Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Rwanda 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Benin 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.9
Qatar 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.6
Thailand 1.3 1.2 1.1 0.9 3.4
Cambodia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.1
United Arab Emirates 2.1 1.8 3.2 3.0 2.7
Korea, Rep. 2.5 2.1 2.0 2.6 7.0
Vietnam 2.3 2.1 1.9 2.9 2.3
Singapore 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.0 3.5
Uganda 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4
Burkina Faso 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4
Nepal 2.3 2.5 4.5 3.7 3.0
Lao PDR 2.5 2.6 1.9 2.0 2.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.8 2.8 4.8 4.8 5.1
Bangladesh 3.0 2.8 2.5 2.9 2.5
Luxembourg 3.5 2.9 3.3 2.5 2.8
Papua New Guinea 2.6 3.0 2.5 3.1 2.6
Guinea 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Madagascar 3.7 3.1 3.0 2.7 2.6
Bhutan 2.2 3.1 1.5 1.6 1.4
Malaysia 3.8 3.1 2.5 2.4 3.2
Ghana 5.6 3.2 9.6 6.1 6.7
Honduras 3.2 3.2 4.4 3.3 4.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.9 3.2 2.8 2.2 4.6
Japan 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.4 4.1
Switzerland 3.8 3.3 3.7 4.1 3.6
Cameroon 5.5 3.4 8.1 7.7 7.3
Paraguay 6.2 3.4 4.4 5.3 5.3
Sierra Leone 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4
Nicaragua 2.7 3.4 4.3 5.5 5.2
Macao SAR, China 2.4 3.6 4.2 3.1 4.5
Austria 3.5 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.2
Cyprus 3.5 3.9 4.3 3.3 4.9
Indonesia 5.0 3.9 4.4 4.7 5.5
Czech Republic 4.3 4.0 3.9 4.8 6.5
India 3.7 4.0 4.0 4.4 3.8
Cote d'Ivoire 5.4 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Guatemala 2.3 4.1 3.2 4.5 3.9
Peru 4.8 4.4 5.6 4.9 4.8
Brunei Darussalam 4.6 4.4 4.1 3.5 3.5
China 4.3 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.7
Myanmar 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.7 5.1
Solomon Islands 4.9 4.7 5.3 5.4 5.2
Tanzania 3.9 4.7 5.0 4.6 4.8
Saudi Arabia 4.9 4.8 5.9 6.1 6.4
Liberia 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8
Norway 5.3 4.9 4.8 3.9 3.2
Iceland 5.3 4.9 3.7 3.9 2.7
Pakistan 4.3 5.0 5.3 5.8 5.7
Niger 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Costa Rica 4.2 5.2 6.2 5.7 5.6
Bolivia 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.8
Ecuador 7.5 5.4 5.9 6.8 5.0
Fiji 5.7 5.4 5.8 6.6 8.4
Zimbabwe 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.9 6.5
Azerbaijan 5.3 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.9
Bahrain 6.6 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.6
Ukraine 7.0 5.6 7.6 8.9 11.3
United States 6.2 5.7 5.5 5.1 4.6
Brazil 6.0 6.0 6.8 7.7 8.9
Timor-Leste 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.5 7.2
New Zealand 8.4 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.7
Moldova 6.4 6.6 6.5 8.0 5.7
Portugal 6.5 6.8 6.8 6.3 4.9
Equatorial Guinea 7.0 6.9 6.4 5.8 6.8
Israel 7.8 6.9 6.7 7.7 8.5
Mexico 4.2 6.9 5.2 4.1 3.6
Denmark 8.0 7.0 6.8 5.4 5.0
Chile 8.0 7.1 6.3 6.1 6.3
Oman 7.1 7.1 7.3 7.6 8.0
Syrian Arab Republic 7.4 7.2 9.5 9.5 7.2
Malawi 7.7 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.5
Slovenia 8.2 7.2 6.9 6.6 7.4
Netherlands 7.2 7.2 6.4 5.5 4.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.3
Congo, Rep. 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.3
Comoros 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Angola 7.6 7.4 7.3 7.5 7.6
Nigeria 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
El Salvador 7.7 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.3
Guinea-Bissau 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5 8.1
Central African Republic 7.6 7.6 7.8 7.5 7.6
Somalia 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Turkey 8.6 7.6 6.6 6.8 6.9
Malta 7.3 7.7 7.3 6.9 6.5
Chad 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.6
Togo 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.9 8.0
Gambia, The 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.8
Cabo Verde 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9
Burundi 7.9 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9
Mongolia 7.3 8.0 7.3 7.5 7.3
Romania 8.2 8.0 6.7 5.5 5.6
Mozambique 7.9 8.0 7.7 7.8 7.7
Germany 8.4 8.1 8.9 9.8 9.2
Ethiopia 7.0 8.1 8.1 8.2 8.2
Eritrea 7.9 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.4
Lebanon 9.0 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.4
Cuba 3.4 8.3 7.6 7.1 6.2
Kyrgyz Republic 7.8 8.4 8.5 8.3 9.7
Suriname 12.7 8.4 10.9 10.5 10.6
Philippines 8.4 8.4 7.4 7.9 9.4
Australia 9.7 8.5 8.5 8.5 7.7
Afghanistan 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.5 8.5
United Kingdom 9.7 8.7 8.3 7.2 6.2
Libya 8.8 8.8 8.9 9.0 9.1
Mali 8.7 8.9 8.6 8.3 8.5
Greece 8.9 9.1 9.7 9.6 10.8
Sweden 9.7 9.2 10.1 10.2 8.5
Mauritius 9.1 9.3 8.8 8.3 8.6
Belgium 9.6 9.3 9.5 9.0 9.3
Russian Federation 8.1 9.4 9.7 11.8 13.3
Canada 10.4 9.5 9.6 9.1 8.3
Belarus 9.7 9.7 10.2 10.5 10.4
Estonia 7.6 9.7 9.9 10.4 9.5
Maldives 9.7 9.8 10.1 10.4 10.5
Kenya 10.0 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.8
Senegal 10.0 9.9 10.0 10.0 9.9
Uruguay 8.9 10.0 11.3 9.0 10.9
Croatia 10.0 10.1 10.0 9.9 11.0
Venezuela, RB 8.6 10.2 12.4 10.6 11.0
Hungary 10.8 10.2 9.9 8.7 7.8
Haiti 13.5 10.7 11.3 11.4 11.5
Bahamas, The 13.4 10.8 11.5 9.8 7.6
Turkmenistan 10.6 10.9 10.9 10.8 11.3
Tajikistan 10.6 10.9 11.3 11.5 11.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 11.3 11.0 10.9 11.2 11.2
Kazakhstan 7.5 11.0 13.0 13.0 13.1
Uzbekistan 11.0 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.0 11.3 9.0 8.4 8.2
Morocco 11.8 11.6 11.4 11.2 11.0
Italy 11.1 11.7 11.9 12.0 12.1
France 12.6 11.8 12.4 12.6 12.1
Colombia 11.7 11.8 13.9 12.7 13.8
Ireland 14.6 12.0 11.7 10.2 7.7
Sri Lanka 13.0 12.2 11.3 10.6 9.1
Latvia 14.9 12.4 11.8 14.7 14.5
Belize 11.1 12.5 13.8 12.7 14.3
Slovak Republic 13.7 13.1 11.3 11.9 12.6
Poland 14.4 13.3 12.4 11.2 10.7
Serbia 15.2 13.4 13.2 13.8 13.7
Yemen, Rep. 14.6 13.9 13.2 14.2 15.4
Panama 14.0 14.0 14.5 13.4 14.0
Puerto Rico 14.8 14.1 13.9 14.1 13.8
Georgia 12.7 14.3 12.3 12.3 12.4
Jordan 18.3 14.6 13.7 13.1 12.4
Sudan 15.1 15.1 15.0 15.6 15.2
Finland 16.4 15.3 14.4 12.6 11.4
Tunisia 14.4 15.6 15.7 15.9 17.1
Bulgaria 20.0 15.7 13.5 13.7 12.2
Dominican Republic 16.2 15.8 16.7 15.6 14.4
Jamaica 15.4 16.2 16.0 16.5 15.5
South Africa 20.0 16.9 21.0 22.9 25.0
Lithuania 17.4 17.1 15.6 14.1 13.7
Trinidad and Tobago 18.4 17.2 16.3 15.0 14.2
Iraq 17.7 18.5 19.4 19.2 19.1
Zambia 19.0 18.5 15.3 14.5 12.0
Gabon 18.2 18.7 19.2 19.7 19.6
Argentina 12.1 18.8 17.2 14.9 12.8
Namibia 19.4 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.6
Barbados 23.0 19.7 14.7 14.6 12.3
Botswana 21.2 21.5 21.5 21.0 20.8
Swaziland 22.2 21.7 22.0 22.5 22.6
Albania 22.3 21.8 19.5 21.0 19.3
Spain 24.3 23.1 22.5 21.0 19.0
West Bank and Gaza 24.0 24.1 23.8 20.3 14.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27.1 25.0 25.3 27.9 26.1
Algeria 24.4 27.9 28.9 25.4 25.8
Armenia 22.0 28.3 21.2 20.0 26.2
Montenegro 21.0 28.8 29.3 20.4 20.6
Guyana 22.7 31.5 27.1 23.2 23.8
Macedonia, FYR 31.7 32.2 34.0 36.0 34.5
Mauritania 32.4 32.4 32.4 32.3 32.2
Lesotho 37.7 32.5 28.9 39.3 33.4
French Polynesia
Bermuda
Tonga
Djibouti
Antigua and Barbuda
St. Kitts and Nevis
Dominica
St. Lucia
Faeroe Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Palau
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Greenland
Vanuatu
Marshall Islands
Aruba
Monaco
Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Seychelles
Tuvalu
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
Cayman Islands
Kiribati
Andorra
Grenada
American Samoa
San Marino
New Caledonia
Liechtenstein
Kosovo
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Isle of Man
Sao Tome and Principe
Guam
South Sudan

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