Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Qatar 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Benin 1.4 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0
Thailand 1.1 1.0 1.1 0.9 3.4
Rwanda 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
Bhutan 2.0 2.6 1.3 1.3 1.2
Cambodia 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9
Luxembourg 3.0 2.1 2.5 1.8 1.9
Madagascar 2.7 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8
Singapore 2.0 2.0 2.1 1.9 3.3
Uganda 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Lao PDR 2.9 3.0 2.2 2.3 2.3
Malaysia 3.6 2.9 2.4 2.3 3.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.0 3.4 3.1 2.3 5.0
United Arab Emirates 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.5 2.2
Papua New Guinea 2.1 2.5 2.1 2.6 2.1
Honduras 2.8 2.8 3.8 2.8 3.4
Cyprus 3.0 3.3 3.6 2.8 3.4
Burkina Faso 3.3 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.0
Korea, Rep. 2.9 2.4 2.4 2.9 7.9
Mexico 4.0 6.0 4.5 3.0 2.9
Bangladesh 3.1 3.0 2.7 3.1 2.7
Brunei Darussalam 4.4 4.1 3.9 3.2 3.3
Vietnam 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.2 2.5
Iceland 5.1 4.8 3.4 3.3 2.3
Tanzania 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.4
Japan 2.8 3.1 3.4 3.4 4.1
Macao SAR, China 2.4 3.8 4.4 3.5 5.3
Guinea 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Norway 5.9 5.1 4.8 3.8 3.1
Austria 3.2 3.1 3.9 3.9 3.9
Czech Republic 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.9 5.0
Pakistan 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.1
Saudi Arabia 4.3 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.2
Guatemala 2.0 3.7 2.8 4.0 3.5
Bolivia 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Nepal 2.5 2.7 5.0 4.2 3.3
Myanmar 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.6
Indonesia 4.4 3.5 3.8 4.2 5.0
Ethiopia 3.5 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Switzerland 3.5 2.9 3.4 4.3 3.2
Netherlands 6.6 6.1 5.2 4.3 3.4
India 3.6 3.9 3.9 4.4 3.7
Cote d'Ivoire 5.8 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Sierra Leone 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5
Denmark 7.2 5.6 5.5 4.5 3.9
Paraguay 5.1 3.1 3.8 4.5 4.5
Bahrain 4.8 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.3
Costa Rica 3.5 4.5 5.2 4.8 4.3
Peru 4.8 4.4 5.6 4.9 4.8
Solomon Islands 4.4 4.2 4.8 4.9 4.8
United States 6.3 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.5
Ghana 5.0 2.9 8.9 5.0 5.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 6.4 6.7 5.4 5.1 5.0
Azerbaijan 5.1 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.2
China 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3
Romania 8.1 7.4 6.2 5.3 5.8
Liberia 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4
Fiji 4.7 4.4 4.8 5.4 6.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.2 3.2 5.5 5.4 5.8
Timor-Leste 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 6.1
Chile 7.0 6.3 5.6 5.4 5.7
Niger 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Ecuador 6.0 4.4 4.7 5.5 4.0
Portugal 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.6 3.9
Mauritius 6.5 7.4 6.6 5.9 6.4
Malawi 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0
Nicaragua 2.7 3.6 4.7 6.2 5.2
Brazil 5.1 5.1 5.5 6.2 7.1
Oman 5.9 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.5
Malta 6.7 7.0 6.7 6.3 5.9
Cuba 3.1 7.5 6.9 6.4 5.6
Slovenia 9.3 7.5 7.2 6.4 7.3
Mali 6.7 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.5
Greece 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.5 7.2
Turkey 8.9 7.9 7.0 6.5 7.0
Uruguay 6.5 7.8 9.5 6.5 8.0
Maldives 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Israel 6.2 5.6 5.8 6.8 8.0
New Zealand 8.8 6.4 6.3 6.8 7.8
Afghanistan 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8
Syrian Arab Republic 4.8 4.7 5.9 6.9 4.7
Congo, Rep. 6.9 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9
Cameroon 4.9 3.1 7.3 7.0 6.7
Belgium 7.7 7.3 7.4 7.1 7.6
Comoros 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Libya 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Chad 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Angola 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2
Guinea-Bissau 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.0
Somalia 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3
Kyrgyz Republic 7.0 7.6 7.6 7.4 8.7
Central African Republic 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Gambia, The 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Burundi 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.6
Philippines 7.7 7.7 6.9 7.5 9.2
Mozambique 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Nigeria 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6
Togo 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5
Mongolia 7.4 8.5 7.3 7.7 7.5
Sri Lanka 9.4 8.6 8.1 7.7 6.6
Senegal 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8
Cabo Verde 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Fragile and conflict affected situations 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.8 7.7
Lebanon 8.5 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.9
Eritrea 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.0 7.9
Equatorial Guinea 7.1 7.0 7.4 8.0 7.0
United Kingdom 11.6 10.2 9.8 8.2 6.9
Bahamas, The 12.2 10.0 8.8 8.5 5.6
Suriname 11.3 7.0 8.7 8.5 8.6
Central Europe and the Baltics 11.4 10.5 9.4 8.6 8.7
Zimbabwe 6.0 6.7 7.3 8.6 8.0
Australia 10.0 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.0
Kenya 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.7
Haiti 11.2 7.7 8.5 8.7 8.7
Croatia 8.6 8.9 9.1 9.0 10.6
Venezuela, RB 8.6 9.3 10.4 9.0 10.0
Belize 8.9 10.1 11.7 9.1 10.9
Canada 10.9 9.8 9.9 9.2 8.5
Ukraine 7.2 5.8 7.8 9.2 11.7
Germany 7.2 7.2 8.3 9.2 8.7
Italy 8.7 9.1 9.4 9.4 9.5
El Salvador 9.3 8.6 8.4 9.5 8.2
Hungary 12.1 11.3 10.7 9.5 8.5
Moldova 7.5 7.6 7.6 9.6 6.8
Poland 13.2 12.3 11.1 9.6 9.4
Dominican Republic 10.4 10.5 10.8 9.9 9.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.3 9.9 9.9 10.1 10.1
Ireland 14.5 11.9 11.7 10.2 7.9
Colombia 9.7 9.8 11.4 10.2 11.0
Belarus 9.6 9.6 10.0 10.3 10.2
Kazakhstan 6.0 8.9 10.5 10.4 10.5
Jamaica 9.5 10.8 10.1 10.5 10.0
Turkmenistan 10.5 10.8 10.7 10.5 11.2
Sweden 11.0 10.0 10.5 10.6 8.9
Panama 10.7 10.8 11.5 10.8 10.3
Morocco 11.6 11.4 11.2 11.0 10.8
France 11.1 10.1 10.7 11.1 10.4
Tajikistan 10.5 10.8 10.9 11.2 11.3
Estonia 8.3 10.5 10.7 11.2 10.5
Jordan 16.0 12.7 11.9 11.2 11.7
Uzbekistan 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.2
Slovak Republic 13.3 12.6 10.2 11.2 12.2
Barbados 18.2 16.7 11.8 11.4 8.7
Yemen, Rep. 12.2 11.6 10.9 11.7 12.6
Serbia 13.3 11.7 11.6 12.1 12.0
Trinidad and Tobago 16.3 15.2 13.3 12.1 11.3
Russian Federation 8.3 9.7 10.0 12.2 13.5
Finland 17.8 15.4 14.0 12.2 10.8
Georgia 13.4 15.3 12.8 12.7 12.9
Sudan 13.3 13.1 12.9 12.7 12.8
Albania 14.9 13.9 12.1 13.0 12.0
Argentina 10.7 16.8 15.5 13.0 11.5
Bulgaria 20.3 16.0 13.8 14.0 12.5
Lithuania 19.1 18.7 17.1 14.3 15.4
Latvia 15.0 13.6 12.8 14.8 15.4
Puerto Rico 16.9 16.2 15.2 15.2 14.8
Tunisia 13.6 14.7 15.1 15.5 16.2
Spain 19.7 18.1 17.6 16.1 13.9
Zambia 21.7 21.1 17.4 16.5 13.7
Gabon 18.8 18.0 17.4 16.8 16.9
Iraq 16.0 16.7 17.5 17.4 17.2
Namibia 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.5
Armenia 19.0 25.5 18.5 18.9 21.3
Botswana 19.9 20.0 19.6 19.0 18.4
Montenegro 20.5 27.7 28.1 19.9 20.1
South Africa 17.5 14.8 18.4 20.1 21.5
Guyana 19.1 28.6 24.1 20.2 22.5
Swaziland 20.7 20.9 20.8 20.3 20.4
West Bank and Gaza 24.8 24.8 24.6 21.0 14.9
Algeria 21.6 24.5 25.2 22.4 22.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25.4 23.7 24.0 26.2 24.6
Lesotho 30.0 25.8 22.8 31.2 26.4
Mauritania 33.6 33.8 33.7 33.5 33.6
Macedonia, FYR 31.3 31.5 32.6 35.6 32.4
South Sudan
Liechtenstein
Marshall Islands
New Caledonia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Tuvalu
Tonga
St. Kitts and Nevis
Djibouti
San Marino
Cayman Islands
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
Antigua and Barbuda
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
American Samoa
Kosovo
Kiribati
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Dominica
Palau
Turks and Caicos Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Curacao
Bermuda
Sao Tome and Principe
Monaco
Guam
Aruba
Grenada
Vanuatu
Greenland
Andorra
Seychelles
Samoa
French Polynesia
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man

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