Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.5
Rwanda 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Benin 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9
Thailand 1.2 1.1 0.9 3.4 3.0
Cambodia 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.3
United Arab Emirates 1.8 2.6 2.5 3.1 3.1
Korea, Rep. 2.1 2.0 2.6 7.0 6.3
Vietnam 2.1 1.9 2.9 2.3 2.3
Singapore 2.2 2.2 2.0 3.5 3.8
Burkina Faso 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.3
Nepal 2.5 4.5 3.7 3.0 1.8
Lao PDR 2.6 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9
Bhutan 2.7 2.5 1.9 1.4 1.4
Uganda 2.7 2.2 2.8 2.8 2.7
Guinea 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.8 4.9 4.8 5.0 4.7
Luxembourg 2.9 3.3 2.5 2.8 2.4
Bangladesh 2.9 2.5 2.9 2.5 3.1
Papua New Guinea 3.0 2.6 3.1 2.7 2.8
Malaysia 3.1 2.5 2.4 3.2 3.4
Madagascar 3.1 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.6
Japan 3.2 3.4 3.4 4.1 4.7
Honduras 3.2 4.4 3.3 4.0 3.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.2 2.8 2.2 4.6 6.2
Nicaragua 3.3 4.1 5.1 4.8 5.1
Switzerland 3.3 3.7 4.1 3.6 3.1
Cameroon 3.4 8.1 7.7 7.3 7.0
Sierra Leone 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Paraguay 3.4 4.4 5.3 5.3 6.6
Macao SAR, China 3.6 4.2 3.1 4.5 6.3
Austria 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.2 3.7
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.2 1.9
Myanmar 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.1 3.6
Indonesia 3.9 4.4 4.7 5.5 6.3
Brunei Darussalam 3.9 4.1 3.4 3.5 4.4
Liberia 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.2
Cyprus 3.9 4.3 3.3 4.9 5.7
India 4.0 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.4
Solomon Islands 4.0 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3
Czech Republic 4.0 3.9 4.8 6.5 8.7
Cote d'Ivoire 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
China 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.7
Tanzania 4.7 5.0 4.6 4.8 4.6
Afghanistan 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8
Norway 4.9 4.8 3.9 3.2 3.2
Iceland 4.9 3.7 3.9 2.7 2.0
Bolivia 5.0 5.2 4.3 3.5 4.3
Pakistan 5.0 5.3 5.8 5.7 6.1
Niger 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0
Peru 5.2 6.3 4.9 4.6 5.4
Costa Rica 5.2 6.2 5.7 5.6 6.0
Saudi Arabia 5.4 6.0 6.2 6.4 4.3
Fiji 5.4 5.8 6.7 8.4 8.1
Ecuador 5.5 5.6 5.5 5.9 6.5
Zimbabwe 5.5 6.0 6.9 6.5 6.0
Ukraine 5.6 7.6 8.9 11.3 11.6
United States 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.6 4.3
Brazil 6.0 6.8 7.7 8.9 9.6
Belarus 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.5
New Zealand 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.7 7.0
Azerbaijan 6.5 4.7 6.6 10.4 5.2
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.4 6.4
Moldova 6.6 6.5 8.0 5.6 11.1
Congo, Rep. 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8
Comoros 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.8
Timor-Leste 6.7 6.7 6.8 7.3 6.7
Portugal 6.8 6.8 6.3 4.9 4.4
Angola 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.0 6.9
Mexico 6.9 5.2 4.1 3.6 2.5
Israel 6.9 6.7 7.7 8.5 8.9
Somalia 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
Central African Republic 6.9 7.1 6.9 6.9 7.0
Guinea-Bissau 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.2 6.8
Chad 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1
Denmark 7.0 6.8 5.4 5.0 5.1
Oman 7.0 7.2 7.5 7.9 8.3
Togo 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2
Netherlands 7.2 6.4 5.5 4.4 3.6
Gambia, The 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Syrian Arab Republic 7.2 9.5 9.5 7.2 7.6
Cabo Verde 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.1
Slovenia 7.2 6.9 6.6 7.4 7.3
Burundi 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.3
Malawi 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.5
Malta 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.3 6.9
Mongolia 7.3 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.2
Chile 7.3 6.3 6.1 6.3 9.8
Eritrea 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.5
Nigeria 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Bahrain 7.5 6.2 5.9 6.4 6.8
Turkey 7.6 6.6 6.8 6.9 7.7
El Salvador 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.3 7.0
Romania 8.0 6.7 5.5 5.6 6.2
Lebanon 8.1 8.4 6.2 8.3 8.6
Ethiopia 8.1 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2
Germany 8.1 8.9 9.8 9.2 8.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2
Cuba 8.3 7.6 7.1 6.2 6.3
Suriname 8.4 10.9 10.5 10.6 13.8
Kyrgyz Republic 8.4 8.7 8.2 9.7 8.2
Philippines 8.4 7.4 7.9 9.4 9.4
Australia 8.5 8.5 8.5 7.7 6.9
United Kingdom 8.7 8.3 7.2 6.2 6.0
Mozambique 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.6 8.6
Mali 8.9 8.6 8.3 8.5 8.2
Greece 9.1 9.7 9.6 10.8 11.7
Sweden 9.3 10.1 10.2 8.5 7.3
Belgium 9.3 9.5 9.0 9.3 8.6
Mauritius 9.4 8.9 8.4 8.7 9.0
Russian Federation 9.4 9.7 11.8 13.3 13.0
Ghana 9.5 9.6 7.2 8.2 10.1
Canada 9.5 9.6 9.1 8.3 7.6
Estonia 9.7 9.9 10.4 9.5 11.6
Maldives 9.8 10.1 10.4 10.5 10.3
Kenya 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.8 9.8
Croatia 10.1 10.0 9.9 11.0 13.5
Senegal 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Hungary 10.2 9.9 8.7 7.8 7.0
Venezuela, RB 10.2 12.4 10.6 11.0 14.5
Uruguay 10.4 11.3 7.7 7.7 11.2
Turkmenistan 10.7 10.9 10.9 11.0 11.0
Haiti 10.8 11.2 11.3 11.3 7.2
Uzbekistan 10.8 11.0 11.1 11.1 11.0
Bahamas, The 10.8 11.5 9.8 7.6 7.4
Kazakhstan 11.0 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 11.0 10.9 11.2 11.2 11.2
Tajikistan 11.3 11.4 11.7 11.8 11.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.3 9.0 8.4 8.2 8.1
Morocco 11.6 11.3 11.2 10.9 13.9
Italy 11.7 11.9 12.0 12.1 11.7
France 11.8 12.4 12.6 12.1 12.0
Guyana 11.8 11.7 11.6 11.5 11.5
Ireland 12.0 11.7 10.2 7.7 5.8
Sri Lanka 12.2 11.3 10.6 9.1 8.9
Belize 12.5 13.8 12.7 14.3 12.8
Latvia 12.5 12.4 14.7 14.5 13.8
Yemen, Rep. 12.9 12.4 13.6 15.0 13.6
Colombia 13.0 13.7 11.6 13.1 14.8
Slovak Republic 13.1 11.3 11.9 12.6 16.4
Poland 13.3 12.4 11.2 10.7 12.5
Serbia 13.4 13.2 13.8 13.7 13.7
Panama 14.0 14.5 13.4 14.0 11.8
Puerto Rico 14.1 13.9 14.1 13.8 12.1
Georgia 14.3 12.3 12.3 12.4 13.8
Jordan 14.6 13.7 12.9 13.7 12.9
Sudan 15.1 15.0 15.3 15.1 15.1
Finland 15.3 14.4 12.6 11.4 10.1
Tunisia 15.4 15.6 15.9 17.3 16.0
Bulgaria 15.7 13.5 13.7 12.2 14.1
Dominican Republic 15.8 16.7 15.6 14.4 13.8
Albania 15.9 14.6 13.8 14.9 15.0
Jamaica 16.2 16.0 16.5 15.5 15.7
West Bank and Gaza 16.5 23.8 20.3 14.4 11.8
South Africa 16.9 21.0 22.9 25.0 25.4
Lithuania 17.1 15.6 14.1 13.7 13.4
Trinidad and Tobago 17.2 16.3 15.0 14.2 13.1
Zambia 18.4 15.3 14.5 12.0 12.2
Argentina 18.8 17.2 14.9 12.8 14.1
Gabon 19.0 19.7 20.5 20.6 20.6
Libya 19.4 19.7 19.8 19.9 20.0
Iraq 19.4 19.4 18.4 19.3 18.2
Namibia 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.6 19.8
Montenegro 19.5 19.9 21.0 20.3 21.2
Barbados 19.7 14.7 14.6 12.3 10.4
Botswana 21.5 21.5 21.0 20.8 21.9
Swaziland 21.7 22.0 22.5 22.6 22.6
Spain 23.1 22.5 21.1 19.0 15.9
Armenia 24.0 19.1 17.6 18.3 17.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.9 25.3 27.6 25.8 25.4
Algeria 27.9 28.7 25.4 25.4 25.4
Macedonia, FYR 32.0 34.0 36.0 34.5 32.4
Mauritania 32.1 32.2 32.2 32.3 32.3
Lesotho 32.6 28.6 39.3 33.4 27.3
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Marshall Islands
French Polynesia
St. Kitts and Nevis
Cayman Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Aruba
Vanuatu
South Sudan
Faeroe Islands
Curacao
Bermuda
Seychelles
Tuvalu
Sao Tome and Principe
Antigua and Barbuda
Tonga
Middle East (developing only)
Northern Mariana Islands
Samoa
New Caledonia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Monaco
San Marino
Grenada
Andorra
Guam
American Samoa
Djibouti
Isle of Man
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Kiribati
Dominica
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Greenland
Palau
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)

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