Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria 25.3 29.8
American Samoa 4.9
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 15.8 13.0 11.9 13.3 14.1
Armenia 38.0
Aruba 6.8 6.5
Australia 8.8 8.8 8.1 7.2 6.5
Austria 5.3 5.1 5.5 4.7 4.8
Azerbaijan 14.2 10.9
Bahamas, The 8.6 8.3 5.7 5.5
Bahrain
Bangladesh 2.7 3.2
Barbados 11.7 11.4 8.4 7.7 7.5
Belarus
Belgium 7.4 7.1 7.6 7.5 5.3
Belize 11.6 8.9 10.6 9.0
Benin
Bermuda 3.1
Bhutan 1.4 1.2
Bolivia 4.9 3.7 3.7 3.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 19.4 18.4 14.7
Brazil 5.5 6.2 7.1 7.8
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 13.8 13.9 12.6 14.0 16.6
Burkina Faso 2.3
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia 2.9 2.2
Cameroon 9.5
Canada 9.9 9.3 8.5 7.8 6.9
Cayman Islands 3.2
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 5.6 5.4 5.7 9.4 8.7
China
Colombia 9.5 9.7 12.5 17.2 12.0
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep.
Costa Rica 5.3 4.9 4.4 5.0 4.3
Cote d'Ivoire
Croatia 9.3 9.3 10.6 12.5 14.9
Cuba 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.3 3.8
Curacao
Cyprus 0.0 3.2
Czech Republic 3.3 3.6 4.6 7.2 7.3
Denmark 5.5 4.5 3.8 4.5 4.0
Djibouti
Dominica 19.6 13.1
Dominican Republic 10.6 9.2 9.3 7.8 8.7
Ecuador 8.0 6.9 8.4 10.8 6.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 6.9 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.1
El Salvador 8.4 9.5 8.2 8.5 9.1
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia 10.6 11.2 10.4 12.9 15.0
Ethiopia 4.4
Faroe Islands
Fiji 4.8
Finland 15.6 14.8 12.9 11.0 10.3
France 10.6 11.1 10.5 10.5 8.6
French Polynesia 11.5
Gabon
Gambia, The
Georgia 12.6 15.3 11.1
Germany 8.2 9.3 9.3 8.6 7.6
Ghana 9.4 10.1
Greece 6.0 6.2 7.3 8.0 7.3
Greenland 15.1 11.9 13.4 10.6 12.0
Grenada 10.0 10.6
Guam 7.3 12.7 13.7
Guatemala 2.2 1.4
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti 6.2
Honduras 4.4 3.3 3.8 4.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.1 2.3 5.0 7.2 5.6
Hungary 10.8 9.9 9.6 7.5 7.2
Iceland 3.7 3.6 2.4 1.6 1.3
India 2.4 2.6 3.5 4.3
Indonesia 3.8 5.0 6.0 5.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 8.5
Iraq
Ireland 11.7 10.2 7.9 5.9 4.4
Isle of Man 4.3
Israel 5.0 5.9 7.0 7.4 7.4
Italy 9.3 9.4 9.4 8.8 8.3
Jamaica 9.9 10.6 10.0 10.0 10.2
Japan 3.4 3.3 3.8 4.7 5.0
Jordan 12.0 12.3
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 2.4 2.8 7.8 7.2 5.0
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Latvia 20.6 14.8 15.4 14.2 15.0
Lebanon
Lesotho 30.7 21.5
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 15.3 14.3 15.4 14.7 18.2
Luxembourg 2.5 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.8
Macao SAR, China 4.6 3.6 5.4 8.0 8.6
Macedonia, FYR 33.0 32.5 31.9 30.5
Madagascar 6.0
Malawi
Malaysia 2.5 2.2 3.1 3.5 3.0
Maldives 1.6
Mali 3.3
Malta 6.2
Marshall Islands 27.6
Mauritania 8.9
Mauritius 4.6 5.6 6.1 7.0 8.3
Mexico 4.4 3.0 2.9 1.9 2.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 13.3 9.7
Monaco 2.5
Mongolia 5.4
Montenegro
Morocco 16.1 15.3 17.5 14.2 13.8
Mozambique 3.4
Myanmar
Namibia 18.2 19.1
Nepal 2.0
Netherlands 5.2 4.3 3.4 2.7 2.2
New Caledonia 16.3
New Zealand 6.3 6.8 7.8 7.3 6.3
Nicaragua 14.0 12.6 12.4 10.3 9.2
Niger
Nigeria
Northern Mariana Islands 4.4
Norway 4.8 4.4 3.5 3.3 3.6
Oman
Pakistan 3.9 4.1 5.5
Palau
Panama 11.4 10.7 10.3 8.9 11.1
Papua New Guinea 4.3
Paraguay 4.5 4.5 6.1 6.7
Peru 6.4 6.8 6.5 7.5 8.2
Philippines 7.0 7.5 9.3 9.4 11.0
Poland 11.0 9.3 8.4 11.5 14.6
Portugal 6.4 5.8 3.8 4.2 3.1
Puerto Rico 15.0 14.9 14.4 13.5 11.9
Qatar 1.9
Romania 6.3 5.2 5.8 6.9 7.5
Russian Federation 10.0 12.1 13.5 13.2 10.8
Rwanda 0.9
Samoa
San Marino 1.3 1.2 1.2
Sao Tome and Principe 12.5
Saudi Arabia 3.7 3.8
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore 2.3 2.0 3.5 3.8 3.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 10.2 11.1 11.9 16.0 19.4
Slovenia 7.1 6.4 7.3 7.2 6.8
Solomon Islands 31.0
Somalia
South Africa 17.4 18.9 21.3 21.1 24.9
South Sudan
Spain 17.6 16.1 13.6 10.8 9.5
Sri Lanka 8.1 7.7 6.5 6.7 5.9
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 13.8 17.7 18.0 16.0 12.7
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan
Suriname 7.9 7.4 7.2 9.9
Swaziland 20.0
Sweden 10.4 11.0 9.7 8.3 5.9
Switzerland 3.4 4.4 3.2 2.8 2.3
Syrian Arab Republic 13.1 6.0 1.6
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand 1.0 0.8 3.4 3.0 2.4
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 13.3 12.3 11.3 10.9 10.2
Tunisia 15.5 15.6 15.3
Turkey 6.9 6.5 6.9 7.7 6.6
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine 8.0 9.5 11.9 11.8 11.6
United Arab Emirates 2.2
United Kingdom 9.7 8.1 6.9 6.8 6.1
United States 5.4 4.9 4.4 4.1 3.9
Uruguay 7.7 8.7 10.9
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 10.5 9.0 10.0 13.6 12.5
Vietnam 2.2 3.2 2.4 2.3 2.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 24.5 20.3 14.4 11.6 14.4
Yemen, Rep. 12.5
Zambia 14.9 13.0 14.1
Zimbabwe 8.7 7.3

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