Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Qatar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Rwanda 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8
Benin 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9
Thailand 1.1 0.9 3.4 3.0 2.5
Cambodia 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.3
Uganda 1.8 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Singapore 2.0 1.8 3.2 3.5 3.4
Madagascar 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
United Arab Emirates 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.2 1.8
Vietnam 2.1 3.2 2.5 2.2 2.4
Papua New Guinea 2.2 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.5
Lao PDR 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Korea, Rep. 2.3 2.9 8.0 7.2 5.0
Malaysia 2.3 2.2 3.1 3.5 2.9
Bhutan 2.3 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.4
Luxembourg 2.5 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.8
Bangladesh 2.7 3.1 2.7 3.2 3.3
Ethiopia 2.8 3.3 3.9 4.5 4.1
Guinea 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.2
Guatemala 3.1 2.9 2.8 1.6 1.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.1 2.3 5.0 6.9 5.6
Burkina Faso 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.9 3.8
Bahrain 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.7
Czech Republic 3.3 3.9 5.1 7.3 7.4
Iceland 3.4 3.4 2.3 1.5 1.8
Switzerland 3.4 4.3 3.2 2.7 2.4
Japan 3.4 3.4 4.2 4.8 5.0
Myanmar 3.4 3.4 3.6 3.2 3.1
Tanzania 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6
Cyprus 3.6 2.8 3.4 5.1 3.4
Ecuador 3.6 5.8 4.0 4.7 5.4
Saudi Arabia 3.7 4.1 4.1 3.6 3.9
Honduras 3.7 2.8 3.4 3.8 3.8
Solomon Islands 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.9 4.3
Pakistan 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.5 5.6
Paraguay 3.8 4.5 4.5 6.1 6.7
Austria 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.3
Indonesia 3.8 4.2 5.0 6.0 5.8
India 3.9 4.2 3.8 4.4 4.3
Azerbaijan 3.9 6.1 6.7 6.1 10.8
Brunei Darussalam 3.9 3.3 3.3 4.1 3.8
Liberia 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.3
Cote d'Ivoire 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1
Bolivia 4.2 3.5 2.8 3.6 4.0
Nicaragua 4.3 4.0 4.6 5.6 7.4
Sierra Leone 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.5
Mexico 4.4 3.0 2.9 1.9 2.2
Macao SAR, China 4.4 3.5 5.3 7.8 8.6
Norway 4.8 3.8 3.1 3.4 3.6
Fiji 4.8 5.4 6.8 6.5 6.3
Nepal 4.9 4.1 3.4 2.0 2.5
Netherlands 5.2 4.3 3.4 2.7 2.1
Costa Rica 5.2 4.8 4.3 4.9 4.3
China 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.1
Niger 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.2 5.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.5 5.1 5.1
Oman 5.4 5.6 5.9 6.1 6.2
Denmark 5.5 4.5 3.8 4.5 4.1
Brazil 5.5 6.2 7.1 7.8 7.7
United States 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.2 4.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.5 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.5
Chile 5.6 5.4 5.7 9.4 8.8
Timor-Leste 5.6 5.7 6.1 5.6 5.5
Malawi 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.9 6.0
Syrian Arab Republic 5.9 6.9 4.7 5.0 6.4
Portugal 5.9 5.6 3.9 3.9 3.1
Israel 5.9 6.8 8.0 8.5 8.5
Peru 6.1 5.0 4.4 5.9 6.1
Mongolia 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.1 5.9
Romania 6.2 5.3 5.8 6.9 7.5
Congo, Rep. 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.3
Greece 6.3 6.5 7.2 7.7 7.5
New Zealand 6.3 6.8 7.8 7.3 6.3
Comoros 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Somalia 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Central African Republic 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Chad 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Guinea-Bissau 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.5 6.4
Mauritius 6.6 5.8 6.4 7.1 5.6
Gambia, The 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.7
Burundi 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Maldives 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.4 6.5
Angola 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Mali 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.3 6.4
Togo 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Malta 6.7 6.7 6.0 6.5 6.2
Cameroon 6.8 6.5 6.3 6.0 5.4
Afghanistan 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Equatorial Guinea 6.8 7.6 6.4 6.4 6.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7
Cuba 6.9 6.4 5.6 5.7 4.9
Turkey 6.9 6.5 7.0 7.8 6.7
Philippines 6.9 7.5 9.2 9.4 11.2
Eritrea 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Zimbabwe 7.2 8.6 8.0 7.2 7.6
Slovenia 7.2 6.4 7.3 7.2 6.8
Yemen, Rep. 7.3 7.9 8.6 7.7 9.1
Belgium 7.4 7.1 7.6 7.4 5.3
Moldova 7.5 3.8 6.7 13.2 9.8
Nigeria 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.7
Belarus 7.6 7.7 7.9 8.1 8.0
Lebanon 7.9 4.8 7.8 8.1 8.4
Kyrgyz Republic 7.9 7.5 8.6 7.3 6.8
Senegal 8.0 8.0 7.0 6.8 8.0
Haiti 8.0 8.2 8.2 6.2 6.4
Sri Lanka 8.0 7.7 6.6 6.6 5.8
Cabo Verde 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
Germany 8.3 9.2 8.7 8.1 7.4
El Salvador 8.4 9.5 8.2 8.5 8.6
Ukraine 8.4 9.9 12.6 12.9 13.0
Suriname 8.4 8.2 8.3 10.2 11.7
Kenya 8.7 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.5
Australia 8.7 8.7 7.9 7.1 6.5
Bahamas, The 8.8 8.5 5.6 5.5 5.7
Ghana 8.9 6.4 7.2 9.3 10.1
Guyana 8.9 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.8
Uruguay 9.1 6.8 6.4 7.1 7.9
Croatia 9.2 9.1 10.6 13.0 15.5
Italy 9.4 9.4 9.5 8.9 8.3
United Kingdom 9.8 8.2 6.9 6.8 6.2
Canada 9.9 9.3 8.5 7.8 6.9
Russian Federation 10.0 12.2 13.6 13.1 10.8
Jamaica 10.1 10.5 10.0 10.0 10.0
Slovak Republic 10.2 11.1 12.2 16.4 19.0
Kazakhstan 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.6 10.1
Turkmenistan 10.4 10.2 10.7 11.0 11.1
Venezuela, RB 10.4 9.0 10.0 13.6 12.6
Sweden 10.5 10.6 8.8 7.6 6.3
France 10.7 11.1 10.5 10.5 8.6
Estonia 10.7 11.2 10.5 13.0 14.6
Uzbekistan 10.7 10.8 10.8 10.7 10.7
Hungary 10.7 9.4 8.5 7.6 7.0
Dominican Republic 10.9 10.0 9.3 8.9 8.8
Colombia 11.0 9.3 10.4 11.7 13.0
Poland 11.2 9.6 9.4 11.8 14.5
Serbia 11.5 12.0 11.9 11.9 11.0
Panama 11.5 10.8 10.3 9.0 11.1
Belize 11.7 9.1 10.9 9.2 8.0
Ireland 11.7 10.2 7.9 5.9 4.3
Barbados 11.8 11.4 8.7 7.8 7.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 11.9 10.4 11.0 10.1 10.8
Jordan 11.9 10.3 11.5 10.0 12.3
Tajikistan 12.1 12.2 12.8 13.2 13.1
Sudan 12.4 12.6 12.4 12.4 12.4
Georgia 12.8 12.6 13.0 15.2 11.1
Albania 12.9 12.0 13.3 13.5 12.9
Trinidad and Tobago 13.3 12.1 11.3 10.8 10.2
Latvia 13.4 14.8 15.4 14.2 15.0
Bulgaria 13.8 14.0 12.5 14.5 16.6
Finland 14.0 12.2 10.8 9.6 9.0
Tunisia 14.5 15.5 16.1 14.9 14.6
Morocco 14.8 15.4 16.0 14.1 13.7
Puerto Rico 15.2 15.2 14.8 13.7 12.1
Argentina 15.5 13.0 11.5 13.1 13.7
Libya 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
Gabon 17.0 16.3 16.2 16.1 16.0
Lithuania 17.1 14.3 15.4 14.7 18.2
Zambia 17.4 16.5 13.7 13.9 14.7
Iraq 17.4 15.9 17.3 16.3 16.3
Spain 17.7 16.1 13.9 11.2 9.8
Armenia 17.9 15.6 16.8 16.5 17.8
Namibia 18.2 18.3 18.5 18.7 19.2
South Africa 18.6 20.2 21.5 21.4 24.8
Montenegro 18.9 20.5 19.9 20.7 18.8
Botswana 19.6 19.0 18.4 20.5 20.5
Swaziland 20.8 20.3 20.4 20.5 20.5
Mozambique 20.8 20.8 20.7 20.5 20.3
Lesotho 22.6 31.2 26.4 21.5 23.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.3 26.4 24.8 24.4 23.9
Algeria 24.6 22.1 22.1 22.0 25.7
West Bank and Gaza 24.6 21.0 14.9 12.2 14.6
Macedonia, FYR 32.6 35.6 32.4 31.9 30.6
Mauritania 32.7 32.8 32.8 32.9 32.9
Sao Tome and Principe
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Grenada
St. Lucia
San Marino
St. Martin (French part)
Tonga
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Faeroe Islands
Monaco
Liechtenstein
Guam
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Aruba
Isle of Man
Seychelles
Bermuda
Palau
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
French Polynesia
Antigua and Barbuda
Vanuatu
Andorra
Cayman Islands
Kiribati
Dominica
Greenland
Curacao
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Djibouti
New Caledonia
South Sudan
Samoa

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