembourg 4.4 4.7 3.7 4.2 3.4
Macao SAR, China 3.4 4.0 2.6 3.4 4.4
Macedonia, FYR 33.1 36.2 36.7 37.9 33.2
Madagascar 4.1 4.0 3.6 3.5 3.5
Malawi 8.2 8.4 8.6 8.9 8.8
Malaysia 3.4 2.7 2.6 3.4 3.3
Maldives 18.4 19.0 19.4 19.2 18.5
Mali 12.3 11.9 11.5 11.7 11.4
Malta 9.4 8.7 8.6 8.1 8.6
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 26.8 27.2 28.4 27.5 27.1
Mauritius 13.1 13.1 13.0 12.9 12.8
Mexico 8.6 6.8 6.1 4.9 3.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 5.6 5.4 6.5 4.5 8.9
Monaco
Mongolia 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1
Montenegro 30.4 30.9 21.1 21.3 21.5
Morocco 12.2 12.0 11.8 11.5 13.3
Mozambique 8.4 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.9
Myanmar 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.6 4.8
Namibia 21.2 21.2 21.0 21.1 21.1
Nepal 2.1 3.9 3.2 2.6 1.6
Netherlands 8.7 8.1 7.1 5.8 4.9
New Caledonia
New Zealand 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.6 6.7
Nicaragua 3.0 3.4 3.9 5.2 4.3
Niger 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.1
Nigeria 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 4.6 4.8 4.0 3.3 3.0
Oman 16.3 16.4 16.9 17.1 17.3
Pakistan 14.0 14.9 17.2 15.0 15.2
Palau
Panama 20.2 20.3 18.3 20.9 17.1
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.0 3.6 3.1 3.2
Paraguay 3.9 5.3 6.7 6.7 7.5
Peru 4.4 5.5 4.8 4.8 4.7
Philippines 9.6 8.2 8.6 9.7 9.5
Poland 14.6 13.8 13.1 12.2 13.4
Portugal 7.8 7.9 7.2 6.2 5.0
Puerto Rico 10.8 11.8 12.4 12.2 9.7
Qatar 5.3 5.6 5.7 3.4 2.3
Romania 8.7 7.3 5.8 5.4 5.5
Russian Federation 9.2 9.3 11.4 12.9 12.9
Rwanda 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 10.5 20.3 19.4 19.4 8.3
Senegal 12.8 13.0 12.9 12.7 12.7
Serbia 15.8 15.5 16.2 16.1 16.0
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.5
Singapore 2.5 2.4 2.2 3.8 4.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 13.8 12.7 12.8 13.1 16.3
Slovenia 6.8 6.6 6.9 7.4 7.4
Solomon Islands 5.5 6.0 6.1 6.0 6.0
Somalia 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
South Africa 19.9 24.6 26.7 29.6 30.4
South Sudan
Spain 31.3 30.3 28.9 27.2 23.5
Sri Lanka 19.6 18.1 16.7 13.7 13.5
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 20.3 20.5 23.3 21.2 21.2
Suriname 11.3 15.3 14.5 14.4 20.4
Swaziland 22.8 23.6 25.8 25.8 25.9
Sweden 8.4 9.6 9.8 8.1 6.9
Switzerland 3.8 4.0 3.9 4.2 3.6
Syrian Arab Republic 16.4 22.9 19.3 16.7 17.8
Tajikistan 11.1 11.7 11.8 11.9 11.9
Tanzania 6.0 6.6 6.0 6.2 6.0
Thailand 1.4 1.2 1.0 3.4 3.0
Timor-Leste 8.7 8.6 8.7 9.6 8.8
Togo 8.0 8.0 8.2 8.5 8.2
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 20.5 21.1 19.6 18.8 16.7
Tunisia 18.3 17.8 17.3 20.0 18.6
Turkey 7.1 5.8 7.6 6.6 7.4
Turkmenistan 11.1 11.3 11.1 11.6 11.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8
Ukraine 5.4 7.3 8.6 10.9 11.2
United Arab Emirates 2.3 12.0 6.9 6.4 5.9
United Kingdom 6.9 6.4 5.9 5.4 5.1
United States 5.7 5.5 5.1 4.7 4.4
Uruguay 13.2 13.9 12.5 14.8 14.0
Uzbekistan 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.7 11.7
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 12.1 16.1 13.5 12.7 16.0
Vietnam 2.0 1.7 2.6 2.1 2.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 19.2 18.5 15.8 11.1 9.1
Yemen, Rep. 23.5 22.1 23.6 25.3 22.6
Zambia 15.6 12.9 12.2 10.1 10.3
Zimbabwe 4.2 4.5 4.9 4.8 4.5

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