Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Rwanda 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Benin 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9
Thailand 1.0 1.1 0.9 3.4 3.0
Cambodia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.1
Uganda 2.3 1.9 2.3 2.3 2.3
Madagascar 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.7
Singapore 2.0 2.1 1.9 3.3 3.6
Vietnam 2.2 2.1 3.2 2.5 2.2
United Arab Emirates 1.7 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.2
Papua New Guinea 2.5 2.2 2.6 2.2 2.3
Korea, Rep. 2.4 2.3 2.9 8.0 7.2
Lao PDR 3.0 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Bhutan 2.3 2.3 1.6 1.2 1.2
Malaysia 2.9 2.3 2.2 3.1 3.5
Luxembourg 2.1 2.5 1.8 1.9 1.7
Bangladesh 3.0 2.7 3.1 2.7 3.2
Guinea 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.4
Burkina Faso 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.4 3.1 2.3 5.0 6.9
Guatemala 3.3 3.1 3.3 2.7 1.5
Czech Republic 3.4 3.3 3.9 5.1 7.3
Iceland 4.8 3.4 3.4 2.3 1.5
Japan 3.1 3.4 3.4 4.2 4.8
Switzerland 2.9 3.4 4.3 3.2 2.7
Myanmar 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.8 3.3
Tanzania 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3
Cyprus 3.3 3.6 2.8 3.4 5.1
Saudi Arabia 4.1 3.6 4.1 4.0 3.6
Honduras 2.8 3.7 2.8 3.4 3.8
Austria 3.2 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.6
Paraguay 3.1 3.8 4.5 4.5 6.1
Brunei Darussalam 3.7 3.8 3.2 3.2 4.1
Indonesia 3.5 3.8 4.2 5.0 6.0
Pakistan 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.5
Afghanistan 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8
Azerbaijan 6.0 3.9 6.1 9.6 6.1
India 3.9 3.9 4.2 3.8 4.4
Solomon Islands 3.7 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.0
Liberia 3.8 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3
Ethiopia 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Ecuador 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.5 5.1
Bolivia 4.2 4.2 3.5 2.8 3.6
Sierra Leone 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5
Cote d'Ivoire 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3
Nicaragua 3.3 4.3 5.7 4.7 5.5
Mexico 6.0 4.4 3.0 2.9 1.9
Macao SAR, China 3.8 4.4 3.5 5.3 7.8
Fiji 4.4 4.8 5.4 6.8 6.5
Norway 5.1 4.8 3.8 3.1 3.4
Nepal 2.8 5.0 4.2 3.3 2.0
Bahrain 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.6 4.8
Netherlands 6.2 5.2 4.3 3.4 2.7
Costa Rica 4.5 5.2 4.8 4.3 4.9
China 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.3
Niger 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 6.7 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.1 5.5 5.4 5.6 5.3
Denmark 5.6 5.5 4.5 3.8 4.5
United States 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.2
Brazil 5.1 5.5 6.2 7.1 7.8
Chile 6.4 5.6 5.4 5.7 9.4
Timor-Leste 5.7 5.6 5.7 6.2 5.6
Oman 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.5
Portugal 6.0 5.9 5.6 3.9 3.9
Peru 4.8 5.9 4.6 4.2 5.0
Israel 5.6 5.9 6.8 8.0 8.5
Syrian Arab Republic 4.7 5.9 6.9 4.7 5.0
Malawi 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.2
Mongolia 7.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.1
Romania 7.4 6.2 5.3 5.8 6.9
New Zealand 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.8 7.3
Greece 6.4 6.3 6.5 7.2 7.7
Congo, Rep. 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Malta 6.6 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.4
Comoros 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Mauritius 7.5 6.6 5.9 6.4 7.1
Mali 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.3
Central African Republic 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7
Maldives 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.4
Chad 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Somalia 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Gambia, The 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8
Angola 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.6
Burundi 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.9
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 6.8 7.5 6.5 6.5
Turkey 7.8 6.9 6.5 7.0 7.8
Philippines 7.7 6.9 7.5 9.2 9.4
Cuba 7.5 6.9 6.4 5.6 5.7
Togo 6.8 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8
Cabo Verde 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Eritrea 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Zimbabwe 6.6 7.2 8.6 8.0 7.2
Slovenia 7.5 7.2 6.4 7.3 7.2
Cameroon 3.1 7.3 7.0 6.6 6.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.3
Yemen, Rep. 7.7 7.3 7.9 8.6 7.7
Belgium 7.3 7.4 7.1 7.6 7.4
Moldova 7.5 7.5 9.4 6.7 13.2
Nigeria 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Mozambique 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.5
Belarus 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0
Senegal 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Lebanon 7.4 7.9 4.8 7.8 8.1
Kyrgyz Republic 7.6 7.9 7.4 8.6 7.3
Sri Lanka 8.5 8.0 7.7 6.6 6.6
Haiti 7.7 8.3 8.4 8.5 6.2
Germany 7.1 8.3 9.2 8.7 8.1
Ukraine 6.2 8.4 9.9 12.6 12.9
El Salvador 8.6 8.4 9.5 8.2 8.5
Australia 8.8 8.7 8.7 7.9 7.1
Suriname 7.0 8.7 8.5 8.6 10.2
Kenya 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.7
Bahamas, The 10.0 8.8 8.5 5.6 5.5
Guyana 8.8 8.9 9.1 9.3 9.5
Ghana 8.8 8.9 6.2 7.4 9.3
Croatia 8.9 9.1 9.0 10.6 13.0
Italy 9.2 9.4 9.4 9.5 8.9
Uruguay 7.6 9.5 5.9 5.9 8.2
United Kingdom 10.2 9.8 8.2 6.9 6.8
Canada 9.8 9.9 9.3 8.5 7.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.9 9.9 10.1 10.1 10.1
Russian Federation 9.6 10.0 12.2 13.6 13.1
Jamaica 10.8 10.1 10.5 10.0 10.0
Slovak Republic 12.5 10.2 11.1 12.2 16.4
Kazakhstan 8.7 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.6
Venezuela, RB 9.3 10.4 9.0 10.0 13.6
Sweden 10.0 10.5 10.6 8.8 7.6
Estonia 10.5 10.7 11.2 10.5 13.0
France 10.0 10.7 11.1 10.5 10.5
Hungary 11.3 10.7 9.4 8.5 7.6
Dominican Republic 10.5 10.8 10.0 9.2 8.8
Turkmenistan 10.6 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.9
Uzbekistan 10.6 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Colombia 10.7 11.0 9.3 10.4 11.7
Morocco 11.4 11.1 10.9 10.7 14.1
Poland 12.2 11.2 9.6 9.4 11.8
Serbia 11.7 11.5 12.1 12.0 12.0
Panama 10.8 11.5 10.8 10.3 9.0
Belize 10.1 11.7 9.1 10.9 9.2
Ireland 11.9 11.7 10.2 7.9 5.9
Barbados 16.7 11.8 11.4 8.7 7.8
Jordan 12.7 11.9 11.0 12.3 11.0
Tajikistan 12.3 12.3 12.8 13.1 13.2
Albania 14.0 12.8 12.2 13.2 13.5
Georgia 15.3 12.9 12.7 12.9 15.2
Sudan 13.1 13.0 13.0 12.9 12.9
Latvia 13.3 13.1 14.8 15.4 14.2
Trinidad and Tobago 15.2 13.3 12.1 11.3 10.8
Bulgaria 16.0 13.8 14.1 12.6 14.6
Finland 15.4 14.0 12.2 10.8 9.6
Tunisia 14.2 14.8 15.5 16.1 14.9
Puerto Rico 16.2 15.2 15.2 14.8 13.7
Argentina 16.8 15.5 13.0 11.5 13.1
Libya 16.8 16.9 16.9 17.0 17.0
Gabon 17.7 17.0 16.3 16.2 16.1
Lithuania 18.7 17.1 14.3 15.4 14.7
Iraq 17.4 17.3 16.4 17.2 16.2
Zambia 21.0 17.4 16.5 13.7 13.9
Spain 18.1 17.7 16.1 13.9 11.2
Armenia 20.1 17.9 15.4 16.8 16.0
Namibia 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.5 18.7
South Africa 14.8 18.4 20.1 21.5 21.4
Montenegro 18.6 18.9 20.5 19.7 20.7
Botswana 20.0 19.6 19.0 18.4 20.5
Swaziland 20.9 20.8 20.3 20.4 20.5
Lesotho 25.8 22.6 31.2 26.4 21.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.6 24.0 25.9 24.4 24.0
West Bank and Gaza 17.0 24.6 21.0 14.9 12.2
Algeria 24.3 24.6 22.1 22.1 22.0
Macedonia, FYR 31.0 32.7 35.6 32.4 31.9
Mauritania 33.0 33.1 33.1 33.2 33.3
Isle of Man
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cayman Islands
Palau
St. Kitts and Nevis
Antigua and Barbuda
St. Lucia
Aruba
Faeroe Islands
Curacao
Seychelles
Northern Mariana Islands
Grenada
Guam
New Caledonia
South Sudan
Greenland
Tonga
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Middle East (developing only)
Bermuda
Kiribati
Sao Tome and Principe
Tuvalu
Andorra
Djibouti
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
Marshall Islands
Dominica
American Samoa
Vanuatu
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
French Polynesia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Samoa
San Marino

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