Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.5
Rwanda 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Benin 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9
Thailand 1.2 1.1 0.9 3.4 3.0
Cambodia 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.3
United Arab Emirates 1.8 2.6 2.5 3.1 3.1
Korea, Rep. 2.1 2.0 2.6 7.0 6.3
Vietnam 2.1 1.9 2.9 2.3 2.3
Singapore 2.2 2.2 2.0 3.5 3.8
Burkina Faso 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.3
Nepal 2.5 4.5 3.7 3.0 1.8
Lao PDR 2.6 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9
Uganda 2.7 2.2 2.8 2.8 2.7
Bhutan 2.7 2.5 1.9 1.4 1.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.8 4.9 4.8 5.0 4.7
Guinea 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.1
Luxembourg 2.9 3.3 2.5 2.8 2.4
Bangladesh 2.9 2.5 2.9 2.5 3.1
Papua New Guinea 3.0 2.6 3.1 2.7 2.8
Madagascar 3.1 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.6
Malaysia 3.1 2.5 2.4 3.2 3.4
Honduras 3.2 4.4 3.3 4.0 3.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.2 2.8 2.2 4.6 6.2
Japan 3.2 3.4 3.4 4.1 4.7
Switzerland 3.3 3.7 4.1 3.6 3.1
Nicaragua 3.3 4.1 5.1 4.8 5.1
Paraguay 3.4 4.4 5.3 5.3 6.6
Cameroon 3.4 8.1 7.7 7.3 7.0
Sierra Leone 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Macao SAR, China 3.6 4.2 3.1 4.5 6.3
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.2 1.9
Austria 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.2 3.7
Myanmar 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.1 3.6
Cyprus 3.9 4.3 3.3 4.9 5.7
Liberia 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.2
Indonesia 3.9 4.4 4.7 5.5 6.3
Brunei Darussalam 3.9 4.1 3.4 3.5 4.4
Solomon Islands 4.0 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3
Czech Republic 4.0 3.9 4.8 6.5 8.7
India 4.0 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.4
Cote d'Ivoire 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
China 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.7
Tanzania 4.7 5.0 4.6 4.8 4.6
Afghanistan 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8
Norway 4.9 4.8 3.9 3.2 3.2
Iceland 4.9 3.7 3.9 2.7 2.0
Bolivia 5.0 5.2 4.3 3.5 4.3
Pakistan 5.0 5.3 5.8 5.7 6.1
Niger 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0
Peru 5.2 6.3 4.9 4.6 5.4
Costa Rica 5.2 6.2 5.7 5.6 6.0
Saudi Arabia 5.4 6.0 6.2 6.4 4.3
Fiji 5.4 5.8 6.7 8.4 8.1
Ecuador 5.5 5.6 5.5 5.9 6.5
Zimbabwe 5.5 6.0 6.9 6.5 6.0
Ukraine 5.6 7.6 8.9 11.3 11.6
United States 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.6 4.3
Brazil 6.0 6.8 7.7 8.9 9.6
Belarus 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.5
New Zealand 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.7 7.0
Azerbaijan 6.5 4.7 6.6 10.4 5.2
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.4 6.4
Moldova 6.6 6.5 8.0 5.6 11.1
Timor-Leste 6.7 6.7 6.8 7.3 6.7
Comoros 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.8
Congo, Rep. 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8
Angola 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.0 6.9
Portugal 6.8 6.8 6.3 4.9 4.4
Somalia 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
Mexico 6.9 5.2 4.1 3.6 2.5
Central African Republic 6.9 7.1 6.9 6.9 7.0
Israel 6.9 6.7 7.7 8.5 8.9
Oman 7.0 7.2 7.5 7.9 8.3
Denmark 7.0 6.8 5.4 5.0 5.1
Guinea-Bissau 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.2 6.8
Chad 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1
Togo 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2
Netherlands 7.2 6.4 5.5 4.4 3.6
Malta 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.3 6.9
Malawi 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.5
Syrian Arab Republic 7.2 9.5 9.5 7.2 7.6
Slovenia 7.2 6.9 6.6 7.4 7.3
Cabo Verde 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.1
Gambia, The 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Burundi 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.3
Mongolia 7.3 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.2
Chile 7.3 6.3 6.1 6.3 9.8
Eritrea 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.5
Nigeria 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Bahrain 7.5 6.2 5.9 6.4 6.8
Turkey 7.6 6.6 6.8 6.9 7.7
El Salvador 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.3 7.0
Romania 8.0 6.7 5.5 5.6 6.2
Lebanon 8.1 8.4 6.2 8.3 8.6
Ethiopia 8.1 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2
Germany 8.1 8.9 9.8 9.2 8.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2
Cuba 8.3 7.6 7.1 6.2 6.3
Suriname 8.4 10.9 10.5 10.6 13.8
Philippines 8.4 7.4 7.9 9.4 9.4
Kyrgyz Republic 8.4 8.7 8.2 9.7 8.2
Australia 8.5 8.5 8.5 7.7 6.9
United Kingdom 8.7 8.3 7.2 6.2 6.0
Mozambique 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.6 8.6
Mali 8.9 8.6 8.3 8.5 8.2
Greece 9.1 9.7 9.6 10.8 11.7
Belgium 9.3 9.5 9.0 9.3 8.6
Sweden 9.3 10.1 10.2 8.5 7.3
Mauritius 9.4 8.9 8.4 8.7 9.0
Russian Federation 9.4 9.7 11.8 13.3 13.0
Ghana 9.5 9.6 7.2 8.2 10.1
Canada 9.5 9.6 9.1 8.3 7.6
Estonia 9.7 9.9 10.4 9.5 11.6
Maldives 9.8 10.1 10.4 10.5 10.3
Kenya 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.8 9.8
Croatia 10.1 10.0 9.9 11.0 13.5
Senegal 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Hungary 10.2 9.9 8.7 7.8 7.0
Venezuela, RB 10.2 12.4 10.6 11.0 14.5
Uruguay 10.4 11.3 7.7 7.7 11.2
Turkmenistan 10.7 10.9 10.9 11.0 11.0
Bahamas, The 10.8 11.5 9.8 7.6 7.4
Uzbekistan 10.8 11.0 11.1 11.1 11.0
Haiti 10.8 11.2 11.3 11.3 7.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 11.0 10.9 11.2 11.2 11.2
Kazakhstan 11.0 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.5
Tajikistan 11.3 11.4 11.7 11.8 11.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.3 9.0 8.4 8.2 8.1
Morocco 11.6 11.3 11.2 10.9 13.9
Italy 11.7 11.9 12.0 12.1 11.7
France 11.8 12.4 12.6 12.1 12.0
Guyana 11.8 11.7 11.6 11.5 11.5
Ireland 12.0 11.7 10.2 7.7 5.8
Sri Lanka 12.2 11.3 10.6 9.1 8.9
Latvia 12.5 12.4 14.7 14.5 13.8
Belize 12.5 13.8 12.7 14.3 12.8
Yemen, Rep. 12.9 12.4 13.6 15.0 13.6
Colombia 13.0 13.7 11.6 13.1 14.8
Slovak Republic 13.1 11.3 11.9 12.6 16.4
Poland 13.3 12.4 11.2 10.7 12.5
Serbia 13.4 13.2 13.8 13.7 13.7
Panama 14.0 14.5 13.4 14.0 11.8
Puerto Rico 14.1 13.9 14.1 13.8 12.1
Georgia 14.3 12.3 12.3 12.4 13.8
Jordan 14.6 13.7 12.9 13.7 12.9
Sudan 15.1 15.0 15.3 15.1 15.1
Finland 15.3 14.4 12.6 11.4 10.1
Tunisia 15.4 15.6 15.9 17.3 16.0
Bulgaria 15.7 13.5 13.7 12.2 14.1
Dominican Republic 15.8 16.7 15.6 14.4 13.8
Albania 15.9 14.6 13.8 14.9 15.0
Jamaica 16.2 16.0 16.5 15.5 15.7
West Bank and Gaza 16.5 23.8 20.3 14.4 11.8
South Africa 16.9 21.0 22.9 25.0 25.4
Lithuania 17.1 15.6 14.1 13.7 13.4
Trinidad and Tobago 17.2 16.3 15.0 14.2 13.1
Zambia 18.4 15.3 14.5 12.0 12.2
Argentina 18.8 17.2 14.9 12.8 14.1
Gabon 19.0 19.7 20.5 20.6 20.6
Iraq 19.4 19.4 18.4 19.3 18.2
Libya 19.4 19.7 19.8 19.9 20.0
Montenegro 19.5 19.9 21.0 20.3 21.2
Namibia 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.6 19.8
Barbados 19.7 14.7 14.6 12.3 10.4
Botswana 21.5 21.5 21.0 20.8 21.9
Swaziland 21.7 22.0 22.5 22.6 22.6
Spain 23.1 22.5 21.1 19.0 15.9
Armenia 24.0 19.1 17.6 18.3 17.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.9 25.3 27.6 25.8 25.4
Algeria 27.9 28.7 25.4 25.4 25.4
Macedonia, FYR 32.0 34.0 36.0 34.5 32.4
Mauritania 32.1 32.2 32.2 32.3 32.3
Lesotho 32.6 28.6 39.3 33.4 27.3
Vanuatu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Tuvalu
St. Lucia
South Sudan
St. Martin (French part)
Faeroe Islands
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Aruba
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Guam
Seychelles
Greenland
Sao Tome and Principe
Djibouti
San Marino
Bermuda
Samoa
Andorra
Palau
Isle of Man
Taiwan, China
Turks and Caicos Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Grenada
New Caledonia
French Polynesia
Monaco
Dominica
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Curacao
Marshall Islands
Cayman Islands
Tonga
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Liechtenstein
Antigua and Barbuda
Kiribati
American Samoa

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