Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.9
Albania 13.9 12.1 13.0 12.0 12.4
Algeria 24.5 25.2 22.4 22.7 22.4
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.3
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 16.8 15.5 13.0 11.5 13.1
Armenia 25.5 18.5 18.9 21.3 19.0
Aruba
Australia 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.0 7.1
Austria 3.1 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.6
Azerbaijan 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.2 7.1
Bahamas, The 10.0 8.8 8.5 5.6 5.5
Bahrain 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.1
Bangladesh 3.0 2.7 3.1 2.7 3.2
Barbados 16.7 11.8 11.4 8.7 7.8
Belarus 9.6 10.0 10.3 10.2 10.0
Belgium 7.3 7.4 7.1 7.6 7.5
Belize 10.1 11.7 9.1 10.9 9.2
Benin 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9
Bermuda
Bhutan 2.6 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Bolivia 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.7 24.0 26.2 24.6 24.2
Botswana 20.0 19.6 19.0 18.4 20.5
Brazil 5.1 5.5 6.2 7.1 7.8
Brunei Darussalam 4.1 3.9 3.2 3.3 4.1
Bulgaria 16.0 13.8 14.0 12.5 14.5
Burkina Faso 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.9
Burundi 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.6
Cabo Verde 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Cambodia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.1
Cameroon 3.1 7.3 7.0 6.7 6.3
Canada 9.8 9.9 9.2 8.5 7.8
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4
Chad 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.2
Chile 6.3 5.6 5.4 5.7 9.4
China 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.3
Colombia 9.8 11.4 10.2 11.0 11.9
Comoros 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Congo, Rep. 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
Costa Rica 4.5 5.2 4.8 4.3 4.9
Cote d'Ivoire 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Croatia 8.9 9.1 9.0 10.6 13.0
Cuba 7.5 6.9 6.4 5.6 5.7
Curacao
Cyprus 3.3 3.6 2.8 3.4 5.0
Czech Republic 3.4 3.3 3.9 5.0 7.3
Denmark 5.6 5.5 4.5 3.9 4.5
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 10.5 10.8 9.9 9.2 8.8
Ecuador 4.4 4.7 5.5 4.0 4.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 6.7 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.0
El Salvador 8.6 8.4 9.5 8.2 8.5
Equatorial Guinea 7.0 7.4 8.0 7.0 7.1
Eritrea 7.8 7.9 8.0 7.9 8.0
Estonia 10.5 10.7 11.2 10.5 12.9
Ethiopia 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 4.4 4.8 5.4 6.8 6.5
Finland 15.4 14.0 12.2 10.8 9.7
France 10.1 10.7 11.1 10.4 10.4
French Polynesia
Gabon 18.0 17.4 16.8 16.9 16.9
Gambia, The 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.5
Georgia 15.3 12.8 12.7 12.9 15.2
Germany 7.2 8.3 9.2 8.7 8.1
Ghana 2.9 8.9 5.0 5.6 9.3
Greece 6.4 6.3 6.5 7.2 7.8
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 3.7 2.8 4.0 3.5 1.7
Guinea 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Guinea-Bissau 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.0 7.2
Guyana 28.6 24.1 20.2 22.5 20.8
Haiti 7.7 8.5 8.7 8.7 6.2
Honduras 2.8 3.8 2.8 3.4 3.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.4 3.1 2.3 5.0 6.9
Hungary 11.3 10.7 9.5 8.5 7.5
Iceland 4.8 3.4 3.3 2.3 1.4
India 3.9 3.9 4.4 3.7 3.8
Indonesia 3.5 3.8 4.2 5.0 6.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.9 9.9 10.1 10.1 10.1
Iraq 16.7 17.5 17.4 17.2 16.3
Ireland 11.9 11.7 10.2 7.9 5.9
Isle of Man
Israel 5.6 5.8 6.8 8.0 8.5
Italy 9.1 9.4 9.4 9.5 8.9
Jamaica 10.8 10.1 10.5 10.0 10.0
Japan 3.1 3.4 3.4 4.1 4.8
Jordan 12.7 11.9 11.2 11.7 11.1
Kazakhstan 8.9 10.5 10.4 10.5 10.8
Kenya 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.7
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.2 5.5 5.4 5.8 5.3
Korea, Rep. 2.4 2.4 2.9 7.9 7.3
Kosovo
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Kyrgyz Republic 7.6 7.6 7.4 8.7 7.4
Lao PDR 3.0 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2
Latvia 13.6 12.8 14.8 15.4 14.2
Lebanon 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.8
Lesotho 25.8 22.8 31.2 26.4 21.5
Liberia 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4
Libya 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 18.7 17.1 14.3 15.4 14.7
Luxembourg 2.1 2.5 1.8 1.9 1.7
Macao SAR, China 3.8 4.4 3.5 5.3 7.8
Macedonia, FYR 31.5 32.6 35.6 32.4 31.9
Madagascar 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.8
Malawi 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.2
Malaysia 2.9 2.4 2.3 3.1 3.5
Maldives 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.4
Mali 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.3
Malta 7.0 6.7 6.3 5.9 6.7
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 33.8 33.7 33.5 33.6 33.6
Mauritius 7.4 6.6 5.9 6.4 6.9
Mexico 6.0 4.5 3.0 2.9 2.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 7.6 7.6 9.6 6.8 13.2
Monaco
Mongolia 8.5 7.3 7.7 7.5 7.4
Montenegro 27.7 28.1 19.9 20.1 20.3
Morocco 11.4 11.2 11.0 10.8 14.1
Mozambique 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4
Myanmar 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.6 3.8
Namibia 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.5 18.7
Nepal 2.7 5.0 4.2 3.3 2.0
Netherlands 6.1 5.2 4.3 3.4 2.7
New Caledonia
New Zealand 6.4 6.3 6.8 7.8 7.3
Nicaragua 3.6 4.7 6.2 5.2 5.8
Niger 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.4
Nigeria 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 5.1 4.8 3.8 3.1 3.4
Oman 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.8
Pakistan 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.5
Palau
Panama 10.8 11.5 10.8 10.3 9.0
Papua New Guinea 2.5 2.1 2.6 2.1 2.2
Paraguay 3.1 3.8 4.5 4.5 6.1
Peru 4.4 5.6 4.9 4.8 4.7
Philippines 7.7 6.9 7.5 9.2 9.4
Poland 12.3 11.1 9.6 9.4 11.8
Portugal 6.0 6.0 5.6 3.9 3.9
Puerto Rico 16.2 15.2 15.2 14.8 13.7
Qatar 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
Romania 7.4 6.2 5.3 5.8 6.9
Russian Federation 9.7 10.0 12.2 13.5 13.2
Rwanda 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.2 3.6
Senegal 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.8
Serbia 11.7 11.6 12.1 12.0 12.0
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.5
Singapore 2.0 2.1 1.9 3.3 3.6
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 12.6 10.2 11.2 12.2 16.4
Slovenia 7.5 7.2 6.4 7.3 7.3
Solomon Islands 4.2 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.8
Somalia 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3
South Africa 14.8 18.4 20.1 21.5 21.4
South Sudan
Spain 18.1 17.6 16.1 13.9 11.2
Sri Lanka 8.6 8.1 7.7 6.6 6.6
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 13.1 12.9 12.7 12.8 12.8
Suriname 7.0 8.7 8.5 8.6 10.2
Swaziland 20.9 20.8 20.3 20.4 20.5
Sweden 10.0 10.5 10.6 8.9 7.6
Switzerland 2.9 3.4 4.3 3.2 2.6
Syrian Arab Republic 4.7 5.9 6.9 4.7 5.0
Tajikistan 10.8 10.9 11.2 11.3 11.2
Tanzania 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3
Thailand 1.0 1.1 0.9 3.4 3.0
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.3 5.4 6.1 5.3
Togo 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.6
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 15.2 13.3 12.1 11.3 10.8
Tunisia 14.7 15.1 15.5 16.2 15.1
Turkey 7.9 7.0 6.5 7.0 7.8
Turkmenistan 10.8 10.7 10.5 11.2 11.5
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1
Ukraine 5.8 7.8 9.2 11.7 12.0
United Arab Emirates 1.7 2.0 2.5 2.2 2.0
United Kingdom 10.2 9.8 8.2 6.9 6.8
United States 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.2
Uruguay 7.8 9.5 6.5 8.0 7.5
Uzbekistan 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.2 11.1
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 9.3 10.4 9.0 10.0 13.6
Vietnam 2.1 2.1 3.2 2.5 2.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 24.8 24.6 21.0 14.9 12.3
Yemen, Rep. 11.6 10.9 11.7 12.6 11.3
Zambia 21.1 17.4 16.5 13.7 13.9
Zimbabwe 6.7 7.3 8.6 8.0 7.2

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