Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Qatar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Rwanda 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8
Thailand 1.1 0.9 3.4 3.0 2.5
Benin 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9
Bhutan 2.3 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.4
Luxembourg 2.5 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.8
Madagascar 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Singapore 2.0 1.8 3.2 3.5 3.4
Cambodia 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.3
United Arab Emirates 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.2 1.8
Malaysia 2.3 2.2 3.1 3.5 2.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.1 2.3 5.0 6.9 5.6
Lao PDR 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Uganda 1.8 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Papua New Guinea 2.2 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.5
Guinea 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.2
Honduras 3.7 2.8 3.4 3.8 3.8
Cyprus 3.6 2.8 3.4 5.1 3.4
Burkina Faso 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.9 3.8
Korea, Rep. 2.3 2.9 8.0 7.2 5.0
Guatemala 3.1 2.9 2.8 1.6 1.2
Mexico 4.4 3.0 2.9 1.9 2.2
Bangladesh 2.7 3.1 2.7 3.2 3.3
Vietnam 2.1 3.2 2.5 2.2 2.4
Tanzania 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6
Brunei Darussalam 3.9 3.3 3.3 4.1 3.8
Ethiopia 2.8 3.3 3.9 4.5 4.1
Japan 3.4 3.4 4.2 4.8 5.0
Bahrain 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.7
Iceland 3.4 3.4 2.3 1.5 1.8
Myanmar 3.4 3.4 3.6 3.2 3.1
Macao SAR, China 4.4 3.5 5.3 7.8 8.6
Bolivia 4.2 3.5 2.8 3.6 4.0
Moldova 7.5 3.8 6.7 13.2 9.8
Norway 4.8 3.8 3.1 3.4 3.6
Solomon Islands 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.9 4.3
Austria 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.3
Pakistan 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.5 5.6
Czech Republic 3.3 3.9 5.1 7.3 7.4
Nicaragua 4.3 4.0 4.6 5.6 7.4
Nepal 4.9 4.1 3.4 2.0 2.5
Saudi Arabia 3.7 4.1 4.1 3.6 3.9
India 3.9 4.2 3.8 4.4 4.3
Cote d'Ivoire 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1
Liberia 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.3
Indonesia 3.8 4.2 5.0 6.0 5.8
Switzerland 3.4 4.3 3.2 2.7 2.4
Netherlands 5.2 4.3 3.4 2.7 2.1
Sierra Leone 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.5
Denmark 5.5 4.5 3.8 4.5 4.1
Paraguay 3.8 4.5 4.5 6.1 6.7
Lebanon 7.9 4.8 7.8 8.1 8.4
Costa Rica 5.2 4.8 4.3 4.9 4.3
United States 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.2 4.0
Peru 6.1 5.0 4.4 5.9 6.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.5 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.5
China 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.1
Niger 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.2 5.2
Romania 6.2 5.3 5.8 6.9 7.5
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.5 5.1 5.1
Fiji 4.8 5.4 6.8 6.5 6.3
Chile 5.6 5.4 5.7 9.4 8.8
Portugal 5.9 5.6 3.9 3.9 3.1
Oman 5.4 5.6 5.9 6.1 6.2
Timor-Leste 5.6 5.7 6.1 5.6 5.5
Malawi 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.9 6.0
Mauritius 6.6 5.8 6.4 7.1 5.6
Ecuador 3.6 5.8 4.0 4.7 5.4
Azerbaijan 3.9 6.1 6.7 6.1 10.8
Mongolia 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.1 5.9
Brazil 5.5 6.2 7.1 7.8 7.7
Congo, Rep. 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.3
Cuba 6.9 6.4 5.6 5.7 4.9
Comoros 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Mali 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.3 6.4
Slovenia 7.2 6.4 7.3 7.2 6.8
Ghana 8.9 6.4 7.2 9.3 10.1
Somalia 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Turkey 6.9 6.5 7.0 7.8 6.7
Greece 6.3 6.5 7.2 7.7 7.5
Cameroon 6.8 6.5 6.3 6.0 5.4
Angola 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Chad 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Guinea-Bissau 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.5 6.4
Maldives 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.4 6.5
Central African Republic 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Gambia, The 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.7
Malta 6.7 6.7 6.0 6.5 6.2
Burundi 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Togo 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7
New Zealand 6.3 6.8 7.8 7.3 6.3
Israel 5.9 6.8 8.0 8.5 8.5
Afghanistan 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Uruguay 9.1 6.8 6.4 7.1 7.9
Syrian Arab Republic 5.9 6.9 4.7 5.0 6.4
Eritrea 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Belgium 7.4 7.1 7.6 7.4 5.3
Philippines 6.9 7.5 9.2 9.4 11.2
Kyrgyz Republic 7.9 7.5 8.6 7.3 6.8
Equatorial Guinea 6.8 7.6 6.4 6.4 6.4
Nigeria 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.7
Sri Lanka 8.0 7.7 6.6 6.6 5.8
Belarus 7.6 7.7 7.9 8.1 8.0
Yemen, Rep. 7.3 7.9 8.6 7.7 9.1
Senegal 8.0 8.0 7.0 6.8 8.0
Cabo Verde 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
Suriname 8.4 8.2 8.3 10.2 11.7
United Kingdom 9.8 8.2 6.9 6.8 6.2
Haiti 8.0 8.2 8.2 6.2 6.4
Bahamas, The 8.8 8.5 5.6 5.5 5.7
Zimbabwe 7.2 8.6 8.0 7.2 7.6
Kenya 8.7 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.5
Australia 8.7 8.7 7.9 7.1 6.5
Venezuela, RB 10.4 9.0 10.0 13.6 12.6
Croatia 9.2 9.1 10.6 13.0 15.5
Guyana 8.9 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.8
Belize 11.7 9.1 10.9 9.2 8.0
Germany 8.3 9.2 8.7 8.1 7.4
Colombia 11.0 9.3 10.4 11.7 13.0
Canada 9.9 9.3 8.5 7.8 6.9
Hungary 10.7 9.4 8.5 7.6 7.0
Italy 9.4 9.4 9.5 8.9 8.3
El Salvador 8.4 9.5 8.2 8.5 8.6
Poland 11.2 9.6 9.4 11.8 14.5
Ukraine 8.4 9.9 12.6 12.9 13.0
Dominican Republic 10.9 10.0 9.3 8.9 8.8
Turkmenistan 10.4 10.2 10.7 11.0 11.1
Ireland 11.7 10.2 7.9 5.9 4.3
Jordan 11.9 10.3 11.5 10.0 12.3
Kazakhstan 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.6 10.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 11.9 10.4 11.0 10.1 10.8
Jamaica 10.1 10.5 10.0 10.0 10.0
Sweden 10.5 10.6 8.8 7.6 6.3
Panama 11.5 10.8 10.3 9.0 11.1
Uzbekistan 10.7 10.8 10.8 10.7 10.7
Slovak Republic 10.2 11.1 12.2 16.4 19.0
France 10.7 11.1 10.5 10.5 8.6
Estonia 10.7 11.2 10.5 13.0 14.6
Barbados 11.8 11.4 8.7 7.8 7.3
Serbia 11.5 12.0 11.9 11.9 11.0
Albania 12.9 12.0 13.3 13.5 12.9
Trinidad and Tobago 13.3 12.1 11.3 10.8 10.2
Russian Federation 10.0 12.2 13.6 13.1 10.8
Finland 14.0 12.2 10.8 9.6 9.0
Tajikistan 12.1 12.2 12.8 13.2 13.1
Georgia 12.8 12.6 13.0 15.2 11.1
Sudan 12.4 12.6 12.4 12.4 12.4
Argentina 15.5 13.0 11.5 13.1 13.7
Bulgaria 13.8 14.0 12.5 14.5 16.6
Lithuania 17.1 14.3 15.4 14.7 18.2
Latvia 13.4 14.8 15.4 14.2 15.0
Puerto Rico 15.2 15.2 14.8 13.7 12.1
Morocco 14.8 15.4 16.0 14.1 13.7
Tunisia 14.5 15.5 16.1 14.9 14.6
Armenia 17.9 15.6 16.8 16.5 17.8
Iraq 17.4 15.9 17.3 16.3 16.3
Spain 17.7 16.1 13.9 11.2 9.8
Gabon 17.0 16.3 16.2 16.1 16.0
Zambia 17.4 16.5 13.7 13.9 14.7
Libya 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
Namibia 18.2 18.3 18.5 18.7 19.2
Botswana 19.6 19.0 18.4 20.5 20.5
South Africa 18.6 20.2 21.5 21.4 24.8
Swaziland 20.8 20.3 20.4 20.5 20.5
Montenegro 18.9 20.5 19.9 20.7 18.8
Mozambique 20.8 20.8 20.7 20.5 20.3
West Bank and Gaza 24.6 21.0 14.9 12.2 14.6
Algeria 24.6 22.1 22.1 22.0 25.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.3 26.4 24.8 24.4 23.9
Lesotho 22.6 31.2 26.4 21.5 23.1
Mauritania 32.7 32.8 32.8 32.9 32.9
Macedonia, FYR 32.6 35.6 32.4 31.9 30.6
Curacao
Bermuda
New Caledonia
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
San Marino
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
Liechtenstein
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
South Sudan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Palau
Tonga
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sao Tome and Principe
Aruba
Marshall Islands
Dominica
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kiribati
American Samoa
Antigua and Barbuda
Samoa
Vanuatu
Isle of Man
Greenland
Guam
Faroe Islands
Grenada
Seychelles
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Monaco
French Polynesia
Andorra
Djibouti

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