Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Qatar 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1
Rwanda 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Benin 1.9 1.8 1.0 1.1 1.1
Thailand 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Kuwait 1.8 2.0 1.6 1.7 1.7
Lao PDR 2.8 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Uganda 2.2 1.7 1.7 1.8 2.5
Cuba 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.4
Cambodia 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6
Papua New Guinea 2.2 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9
Madagascar 2.8 1.8 2.1 3.1 3.3
Vietnam 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.2
Guatemala 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.5
United Arab Emirates 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.4
Honduras 4.8 3.2 2.7 2.5 2.7
Ethiopia 3.0 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Bhutan 2.1 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.9
Nepal 2.3 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0
Burkina Faso 3.5 3.4 2.9 4.2 4.1
Iceland 3.2 2.6 2.9 2.3 3.3
Mexico 3.1 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.3
Tanzania 2.2 1.8 3.0 1.4 1.8
Brunei Darussalam 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Malaysia 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.1
Denmark 5.1 4.4 3.3 3.5 3.2
Switzerland 3.9 3.9 3.4 2.9 2.8
Singapore 4.2 3.9 3.4 2.9 3.0
Bangladesh 3.9 3.0 3.4 3.5 3.6
Cameroon 4.1 4.0 3.4 3.7 4.1
Ghana 4.8 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.5
Myanmar 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 4.0
Netherlands 4.3 4.4 3.5 2.8 2.5
Norway 4.8 4.8 3.5 2.6 2.8
Guinea 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
New Zealand 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.4 4.1
Luxembourg 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.6 4.3
Macao SAR, China 5.6 4.4 3.6 3.3 3.3
Cyprus 3.6 4.5 3.9 3.5 3.2
Korea, Rep. 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.6
India 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.8 4.1
Zimbabwe 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0
Austria 4.5 4.9 4.3 3.9 3.6
Solomon Islands 4.1 3.8 4.3 4.1 4.0
Japan 4.9 4.6 4.3 4.0 4.1
Bolivia 3.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 2.4
Costa Rica 5.4 5.0 4.4 3.2 4.1
Cote d'Ivoire 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
China 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.3 5.0
Trinidad and Tobago 6.1 5.8 4.5 3.8 3.5
Sierra Leone 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Ireland 5.0 4.6 4.6 4.8 7.1
Saudi Arabia 3.4 4.0 4.7 4.2 3.6
Peru 5.2 5.2 4.7 4.5 4.6
United States 5.7 5.2 4.7 4.8 6.2
Australia 5.3 4.9 4.7 4.1 4.0
Sri Lanka 6.1 5.7 4.8 4.4 3.7
Slovenia 5.8 6.0 4.9 3.9 4.0
Ecuador 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.0 4.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 5.1 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.3
Pakistan 6.2 6.0 5.2 4.2 4.0
Fiji 3.8 3.7 5.2 6.8 7.2
Syrian Arab Republic 7.1 6.4 5.2 5.1 8.4
Italy 6.4 6.2 5.4 4.9 5.5
Nicaragua 6.6 5.6 5.4 5.2 6.5
Niger 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Mauritius 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.3 4.1
Paraguay 6.2 4.9 5.6 4.2 4.4
Greece 6.7 6.2 5.7 5.2 5.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.7 6.6 5.7 4.6 4.1
Timor-Leste 6.9 6.3 5.7 5.8 5.1
Lithuania 11.1 8.2 5.8 4.3 6.0
Czech Republic 7.0 6.4 5.8 4.2 3.5
United Kingdom 5.0 5.1 5.9 5.7 5.8
Bahrain 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.6 5.2
Malta 6.9 6.6 6.1 5.9 5.6
Kazakhstan 7.1 6.5 6.2 5.8 5.3
Estonia 11.3 8.8 6.2 5.4 5.8
Liberia 5.4 3.7 6.3 6.9 6.0
Azerbaijan 5.9 7.4 6.4 7.8 7.1
Haiti 7.3 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.5
Mongolia 7.5 7.9 6.4 7.2 5.9
Brazil 6.8 7.1 6.4 6.0 5.1
Spain 8.3 7.2 6.4 6.5 10.2
Mali 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.6 6.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 6.7 6.9 6.5 5.6 4.9
Canada 7.5 7.0 6.5 6.4 6.5
Portugal 5.8 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.5
Oman 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.7
Jamaica 8.0 7.5 6.6 6.5 7.4
Malawi 6.7 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2
Chile 7.9 7.0 6.7 6.3 6.7
Bahamas, The 9.5 9.2 6.7 6.7 7.8
Congo, Rep. 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Panama 9.0 7.7 6.9 5.0 4.4
Belize 7.8 7.5 6.9 6.2 6.0
Sweden 7.0 7.9 6.9 6.0 6.0
Libya 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.8
Comoros 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9
Guinea-Bissau 7.1 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1
Ukraine 8.9 7.6 7.1 6.7 6.7
Barbados 8.1 7.5 7.1 6.1 6.6
Hungary 6.1 7.0 7.2 7.1 7.6
Finland 8.6 8.1 7.3 6.4 5.9
Equatorial Guinea 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.5 7.5
Mozambique 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3
Somalia 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3
Chad 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3
Angola 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.3
Gambia, The 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Belgium 7.5 7.6 7.4 6.7 6.5
Central African Republic 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Russian Federation 8.0 7.3 7.4 6.4 6.5
Togo 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.4
Lebanon 7.3 7.4 7.5 8.4 8.4
Latvia 9.5 9.1 7.5 6.4 8.0
Burundi 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.5
Cabo Verde 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.6
Senegal 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Nigeria 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Uruguay 6.5 6.4 7.7 6.6 5.4
Afghanistan 6.7 7.8 7.7 7.9 7.7
Kyrgyz Republic 7.9 7.4 7.8 7.6 7.5
Israel 9.5 8.5 7.9 6.8 5.8
Maldives 7.2 7.6 7.9 7.3 7.3
Eritrea 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.7
France 8.2 8.0 8.1 7.5 6.9
Venezuela, RB 13.0 9.9 8.2 7.1 6.6
Romania 9.1 7.8 8.2 7.2 6.7
Philippines 11.4 7.7 8.3 7.6 7.5
Colombia 9.5 8.9 8.4 10.0 10.2
Argentina 11.2 9.2 8.4 6.8 6.4
El Salvador 8.7 9.2 8.4 8.1 7.5
Kenya 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.4 8.3
Indonesia 8.2 9.5 8.6 8.0 7.6
Bulgaria 12.4 10.3 8.7 6.5 5.5
Suriname 8.7 9.1 8.9 9.0 9.1
Moldova 9.9 8.6 8.9 6.3 4.6
Morocco 10.6 10.8 9.7 10.1 9.5
Croatia 12.3 11.5 9.8 8.3 6.9
Turkey 10.9 10.5 10.0 10.1 10.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.0 10.5 10.1 9.3 9.1
Belarus 10.3 10.2 10.2 10.1 10.1
Germany 10.5 11.3 10.3 8.5 7.4
Dominican Republic 11.8 11.5 10.4 9.4 8.8
Algeria 19.7 13.4 10.8 12.1 10.0
Turkmenistan 11.5 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.5
Uzbekistan 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.3 11.3
Tajikistan 11.6 11.5 11.5 11.6 11.6
Puerto Rico 11.5 12.3 11.6 12.1 13.1
Jordan 11.7 12.8 11.9 10.2 10.0
Tunisia 13.3 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
Albania 12.8 12.8 12.0 14.0 12.4
Slovak Republic 17.3 15.4 12.2 9.8 8.4
Yemen, Rep. 11.5 12.9 12.6 12.3 12.0
Sudan 12.8 12.8 12.7 12.7 12.7
Poland 18.2 16.6 13.0 9.0 6.5
Georgia 13.3 14.8 15.3 14.0 16.9
Botswana 20.3 19.5 15.5 15.5 19.5
Iraq 27.4 16.1 15.7 15.1 13.7
Gabon 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.1 16.4
Zambia 17.4 17.8 17.7 17.7 17.7
Serbia 16.2 18.2 17.9 15.7 11.9
South Africa 21.4 20.2 18.7 18.8 19.7
Namibia 19.5 19.1 19.8 17.5 32.4
Swaziland 20.7 20.8 20.8 20.9 20.9
Armenia 28.9 22.1 22.2 22.5 26.1
Montenegro 28.1 29.1 23.6 18.3 15.9
West Bank and Gaza 28.1 27.2 24.3 22.0 26.5
Guyana 23.9 23.9 25.9 17.5 17.2
Lesotho 28.6 29.0 26.0 21.2 23.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 26.6 24.3 29.5 27.4 21.8
Mauritania 34.1 33.7 33.3 32.9 32.7
Macedonia, FYR 36.8 36.5 35.3 34.5 33.5
Djibouti
Cayman Islands
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Isle of Man
St. Lucia
Andorra
St. Martin (French part)
Tonga
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Dominica
French Polynesia
Kiribati
Greenland
Faeroe Islands
San Marino
Curacao
Palau
Aruba
Grenada
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Samoa
Sao Tome and Principe
Monaco
Antigua and Barbuda
South Sudan
American Samoa
Vanuatu
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Seychelles
Kosovo
Bermuda
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
New Caledonia
Marshall Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Liechtenstein

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