Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Afghanistan 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8
Albania 14.9 13.9 12.1 13.0 12.0
Algeria 21.6 24.5 25.2 22.4 22.7
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 10.7 16.8 15.5 13.0 11.5
Armenia 19.0 25.5 18.5 18.9 21.3
Aruba
Australia 10.0 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.0
Austria 3.2 3.1 3.9 3.9 3.9
Azerbaijan 5.1 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.2
Bahamas, The 12.2 10.0 8.8 8.5 5.6
Bahrain 4.8 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.3
Bangladesh 3.1 3.0 2.7 3.1 2.7
Barbados 18.2 16.7 11.8 11.4 8.7
Belarus 9.6 9.6 10.0 10.3 10.2
Belgium 7.7 7.3 7.4 7.1 7.6
Belize 8.9 10.1 11.7 9.1 10.9
Benin 1.4 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0
Bermuda
Bhutan 2.0 2.6 1.3 1.3 1.2
Bolivia 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25.4 23.7 24.0 26.2 24.6
Botswana 19.9 20.0 19.6 19.0 18.4
Brazil 5.1 5.1 5.5 6.2 7.1
Brunei Darussalam 4.4 4.1 3.9 3.2 3.3
Bulgaria 20.3 16.0 13.8 14.0 12.5
Burkina Faso 3.3 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.0
Burundi 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.6
Cabo Verde 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Cambodia 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9
Cameroon 4.9 3.1 7.3 7.0 6.7
Canada 10.9 9.8 9.9 9.2 8.5
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Chad 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Chile 7.0 6.3 5.6 5.4 5.7
China 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3
Colombia 9.7 9.8 11.4 10.2 11.0
Comoros 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Congo, Rep. 6.9 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9
Costa Rica 3.5 4.5 5.2 4.8 4.3
Cote d'Ivoire 5.8 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Croatia 8.6 8.9 9.1 9.0 10.6
Cuba 3.1 7.5 6.9 6.4 5.6
Curacao
Cyprus 3.0 3.3 3.6 2.8 3.4
Czech Republic 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.9 5.0
Denmark 7.2 5.6 5.5 4.5 3.9
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 10.4 10.5 10.8 9.9 9.2
Ecuador 6.0 4.4 4.7 5.5 4.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 6.4 6.7 5.4 5.1 5.0
El Salvador 9.3 8.6 8.4 9.5 8.2
Equatorial Guinea 7.1 7.0 7.4 8.0 7.0
Eritrea 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.0 7.9
Estonia 8.3 10.5 10.7 11.2 10.5
Ethiopia 3.5 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 4.7 4.4 4.8 5.4 6.8
Finland 17.8 15.4 14.0 12.2 10.8
France 11.1 10.1 10.7 11.1 10.4
French Polynesia
Gabon 18.8 18.0 17.4 16.8 16.9
Gambia, The 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Georgia 13.4 15.3 12.8 12.7 12.9
Germany 7.2 7.2 8.3 9.2 8.7
Ghana 5.0 2.9 8.9 5.0 5.6
Greece 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.5 7.2
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 2.0 3.7 2.8 4.0 3.5
Guinea 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Guinea-Bissau 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.0
Guyana 19.1 28.6 24.1 20.2 22.5
Haiti 11.2 7.7 8.5 8.7 8.7
Honduras 2.8 2.8 3.8 2.8 3.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.0 3.4 3.1 2.3 5.0
Hungary 12.1 11.3 10.7 9.5 8.5
Iceland 5.1 4.8 3.4 3.3 2.3
India 3.6 3.9 3.9 4.4 3.7
Indonesia 4.4 3.5 3.8 4.2 5.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.3 9.9 9.9 10.1 10.1
Iraq 16.0 16.7 17.5 17.4 17.2
Ireland 14.5 11.9 11.7 10.2 7.9
Isle of Man
Israel 6.2 5.6 5.8 6.8 8.0
Italy 8.7 9.1 9.4 9.4 9.5
Jamaica 9.5 10.8 10.1 10.5 10.0
Japan 2.8 3.1 3.4 3.4 4.1
Jordan 16.0 12.7 11.9 11.2 11.7
Kazakhstan 6.0 8.9 10.5 10.4 10.5
Kenya 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.7
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.2 3.2 5.5 5.4 5.8
Korea, Rep. 2.9 2.4 2.4 2.9 7.9
Kosovo
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Kyrgyz Republic 7.0 7.6 7.6 7.4 8.7
Lao PDR 2.9 3.0 2.2 2.3 2.3
Latvia 15.0 13.6 12.8 14.8 15.4
Lebanon 8.5 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.9
Lesotho 30.0 25.8 22.8 31.2 26.4
Liberia 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4
Libya 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 19.1 18.7 17.1 14.3 15.4
Luxembourg 3.0 2.1 2.5 1.8 1.9
Macao SAR, China 2.4 3.8 4.4 3.5 5.3
Macedonia, FYR 31.3 31.5 32.6 35.6 32.4
Madagascar 2.7 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8
Malawi 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0
Malaysia 3.6 2.9 2.4 2.3 3.1
Maldives 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6
Mali 6.7 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.5
Malta 6.7 7.0 6.7 6.3 5.9
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 33.6 33.8 33.7 33.5 33.6
Mauritius 6.5 7.4 6.6 5.9 6.4
Mexico 4.0 6.0 4.5 3.0 2.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 7.5 7.6 7.6 9.6 6.8
Monaco
Mongolia 7.4 8.5 7.3 7.7 7.5
Montenegro 20.5 27.7 28.1 19.9 20.1
Morocco 11.6 11.4 11.2 11.0 10.8
Mozambique 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Myanmar 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.6
Namibia 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.5
Nepal 2.5 2.7 5.0 4.2 3.3
Netherlands 6.6 6.1 5.2 4.3 3.4
New Caledonia
New Zealand 8.8 6.4 6.3 6.8 7.8
Nicaragua 2.7 3.6 4.7 6.2 5.2
Niger 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Nigeria 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 5.9 5.1 4.8 3.8 3.1
Oman 5.9 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.5
Pakistan 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.1
Palau
Panama 10.7 10.8 11.5 10.8 10.3
Papua New Guinea 2.1 2.5 2.1 2.6 2.1
Paraguay 5.1 3.1 3.8 4.5 4.5
Peru 4.8 4.4 5.6 4.9 4.8
Philippines 7.7 7.7 6.9 7.5 9.2
Poland 13.2 12.3 11.1 9.6 9.4
Portugal 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.6 3.9
Puerto Rico 16.9 16.2 15.2 15.2 14.8
Qatar 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1
Romania 8.1 7.4 6.2 5.3 5.8
Russian Federation 8.3 9.7 10.0 12.2 13.5
Rwanda 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 4.3 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.2
Senegal 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8
Serbia 13.3 11.7 11.6 12.1 12.0
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5
Singapore 2.0 2.0 2.1 1.9 3.3
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 13.3 12.6 10.2 11.2 12.2
Slovenia 9.3 7.5 7.2 6.4 7.3
Solomon Islands 4.4 4.2 4.8 4.9 4.8
Somalia 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3
South Africa 17.5 14.8 18.4 20.1 21.5
South Sudan
Spain 19.7 18.1 17.6 16.1 13.9
Sri Lanka 9.4 8.6 8.1 7.7 6.6
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 13.3 13.1 12.9 12.7 12.8
Suriname 11.3 7.0 8.7 8.5 8.6
Swaziland 20.7 20.9 20.8 20.3 20.4
Sweden 11.0 10.0 10.5 10.6 8.9
Switzerland 3.5 2.9 3.4 4.3 3.2
Syrian Arab Republic 4.8 4.7 5.9 6.9 4.7
Tajikistan 10.5 10.8 10.9 11.2 11.3
Tanzania 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.4
Thailand 1.1 1.0 1.1 0.9 3.4
Timor-Leste 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 6.1
Togo 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 16.3 15.2 13.3 12.1 11.3
Tunisia 13.6 14.7 15.1 15.5 16.2
Turkey 8.9 7.9 7.0 6.5 7.0
Turkmenistan 10.5 10.8 10.7 10.5 11.2
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Ukraine 7.2 5.8 7.8 9.2 11.7
United Arab Emirates 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.5 2.2
United Kingdom 11.6 10.2 9.8 8.2 6.9
United States 6.3 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.5
Uruguay 6.5 7.8 9.5 6.5 8.0
Uzbekistan 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.2
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 8.6 9.3 10.4 9.0 10.0
Vietnam 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.2 2.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 24.8 24.8 24.6 21.0 14.9
Yemen, Rep. 12.2 11.6 10.9 11.7 12.6
Zambia 21.7 21.1 17.4 16.5 13.7
Zimbabwe 6.0 6.7 7.3 8.6 8.0

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