Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Rwanda 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Thailand 1.0 1.1 0.9 3.4 3.0
Benin 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9
Cambodia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.1
United Arab Emirates 1.7 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.2
Singapore 2.0 2.1 1.9 3.3 3.6
Madagascar 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.7
Luxembourg 2.1 2.5 1.8 1.9 1.7
Vietnam 2.2 2.1 3.2 2.5 2.2
Bhutan 2.3 2.3 1.6 1.2 1.2
Uganda 2.3 1.9 2.3 2.3 2.3
Korea, Rep. 2.4 2.3 2.9 8.0 7.2
Papua New Guinea 2.5 2.2 2.6 2.2 2.3
Honduras 2.8 3.7 2.8 3.4 3.8
Nepal 2.8 5.0 4.2 3.3 2.0
Switzerland 2.9 3.4 4.3 3.2 2.7
Malaysia 2.9 2.3 2.2 3.1 3.5
Lao PDR 3.0 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Bangladesh 3.0 2.7 3.1 2.7 3.2
Cameroon 3.1 7.3 7.0 6.6 6.3
Japan 3.1 3.4 3.4 4.2 4.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.1 5.5 5.4 5.6 5.3
Paraguay 3.1 3.8 4.5 4.5 6.1
Burkina Faso 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.9
Austria 3.2 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.6
Nicaragua 3.3 4.3 5.7 4.7 5.5
Guatemala 3.3 3.1 3.3 2.7 1.5
Guinea 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.4
Cyprus 3.3 3.6 2.8 3.4 5.1
Tanzania 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3
Czech Republic 3.4 3.3 3.9 5.1 7.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.4 3.1 2.3 5.0 6.9
Indonesia 3.5 3.8 4.2 5.0 6.0
Myanmar 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.8 3.3
Brunei Darussalam 3.7 3.8 3.2 3.2 4.1
Solomon Islands 3.7 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.0
Pakistan 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.5
Afghanistan 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8
Liberia 3.8 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3
Macao SAR, China 3.8 4.4 3.5 5.3 7.8
India 3.9 3.9 4.2 3.8 4.4
Saudi Arabia 4.1 3.6 4.1 4.0 3.6
Ethiopia 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Bolivia 4.2 4.2 3.5 2.8 3.6
Ecuador 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.5 5.1
Cote d'Ivoire 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3
Sierra Leone 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5
Fiji 4.4 4.8 5.4 6.8 6.5
Costa Rica 4.5 5.2 4.8 4.3 4.9
Syrian Arab Republic 4.7 5.9 6.9 4.7 5.0
Iceland 4.8 3.4 3.4 2.3 1.5
Peru 4.8 5.9 4.6 4.2 5.0
Norway 5.1 4.8 3.8 3.1 3.4
Brazil 5.1 5.5 6.2 7.1 7.8
China 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.3
Bahrain 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.6 4.8
Niger 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Denmark 5.6 5.5 4.5 3.8 4.5
Israel 5.6 5.9 6.8 8.0 8.5
Oman 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.5
United States 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.2
Timor-Leste 5.7 5.6 5.7 6.2 5.6
Mexico 6.0 4.4 3.0 2.9 1.9
Portugal 6.0 5.9 5.6 3.9 3.9
Azerbaijan 6.0 3.9 6.1 9.6 6.1
Malawi 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.2
Ukraine 6.2 8.4 9.9 12.6 12.9
Netherlands 6.2 5.2 4.3 3.4 2.7
Congo, Rep. 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Greece 6.4 6.3 6.5 7.2 7.7
Chile 6.4 5.6 5.4 5.7 9.4
Maldives 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.4
New Zealand 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.8 7.3
Comoros 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 6.8 7.5 6.5 6.5
Gambia, The 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8
Chad 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Zimbabwe 6.6 7.2 8.6 8.0 7.2
Malta 6.6 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.4
Burundi 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.9
Angola 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6
Somalia 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Central African Republic 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 6.7 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.0
Togo 6.8 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8
Mali 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.3
Eritrea 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Suriname 7.0 8.7 8.5 8.6 10.2
Cabo Verde 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Germany 7.1 8.3 9.2 8.7 8.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.3
Belgium 7.3 7.4 7.1 7.6 7.4
Romania 7.4 6.2 5.3 5.8 6.9
Lebanon 7.4 7.9 4.8 7.8 8.1
Moldova 7.5 7.5 9.4 6.7 13.2
Slovenia 7.5 7.2 6.4 7.3 7.2
Belarus 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0
Mauritius 7.5 6.6 5.9 6.4 7.1
Nigeria 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Cuba 7.5 6.9 6.4 5.6 5.7
Mozambique 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.5
Kyrgyz Republic 7.6 7.9 7.4 8.6 7.3
Uruguay 7.6 9.5 5.9 5.9 8.2
Haiti 7.7 8.3 8.4 8.5 6.2
Yemen, Rep. 7.7 7.3 7.9 8.6 7.7
Philippines 7.7 6.9 7.5 9.2 9.4
Mongolia 7.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.1
Senegal 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Turkey 7.8 6.9 6.5 7.0 7.8
Sri Lanka 8.5 8.0 7.7 6.6 6.6
El Salvador 8.6 8.4 9.5 8.2 8.5
Kazakhstan 8.7 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.6
Ghana 8.8 8.9 6.2 7.4 9.3
Guyana 8.8 8.9 9.1 9.3 9.5
Australia 8.8 8.7 8.7 7.9 7.1
Kenya 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.7
Croatia 8.9 9.1 9.0 10.6 13.0
Italy 9.2 9.4 9.4 9.5 8.9
Venezuela, RB 9.3 10.4 9.0 10.0 13.6
Russian Federation 9.6 10.0 12.2 13.6 13.1
Canada 9.8 9.9 9.3 8.5 7.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.9 9.9 10.1 10.1 10.1
France 10.0 10.7 11.1 10.5 10.5
Sweden 10.0 10.5 10.6 8.8 7.6
Bahamas, The 10.0 8.8 8.5 5.6 5.5
Belize 10.1 11.7 9.1 10.9 9.2
United Kingdom 10.2 9.8 8.2 6.9 6.8
Dominican Republic 10.5 10.8 10.0 9.2 8.8
Estonia 10.5 10.7 11.2 10.5 13.0
Turkmenistan 10.6 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.9
Uzbekistan 10.6 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Colombia 10.7 11.0 9.3 10.4 11.7
Panama 10.8 11.5 10.8 10.3 9.0
Jamaica 10.8 10.1 10.5 10.0 10.0
Hungary 11.3 10.7 9.4 8.5 7.6
Morocco 11.4 11.1 10.9 10.7 14.1
Serbia 11.7 11.5 12.1 12.0 12.0
Ireland 11.9 11.7 10.2 7.9 5.9
Poland 12.2 11.2 9.6 9.4 11.8
Tajikistan 12.3 12.3 12.8 13.1 13.2
Slovak Republic 12.5 10.2 11.1 12.2 16.4
Jordan 12.7 11.9 11.0 12.3 11.0
Sudan 13.1 13.0 13.0 12.9 12.9
Latvia 13.3 13.1 14.8 15.4 14.2
Albania 14.0 12.8 12.2 13.2 13.5
Tunisia 14.2 14.8 15.5 16.1 14.9
South Africa 14.8 18.4 20.1 21.5 21.4
Trinidad and Tobago 15.2 13.3 12.1 11.3 10.8
Georgia 15.3 12.9 12.7 12.9 15.2
Finland 15.4 14.0 12.2 10.8 9.6
Bulgaria 16.0 13.8 14.1 12.6 14.6
Puerto Rico 16.2 15.2 15.2 14.8 13.7
Barbados 16.7 11.8 11.4 8.7 7.8
Libya 16.8 16.9 16.9 17.0 17.0
Argentina 16.8 15.5 13.0 11.5 13.1
West Bank and Gaza 17.0 24.6 21.0 14.9 12.2
Iraq 17.4 17.3 16.4 17.2 16.2
Gabon 17.7 17.0 16.3 16.2 16.1
Namibia 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.5 18.7
Spain 18.1 17.7 16.1 13.9 11.2
Montenegro 18.6 18.9 20.5 19.7 20.7
Lithuania 18.7 17.1 14.3 15.4 14.7
Botswana 20.0 19.6 19.0 18.4 20.5
Armenia 20.1 17.9 15.4 16.8 16.0
Swaziland 20.9 20.8 20.3 20.4 20.5
Zambia 21.0 17.4 16.5 13.7 13.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.6 24.0 25.9 24.4 24.0
Algeria 24.3 24.6 22.1 22.1 22.0
Lesotho 25.8 22.6 31.2 26.4 21.5
Macedonia, FYR 31.0 32.7 35.6 32.4 31.9
Mauritania 33.0 33.1 33.1 33.2 33.3
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
Vanuatu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Seychelles
Middle East (developing only)
Sao Tome and Principe
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Northern Mariana Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
New Caledonia
Bermuda
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
Greenland
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Tonga
Samoa
Faeroe Islands
Cayman Islands
French Polynesia
Antigua and Barbuda
Tuvalu
Monaco
Liechtenstein
Andorra
Isle of Man
American Samoa
Curacao
Guam
Djibouti
Grenada
Dominica
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Palau
Kiribati
Aruba
Marshall Islands

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