Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Afghanistan 18.7 18.7 18.7 18.6 18.6
Albania 33.0 32.9 30.0 32.3 29.5
Algeria 44.2 51.3 53.9 45.5 45.8
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 8.0 7.4 7.2 7.9 8.1
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 14.6 22.3 20.2 18.2 15.0
Armenia 25.3 31.4 24.1 21.2 31.4
Aruba
Australia 9.4 8.1 8.2 8.2 7.4
Austria 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.6
Azerbaijan 5.4 5.6 6.7 6.6 6.6
Bahamas, The 14.8 11.7 14.5 11.3 9.7
Bahrain 14.2 10.7 10.6 10.6 10.4
Bangladesh 2.8 2.6 2.2 2.7 2.2
Barbados 28.4 23.1 17.9 18.3 16.4
Belarus 9.8 9.9 10.5 10.7 10.6
Belgium 12.4 12.2 12.4 11.6 11.7
Belize 16.2 18.2 18.7 21.1 21.8
Benin 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.9
Bermuda
Bhutan 2.5 3.9 1.9 2.0 1.8
Bolivia 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.1 5.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 29.6 26.8 27.3 30.5 28.4
Botswana 22.7 23.1 23.6 23.2 23.5
Brazil 7.3 7.3 8.7 9.9 11.5
Brunei Darussalam 5.1 4.8 4.5 3.9 3.9
Bulgaria 19.7 15.4 13.2 13.3 11.8
Burkina Faso 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7
Burundi 8.4 8.6 8.6 8.3 8.1
Cabo Verde 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2
Cambodia 1.6 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.2
Cameroon 6.3 3.8 9.0 8.6 8.2
Canada 9.8 9.1 9.3 8.9 8.0
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 7.8 7.8 8.4 7.7 7.9
Central Europe and the Baltics 12.4 11.5 10.6 10.1 9.7
Chad 8.1 8.4 8.3 8.1 8.1
Chile 9.9 8.8 7.9 7.7 7.6
China 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.0
Colombia 16.0 16.0 18.9 17.3 18.6
Comoros 8.4 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.0 7.8 7.9 8.1 7.9
Congo, Rep. 8.1 7.7 7.6 7.8 7.6
Costa Rica 6.0 6.8 8.6 7.7 8.4
Cote d'Ivoire 4.5 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Croatia 11.9 11.7 11.2 11.1 11.5
Cuba 4.0 9.9 9.0 8.4 7.4
Curacao
Cyprus 4.3 4.9 5.5 4.1 7.2
Czech Republic 5.2 4.8 4.7 5.9 8.3
Denmark 9.0 8.6 8.4 6.5 6.4
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 27.1 25.7 27.6 25.9 23.7
Ecuador 10.2 7.4 8.0 9.2 6.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 26.2 27.1 22.0 20.8 20.6
El Salvador 5.1 5.9 6.5 5.4 5.9
Equatorial Guinea 6.9 6.8 5.1 3.2 6.5
Eritrea 7.8 8.7 8.4 8.5 8.8
Estonia 6.9 8.8 9.0 9.5 8.5
Ethiopia 11.1 12.9 13.0 13.0 13.0
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 8.0 7.5 7.8 9.2 11.5
Finland 14.9 15.1 14.8 13.0 12.1
Fragile and conflict affected situations 8.6 8.5 8.7 8.9 8.8
France 14.4 14.0 14.4 14.3 14.0
French Polynesia
Gabon 17.4 19.5 21.2 23.1 22.7
Gambia, The 8.4 8.7 8.3 8.3 8.3
Georgia 11.8 13.1 11.8 11.8 11.9
Germany 10.1 9.4 9.6 10.6 9.9
Ghana 6.2 3.5 10.3 7.3 7.8
Greece 13.6 13.7 15.3 14.7 16.5
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 2.8 5.0 3.9 5.4 4.7
Guinea 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Guinea-Bissau 8.1 8.0 8.0 7.9 9.4
Guyana 30.1 37.4 33.3 29.3 26.4
Haiti 16.2 14.3 14.7 14.7 14.7
Honduras 4.2 4.2 5.7 4.3 5.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.7 2.9 2.4 2.0 3.9
Hungary 9.3 8.7 8.8 7.8 7.0
Iceland 5.5 4.9 4.1 4.5 3.3
India 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.4 3.9
Indonesia 6.0 4.6 5.3 5.5 6.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.2 18.7 18.3 18.5 18.3
Iraq 27.9 29.1 30.3 30.0 29.6
Ireland 14.7 12.1 11.8 10.2 7.3
Isle of Man
Israel 10.0 8.6 7.8 8.8 9.2
Italy 15.2 16.0 16.1 16.3 16.4
Jamaica 22.0 22.4 22.9 23.7 22.3
Japan 3.0 3.3 3.4 3.4 4.0
Jordan 34.3 27.2 25.4 25.1 16.8
Kazakhstan 9.1 13.4 15.8 15.7 15.8
Kenya 11.3 11.1 11.1 11.3 11.0
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.3 2.3 4.1 4.0 4.3
Korea, Rep. 1.8 1.6 1.5 2.2 5.5
Kosovo
Kuwait 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Kyrgyz Republic 8.8 9.4 9.5 9.3 11.1
Lao PDR 2.1 2.2 1.6 1.7 1.7
Latvia 14.7 11.2 10.7 14.6 13.5
Lebanon 10.9 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.2
Lesotho 46.3 40.0 35.5 48.1 40.9
Liberia 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Libya 15.3 14.8 15.3 15.1 15.1
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 15.6 15.3 13.9 13.9 11.8
Luxembourg 4.3 4.4 4.7 3.7 4.2
Macao SAR, China 2.4 3.4 4.0 2.6 3.4
Macedonia, FYR 32.3 33.1 36.2 36.7 37.9
Madagascar 4.7 4.1 4.0 3.6 3.5
Malawi 9.5 8.2 8.4 8.6 8.9
Malaysia 4.2 3.4 2.7 2.6 3.4
Maldives 18.7 18.4 19.0 19.4 19.2
Mali 11.9 12.3 11.9 11.5 11.7
Malta 8.8 9.4 8.7 8.6 8.1
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 28.3 26.8 27.2 28.4 27.5
Mauritius 14.4 13.1 13.1 13.0 12.9
Mexico 4.8 8.6 6.8 6.1 4.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 5.3 5.6 5.4 6.5 4.5
Monaco
Mongolia 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1
Montenegro 21.7 30.4 30.9 21.1 21.3
Morocco 12.4 12.2 12.0 11.8 11.5
Mozambique 8.2 8.4 7.8 7.9 7.8
Myanmar 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.6
Namibia 21.1 21.2 21.2 21.0 21.1
Nepal 1.9 2.1 3.9 3.2 2.6
Netherlands 8.0 8.7 8.1 7.1 5.8
New Caledonia
New Zealand 7.8 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.6
Nicaragua 2.6 3.0 3.4 3.9 5.2
Niger 3.9 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0
Nigeria 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.4
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.0 3.3
Oman 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.9 17.1
Pakistan 9.3 14.0 14.9 17.2 15.0
Palau
Panama 20.5 20.2 20.3 18.3 20.9
Papua New Guinea 3.1 3.5 3.0 3.6 3.1
Paraguay 8.0 3.9 5.3 6.7 6.7
Peru 4.8 4.4 5.5 4.8 4.8
Philippines 9.6 9.6 8.2 8.6 9.7
Poland 15.9 14.6 13.8 13.1 12.2
Portugal 7.6 7.8 7.9 7.2 6.2
Puerto Rico 11.5 10.8 11.8 12.4 12.2
Qatar 5.1 5.3 5.6 5.7 3.4
Romania 8.3 8.7 7.3 5.8 5.4
Russian Federation 8.0 9.2 9.3 11.4 12.9
Rwanda 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 10.1 10.5 20.3 19.4 19.4
Senegal 13.2 12.8 13.0 12.9 12.7
Serbia 17.9 15.8 15.5 16.2 16.1
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 2.3 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.4
Singapore 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.2 3.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 14.1 13.8 12.7 12.8 13.1
Slovenia 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.9 7.4
Solomon Islands 5.6 5.5 6.0 6.1 6.0
Somalia 8.5 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
South Africa 23.6 19.9 24.6 26.7 29.6
South Sudan
Spain 32.1 31.3 30.3 28.9 27.2
Sri Lanka 20.6 19.6 18.1 16.7 13.7
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 20.2 20.3 20.5 23.3 21.2
Suriname 15.5 11.3 15.3 14.5 14.4
Swaziland 24.5 22.8 23.6 25.8 25.8
Sweden 8.3 8.4 9.6 9.8 8.1
Switzerland 4.3 3.8 4.0 3.9 4.2
Syrian Arab Republic 17.1 16.4 22.9 19.3 16.7
Tajikistan 10.7 11.1 11.7 11.8 11.9
Tanzania 4.9 6.0 6.6 6.0 6.2
Thailand 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.0 3.4
Timor-Leste 8.9 8.7 8.6 8.7 9.6
Togo 7.7 8.0 8.0 8.2 8.5
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 21.8 20.5 21.1 19.6 18.8
Tunisia 17.0 18.3 17.8 17.3 20.0
Turkey 7.9 7.1 5.8 7.6 6.6
Turkmenistan 10.6 11.1 11.3 11.1 11.6
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8
Ukraine 6.8 5.4 7.3 8.6 10.9
United Arab Emirates 4.8 2.3 12.0 6.9 6.4
United Kingdom 7.4 6.9 6.4 5.9 5.4
United States 6.1 5.7 5.5 5.1 4.7
Uruguay 12.5 13.2 13.9 12.5 14.8
Uzbekistan 11.3 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.7
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 8.6 12.1 16.1 13.5 12.7
Vietnam 2.5 2.0 1.7 2.6 2.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 19.0 19.2 18.5 15.8 11.1
Yemen, Rep. 25.0 23.5 22.1 23.6 25.3
Zambia 16.0 15.6 12.9 12.2 10.1
Zimbabwe 3.8 4.2 4.5 4.9 4.8

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