Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Qatar 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Rwanda 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
Thailand 1.1 1.0 1.1 0.9 3.4
Benin 1.4 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0
Cambodia 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9
United Arab Emirates 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.5 2.2
Singapore 2.0 2.0 2.1 1.9 3.3
Uganda 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Bhutan 2.0 2.6 1.3 1.3 1.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.0 3.4 3.1 2.3 5.0
Guatemala 2.0 3.7 2.8 4.0 3.5
Papua New Guinea 2.1 2.5 2.1 2.6 2.1
Vietnam 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.2 2.5
Macao SAR, China 2.4 3.8 4.4 3.5 5.3
Nepal 2.5 2.7 5.0 4.2 3.3
Madagascar 2.7 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8
Nicaragua 2.7 3.6 4.7 6.2 5.2
Tanzania 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.4
Japan 2.8 3.1 3.4 3.4 4.1
Honduras 2.8 2.8 3.8 2.8 3.4
Lao PDR 2.9 3.0 2.2 2.3 2.3
Korea, Rep. 2.9 2.4 2.4 2.9 7.9
Luxembourg 3.0 2.1 2.5 1.8 1.9
Cyprus 3.0 3.3 3.6 2.8 3.4
Bangladesh 3.1 3.0 2.7 3.1 2.7
Cuba 3.1 7.5 6.9 6.4 5.6
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.2 3.2 5.5 5.4 5.8
Austria 3.2 3.1 3.9 3.9 3.9
Burkina Faso 3.3 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.0
Switzerland 3.5 2.9 3.4 4.3 3.2
Ethiopia 3.5 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Costa Rica 3.5 4.5 5.2 4.8 4.3
Pakistan 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.1
Guinea 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Czech Republic 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.9 5.0
Malaysia 3.6 2.9 2.4 2.3 3.1
India 3.6 3.9 3.9 4.4 3.7
Myanmar 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.6
Mexico 4.0 6.0 4.5 3.0 2.9
Saudi Arabia 4.3 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.2
Solomon Islands 4.4 4.2 4.8 4.9 4.8
Indonesia 4.4 3.5 3.8 4.2 5.0
Brunei Darussalam 4.4 4.1 3.9 3.2 3.3
Bolivia 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Sierra Leone 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5
Fiji 4.7 4.4 4.8 5.4 6.8
Peru 4.8 4.4 5.6 4.9 4.8
Syrian Arab Republic 4.8 4.7 5.9 6.9 4.7
Bahrain 4.8 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.3
Cameroon 4.9 3.1 7.3 7.0 6.7
China 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3
Ghana 5.0 2.9 8.9 5.0 5.6
Azerbaijan 5.1 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.2
Iceland 5.1 4.8 3.4 3.3 2.3
Brazil 5.1 5.1 5.5 6.2 7.1
Paraguay 5.1 3.1 3.8 4.5 4.5
Liberia 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4
Timor-Leste 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 6.1
Niger 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Portugal 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.6 3.9
Cote d'Ivoire 5.8 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Malawi 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0
Norway 5.9 5.1 4.8 3.8 3.1
Oman 5.9 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.5
Ecuador 6.0 4.4 4.7 5.5 4.0
Kazakhstan 6.0 8.9 10.5 10.4 10.5
Zimbabwe 6.0 6.7 7.3 8.6 8.0
Greece 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.5 7.2
Israel 6.2 5.6 5.8 6.8 8.0
United States 6.3 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 6.4 6.7 5.4 5.1 5.0
Mauritius 6.5 7.4 6.6 5.9 6.4
Uruguay 6.5 7.8 9.5 6.5 8.0
Netherlands 6.6 6.1 5.2 4.3 3.4
Maldives 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6
Malta 6.7 7.0 6.7 6.3 5.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Mali 6.7 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.5
Afghanistan 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8
Congo, Rep. 6.9 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9
Kyrgyz Republic 7.0 7.6 7.6 7.4 8.7
Chile 7.0 6.3 5.6 5.4 5.7
Equatorial Guinea 7.1 7.0 7.4 8.0 7.0
Comoros 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Chad 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Denmark 7.2 5.6 5.5 4.5 3.9
Angola 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2
Germany 7.2 7.2 8.3 9.2 8.7
Libya 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Ukraine 7.2 5.8 7.8 9.2 11.7
Central African Republic 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Guinea-Bissau 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.0
Gambia, The 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Somalia 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3
Mongolia 7.4 8.5 7.3 7.7 7.5
Burundi 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.6
Nigeria 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6
Moldova 7.5 7.6 7.6 9.6 6.8
Mozambique 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Togo 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5
Senegal 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8
Philippines 7.7 7.7 6.9 7.5 9.2
Belgium 7.7 7.3 7.4 7.1 7.6
Fragile and conflict affected situations 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.8 7.7
Cabo Verde 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Eritrea 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.0 7.9
Romania 8.1 7.4 6.2 5.3 5.8
Estonia 8.3 10.5 10.7 11.2 10.5
Russian Federation 8.3 9.7 10.0 12.2 13.5
Lebanon 8.5 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.9
Croatia 8.6 8.9 9.1 9.0 10.6
Venezuela, RB 8.6 9.3 10.4 9.0 10.0
Italy 8.7 9.1 9.4 9.4 9.5
New Zealand 8.8 6.4 6.3 6.8 7.8
Kenya 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.7
Belize 8.9 10.1 11.7 9.1 10.9
Turkey 8.9 7.9 7.0 6.5 7.0
Slovenia 9.3 7.5 7.2 6.4 7.3
El Salvador 9.3 8.6 8.4 9.5 8.2
Sri Lanka 9.4 8.6 8.1 7.7 6.6
Jamaica 9.5 10.8 10.1 10.5 10.0
Belarus 9.6 9.6 10.0 10.3 10.2
Colombia 9.7 9.8 11.4 10.2 11.0
Australia 10.0 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.3 9.9 9.9 10.1 10.1
Dominican Republic 10.4 10.5 10.8 9.9 9.2
Turkmenistan 10.5 10.8 10.7 10.5 11.2
Tajikistan 10.5 10.8 10.9 11.2 11.3
Panama 10.7 10.8 11.5 10.8 10.3
Argentina 10.7 16.8 15.5 13.0 11.5
Uzbekistan 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.2
Canada 10.9 9.8 9.9 9.2 8.5
Sweden 11.0 10.0 10.5 10.6 8.9
France 11.1 10.1 10.7 11.1 10.4
Haiti 11.2 7.7 8.5 8.7 8.7
Suriname 11.3 7.0 8.7 8.5 8.6
Central Europe and the Baltics 11.4 10.5 9.4 8.6 8.7
Morocco 11.6 11.4 11.2 11.0 10.8
United Kingdom 11.6 10.2 9.8 8.2 6.9
Hungary 12.1 11.3 10.7 9.5 8.5
Bahamas, The 12.2 10.0 8.8 8.5 5.6
Yemen, Rep. 12.2 11.6 10.9 11.7 12.6
Poland 13.2 12.3 11.1 9.6 9.4
Slovak Republic 13.3 12.6 10.2 11.2 12.2
Sudan 13.3 13.1 12.9 12.7 12.8
Serbia 13.3 11.7 11.6 12.1 12.0
Georgia 13.4 15.3 12.8 12.7 12.9
Tunisia 13.6 14.7 15.1 15.5 16.2
Ireland 14.5 11.9 11.7 10.2 7.9
Albania 14.9 13.9 12.1 13.0 12.0
Latvia 15.0 13.6 12.8 14.8 15.4
Jordan 16.0 12.7 11.9 11.2 11.7
Iraq 16.0 16.7 17.5 17.4 17.2
Trinidad and Tobago 16.3 15.2 13.3 12.1 11.3
Puerto Rico 16.9 16.2 15.2 15.2 14.8
South Africa 17.5 14.8 18.4 20.1 21.5
Finland 17.8 15.4 14.0 12.2 10.8
Namibia 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.5
Barbados 18.2 16.7 11.8 11.4 8.7
Gabon 18.8 18.0 17.4 16.8 16.9
Armenia 19.0 25.5 18.5 18.9 21.3
Lithuania 19.1 18.7 17.1 14.3 15.4
Guyana 19.1 28.6 24.1 20.2 22.5
Spain 19.7 18.1 17.6 16.1 13.9
Botswana 19.9 20.0 19.6 19.0 18.4
Bulgaria 20.3 16.0 13.8 14.0 12.5
Montenegro 20.5 27.7 28.1 19.9 20.1
Swaziland 20.7 20.9 20.8 20.3 20.4
Algeria 21.6 24.5 25.2 22.4 22.7
Zambia 21.7 21.1 17.4 16.5 13.7
West Bank and Gaza 24.8 24.8 24.6 21.0 14.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25.4 23.7 24.0 26.2 24.6
Lesotho 30.0 25.8 22.8 31.2 26.4
Macedonia, FYR 31.3 31.5 32.6 35.6 32.4
Mauritania 33.6 33.8 33.7 33.5 33.6
South Sudan
Kosovo
Cayman Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Isle of Man
San Marino
St. Kitts and Nevis
Kiribati
Tuvalu
St. Lucia
Sao Tome and Principe
Aruba
Dominica
Andorra
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Djibouti
Tonga
Samoa
Palau
Curacao
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guam
Seychelles
Bermuda
Grenada
Greenland
New Caledonia
Vanuatu
Northern Mariana Islands
Marshall Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Monaco
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faeroe Islands
American Samoa
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
French Polynesia

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