Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Qatar 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Rwanda 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
Benin 1.4 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0
Bhutan 2.0 2.6 1.3 1.3 1.2
Madagascar 2.7 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8
Luxembourg 3.0 2.1 2.5 1.8 1.9
Cambodia 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9
Uganda 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Papua New Guinea 2.1 2.5 2.1 2.6 2.1
United Arab Emirates 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.5 2.2
Iceland 5.1 4.8 3.4 3.3 2.3
Lao PDR 2.9 3.0 2.2 2.3 2.3
Vietnam 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.2 2.5
Bangladesh 3.1 3.0 2.7 3.1 2.7
Mexico 4.0 6.0 4.5 3.0 2.9
Burkina Faso 3.3 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.0
Malaysia 3.6 2.9 2.4 2.3 3.1
Norway 5.9 5.1 4.8 3.8 3.1
Switzerland 3.5 2.9 3.4 4.3 3.2
Brunei Darussalam 4.4 4.1 3.9 3.2 3.3
Singapore 2.0 2.0 2.1 1.9 3.3
Nepal 2.5 2.7 5.0 4.2 3.3
Cyprus 3.0 3.3 3.6 2.8 3.4
Thailand 1.1 1.0 1.1 0.9 3.4
Tanzania 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.4
Netherlands 6.6 6.1 5.2 4.3 3.4
Honduras 2.8 2.8 3.8 2.8 3.4
Guatemala 2.0 3.7 2.8 4.0 3.5
Guinea 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
India 3.6 3.9 3.9 4.4 3.7
Portugal 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.6 3.9
Denmark 7.2 5.6 5.5 4.5 3.9
Austria 3.2 3.1 3.9 3.9 3.9
Ecuador 6.0 4.4 4.7 5.5 4.0
Bolivia 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Japan 2.8 3.1 3.4 3.4 4.1
Pakistan 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.1
Ethiopia 3.5 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Saudi Arabia 4.3 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.2
Bahrain 4.8 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.3
Costa Rica 3.5 4.5 5.2 4.8 4.3
Cote d'Ivoire 5.8 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Sierra Leone 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5
Paraguay 5.1 3.1 3.8 4.5 4.5
United States 6.3 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.5
Myanmar 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.6
Syrian Arab Republic 4.8 4.7 5.9 6.9 4.7
Peru 4.8 4.4 5.6 4.9 4.8
Solomon Islands 4.4 4.2 4.8 4.9 4.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 6.4 6.7 5.4 5.1 5.0
Czech Republic 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.9 5.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.0 3.4 3.1 2.3 5.0
Indonesia 4.4 3.5 3.8 4.2 5.0
Azerbaijan 5.1 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.2
Nicaragua 2.7 3.6 4.7 6.2 5.2
China 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3
Macao SAR, China 2.4 3.8 4.4 3.5 5.3
Liberia 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4
Niger 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Cuba 3.1 7.5 6.9 6.4 5.6
Bahamas, The 12.2 10.0 8.8 8.5 5.6
Ghana 5.0 2.9 8.9 5.0 5.6
Chile 7.0 6.3 5.6 5.4 5.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.2 3.2 5.5 5.4 5.8
Romania 8.1 7.4 6.2 5.3 5.8
Malta 6.7 7.0 6.7 6.3 5.9
Malawi 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0
Timor-Leste 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 6.1
Mauritius 6.5 7.4 6.6 5.9 6.4
Oman 5.9 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.5
Mali 6.7 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.5
Sri Lanka 9.4 8.6 8.1 7.7 6.6
Maldives 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6
Cameroon 4.9 3.1 7.3 7.0 6.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Moldova 7.5 7.6 7.6 9.6 6.8
Fiji 4.7 4.4 4.8 5.4 6.8
Afghanistan 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8
United Kingdom 11.6 10.2 9.8 8.2 6.9
Congo, Rep. 6.9 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9
Equatorial Guinea 7.1 7.0 7.4 8.0 7.0
Turkey 8.9 7.9 7.0 6.5 7.0
Guinea-Bissau 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.0
Brazil 5.1 5.1 5.5 6.2 7.1
Comoros 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Libya 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Angola 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2
Greece 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.5 7.2
Chad 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Slovenia 9.3 7.5 7.2 6.4 7.3
Somalia 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3
Gambia, The 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Central African Republic 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Mongolia 7.4 8.5 7.3 7.7 7.5
Mozambique 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Togo 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5
Belgium 7.7 7.3 7.4 7.1 7.6
Burundi 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.6
Nigeria 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6
Cabo Verde 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
New Zealand 8.8 6.4 6.3 6.8 7.8
Senegal 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8
Lebanon 8.5 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.9
Korea, Rep. 2.9 2.4 2.4 2.9 7.9
Ireland 14.5 11.9 11.7 10.2 7.9
Eritrea 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.0 7.9
Australia 10.0 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.0
Uruguay 6.5 7.8 9.5 6.5 8.0
Israel 6.2 5.6 5.8 6.8 8.0
Zimbabwe 6.0 6.7 7.3 8.6 8.0
El Salvador 9.3 8.6 8.4 9.5 8.2
Hungary 12.1 11.3 10.7 9.5 8.5
Canada 10.9 9.8 9.9 9.2 8.5
Suriname 11.3 7.0 8.7 8.5 8.6
Barbados 18.2 16.7 11.8 11.4 8.7
Haiti 11.2 7.7 8.5 8.7 8.7
Germany 7.2 7.2 8.3 9.2 8.7
Kenya 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.7
Kyrgyz Republic 7.0 7.6 7.6 7.4 8.7
Sweden 11.0 10.0 10.5 10.6 8.9
Philippines 7.7 7.7 6.9 7.5 9.2
Dominican Republic 10.4 10.5 10.8 9.9 9.2
Poland 13.2 12.3 11.1 9.6 9.4
Italy 8.7 9.1 9.4 9.4 9.5
Jamaica 9.5 10.8 10.1 10.5 10.0
Venezuela, RB 8.6 9.3 10.4 9.0 10.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.3 9.9 9.9 10.1 10.1
Belarus 9.6 9.6 10.0 10.3 10.2
Panama 10.7 10.8 11.5 10.8 10.3
France 11.1 10.1 10.7 11.1 10.4
Estonia 8.3 10.5 10.7 11.2 10.5
Kazakhstan 6.0 8.9 10.5 10.4 10.5
Croatia 8.6 8.9 9.1 9.0 10.6
Morocco 11.6 11.4 11.2 11.0 10.8
Finland 17.8 15.4 14.0 12.2 10.8
Belize 8.9 10.1 11.7 9.1 10.9
Colombia 9.7 9.8 11.4 10.2 11.0
Uzbekistan 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.2
Turkmenistan 10.5 10.8 10.7 10.5 11.2
Tajikistan 10.5 10.8 10.9 11.2 11.3
Trinidad and Tobago 16.3 15.2 13.3 12.1 11.3
Argentina 10.7 16.8 15.5 13.0 11.5
Jordan 16.0 12.7 11.9 11.2 11.7
Ukraine 7.2 5.8 7.8 9.2 11.7
Serbia 13.3 11.7 11.6 12.1 12.0
Albania 14.9 13.9 12.1 13.0 12.0
Slovak Republic 13.3 12.6 10.2 11.2 12.2
Bulgaria 20.3 16.0 13.8 14.0 12.5
Yemen, Rep. 12.2 11.6 10.9 11.7 12.6
Sudan 13.3 13.1 12.9 12.7 12.8
Georgia 13.4 15.3 12.8 12.7 12.9
Russian Federation 8.3 9.7 10.0 12.2 13.5
Zambia 21.7 21.1 17.4 16.5 13.7
Spain 19.7 18.1 17.6 16.1 13.9
Puerto Rico 16.9 16.2 15.2 15.2 14.8
West Bank and Gaza 24.8 24.8 24.6 21.0 14.9
Latvia 15.0 13.6 12.8 14.8 15.4
Lithuania 19.1 18.7 17.1 14.3 15.4
Tunisia 13.6 14.7 15.1 15.5 16.2
Gabon 18.8 18.0 17.4 16.8 16.9
Iraq 16.0 16.7 17.5 17.4 17.2
Botswana 19.9 20.0 19.6 19.0 18.4
Namibia 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.5
Montenegro 20.5 27.7 28.1 19.9 20.1
Swaziland 20.7 20.9 20.8 20.3 20.4
Armenia 19.0 25.5 18.5 18.9 21.3
South Africa 17.5 14.8 18.4 20.1 21.5
Guyana 19.1 28.6 24.1 20.2 22.5
Algeria 21.6 24.5 25.2 22.4 22.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25.4 23.7 24.0 26.2 24.6
Lesotho 30.0 25.8 22.8 31.2 26.4
Macedonia, FYR 31.3 31.5 32.6 35.6 32.4
Mauritania 33.6 33.8 33.7 33.5 33.6
Vanuatu
Tonga
Djibouti
Northern Mariana Islands
South Sudan
Palau
Dominica
Bermuda
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Andorra
St. Lucia
French Polynesia
Liechtenstein
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Cayman Islands
New Caledonia
Monaco
Greenland
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Grenada
Antigua and Barbuda
San Marino
Marshall Islands
American Samoa
Guam
Seychelles
Kiribati
Faeroe Islands
Isle of Man
Kosovo
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Aruba
Sao Tome and Principe
Curacao
Samoa

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