Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Qatar 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Benin 1.4 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0
Rwanda 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
Thailand 1.1 1.0 1.1 0.9 3.4
Bhutan 2.0 2.6 1.3 1.3 1.2
Cambodia 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9
Madagascar 2.7 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8
Luxembourg 3.0 2.1 2.5 1.8 1.9
Singapore 2.0 2.0 2.1 1.9 3.3
Uganda 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.0 3.4 3.1 2.3 5.0
Lao PDR 2.9 3.0 2.2 2.3 2.3
Malaysia 3.6 2.9 2.4 2.3 3.1
United Arab Emirates 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.5 2.2
Papua New Guinea 2.1 2.5 2.1 2.6 2.1
Cyprus 3.0 3.3 3.6 2.8 3.4
Honduras 2.8 2.8 3.8 2.8 3.4
Burkina Faso 3.3 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.0
Korea, Rep. 2.9 2.4 2.4 2.9 7.9
Mexico 4.0 6.0 4.5 3.0 2.9
Bangladesh 3.1 3.0 2.7 3.1 2.7
Vietnam 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.2 2.5
Brunei Darussalam 4.4 4.1 3.9 3.2 3.3
Iceland 5.1 4.8 3.4 3.3 2.3
Tanzania 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.4
Japan 2.8 3.1 3.4 3.4 4.1
Guinea 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Macao SAR, China 2.4 3.8 4.4 3.5 5.3
Norway 5.9 5.1 4.8 3.8 3.1
Pakistan 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.1
Austria 3.2 3.1 3.9 3.9 3.9
Czech Republic 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.9 5.0
Guatemala 2.0 3.7 2.8 4.0 3.5
Saudi Arabia 4.3 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.2
Bolivia 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Indonesia 4.4 3.5 3.8 4.2 5.0
Ethiopia 3.5 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Nepal 2.5 2.7 5.0 4.2 3.3
Myanmar 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.6
Switzerland 3.5 2.9 3.4 4.3 3.2
Netherlands 6.6 6.1 5.2 4.3 3.4
Cote d'Ivoire 5.8 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Sierra Leone 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5
India 3.6 3.9 3.9 4.4 3.7
Paraguay 5.1 3.1 3.8 4.5 4.5
Denmark 7.2 5.6 5.5 4.5 3.9
Bahrain 4.8 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.3
Costa Rica 3.5 4.5 5.2 4.8 4.3
Peru 4.8 4.4 5.6 4.9 4.8
Solomon Islands 4.4 4.2 4.8 4.9 4.8
Ghana 5.0 2.9 8.9 5.0 5.6
United States 6.3 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.5
Azerbaijan 5.1 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 6.4 6.7 5.4 5.1 5.0
China 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3
Romania 8.1 7.4 6.2 5.3 5.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.2 3.2 5.5 5.4 5.8
Liberia 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4
Fiji 4.7 4.4 4.8 5.4 6.8
Timor-Leste 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 6.1
Chile 7.0 6.3 5.6 5.4 5.7
Ecuador 6.0 4.4 4.7 5.5 4.0
Niger 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Portugal 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.6 3.9
Mauritius 6.5 7.4 6.6 5.9 6.4
Malawi 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0
Brazil 5.1 5.1 5.5 6.2 7.1
Nicaragua 2.7 3.6 4.7 6.2 5.2
Malta 6.7 7.0 6.7 6.3 5.9
Oman 5.9 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.5
Cuba 3.1 7.5 6.9 6.4 5.6
Mali 6.7 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.5
Slovenia 9.3 7.5 7.2 6.4 7.3
Turkey 8.9 7.9 7.0 6.5 7.0
Greece 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.5 7.2
Uruguay 6.5 7.8 9.5 6.5 8.0
Maldives 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
New Zealand 8.8 6.4 6.3 6.8 7.8
Israel 6.2 5.6 5.8 6.8 8.0
Afghanistan 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8
Congo, Rep. 6.9 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9
Syrian Arab Republic 4.8 4.7 5.9 6.9 4.7
Cameroon 4.9 3.1 7.3 7.0 6.7
Belgium 7.7 7.3 7.4 7.1 7.6
Comoros 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Chad 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Libya 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Angola 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2
Guinea-Bissau 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.0
Somalia 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3
Gambia, The 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Central African Republic 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Kyrgyz Republic 7.0 7.6 7.6 7.4 8.7
Mozambique 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Philippines 7.7 7.7 6.9 7.5 9.2
Burundi 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.6
Nigeria 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6
Togo 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5
Senegal 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8
Mongolia 7.4 8.5 7.3 7.7 7.5
Sri Lanka 9.4 8.6 8.1 7.7 6.6
Cabo Verde 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Lebanon 8.5 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.9
Equatorial Guinea 7.1 7.0 7.4 8.0 7.0
Eritrea 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.0 7.9
United Kingdom 11.6 10.2 9.8 8.2 6.9
Bahamas, The 12.2 10.0 8.8 8.5 5.6
Suriname 11.3 7.0 8.7 8.5 8.6
Zimbabwe 6.0 6.7 7.3 8.6 8.0
Australia 10.0 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.0
Haiti 11.2 7.7 8.5 8.7 8.7
Kenya 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.7
Venezuela, RB 8.6 9.3 10.4 9.0 10.0
Croatia 8.6 8.9 9.1 9.0 10.6
Belize 8.9 10.1 11.7 9.1 10.9
Canada 10.9 9.8 9.9 9.2 8.5
Germany 7.2 7.2 8.3 9.2 8.7
Ukraine 7.2 5.8 7.8 9.2 11.7
Italy 8.7 9.1 9.4 9.4 9.5
El Salvador 9.3 8.6 8.4 9.5 8.2
Hungary 12.1 11.3 10.7 9.5 8.5
Poland 13.2 12.3 11.1 9.6 9.4
Moldova 7.5 7.6 7.6 9.6 6.8
Dominican Republic 10.4 10.5 10.8 9.9 9.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.3 9.9 9.9 10.1 10.1
Ireland 14.5 11.9 11.7 10.2 7.9
Colombia 9.7 9.8 11.4 10.2 11.0
Belarus 9.6 9.6 10.0 10.3 10.2
Kazakhstan 6.0 8.9 10.5 10.4 10.5
Turkmenistan 10.5 10.8 10.7 10.5 11.2
Jamaica 9.5 10.8 10.1 10.5 10.0
Sweden 11.0 10.0 10.5 10.6 8.9
Panama 10.7 10.8 11.5 10.8 10.3
Morocco 11.6 11.4 11.2 11.0 10.8
France 11.1 10.1 10.7 11.1 10.4
Uzbekistan 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.2
Tajikistan 10.5 10.8 10.9 11.2 11.3
Slovak Republic 13.3 12.6 10.2 11.2 12.2
Jordan 16.0 12.7 11.9 11.2 11.7
Estonia 8.3 10.5 10.7 11.2 10.5
Barbados 18.2 16.7 11.8 11.4 8.7
Yemen, Rep. 12.2 11.6 10.9 11.7 12.6
Trinidad and Tobago 16.3 15.2 13.3 12.1 11.3
Serbia 13.3 11.7 11.6 12.1 12.0
Russian Federation 8.3 9.7 10.0 12.2 13.5
Finland 17.8 15.4 14.0 12.2 10.8
Sudan 13.3 13.1 12.9 12.7 12.8
Georgia 13.4 15.3 12.8 12.7 12.9
Albania 14.9 13.9 12.1 13.0 12.0
Argentina 10.7 16.8 15.5 13.0 11.5
Bulgaria 20.3 16.0 13.8 14.0 12.5
Lithuania 19.1 18.7 17.1 14.3 15.4
Latvia 15.0 13.6 12.8 14.8 15.4
Puerto Rico 16.9 16.2 15.2 15.2 14.8
Tunisia 13.6 14.7 15.1 15.5 16.2
Spain 19.7 18.1 17.6 16.1 13.9
Zambia 21.7 21.1 17.4 16.5 13.7
Gabon 18.8 18.0 17.4 16.8 16.9
Iraq 16.0 16.7 17.5 17.4 17.2
Namibia 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.5
Armenia 19.0 25.5 18.5 18.9 21.3
Botswana 19.9 20.0 19.6 19.0 18.4
Montenegro 20.5 27.7 28.1 19.9 20.1
South Africa 17.5 14.8 18.4 20.1 21.5
Guyana 19.1 28.6 24.1 20.2 22.5
Swaziland 20.7 20.9 20.8 20.3 20.4
West Bank and Gaza 24.8 24.8 24.6 21.0 14.9
Algeria 21.6 24.5 25.2 22.4 22.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25.4 23.7 24.0 26.2 24.6
Lesotho 30.0 25.8 22.8 31.2 26.4
Mauritania 33.6 33.8 33.7 33.5 33.6
Macedonia, FYR 31.3 31.5 32.6 35.6 32.4
Dominica
Seychelles
New Caledonia
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
South Sudan
French Polynesia
Djibouti
Bermuda
Isle of Man
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
Vanuatu
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Tonga
Greenland
Faeroe Islands
Marshall Islands
Cayman Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
Antigua and Barbuda
Guam
Andorra
Palau
American Samoa
Sao Tome and Principe
Liechtenstein
Monaco
Kiribati
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Aruba
Kosovo
Grenada
Samoa

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