Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Rwanda 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Benin 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9
Thailand 1.0 1.1 0.9 3.4 3.0
Bhutan 2.3 2.3 1.6 1.2 1.2
Cambodia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.1
Luxembourg 2.1 2.5 1.8 1.9 1.7
Madagascar 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.7
Singapore 2.0 2.1 1.9 3.3 3.6
United Arab Emirates 1.7 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.2
Malaysia 2.9 2.3 2.2 3.1 3.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.4 3.1 2.3 5.0 6.9
Uganda 2.3 1.9 2.3 2.3 2.3
Lao PDR 3.0 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Papua New Guinea 2.5 2.2 2.6 2.2 2.3
Honduras 2.8 3.7 2.8 3.4 3.8
Cyprus 3.3 3.6 2.8 3.4 5.1
Guinea 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.4
Korea, Rep. 2.4 2.3 2.9 8.0 7.2
Burkina Faso 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.9
Mexico 6.0 4.4 3.0 2.9 1.9
Bangladesh 3.0 2.7 3.1 2.7 3.2
Brunei Darussalam 3.7 3.8 3.2 3.2 4.1
Vietnam 2.2 2.1 3.2 2.5 2.2
Tanzania 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3
Guatemala 3.3 3.1 3.3 2.7 1.5
Japan 3.1 3.4 3.4 4.2 4.8
Iceland 4.8 3.4 3.4 2.3 1.5
Myanmar 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.8 3.3
Bolivia 4.2 4.2 3.5 2.8 3.6
Macao SAR, China 3.8 4.4 3.5 5.3 7.8
Afghanistan 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8
Norway 5.1 4.8 3.8 3.1 3.4
Pakistan 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.5
Czech Republic 3.4 3.3 3.9 5.1 7.3
Austria 3.2 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.6
Solomon Islands 3.7 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.0
Saudi Arabia 4.1 3.6 4.1 4.0 3.6
Liberia 3.8 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3
Ethiopia 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Indonesia 3.5 3.8 4.2 5.0 6.0
Nepal 2.8 5.0 4.2 3.3 2.0
India 3.9 3.9 4.2 3.8 4.4
Netherlands 6.2 5.2 4.3 3.4 2.7
Ecuador 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.5 5.1
Switzerland 2.9 3.4 4.3 3.2 2.7
Cote d'Ivoire 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3
Sierra Leone 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5
Denmark 5.6 5.5 4.5 3.8 4.5
Paraguay 3.1 3.8 4.5 4.5 6.1
Bahrain 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.6 4.8
Peru 4.8 5.9 4.6 4.2 5.0
Lebanon 7.4 7.9 4.8 7.8 8.1
Costa Rica 4.5 5.2 4.8 4.3 4.9
United States 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 6.7 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.0
China 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.3
Romania 7.4 6.2 5.3 5.8 6.9
Niger 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Fiji 4.4 4.8 5.4 6.8 6.5
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.1 5.5 5.4 5.6 5.3
Chile 6.4 5.6 5.4 5.7 9.4
Portugal 6.0 5.9 5.6 3.9 3.9
Timor-Leste 5.7 5.6 5.7 6.2 5.6
Nicaragua 3.3 4.3 5.7 4.7 5.5
Uruguay 7.6 9.5 5.9 5.9 8.2
Mauritius 7.5 6.6 5.9 6.4 7.1
Oman 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.5
Azerbaijan 6.0 3.9 6.1 9.6 6.1
Malawi 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.2
Malta 6.6 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.4
Mongolia 7.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.1
Brazil 5.1 5.5 6.2 7.1 7.8
Ghana 8.8 8.9 6.2 7.4 9.3
Slovenia 7.5 7.2 6.4 7.3 7.2
Cuba 7.5 6.9 6.4 5.6 5.7
Congo, Rep. 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Mali 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.3
Turkey 7.8 6.9 6.5 7.0 7.8
Comoros 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Greece 6.4 6.3 6.5 7.2 7.7
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.6
Angola 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6
Chad 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Maldives 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.4
Gambia, The 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8
Somalia 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Central African Republic 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7
Burundi 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.9
New Zealand 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.8 7.3
Israel 5.6 5.9 6.8 8.0 8.5
Togo 6.8 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8
Syrian Arab Republic 4.7 5.9 6.9 4.7 5.0
Cabo Verde 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Cameroon 3.1 7.3 7.0 6.6 6.3
Eritrea 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Belgium 7.3 7.4 7.1 7.6 7.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.3
Kyrgyz Republic 7.6 7.9 7.4 8.6 7.3
Philippines 7.7 6.9 7.5 9.2 9.4
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 6.8 7.5 6.5 6.5
Nigeria 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Mozambique 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.5
Sri Lanka 8.5 8.0 7.7 6.6 6.6
Belarus 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0
Senegal 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Yemen, Rep. 7.7 7.3 7.9 8.6 7.7
United Kingdom 10.2 9.8 8.2 6.9 6.8
Haiti 7.7 8.3 8.4 8.5 6.2
Suriname 7.0 8.7 8.5 8.6 10.2
Bahamas, The 10.0 8.8 8.5 5.6 5.5
Zimbabwe 6.6 7.2 8.6 8.0 7.2
Australia 8.8 8.7 8.7 7.9 7.1
Kenya 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.7
Venezuela, RB 9.3 10.4 9.0 10.0 13.6
Croatia 8.9 9.1 9.0 10.6 13.0
Guyana 8.8 8.9 9.1 9.3 9.5
Belize 10.1 11.7 9.1 10.9 9.2
Germany 7.1 8.3 9.2 8.7 8.1
Colombia 10.7 11.0 9.3 10.4 11.7
Canada 9.8 9.9 9.3 8.5 7.8
Hungary 11.3 10.7 9.4 8.5 7.6
Moldova 7.5 7.5 9.4 6.7 13.2
Italy 9.2 9.4 9.4 9.5 8.9
El Salvador 8.6 8.4 9.5 8.2 8.5
Poland 12.2 11.2 9.6 9.4 11.8
Ukraine 6.2 8.4 9.9 12.6 12.9
Dominican Republic 10.5 10.8 10.0 9.2 8.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.9 9.9 10.1 10.1 10.1
Ireland 11.9 11.7 10.2 7.9 5.9
Kazakhstan 8.7 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.6
Jamaica 10.8 10.1 10.5 10.0 10.0
Sweden 10.0 10.5 10.6 8.8 7.6
Panama 10.8 11.5 10.8 10.3 9.0
Turkmenistan 10.6 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.9
Uzbekistan 10.6 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Morocco 11.4 11.1 10.9 10.7 14.1
Jordan 12.7 11.9 11.0 12.3 11.0
France 10.0 10.7 11.1 10.5 10.5
Slovak Republic 12.5 10.2 11.1 12.2 16.4
Estonia 10.5 10.7 11.2 10.5 13.0
Barbados 16.7 11.8 11.4 8.7 7.8
Serbia 11.7 11.5 12.1 12.0 12.0
Trinidad and Tobago 15.2 13.3 12.1 11.3 10.8
Russian Federation 9.6 10.0 12.2 13.6 13.1
Finland 15.4 14.0 12.2 10.8 9.6
Albania 14.0 12.8 12.2 13.2 13.5
Georgia 15.3 12.9 12.7 12.9 15.2
Tajikistan 12.3 12.3 12.8 13.1 13.2
Argentina 16.8 15.5 13.0 11.5 13.1
Sudan 13.1 13.0 13.0 12.9 12.9
Bulgaria 16.0 13.8 14.1 12.6 14.6
Lithuania 18.7 17.1 14.3 15.4 14.7
Latvia 13.3 13.1 14.8 15.4 14.2
Puerto Rico 16.2 15.2 15.2 14.8 13.7
Armenia 20.1 17.9 15.4 16.8 16.0
Tunisia 14.2 14.8 15.5 16.1 14.9
Spain 18.1 17.7 16.1 13.9 11.2
Gabon 17.7 17.0 16.3 16.2 16.1
Iraq 17.4 17.3 16.4 17.2 16.2
Zambia 21.0 17.4 16.5 13.7 13.9
Libya 16.8 16.9 16.9 17.0 17.0
Namibia 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.5 18.7
Botswana 20.0 19.6 19.0 18.4 20.5
South Africa 14.8 18.4 20.1 21.5 21.4
Swaziland 20.9 20.8 20.3 20.4 20.5
Montenegro 18.6 18.9 20.5 19.7 20.7
West Bank and Gaza 17.0 24.6 21.0 14.9 12.2
Algeria 24.3 24.6 22.1 22.1 22.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.6 24.0 25.9 24.4 24.0
Lesotho 25.8 22.6 31.2 26.4 21.5
Mauritania 33.0 33.1 33.1 33.2 33.3
Macedonia, FYR 31.0 32.7 35.6 32.4 31.9
Vanuatu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Tuvalu
St. Lucia
Kiribati
St. Martin (French part)
Faeroe Islands
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Seychelles
Sao Tome and Principe
Guam
San Marino
Greenland
Samoa
Djibouti
Palau
Bermuda
Northern Mariana Islands
South Sudan
New Caledonia
Isle of Man
Taiwan, China
Turks and Caicos Islands
Monaco
Grenada
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
French Polynesia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Dominica
Marshall Islands
Curacao
Aruba
Cayman Islands
Andorra
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Tonga
Antigua and Barbuda
Liechtenstein
American Samoa

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