Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Qatar 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Rwanda 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
Benin 1.4 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0
Thailand 1.1 1.0 1.1 0.9 3.4
Bhutan 2.0 2.6 1.3 1.3 1.2
Cambodia 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9
Uganda 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Madagascar 2.7 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8
United Arab Emirates 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.5 2.2
Singapore 2.0 2.0 2.1 1.9 3.3
Papua New Guinea 2.1 2.5 2.1 2.6 2.1
Vietnam 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.2 2.5
Lao PDR 2.9 3.0 2.2 2.3 2.3
Korea, Rep. 2.9 2.4 2.4 2.9 7.9
Malaysia 3.6 2.9 2.4 2.3 3.1
Luxembourg 3.0 2.1 2.5 1.8 1.9
Bangladesh 3.1 3.0 2.7 3.1 2.7
Guatemala 2.0 3.7 2.8 4.0 3.5
Burkina Faso 3.3 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.0 3.4 3.1 2.3 5.0
Czech Republic 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.9 5.0
Switzerland 3.5 2.9 3.4 4.3 3.2
Japan 2.8 3.1 3.4 3.4 4.1
Iceland 5.1 4.8 3.4 3.3 2.3
Guinea 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Tanzania 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.4
Cyprus 3.0 3.3 3.6 2.8 3.4
Pakistan 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.1
Paraguay 5.1 3.1 3.8 4.5 4.5
Honduras 2.8 2.8 3.8 2.8 3.4
Indonesia 4.4 3.5 3.8 4.2 5.0
India 3.6 3.9 3.9 4.4 3.7
Saudi Arabia 4.3 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.2
Austria 3.2 3.1 3.9 3.9 3.9
Brunei Darussalam 4.4 4.1 3.9 3.2 3.3
Myanmar 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.6
Bahrain 4.8 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.3
Ethiopia 3.5 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Bolivia 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Sierra Leone 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5
Cote d'Ivoire 5.8 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Macao SAR, China 2.4 3.8 4.4 3.5 5.3
Mexico 4.0 6.0 4.5 3.0 2.9
Nicaragua 2.7 3.6 4.7 6.2 5.2
Ecuador 6.0 4.4 4.7 5.5 4.0
Solomon Islands 4.4 4.2 4.8 4.9 4.8
Norway 5.9 5.1 4.8 3.8 3.1
Fiji 4.7 4.4 4.8 5.4 6.8
Nepal 2.5 2.7 5.0 4.2 3.3
Azerbaijan 5.1 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.2
Netherlands 6.6 6.1 5.2 4.3 3.4
Costa Rica 3.5 4.5 5.2 4.8 4.3
China 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3
Timor-Leste 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 6.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 6.4 6.7 5.4 5.1 5.0
Liberia 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4
Brazil 5.1 5.1 5.5 6.2 7.1
Niger 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
United States 6.3 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.5
Denmark 7.2 5.6 5.5 4.5 3.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.2 3.2 5.5 5.4 5.8
Peru 4.8 4.4 5.6 4.9 4.8
Chile 7.0 6.3 5.6 5.4 5.7
Israel 6.2 5.6 5.8 6.8 8.0
Syrian Arab Republic 4.8 4.7 5.9 6.9 4.7
Portugal 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.6 3.9
Malawi 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0
Oman 5.9 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.5
Romania 8.1 7.4 6.2 5.3 5.8
New Zealand 8.8 6.4 6.3 6.8 7.8
Greece 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.5 7.2
Maldives 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6
Mauritius 6.5 7.4 6.6 5.9 6.4
Mali 6.7 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Malta 6.7 7.0 6.7 6.3 5.9
Congo, Rep. 6.9 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9
Afghanistan 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8
Philippines 7.7 7.7 6.9 7.5 9.2
Cuba 3.1 7.5 6.9 6.4 5.6
Turkey 8.9 7.9 7.0 6.5 7.0
Comoros 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Chad 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Slovenia 9.3 7.5 7.2 6.4 7.3
Libya 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Cameroon 4.9 3.1 7.3 7.0 6.7
Mongolia 7.4 8.5 7.3 7.7 7.5
Zimbabwe 6.0 6.7 7.3 8.6 8.0
Angola 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2
Central African Republic 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Guinea-Bissau 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.0
Somalia 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3
Gambia, The 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Equatorial Guinea 7.1 7.0 7.4 8.0 7.0
Burundi 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.6
Belgium 7.7 7.3 7.4 7.1 7.6
Mozambique 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Moldova 7.5 7.6 7.6 9.6 6.8
Kyrgyz Republic 7.0 7.6 7.6 7.4 8.7
Nigeria 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6
Togo 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5
Fragile and conflict affected situations 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.8 7.7
Senegal 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8
Cabo Verde 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Ukraine 7.2 5.8 7.8 9.2 11.7
Eritrea 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.0 7.9
Lebanon 8.5 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.9
Sri Lanka 9.4 8.6 8.1 7.7 6.6
Germany 7.2 7.2 8.3 9.2 8.7
El Salvador 9.3 8.6 8.4 9.5 8.2
Haiti 11.2 7.7 8.5 8.7 8.7
Suriname 11.3 7.0 8.7 8.5 8.6
Kenya 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.7
Bahamas, The 12.2 10.0 8.8 8.5 5.6
Australia 10.0 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.0
Ghana 5.0 2.9 8.9 5.0 5.6
Croatia 8.6 8.9 9.1 9.0 10.6
Central Europe and the Baltics 11.4 10.5 9.4 8.6 8.7
Italy 8.7 9.1 9.4 9.4 9.5
Uruguay 6.5 7.8 9.5 6.5 8.0
United Kingdom 11.6 10.2 9.8 8.2 6.9
Canada 10.9 9.8 9.9 9.2 8.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.3 9.9 9.9 10.1 10.1
Belarus 9.6 9.6 10.0 10.3 10.2
Russian Federation 8.3 9.7 10.0 12.2 13.5
Jamaica 9.5 10.8 10.1 10.5 10.0
Slovak Republic 13.3 12.6 10.2 11.2 12.2
Venezuela, RB 8.6 9.3 10.4 9.0 10.0
Sweden 11.0 10.0 10.5 10.6 8.9
Kazakhstan 6.0 8.9 10.5 10.4 10.5
France 11.1 10.1 10.7 11.1 10.4
Turkmenistan 10.5 10.8 10.7 10.5 11.2
Hungary 12.1 11.3 10.7 9.5 8.5
Estonia 8.3 10.5 10.7 11.2 10.5
Dominican Republic 10.4 10.5 10.8 9.9 9.2
Yemen, Rep. 12.2 11.6 10.9 11.7 12.6
Tajikistan 10.5 10.8 10.9 11.2 11.3
Uzbekistan 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.2
Poland 13.2 12.3 11.1 9.6 9.4
Morocco 11.6 11.4 11.2 11.0 10.8
Colombia 9.7 9.8 11.4 10.2 11.0
Panama 10.7 10.8 11.5 10.8 10.3
Serbia 13.3 11.7 11.6 12.1 12.0
Ireland 14.5 11.9 11.7 10.2 7.9
Belize 8.9 10.1 11.7 9.1 10.9
Barbados 18.2 16.7 11.8 11.4 8.7
Jordan 16.0 12.7 11.9 11.2 11.7
Albania 14.9 13.9 12.1 13.0 12.0
Latvia 15.0 13.6 12.8 14.8 15.4
Georgia 13.4 15.3 12.8 12.7 12.9
Sudan 13.3 13.1 12.9 12.7 12.8
Trinidad and Tobago 16.3 15.2 13.3 12.1 11.3
Bulgaria 20.3 16.0 13.8 14.0 12.5
Finland 17.8 15.4 14.0 12.2 10.8
Tunisia 13.6 14.7 15.1 15.5 16.2
Puerto Rico 16.9 16.2 15.2 15.2 14.8
Argentina 10.7 16.8 15.5 13.0 11.5
Lithuania 19.1 18.7 17.1 14.3 15.4
Gabon 18.8 18.0 17.4 16.8 16.9
Zambia 21.7 21.1 17.4 16.5 13.7
Iraq 16.0 16.7 17.5 17.4 17.2
Spain 19.7 18.1 17.6 16.1 13.9
Namibia 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.5
South Africa 17.5 14.8 18.4 20.1 21.5
Armenia 19.0 25.5 18.5 18.9 21.3
Botswana 19.9 20.0 19.6 19.0 18.4
Swaziland 20.7 20.9 20.8 20.3 20.4
Lesotho 30.0 25.8 22.8 31.2 26.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25.4 23.7 24.0 26.2 24.6
Guyana 19.1 28.6 24.1 20.2 22.5
West Bank and Gaza 24.8 24.8 24.6 21.0 14.9
Algeria 21.6 24.5 25.2 22.4 22.7
Montenegro 20.5 27.7 28.1 19.9 20.1
Macedonia, FYR 31.3 31.5 32.6 35.6 32.4
Mauritania 33.6 33.8 33.7 33.5 33.6
Sao Tome and Principe
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
Isle of Man
St. Martin (French part)
Curacao
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
Kosovo
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
New Caledonia
Kiribati
Seychelles
Tonga
Greenland
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
Tuvalu
Bermuda
Marshall Islands
French Polynesia
Vanuatu
Aruba
Andorra
Monaco
Faeroe Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Dominica
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Djibouti
American Samoa
Palau
Grenada

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