Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Rwanda 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Thailand 1.0 1.1 0.9 3.4 3.0
Benin 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9
Bhutan 2.3 2.3 1.6 1.2 1.2
Cambodia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.1
Madagascar 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.7
Luxembourg 2.1 2.5 1.8 1.9 1.7
Singapore 2.0 2.1 1.9 3.3 3.6
United Arab Emirates 1.7 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.2
Malaysia 2.9 2.3 2.2 3.1 3.5
Lao PDR 3.0 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.4 3.1 2.3 5.0 6.9
Uganda 2.3 1.9 2.3 2.3 2.3
Papua New Guinea 2.5 2.2 2.6 2.2 2.3
Cyprus 3.3 3.6 2.8 3.4 5.1
Guinea 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.4
Honduras 2.8 3.7 2.8 3.4 3.8
Burkina Faso 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.9
Korea, Rep. 2.4 2.3 2.9 8.0 7.2
Mexico 6.0 4.4 3.0 2.9 1.9
Bangladesh 3.0 2.7 3.1 2.7 3.2
Brunei Darussalam 3.7 3.8 3.2 3.2 4.1
Vietnam 2.2 2.1 3.2 2.5 2.2
Tanzania 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3
Guatemala 3.3 3.1 3.3 2.7 1.5
Iceland 4.8 3.4 3.4 2.3 1.5
Japan 3.1 3.4 3.4 4.2 4.8
Macao SAR, China 3.8 4.4 3.5 5.3 7.8
Myanmar 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.8 3.3
Bolivia 4.2 4.2 3.5 2.8 3.6
Norway 5.1 4.8 3.8 3.1 3.4
Afghanistan 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8
Pakistan 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.5
Czech Republic 3.4 3.3 3.9 5.1 7.3
Austria 3.2 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.6
Solomon Islands 3.7 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.0
Liberia 3.8 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3
Saudi Arabia 4.1 3.6 4.1 4.0 3.6
Ethiopia 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
India 3.9 3.9 4.2 3.8 4.4
Indonesia 3.5 3.8 4.2 5.0 6.0
Nepal 2.8 5.0 4.2 3.3 2.0
Netherlands 6.2 5.2 4.3 3.4 2.7
Cote d'Ivoire 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3
Ecuador 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.5 5.1
Switzerland 2.9 3.4 4.3 3.2 2.7
Sierra Leone 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5
Denmark 5.6 5.5 4.5 3.8 4.5
Paraguay 3.1 3.8 4.5 4.5 6.1
Peru 4.8 5.9 4.6 4.2 5.0
Bahrain 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.6 4.8
Lebanon 7.4 7.9 4.8 7.8 8.1
Costa Rica 4.5 5.2 4.8 4.3 4.9
United States 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 6.7 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.0
China 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.3
Romania 7.4 6.2 5.3 5.8 6.9
Niger 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Fiji 4.4 4.8 5.4 6.8 6.5
Chile 6.4 5.6 5.4 5.7 9.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.1 5.5 5.4 5.6 5.3
Portugal 6.0 5.9 5.6 3.9 3.9
Timor-Leste 5.7 5.6 5.7 6.2 5.6
Nicaragua 3.3 4.3 5.7 4.7 5.5
Uruguay 7.6 9.5 5.9 5.9 8.2
Mauritius 7.5 6.6 5.9 6.4 7.1
Oman 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.5
Azerbaijan 6.0 3.9 6.1 9.6 6.1
Malawi 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.2
Brazil 5.1 5.5 6.2 7.1 7.8
Malta 6.6 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.4
Ghana 8.8 8.9 6.2 7.4 9.3
Mongolia 7.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.1
Congo, Rep. 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Mali 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.3
Cuba 7.5 6.9 6.4 5.6 5.7
Slovenia 7.5 7.2 6.4 7.3 7.2
Turkey 7.8 6.9 6.5 7.0 7.8
Comoros 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Greece 6.4 6.3 6.5 7.2 7.7
Angola 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6
Chad 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.6
Maldives 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.4
Gambia, The 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8
Central African Republic 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7
Somalia 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Togo 6.8 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8
Israel 5.6 5.9 6.8 8.0 8.5
New Zealand 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.8 7.3
Burundi 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.9
Syrian Arab Republic 4.7 5.9 6.9 4.7 5.0
Cabo Verde 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Cameroon 3.1 7.3 7.0 6.6 6.3
Belgium 7.3 7.4 7.1 7.6 7.4
Eritrea 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.3
Kyrgyz Republic 7.6 7.9 7.4 8.6 7.3
Philippines 7.7 6.9 7.5 9.2 9.4
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 6.8 7.5 6.5 6.5
Nigeria 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Mozambique 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.5
Sri Lanka 8.5 8.0 7.7 6.6 6.6
Senegal 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Belarus 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0
Yemen, Rep. 7.7 7.3 7.9 8.6 7.7
United Kingdom 10.2 9.8 8.2 6.9 6.8
Haiti 7.7 8.3 8.4 8.5 6.2
Bahamas, The 10.0 8.8 8.5 5.6 5.5
Suriname 7.0 8.7 8.5 8.6 10.2
Zimbabwe 6.6 7.2 8.6 8.0 7.2
Australia 8.8 8.7 8.7 7.9 7.1
Kenya 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.7
Croatia 8.9 9.1 9.0 10.6 13.0
Venezuela, RB 9.3 10.4 9.0 10.0 13.6
Guyana 8.8 8.9 9.1 9.3 9.5
Belize 10.1 11.7 9.1 10.9 9.2
Germany 7.1 8.3 9.2 8.7 8.1
Canada 9.8 9.9 9.3 8.5 7.8
Colombia 10.7 11.0 9.3 10.4 11.7
Moldova 7.5 7.5 9.4 6.7 13.2
Italy 9.2 9.4 9.4 9.5 8.9
Hungary 11.3 10.7 9.4 8.5 7.6
El Salvador 8.6 8.4 9.5 8.2 8.5
Poland 12.2 11.2 9.6 9.4 11.8
Ukraine 6.2 8.4 9.9 12.6 12.9
Dominican Republic 10.5 10.8 10.0 9.2 8.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.9 9.9 10.1 10.1 10.1
Ireland 11.9 11.7 10.2 7.9 5.9
Kazakhstan 8.7 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.6
Jamaica 10.8 10.1 10.5 10.0 10.0
Sweden 10.0 10.5 10.6 8.8 7.6
Panama 10.8 11.5 10.8 10.3 9.0
Turkmenistan 10.6 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.9
Morocco 11.4 11.1 10.9 10.7 14.1
Uzbekistan 10.6 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Jordan 12.7 11.9 11.0 12.3 11.0
Slovak Republic 12.5 10.2 11.1 12.2 16.4
France 10.0 10.7 11.1 10.5 10.5
Estonia 10.5 10.7 11.2 10.5 13.0
Barbados 16.7 11.8 11.4 8.7 7.8
Serbia 11.7 11.5 12.1 12.0 12.0
Trinidad and Tobago 15.2 13.3 12.1 11.3 10.8
Russian Federation 9.6 10.0 12.2 13.6 13.1
Albania 14.0 12.8 12.2 13.2 13.5
Finland 15.4 14.0 12.2 10.8 9.6
Georgia 15.3 12.9 12.7 12.9 15.2
Tajikistan 12.3 12.3 12.8 13.1 13.2
Argentina 16.8 15.5 13.0 11.5 13.1
Sudan 13.1 13.0 13.0 12.9 12.9
Bulgaria 16.0 13.8 14.1 12.6 14.6
Lithuania 18.7 17.1 14.3 15.4 14.7
Latvia 13.3 13.1 14.8 15.4 14.2
Puerto Rico 16.2 15.2 15.2 14.8 13.7
Armenia 20.1 17.9 15.4 16.8 16.0
Tunisia 14.2 14.8 15.5 16.1 14.9
Spain 18.1 17.7 16.1 13.9 11.2
Gabon 17.7 17.0 16.3 16.2 16.1
Iraq 17.4 17.3 16.4 17.2 16.2
Zambia 21.0 17.4 16.5 13.7 13.9
Libya 16.8 16.9 16.9 17.0 17.0
Namibia 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.5 18.7
Botswana 20.0 19.6 19.0 18.4 20.5
South Africa 14.8 18.4 20.1 21.5 21.4
Swaziland 20.9 20.8 20.3 20.4 20.5
Montenegro 18.6 18.9 20.5 19.7 20.7
West Bank and Gaza 17.0 24.6 21.0 14.9 12.2
Algeria 24.3 24.6 22.1 22.1 22.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.6 24.0 25.9 24.4 24.0
Lesotho 25.8 22.6 31.2 26.4 21.5
Mauritania 33.0 33.1 33.1 33.2 33.3
Macedonia, FYR 31.0 32.7 35.6 32.4 31.9
Vanuatu
New Caledonia
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Cayman Islands
St. Lucia
Isle of Man
St. Martin (French part)
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Kosovo
Bermuda
Kiribati
Palau
Guam
Samoa
French Polynesia
San Marino
Liechtenstein
Antigua and Barbuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco
Turks and Caicos Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
American Samoa
Djibouti
Sao Tome and Principe
Seychelles
Curacao
Marshall Islands
Grenada
Aruba
Greenland
South Sudan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Tonga
Faeroe Islands
Andorra
Dominica

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