Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Qatar 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Rwanda 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
Thailand 1.1 1.0 1.1 0.9 3.4
Benin 1.4 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0
Cambodia 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9
United Arab Emirates 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.5 2.2
Singapore 2.0 2.0 2.1 1.9 3.3
Uganda 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Madagascar 2.7 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8
Vietnam 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.2 2.5
Luxembourg 3.0 2.1 2.5 1.8 1.9
Korea, Rep. 2.9 2.4 2.4 2.9 7.9
Papua New Guinea 2.1 2.5 2.1 2.6 2.1
Bhutan 2.0 2.6 1.3 1.3 1.2
Nepal 2.5 2.7 5.0 4.2 3.3
Honduras 2.8 2.8 3.8 2.8 3.4
Switzerland 3.5 2.9 3.4 4.3 3.2
Malaysia 3.6 2.9 2.4 2.3 3.1
Ghana 5.0 2.9 8.9 5.0 5.6
Lao PDR 2.9 3.0 2.2 2.3 2.3
Bangladesh 3.1 3.0 2.7 3.1 2.7
Austria 3.2 3.1 3.9 3.9 3.9
Cameroon 4.9 3.1 7.3 7.0 6.7
Paraguay 5.1 3.1 3.8 4.5 4.5
Burkina Faso 3.3 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.0
Japan 2.8 3.1 3.4 3.4 4.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.2 3.2 5.5 5.4 5.8
Cyprus 3.0 3.3 3.6 2.8 3.4
Tanzania 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.4
Czech Republic 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.9 5.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.0 3.4 3.1 2.3 5.0
Indonesia 4.4 3.5 3.8 4.2 5.0
Guinea 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Nicaragua 2.7 3.6 4.7 6.2 5.2
Guatemala 2.0 3.7 2.8 4.0 3.5
Pakistan 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.1
Macao SAR, China 2.4 3.8 4.4 3.5 5.3
India 3.6 3.9 3.9 4.4 3.7
Saudi Arabia 4.3 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.2
Myanmar 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.6
Brunei Darussalam 4.4 4.1 3.9 3.2 3.3
Ethiopia 3.5 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Solomon Islands 4.4 4.2 4.8 4.9 4.8
Bahrain 4.8 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.3
Bolivia 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Sierra Leone 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5
Ecuador 6.0 4.4 4.7 5.5 4.0
Peru 4.8 4.4 5.6 4.9 4.8
Cote d'Ivoire 5.8 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Fiji 4.7 4.4 4.8 5.4 6.8
Costa Rica 3.5 4.5 5.2 4.8 4.3
Syrian Arab Republic 4.8 4.7 5.9 6.9 4.7
Iceland 5.1 4.8 3.4 3.3 2.3
China 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3
Brazil 5.1 5.1 5.5 6.2 7.1
Norway 5.9 5.1 4.8 3.8 3.1
Timor-Leste 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 6.1
Azerbaijan 5.1 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.2
Liberia 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4
Niger 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Denmark 7.2 5.6 5.5 4.5 3.9
Israel 6.2 5.6 5.8 6.8 8.0
United States 6.3 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.5
Ukraine 7.2 5.8 7.8 9.2 11.7
Oman 5.9 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.5
Portugal 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.6 3.9
Mexico 4.0 6.0 4.5 3.0 2.9
Malawi 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0
Netherlands 6.6 6.1 5.2 4.3 3.4
Chile 7.0 6.3 5.6 5.4 5.7
Greece 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.5 7.2
New Zealand 8.8 6.4 6.3 6.8 7.8
Maldives 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6
Zimbabwe 6.0 6.7 7.3 8.6 8.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 6.4 6.7 5.4 5.1 5.0
Afghanistan 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8
Mali 6.7 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.5
Suriname 11.3 7.0 8.7 8.5 8.6
Malta 6.7 7.0 6.7 6.3 5.9
Congo, Rep. 6.9 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9
Equatorial Guinea 7.1 7.0 7.4 8.0 7.0
Comoros 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Germany 7.2 7.2 8.3 9.2 8.7
Chad 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Libya 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Guinea-Bissau 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.0
Gambia, The 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Angola 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2
Central African Republic 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Belgium 7.7 7.3 7.4 7.1 7.6
Somalia 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3
Romania 8.1 7.4 6.2 5.3 5.8
Burundi 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.6
Mauritius 6.5 7.4 6.6 5.9 6.4
Nigeria 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6
Cuba 3.1 7.5 6.9 6.4 5.6
Slovenia 9.3 7.5 7.2 6.4 7.3
Mozambique 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Fragile and conflict affected situations 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.8 7.7
Kyrgyz Republic 7.0 7.6 7.6 7.4 8.7
Togo 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5
Moldova 7.5 7.6 7.6 9.6 6.8
Philippines 7.7 7.7 6.9 7.5 9.2
Senegal 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8
Haiti 11.2 7.7 8.5 8.7 8.7
Cabo Verde 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Uruguay 6.5 7.8 9.5 6.5 8.0
Lebanon 8.5 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.9
Eritrea 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.0 7.9
Turkey 8.9 7.9 7.0 6.5 7.0
Mongolia 7.4 8.5 7.3 7.7 7.5
Sri Lanka 9.4 8.6 8.1 7.7 6.6
El Salvador 9.3 8.6 8.4 9.5 8.2
Australia 10.0 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.0
Kenya 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.7
Croatia 8.6 8.9 9.1 9.0 10.6
Kazakhstan 6.0 8.9 10.5 10.4 10.5
Italy 8.7 9.1 9.4 9.4 9.5
Venezuela, RB 8.6 9.3 10.4 9.0 10.0
Belarus 9.6 9.6 10.0 10.3 10.2
Russian Federation 8.3 9.7 10.0 12.2 13.5
Colombia 9.7 9.8 11.4 10.2 11.0
Canada 10.9 9.8 9.9 9.2 8.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.3 9.9 9.9 10.1 10.1
Sweden 11.0 10.0 10.5 10.6 8.9
Bahamas, The 12.2 10.0 8.8 8.5 5.6
France 11.1 10.1 10.7 11.1 10.4
Belize 8.9 10.1 11.7 9.1 10.9
United Kingdom 11.6 10.2 9.8 8.2 6.9
Central Europe and the Baltics 11.4 10.5 9.4 8.6 8.7
Dominican Republic 10.4 10.5 10.8 9.9 9.2
Estonia 8.3 10.5 10.7 11.2 10.5
Tajikistan 10.5 10.8 10.9 11.2 11.3
Panama 10.7 10.8 11.5 10.8 10.3
Jamaica 9.5 10.8 10.1 10.5 10.0
Turkmenistan 10.5 10.8 10.7 10.5 11.2
Uzbekistan 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.2
Hungary 12.1 11.3 10.7 9.5 8.5
Morocco 11.6 11.4 11.2 11.0 10.8
Yemen, Rep. 12.2 11.6 10.9 11.7 12.6
Serbia 13.3 11.7 11.6 12.1 12.0
Ireland 14.5 11.9 11.7 10.2 7.9
Poland 13.2 12.3 11.1 9.6 9.4
Slovak Republic 13.3 12.6 10.2 11.2 12.2
Jordan 16.0 12.7 11.9 11.2 11.7
Sudan 13.3 13.1 12.9 12.7 12.8
Latvia 15.0 13.6 12.8 14.8 15.4
Albania 14.9 13.9 12.1 13.0 12.0
Tunisia 13.6 14.7 15.1 15.5 16.2
South Africa 17.5 14.8 18.4 20.1 21.5
Trinidad and Tobago 16.3 15.2 13.3 12.1 11.3
Georgia 13.4 15.3 12.8 12.7 12.9
Finland 17.8 15.4 14.0 12.2 10.8
Bulgaria 20.3 16.0 13.8 14.0 12.5
Puerto Rico 16.9 16.2 15.2 15.2 14.8
Barbados 18.2 16.7 11.8 11.4 8.7
Iraq 16.0 16.7 17.5 17.4 17.2
Argentina 10.7 16.8 15.5 13.0 11.5
Gabon 18.8 18.0 17.4 16.8 16.9
Namibia 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.5
Spain 19.7 18.1 17.6 16.1 13.9
Lithuania 19.1 18.7 17.1 14.3 15.4
Botswana 19.9 20.0 19.6 19.0 18.4
Swaziland 20.7 20.9 20.8 20.3 20.4
Zambia 21.7 21.1 17.4 16.5 13.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25.4 23.7 24.0 26.2 24.6
Algeria 21.6 24.5 25.2 22.4 22.7
West Bank and Gaza 24.8 24.8 24.6 21.0 14.9
Armenia 19.0 25.5 18.5 18.9 21.3
Lesotho 30.0 25.8 22.8 31.2 26.4
Montenegro 20.5 27.7 28.1 19.9 20.1
Guyana 19.1 28.6 24.1 20.2 22.5
Macedonia, FYR 31.3 31.5 32.6 35.6 32.4
Mauritania 33.6 33.8 33.7 33.5 33.6
Tuvalu
Liechtenstein
Djibouti
Grenada
St. Kitts and Nevis
Aruba
St. Lucia
Cayman Islands
Guam
Isle of Man
Sao Tome and Principe
Bermuda
Greenland
South Sudan
San Marino
Curacao
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Tonga
Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
Monaco
Vanuatu
Turks and Caicos Islands
American Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Seychelles
New Caledonia
Kosovo
Kiribati
French Polynesia
Antigua and Barbuda
Marshall Islands
Andorra
Faeroe Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Dominica
St. Martin (French part)
Palau
St. Vincent and the Grenadines

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