Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Rwanda 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Benin 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9
Bhutan 2.3 2.3 1.6 1.2 1.2
Madagascar 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.7
Cambodia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.1
Luxembourg 2.1 2.5 1.8 1.9 1.7
Papua New Guinea 2.5 2.2 2.6 2.2 2.3
United Arab Emirates 1.7 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.2
Iceland 4.8 3.4 3.4 2.3 1.5
Lao PDR 3.0 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Uganda 2.3 1.9 2.3 2.3 2.3
Vietnam 2.2 2.1 3.2 2.5 2.2
Guinea 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.4
Guatemala 3.3 3.1 3.3 2.7 1.5
Bangladesh 3.0 2.7 3.1 2.7 3.2
Bolivia 4.2 4.2 3.5 2.8 3.6
Mexico 6.0 4.4 3.0 2.9 1.9
Burkina Faso 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.9
Malaysia 2.9 2.3 2.2 3.1 3.5
Norway 5.1 4.8 3.8 3.1 3.4
Switzerland 2.9 3.4 4.3 3.2 2.7
Brunei Darussalam 3.7 3.8 3.2 3.2 4.1
Singapore 2.0 2.1 1.9 3.3 3.6
Nepal 2.8 5.0 4.2 3.3 2.0
Honduras 2.8 3.7 2.8 3.4 3.8
Netherlands 6.2 5.2 4.3 3.4 2.7
Cyprus 3.3 3.6 2.8 3.4 5.1
Tanzania 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3
Thailand 1.0 1.1 0.9 3.4 3.0
Afghanistan 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8
Myanmar 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.8 3.3
India 3.9 3.9 4.2 3.8 4.4
Denmark 5.6 5.5 4.5 3.8 4.5
Austria 3.2 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.6
Portugal 6.0 5.9 5.6 3.9 3.9
Saudi Arabia 4.1 3.6 4.1 4.0 3.6
Solomon Islands 3.7 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.0
Pakistan 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.5
Peru 4.8 5.9 4.6 4.2 5.0
Ethiopia 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Japan 3.1 3.4 3.4 4.2 4.8
Liberia 3.8 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3
Cote d'Ivoire 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3
Costa Rica 4.5 5.2 4.8 4.3 4.9
Sierra Leone 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5
Paraguay 3.1 3.8 4.5 4.5 6.1
United States 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.2
Ecuador 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.5 5.1
Bahrain 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.6 4.8
Syrian Arab Republic 4.7 5.9 6.9 4.7 5.0
Nicaragua 3.3 4.3 5.7 4.7 5.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.4 3.1 2.3 5.0 6.9
Indonesia 3.5 3.8 4.2 5.0 6.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 6.7 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.0
Czech Republic 3.4 3.3 3.9 5.1 7.3
Niger 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
China 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.3
Macao SAR, China 3.8 4.4 3.5 5.3 7.8
Bahamas, The 10.0 8.8 8.5 5.6 5.5
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.1 5.5 5.4 5.6 5.3
Cuba 7.5 6.9 6.4 5.6 5.7
Chile 6.4 5.6 5.4 5.7 9.4
Romania 7.4 6.2 5.3 5.8 6.9
Uruguay 7.6 9.5 5.9 5.9 8.2
Mongolia 7.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.1
Malta 6.6 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.4
Malawi 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.2
Timor-Leste 5.7 5.6 5.7 6.2 5.6
Oman 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.5
Mauritius 7.5 6.6 5.9 6.4 7.1
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.6
Congo, Rep. 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Mali 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.3
Comoros 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 6.8 7.5 6.5 6.5
Sri Lanka 8.5 8.0 7.7 6.6 6.6
Angola 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6
Maldives 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.4
Chad 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Cameroon 3.1 7.3 7.0 6.6 6.3
Moldova 7.5 7.5 9.4 6.7 13.2
Gambia, The 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8
Somalia 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Central African Republic 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7
Togo 6.8 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8
Burundi 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.9
Fiji 4.4 4.8 5.4 6.8 6.5
United Kingdom 10.2 9.8 8.2 6.9 6.8
Cabo Verde 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Turkey 7.8 6.9 6.5 7.0 7.8
Eritrea 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Brazil 5.1 5.5 6.2 7.1 7.8
Greece 6.4 6.3 6.5 7.2 7.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.3
Slovenia 7.5 7.2 6.4 7.3 7.2
Ghana 8.8 8.9 6.2 7.4 9.3
Mozambique 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.5
Belgium 7.3 7.4 7.1 7.6 7.4
Nigeria 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
New Zealand 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.8 7.3
Senegal 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Lebanon 7.4 7.9 4.8 7.8 8.1
Ireland 11.9 11.7 10.2 7.9 5.9
Belarus 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0
Australia 8.8 8.7 8.7 7.9 7.1
Israel 5.6 5.9 6.8 8.0 8.5
Zimbabwe 6.6 7.2 8.6 8.0 7.2
Korea, Rep. 2.4 2.3 2.9 8.0 7.2
El Salvador 8.6 8.4 9.5 8.2 8.5
Canada 9.8 9.9 9.3 8.5 7.8
Hungary 11.3 10.7 9.4 8.5 7.6
Haiti 7.7 8.3 8.4 8.5 6.2
Kyrgyz Republic 7.6 7.9 7.4 8.6 7.3
Yemen, Rep. 7.7 7.3 7.9 8.6 7.7
Suriname 7.0 8.7 8.5 8.6 10.2
Germany 7.1 8.3 9.2 8.7 8.1
Kenya 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.7
Barbados 16.7 11.8 11.4 8.7 7.8
Sweden 10.0 10.5 10.6 8.8 7.6
Philippines 7.7 6.9 7.5 9.2 9.4
Dominican Republic 10.5 10.8 10.0 9.2 8.8
Guyana 8.8 8.9 9.1 9.3 9.5
Poland 12.2 11.2 9.6 9.4 11.8
Italy 9.2 9.4 9.4 9.5 8.9
Azerbaijan 6.0 3.9 6.1 9.6 6.1
Venezuela, RB 9.3 10.4 9.0 10.0 13.6
Jamaica 10.8 10.1 10.5 10.0 10.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.9 9.9 10.1 10.1 10.1
Panama 10.8 11.5 10.8 10.3 9.0
Kazakhstan 8.7 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.6
Colombia 10.7 11.0 9.3 10.4 11.7
France 10.0 10.7 11.1 10.5 10.5
Estonia 10.5 10.7 11.2 10.5 13.0
Croatia 8.9 9.1 9.0 10.6 13.0
Morocco 11.4 11.1 10.9 10.7 14.1
Finland 15.4 14.0 12.2 10.8 9.6
Turkmenistan 10.6 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.9
Belize 10.1 11.7 9.1 10.9 9.2
Uzbekistan 10.6 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Trinidad and Tobago 15.2 13.3 12.1 11.3 10.8
Argentina 16.8 15.5 13.0 11.5 13.1
Serbia 11.7 11.5 12.1 12.0 12.0
Slovak Republic 12.5 10.2 11.1 12.2 16.4
Jordan 12.7 11.9 11.0 12.3 11.0
Ukraine 6.2 8.4 9.9 12.6 12.9
Bulgaria 16.0 13.8 14.1 12.6 14.6
Georgia 15.3 12.9 12.7 12.9 15.2
Sudan 13.1 13.0 13.0 12.9 12.9
Tajikistan 12.3 12.3 12.8 13.1 13.2
Albania 14.0 12.8 12.2 13.2 13.5
Russian Federation 9.6 10.0 12.2 13.6 13.1
Zambia 21.0 17.4 16.5 13.7 13.9
Spain 18.1 17.7 16.1 13.9 11.2
Puerto Rico 16.2 15.2 15.2 14.8 13.7
West Bank and Gaza 17.0 24.6 21.0 14.9 12.2
Latvia 13.3 13.1 14.8 15.4 14.2
Lithuania 18.7 17.1 14.3 15.4 14.7
Tunisia 14.2 14.8 15.5 16.1 14.9
Gabon 17.7 17.0 16.3 16.2 16.1
Armenia 20.1 17.9 15.4 16.8 16.0
Libya 16.8 16.9 16.9 17.0 17.0
Iraq 17.4 17.3 16.4 17.2 16.2
Botswana 20.0 19.6 19.0 18.4 20.5
Namibia 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.5 18.7
Montenegro 18.6 18.9 20.5 19.7 20.7
Swaziland 20.9 20.8 20.3 20.4 20.5
South Africa 14.8 18.4 20.1 21.5 21.4
Algeria 24.3 24.6 22.1 22.1 22.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.6 24.0 25.9 24.4 24.0
Lesotho 25.8 22.6 31.2 26.4 21.5
Macedonia, FYR 31.0 32.7 35.6 32.4 31.9
Mauritania 33.0 33.1 33.1 33.2 33.3
Aruba
Palau
South Sudan
Seychelles
Bermuda
St. Kitts and Nevis
Djibouti
St. Lucia
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
French Polynesia
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tonga
Isle of Man
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Andorra
Faeroe Islands
Marshall Islands
Tuvalu
Dominica
Sao Tome and Principe
Antigua and Barbuda
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
American Samoa
Greenland
New Caledonia
Vanuatu
Middle East (developing only)
Kiribati
Grenada
Liechtenstein
San Marino
Curacao
Samoa

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