Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Afghanistan 18.6 18.0 17.9 18.0 18.6
Albania 29.8 14.3 28.9 15.7 12.4
Algeria 45.7 53.7 49.5 44.9 39.2
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.5 8.0
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 15.7 17.1 17.5 18.8 18.8
Armenia 21.8 29.0 40.1 33.8 35.2
Aruba
Australia 6.7 6.1 6.4 6.2 6.0
Austria 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.2
Azerbaijan 4.9 6.6 6.5 6.4 5.0
Bahamas, The 9.4 8.8 7.4 9.3 11.7
Bahrain 10.3 12.9 10.2 12.6 14.9
Bangladesh 3.0 3.3 3.4 3.5 4.6
Barbados 13.4 11.6 11.9 12.3 12.7
Belarus 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.4
Belgium 10.2 8.3 6.9 8.6 8.9
Belize 20.5 16.6 13.7 15.0 15.3
Benin 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.9
Bermuda
Bhutan 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.2
Bolivia 5.3 5.9 6.4 6.8 6.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27.7 27.0 29.5 26.4 27.8
Botswana 23.5 27.6 25.8 24.2 26.9
Brazil 12.1 12.0 11.9 11.6 12.4
Brunei Darussalam 4.8 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.2
Bulgaria 13.6 15.8 18.7 17.3 13.2
Burkina Faso 1.7 2.2 1.7 2.1 2.0
Burundi 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5
Cabo Verde 8.0 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.3
Cambodia 2.4 2.7 1.8 1.9 2.0
Cameroon 7.8 6.7 8.3 6.1 6.2
Canada 7.3 6.7 6.9 7.1 7.2
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.4
Chad 8.4 8.5 7.9 8.0 7.8
Chile 10.7 10.1 9.7 9.6 9.7
China 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6
Colombia 20.1 21.6 19.2 19.0 15.5
Comoros 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.0 8.1 7.9 7.7 7.6
Congo, Rep. 7.9 7.4 7.6 7.5 7.7
Costa Rica 8.3 7.0 7.9 8.1 8.4
Cote d'Ivoire 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Croatia 14.1 16.8 21.4 17.3 15.7
Cuba 7.5 6.4 4.9 3.9 2.7
Curacao
Cyprus 6.7 7.4 5.8 4.1 4.5
Czech Republic 10.5 10.6 9.9 9.0 9.9
Denmark 5.9 5.0 4.8 5.0 6.1
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 22.6 23.6 22.2 18.8 26.7
Ecuador 8.1 9.6 11.2 11.2 12.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.9 22.3 23.3 25.6 25.7
El Salvador 4.7 4.5 4.4 3.5 3.5
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 6.8 5.3 6.9 7.1
Eritrea 8.9 9.5 8.5 8.8 9.0
Estonia 10.1 11.5 13.1 8.5 10.4
Ethiopia 13.1 12.5 12.0 11.0 10.1
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 11.1 10.6 8.5 8.0 11.8
Finland 10.6 10.6 9.7 9.1 8.9
France 13.9 12.2 10.5 9.8 9.6
French Polynesia
Gabon 22.4 22.0 21.6 21.3 20.9
Gambia, The 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.8 8.2
Georgia 12.2 10.4 10.7 11.0 11.5
Germany 8.9 8.1 7.9 8.3 8.8
Ghana 11.0 10.7 10.6 10.6 7.9
Greece 17.8 16.6 15.3 15.6 14.9
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 2.3 1.7 1.6 3.7 3.4
Guinea 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Guinea-Bissau 7.7 7.7 7.9 8.1 8.0
Guyana 31.6 19.7 32.7 30.2 28.3
Haiti 8.3 8.5 8.8 8.8 8.7
Honduras 4.0 4.1 4.4 4.7 6.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.2 4.0 3.9 5.9 6.2
Hungary 6.3 5.6 5.0 5.4 5.6
Iceland 2.6 2.9 2.5 2.9 3.1
India 4.0 4.2 4.0 4.7 4.0
Indonesia 6.8 6.5 10.3 11.1 12.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.0 20.6 18.7 20.0 18.9
Iraq 28.0 28.2 28.3 28.1 33.9
Ireland 5.6 4.3 3.5 3.7 4.0
Isle of Man
Israel 9.4 9.2 9.7 10.6 11.3
Italy 16.2 14.8 13.0 12.6 11.9
Jamaica 22.8 22.4 21.1 19.7 17.0
Japan 4.5 4.5 4.8 5.1 4.9
Jordan 25.4 21.9 23.4 24.5 23.1
Kazakhstan 16.3 15.4 12.5 11.1 10.4
Kenya 11.1 11.0 10.9 11.0 10.9
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.9 3.9 4.1 3.9 3.9
Korea, Rep. 4.9 3.5 3.2 2.6 3.2
Kosovo
Kuwait 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.1
Kyrgyz Republic 9.2 8.4 8.7 14.2 11.1
Lao PDR 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.8
Latvia 13.3 13.4 11.5 11.6 10.8
Lebanon 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.5
Lesotho 33.4 45.5 45.1 40.4 47.3
Liberia 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 5.1
Libya 15.0 15.1 14.8 14.7 15.1
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 12.0 13.6 14.1 12.8 13.2
Luxembourg 3.4 3.1 2.2 3.6 4.7
Macao SAR, China 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.8
Macedonia, FYR 33.2 34.8 32.0 32.4 36.3
Madagascar 3.5 3.4 5.0 5.5 6.2
Malawi 8.8 9.0 9.3 9.1 8.9
Malaysia 3.3 3.1 3.9 3.9 3.9
Maldives 18.5 19.1 19.8 20.6 21.3
Mali 11.4 11.5 11.7 11.8 12.1
Malta 8.6 6.6 8.1 8.3 9.8
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 27.1 27.6 27.5 27.6 27.1
Mauritius 12.8 11.9 11.1 11.9 12.8
Mexico 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 8.9 7.2 5.9 5.6 6.3
Monaco
Mongolia 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.4
Montenegro 21.5 32.0 21.0 21.2 21.3
Morocco 13.3 13.2 12.5 12.6 12.9
Mozambique 7.9 8.2 7.7 7.7 7.8
Myanmar 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6
Namibia 21.1 21.6 23.6 20.4 21.6
Nepal 1.6 2.4 3.3 2.5 1.9
Netherlands 4.9 3.5 2.5 2.9 3.8
New Caledonia
New Zealand 6.7 6.0 5.4 5.5 5.1
Nicaragua 4.3 3.7 3.9 4.1 8.2
Niger 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0
Nigeria 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.1 7.4
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.7 3.9
Oman 17.3 17.5 17.5 17.2 16.9
Pakistan 15.2 16.1 16.7 16.5 15.7
Palau
Panama 17.1 17.8 18.9 18.5 18.1
Papua New Guinea 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Paraguay 7.5 9.2 9.2 13.6 10.1
Peru 4.7 5.7 4.2 5.2 6.3
Philippines 9.5 11.2 11.8 11.8 11.4
Poland 13.4 18.0 19.7 20.8 20.4
Portugal 5.0 4.9 5.0 6.0 7.2
Puerto Rico 9.7 7.5 9.5 10.8 11.0
Qatar 2.3 1.4 2.4 3.6 5.2
Romania 5.5 6.3 5.9 7.5 6.3
Russian Federation 12.9 10.4 8.6 7.6 7.9
Rwanda 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 8.3 8.9 8.6 11.0 16.4
Senegal 12.7 12.9 12.8 13.1 12.6
Serbia 16.0 14.7 14.9 16.1 17.7
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.2
Singapore 4.1 4.1 4.0 5.2 5.6
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 16.3 18.5 18.6 18.7 17.7
Slovenia 7.4 7.1 6.0 6.8 7.1
Solomon Islands 6.0 6.9 6.4 6.0 5.4
Somalia 8.1 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.2
South Africa 30.4 29.0 27.9 31.4 31.2
South Sudan
Spain 23.5 20.9 15.4 16.6 16.1
Sri Lanka 13.5 11.6 12.1 13.7 13.0
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 21.2 21.2 20.4 20.3 20.4
Suriname 20.4 20.2 19.3 19.6 19.3
Swaziland 25.9 25.9 26.0 26.0 26.0
Sweden 6.9 5.5 4.8 4.8 5.3
Switzerland 3.6 3.1 3.5 3.1 4.5
Syrian Arab Republic 17.8 22.2 27.4 24.1 21.0
Tajikistan 11.9 12.0 12.1 12.1 12.1
Tanzania 6.0 6.6 6.5 4.6 4.2
Thailand 3.0 2.3 2.5 1.7 1.4
Timor-Leste 8.8 8.5 12.6 11.7 10.9
Togo 8.2 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.1
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 16.7 15.1 14.2 14.4 14.5
Tunisia 18.6 18.1 17.4 17.5 16.5
Turkey 7.4 6.1 7.3 9.3 9.9
Turkmenistan 11.9 11.9 12.0 11.9 11.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 2.8 3.3 3.8 4.0 3.7
Ukraine 11.2 11.2 10.5 9.2 8.7
United Arab Emirates 5.9 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.5
United Kingdom 5.1 4.9 4.2 4.4 4.2
United States 4.4 4.2 4.7 5.7 5.7
Uruguay 14.0 13.3 12.6 11.8 11.1
Uzbekistan 11.7 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 16.0 14.3 14.6 18.8 20.3
Vietnam 2.4 2.2 3.3 2.3 2.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 9.1 10.9 13.8 16.8 17.6
Yemen, Rep. 22.6 26.4 23.0 23.0 23.3
Zambia 10.3 10.9 12.7 12.3 13.0
Zimbabwe 4.5 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5

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