Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Rwanda 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Thailand 1.0 1.1 0.9 3.4 3.0
Benin 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9
Cambodia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.1
United Arab Emirates 1.7 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.2
Singapore 2.0 2.1 1.9 3.3 3.6
Madagascar 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.7
Luxembourg 2.1 2.5 1.8 1.9 1.7
Vietnam 2.2 2.1 3.2 2.5 2.2
Uganda 2.3 1.9 2.3 2.3 2.3
Bhutan 2.3 2.3 1.6 1.2 1.2
Korea, Rep. 2.4 2.3 2.9 8.0 7.2
Papua New Guinea 2.5 2.2 2.6 2.2 2.3
Honduras 2.8 3.7 2.8 3.4 3.8
Nepal 2.8 5.0 4.2 3.3 2.0
Switzerland 2.9 3.4 4.3 3.2 2.7
Malaysia 2.9 2.3 2.2 3.1 3.5
Bangladesh 3.0 2.7 3.1 2.7 3.2
Lao PDR 3.0 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Japan 3.1 3.4 3.4 4.2 4.8
Cameroon 3.1 7.3 7.0 6.6 6.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.1 5.5 5.4 5.6 5.3
Burkina Faso 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.9
Paraguay 3.1 3.8 4.5 4.5 6.1
Austria 3.2 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.6
Nicaragua 3.3 4.3 5.7 4.7 5.5
Tanzania 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3
Guatemala 3.3 3.1 3.3 2.7 1.5
Cyprus 3.3 3.6 2.8 3.4 5.1
Guinea 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.4 3.1 2.3 5.0 6.9
Czech Republic 3.4 3.3 3.9 5.1 7.3
Myanmar 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.8 3.3
Indonesia 3.5 3.8 4.2 5.0 6.0
Pakistan 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.5
Solomon Islands 3.7 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.0
Brunei Darussalam 3.7 3.8 3.2 3.2 4.1
Liberia 3.8 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3
Macao SAR, China 3.8 4.4 3.5 5.3 7.8
Afghanistan 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8
India 3.9 3.9 4.2 3.8 4.4
Saudi Arabia 4.1 3.6 4.1 4.0 3.6
Ethiopia 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Bolivia 4.2 4.2 3.5 2.8 3.6
Ecuador 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.5 5.1
Cote d'Ivoire 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3
Fiji 4.4 4.8 5.4 6.8 6.5
Sierra Leone 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5
Costa Rica 4.5 5.2 4.8 4.3 4.9
Syrian Arab Republic 4.7 5.9 6.9 4.7 5.0
Iceland 4.8 3.4 3.4 2.3 1.5
Peru 4.8 5.9 4.6 4.2 5.0
China 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.3
Norway 5.1 4.8 3.8 3.1 3.4
Brazil 5.1 5.5 6.2 7.1 7.8
Niger 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Bahrain 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.6 4.8
Israel 5.6 5.9 6.8 8.0 8.5
Denmark 5.6 5.5 4.5 3.8 4.5
Oman 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.5
Timor-Leste 5.7 5.6 5.7 6.2 5.6
United States 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.2
Portugal 6.0 5.9 5.6 3.9 3.9
Azerbaijan 6.0 3.9 6.1 9.6 6.1
Mexico 6.0 4.4 3.0 2.9 1.9
Malawi 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.2
Ukraine 6.2 8.4 9.9 12.6 12.9
Netherlands 6.2 5.2 4.3 3.4 2.7
Greece 6.4 6.3 6.5 7.2 7.7
Chile 6.4 5.6 5.4 5.7 9.4
Congo, Rep. 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Maldives 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.4
New Zealand 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.8 7.3
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 6.8 7.5 6.5 6.5
Comoros 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Gambia, The 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8
Zimbabwe 6.6 7.2 8.6 8.0 7.2
Malta 6.6 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.4
Chad 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Burundi 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.9
Somalia 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Angola 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 6.7 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.0
Central African Republic 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.6
Togo 6.8 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8
Mali 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.3
Suriname 7.0 8.7 8.5 8.6 10.2
Cabo Verde 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Eritrea 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Germany 7.1 8.3 9.2 8.7 8.1
Belgium 7.3 7.4 7.1 7.6 7.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.3
Romania 7.4 6.2 5.3 5.8 6.9
Lebanon 7.4 7.9 4.8 7.8 8.1
Moldova 7.5 7.5 9.4 6.7 13.2
Belarus 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0
Nigeria 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Mauritius 7.5 6.6 5.9 6.4 7.1
Slovenia 7.5 7.2 6.4 7.3 7.2
Cuba 7.5 6.9 6.4 5.6 5.7
Uruguay 7.6 9.5 5.9 5.9 8.2
Kyrgyz Republic 7.6 7.9 7.4 8.6 7.3
Mozambique 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.5
Philippines 7.7 6.9 7.5 9.2 9.4
Yemen, Rep. 7.7 7.3 7.9 8.6 7.7
Haiti 7.7 8.3 8.4 8.5 6.2
Turkey 7.8 6.9 6.5 7.0 7.8
Mongolia 7.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.1
Senegal 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Sri Lanka 8.5 8.0 7.7 6.6 6.6
El Salvador 8.6 8.4 9.5 8.2 8.5
Kazakhstan 8.7 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.6
Guyana 8.8 8.9 9.1 9.3 9.5
Australia 8.8 8.7 8.7 7.9 7.1
Ghana 8.8 8.9 6.2 7.4 9.3
Kenya 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.7
Croatia 8.9 9.1 9.0 10.6 13.0
Italy 9.2 9.4 9.4 9.5 8.9
Venezuela, RB 9.3 10.4 9.0 10.0 13.6
Russian Federation 9.6 10.0 12.2 13.6 13.1
Canada 9.8 9.9 9.3 8.5 7.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.9 9.9 10.1 10.1 10.1
Bahamas, The 10.0 8.8 8.5 5.6 5.5
France 10.0 10.7 11.1 10.5 10.5
Sweden 10.0 10.5 10.6 8.8 7.6
Belize 10.1 11.7 9.1 10.9 9.2
United Kingdom 10.2 9.8 8.2 6.9 6.8
Dominican Republic 10.5 10.8 10.0 9.2 8.8
Estonia 10.5 10.7 11.2 10.5 13.0
Uzbekistan 10.6 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Turkmenistan 10.6 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.9
Colombia 10.7 11.0 9.3 10.4 11.7
Jamaica 10.8 10.1 10.5 10.0 10.0
Panama 10.8 11.5 10.8 10.3 9.0
Hungary 11.3 10.7 9.4 8.5 7.6
Morocco 11.4 11.1 10.9 10.7 14.1
Serbia 11.7 11.5 12.1 12.0 12.0
Ireland 11.9 11.7 10.2 7.9 5.9
Poland 12.2 11.2 9.6 9.4 11.8
Tajikistan 12.3 12.3 12.8 13.1 13.2
Slovak Republic 12.5 10.2 11.1 12.2 16.4
Jordan 12.7 11.9 11.0 12.3 11.0
Sudan 13.1 13.0 13.0 12.9 12.9
Latvia 13.3 13.1 14.8 15.4 14.2
Albania 14.0 12.8 12.2 13.2 13.5
Tunisia 14.2 14.8 15.5 16.1 14.9
South Africa 14.8 18.4 20.1 21.5 21.4
Trinidad and Tobago 15.2 13.3 12.1 11.3 10.8
Georgia 15.3 12.9 12.7 12.9 15.2
Finland 15.4 14.0 12.2 10.8 9.6
Bulgaria 16.0 13.8 14.1 12.6 14.6
Puerto Rico 16.2 15.2 15.2 14.8 13.7
Barbados 16.7 11.8 11.4 8.7 7.8
Argentina 16.8 15.5 13.0 11.5 13.1
Libya 16.8 16.9 16.9 17.0 17.0
West Bank and Gaza 17.0 24.6 21.0 14.9 12.2
Iraq 17.4 17.3 16.4 17.2 16.2
Gabon 17.7 17.0 16.3 16.2 16.1
Spain 18.1 17.7 16.1 13.9 11.2
Namibia 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.5 18.7
Montenegro 18.6 18.9 20.5 19.7 20.7
Lithuania 18.7 17.1 14.3 15.4 14.7
Botswana 20.0 19.6 19.0 18.4 20.5
Armenia 20.1 17.9 15.4 16.8 16.0
Swaziland 20.9 20.8 20.3 20.4 20.5
Zambia 21.0 17.4 16.5 13.7 13.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.6 24.0 25.9 24.4 24.0
Algeria 24.3 24.6 22.1 22.1 22.0
Lesotho 25.8 22.6 31.2 26.4 21.5
Macedonia, FYR 31.0 32.7 35.6 32.4 31.9
Mauritania 33.0 33.1 33.1 33.2 33.3
Seychelles
St. Kitts and Nevis
Tuvalu
St. Lucia
Kiribati
St. Martin (French part)
Faeroe Islands
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Andorra
Sao Tome and Principe
Guam
San Marino
Greenland
Samoa
Djibouti
Palau
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
South Sudan
New Caledonia
Isle of Man
Taiwan, China
Turks and Caicos Islands
Monaco
Grenada
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
French Polynesia
Vanuatu
Dominica
Bermuda
Curacao
Marshall Islands
Cayman Islands
Aruba
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Tonga
Antigua and Barbuda
Liechtenstein
American Samoa

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