Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Albania 12.9 12.0 13.3 13.5 12.9
Algeria 24.6 22.1 22.1 22.0 25.7
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 15.5 13.0 11.5 13.1 13.7
Armenia 17.9 15.6 16.8 16.5 17.8
Aruba
Australia 8.7 8.7 7.9 7.1 6.5
Austria 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.3
Azerbaijan 3.9 6.1 6.7 6.1 10.8
Bahamas, The 8.8 8.5 5.6 5.5 5.7
Bahrain 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.7
Bangladesh 2.7 3.1 2.7 3.2 3.3
Barbados 11.8 11.4 8.7 7.8 7.3
Belarus 7.6 7.7 7.9 8.1 8.0
Belgium 7.4 7.1 7.6 7.4 5.3
Belize 11.7 9.1 10.9 9.2 8.0
Benin 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9
Bermuda
Bhutan 2.3 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.4
Bolivia 4.2 3.5 2.8 3.6 4.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.3 26.4 24.8 24.4 23.9
Botswana 19.6 19.0 18.4 20.5 20.5
Brazil 5.5 6.2 7.1 7.8 7.7
Brunei Darussalam 3.9 3.3 3.3 4.1 3.8
Bulgaria 13.8 14.0 12.5 14.5 16.6
Burkina Faso 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.9 3.8
Burundi 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Cabo Verde 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
Cambodia 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.3
Cameroon 6.8 6.5 6.3 6.0 5.4
Canada 9.9 9.3 8.5 7.8 6.9
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Chad 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Chile 5.6 5.4 5.7 9.4 8.8
China 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.1
Colombia 11.0 9.3 10.4 11.7 13.0
Comoros 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7
Congo, Rep. 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.3
Costa Rica 5.2 4.8 4.3 4.9 4.3
Cote d'Ivoire 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1
Croatia 9.2 9.1 10.6 13.0 15.5
Cuba 6.9 6.4 5.6 5.7 4.9
Curacao
Cyprus 3.6 2.8 3.4 5.1 3.4
Czech Republic 3.3 3.9 5.1 7.3 7.4
Denmark 5.5 4.5 3.8 4.5 4.1
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 10.9 10.0 9.3 8.9 8.8
Ecuador 3.6 5.8 4.0 4.7 5.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.5 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.5
El Salvador 8.4 9.5 8.2 8.5 8.6
Equatorial Guinea 6.8 7.6 6.4 6.4 6.4
Eritrea 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Estonia 10.7 11.2 10.5 13.0 14.6
Ethiopia 2.8 3.3 3.9 4.5 4.1
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 4.8 5.4 6.8 6.5 6.3
Finland 14.0 12.2 10.8 9.6 9.0
France 10.7 11.1 10.5 10.5 8.6
French Polynesia
Gabon 17.0 16.3 16.2 16.1 16.0
Gambia, The 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.7
Georgia 12.8 12.6 13.0 15.2 11.1
Germany 8.3 9.2 8.7 8.1 7.4
Ghana 8.9 6.4 7.2 9.3 10.1
Greece 6.3 6.5 7.2 7.7 7.5
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 3.1 2.9 2.8 1.6 1.2
Guinea 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.2
Guinea-Bissau 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.5 6.4
Guyana 8.9 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.8
Haiti 8.0 8.2 8.2 6.2 6.4
Honduras 3.7 2.8 3.4 3.8 3.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.1 2.3 5.0 6.9 5.6
Hungary 10.7 9.4 8.5 7.6 7.0
Iceland 3.4 3.4 2.3 1.5 1.8
India 3.9 4.2 3.8 4.4 4.3
Indonesia 3.8 4.2 5.0 6.0 5.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 11.9 10.4 11.0 10.1 10.8
Iraq 17.4 15.9 17.3 16.3 16.3
Ireland 11.7 10.2 7.9 5.9 4.3
Isle of Man
Israel 5.9 6.8 8.0 8.5 8.5
Italy 9.4 9.4 9.5 8.9 8.3
Jamaica 10.1 10.5 10.0 10.0 10.0
Japan 3.4 3.4 4.2 4.8 5.0
Jordan 11.9 10.3 11.5 10.0 12.3
Kazakhstan 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.6 10.1
Kenya 8.7 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.5
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.5 5.1 5.1
Korea, Rep. 2.3 2.9 8.0 7.2 5.0
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Kyrgyz Republic 7.9 7.5 8.6 7.3 6.8
Lao PDR 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Latvia 13.4 14.8 15.4 14.2 15.0
Lebanon 7.9 4.8 7.8 8.1 8.4
Lesotho 22.6 31.2 26.4 21.5 23.1
Liberia 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.3
Libya 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 17.1 14.3 15.4 14.7 18.2
Luxembourg 2.5 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.8
Macao SAR, China 4.4 3.5 5.3 7.8 8.6
Macedonia, FYR 32.6 35.6 32.4 31.9 30.6
Madagascar 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Malawi 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.9 6.0
Malaysia 2.3 2.2 3.1 3.5 2.9
Maldives 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.4 6.5
Mali 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.3 6.4
Malta 6.7 6.7 6.0 6.5 6.2
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 32.7 32.8 32.8 32.9 32.9
Mauritius 6.6 5.8 6.4 7.1 5.6
Mexico 4.4 3.0 2.9 1.9 2.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 7.5 3.8 6.7 13.2 9.8
Monaco
Mongolia 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.1 5.9
Montenegro 18.9 20.5 19.9 20.7 18.8
Morocco 14.8 15.4 16.0 14.1 13.7
Mozambique 20.8 20.8 20.7 20.5 20.3
Myanmar 3.4 3.4 3.6 3.2 3.1
Namibia 18.2 18.3 18.5 18.7 19.2
Nepal 4.9 4.1 3.4 2.0 2.5
Netherlands 5.2 4.3 3.4 2.7 2.1
New Caledonia
New Zealand 6.3 6.8 7.8 7.3 6.3
Nicaragua 4.3 4.0 4.6 5.6 7.4
Niger 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.2 5.2
Nigeria 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 4.8 3.8 3.1 3.4 3.6
Oman 5.4 5.6 5.9 6.1 6.2
Pakistan 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.5 5.6
Palau
Panama 11.5 10.8 10.3 9.0 11.1
Papua New Guinea 2.2 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.5
Paraguay 3.8 4.5 4.5 6.1 6.7
Peru 6.1 5.0 4.4 5.9 6.1
Philippines 6.9 7.5 9.2 9.4 11.2
Poland 11.2 9.6 9.4 11.8 14.5
Portugal 5.9 5.6 3.9 3.9 3.1
Puerto Rico 15.2 15.2 14.8 13.7 12.1
Qatar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Romania 6.2 5.3 5.8 6.9 7.5
Russian Federation 10.0 12.2 13.6 13.1 10.8
Rwanda 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 3.7 4.1 4.1 3.6 3.9
Senegal 8.0 8.0 7.0 6.8 8.0
Serbia 11.5 12.0 11.9 11.9 11.0
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.5
Singapore 2.0 1.8 3.2 3.5 3.4
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 10.2 11.1 12.2 16.4 19.0
Slovenia 7.2 6.4 7.3 7.2 6.8
Solomon Islands 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.9 4.3
Somalia 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
South Africa 18.6 20.2 21.5 21.4 24.8
South Sudan
Spain 17.7 16.1 13.9 11.2 9.8
Sri Lanka 8.0 7.7 6.6 6.6 5.8
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 12.4 12.6 12.4 12.4 12.4
Suriname 8.4 8.2 8.3 10.2 11.7
Swaziland 20.8 20.3 20.4 20.5 20.5
Sweden 10.5 10.6 8.8 7.6 6.3
Switzerland 3.4 4.3 3.2 2.7 2.4
Syrian Arab Republic 5.9 6.9 4.7 5.0 6.4
Tajikistan 12.1 12.2 12.8 13.2 13.1
Tanzania 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6
Thailand 1.1 0.9 3.4 3.0 2.5
Timor-Leste 5.6 5.7 6.1 5.6 5.5
Togo 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 13.3 12.1 11.3 10.8 10.2
Tunisia 14.5 15.5 16.1 14.9 14.6
Turkey 6.9 6.5 7.0 7.8 6.7
Turkmenistan 10.4 10.2 10.7 11.0 11.1
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 1.8 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Ukraine 8.4 9.9 12.6 12.9 13.0
United Arab Emirates 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.2 1.8
United Kingdom 9.8 8.2 6.9 6.8 6.2
United States 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.2 4.0
Uruguay 9.1 6.8 6.4 7.1 7.9
Uzbekistan 10.7 10.8 10.8 10.7 10.7
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 10.4 9.0 10.0 13.6 12.6
Vietnam 2.1 3.2 2.5 2.2 2.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 24.6 21.0 14.9 12.2 14.6
Yemen, Rep. 7.3 7.9 8.6 7.7 9.1
Zambia 17.4 16.5 13.7 13.9 14.7
Zimbabwe 7.2 8.6 8.0 7.2 7.6

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