Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.5
Rwanda 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Benin 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9
Thailand 1.2 1.1 0.9 3.4 3.0
Cambodia 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.3
Vietnam 2.1 1.9 2.9 2.3 2.3
Lao PDR 2.6 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9
Korea, Rep. 2.1 2.0 2.6 7.0 6.3
Singapore 2.2 2.2 2.0 3.5 3.8
Uganda 2.7 2.2 2.8 2.8 2.7
Burkina Faso 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.3
Bhutan 2.7 2.5 1.9 1.4 1.4
Malaysia 3.1 2.5 2.4 3.2 3.4
Bangladesh 2.9 2.5 2.9 2.5 3.1
United Arab Emirates 1.8 2.6 2.5 3.1 3.1
Papua New Guinea 3.0 2.6 3.1 2.7 2.8
Guinea 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.2 2.8 2.2 4.6 6.2
Madagascar 3.1 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.6
Luxembourg 2.9 3.3 2.5 2.8 2.4
Japan 3.2 3.4 3.4 4.1 4.7
Sierra Leone 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.2 1.9
Switzerland 3.3 3.7 4.1 3.6 3.1
Iceland 4.9 3.7 3.9 2.7 2.0
Myanmar 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.1 3.6
Czech Republic 4.0 3.9 4.8 6.5 8.7
India 4.0 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.4
Cote d'Ivoire 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Liberia 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.2
Austria 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.2 3.7
Nicaragua 3.3 4.1 5.1 4.8 5.1
Brunei Darussalam 3.9 4.1 3.4 3.5 4.4
Macao SAR, China 3.6 4.2 3.1 4.5 6.3
Cyprus 3.9 4.3 3.3 4.9 5.7
Solomon Islands 4.0 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3
Paraguay 3.4 4.4 5.3 5.3 6.6
Indonesia 3.9 4.4 4.7 5.5 6.3
Honduras 3.2 4.4 3.3 4.0 3.9
Nepal 2.5 4.5 3.7 3.0 1.8
China 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.7
Azerbaijan 6.5 4.7 6.6 10.4 5.2
Norway 4.9 4.8 3.9 3.2 3.2
Afghanistan 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.8 4.9 4.8 5.0 4.7
Tanzania 4.7 5.0 4.6 4.8 4.6
Niger 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0
Mexico 6.9 5.2 4.1 3.6 2.5
Bolivia 5.0 5.2 4.3 3.5 4.3
Pakistan 5.0 5.3 5.8 5.7 6.1
United States 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.6 4.3
Ecuador 5.5 5.6 5.5 5.9 6.5
Fiji 5.4 5.8 6.7 8.4 8.1
Saudi Arabia 5.4 6.0 6.2 6.4 4.3
Zimbabwe 5.5 6.0 6.9 6.5 6.0
Costa Rica 5.2 6.2 5.7 5.6 6.0
Bahrain 7.5 6.2 5.9 6.4 6.8
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.4 6.4
Mongolia 7.3 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.2
Belarus 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.5
Peru 5.2 6.3 4.9 4.6 5.4
Chile 7.3 6.3 6.1 6.3 9.8
New Zealand 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.7 7.0
Netherlands 7.2 6.4 5.5 4.4 3.6
Moldova 6.6 6.5 8.0 5.6 11.1
Turkey 7.6 6.6 6.8 6.9 7.7
Israel 6.9 6.7 7.7 8.5 8.9
Timor-Leste 6.7 6.7 6.8 7.3 6.7
Romania 8.0 6.7 5.5 5.6 6.2
Congo, Rep. 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8
Angola 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.0 6.9
Brazil 6.0 6.8 7.7 8.9 9.6
Denmark 7.0 6.8 5.4 5.0 5.1
Portugal 6.8 6.8 6.3 4.9 4.4
Comoros 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.8
Somalia 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
Slovenia 7.2 6.9 6.6 7.4 7.3
Chad 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1
Guinea-Bissau 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.2 6.8
Malta 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.3 6.9
Togo 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2
Gambia, The 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Central African Republic 6.9 7.1 6.9 6.9 7.0
Oman 7.0 7.2 7.5 7.9 8.3
Cabo Verde 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.1
Burundi 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.3
Malawi 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.5
Eritrea 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.5
Philippines 8.4 7.4 7.9 9.4 9.4
Nigeria 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Ukraine 5.6 7.6 8.9 11.3 11.6
Cuba 8.3 7.6 7.1 6.2 6.3
El Salvador 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.3 7.0
Cameroon 3.4 8.1 7.7 7.3 7.0
Ethiopia 8.1 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2
United Kingdom 8.7 8.3 7.2 6.2 6.0
Lebanon 8.1 8.4 6.2 8.3 8.6
Australia 8.5 8.5 8.5 7.7 6.9
Mali 8.9 8.6 8.3 8.5 8.2
Kyrgyz Republic 8.4 8.7 8.2 9.7 8.2
Mozambique 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.6 8.6
Germany 8.1 8.9 9.8 9.2 8.4
Mauritius 9.4 8.9 8.4 8.7 9.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.3 9.0 8.4 8.2 8.1
Belgium 9.3 9.5 9.0 9.3 8.6
Syrian Arab Republic 7.2 9.5 9.5 7.2 7.6
Canada 9.5 9.6 9.1 8.3 7.6
Ghana 9.5 9.6 7.2 8.2 10.1
Russian Federation 9.4 9.7 11.8 13.3 13.0
Greece 9.1 9.7 9.6 10.8 11.7
Kenya 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.8 9.8
Hungary 10.2 9.9 8.7 7.8 7.0
Estonia 9.7 9.9 10.4 9.5 11.6
Croatia 10.1 10.0 9.9 11.0 13.5
Maldives 9.8 10.1 10.4 10.5 10.3
Sweden 9.3 10.1 10.2 8.5 7.3
Senegal 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Turkmenistan 10.7 10.9 10.9 11.0 11.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 11.0 10.9 11.2 11.2 11.2
Suriname 8.4 10.9 10.5 10.6 13.8
Uzbekistan 10.8 11.0 11.1 11.1 11.0
Haiti 10.8 11.2 11.3 11.3 7.2
Slovak Republic 13.1 11.3 11.9 12.6 16.4
Sri Lanka 12.2 11.3 10.6 9.1 8.9
Uruguay 10.4 11.3 7.7 7.7 11.2
Morocco 11.6 11.3 11.2 10.9 13.9
Tajikistan 11.3 11.4 11.7 11.8 11.9
Bahamas, The 10.8 11.5 9.8 7.6 7.4
Ireland 12.0 11.7 10.2 7.7 5.8
Guyana 11.8 11.7 11.6 11.5 11.5
Italy 11.7 11.9 12.0 12.1 11.7
Georgia 14.3 12.3 12.3 12.4 13.8
Yemen, Rep. 12.9 12.4 13.6 15.0 13.6
France 11.8 12.4 12.6 12.1 12.0
Poland 13.3 12.4 11.2 10.7 12.5
Venezuela, RB 10.2 12.4 10.6 11.0 14.5
Latvia 12.5 12.4 14.7 14.5 13.8
Kazakhstan 11.0 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.5
Serbia 13.4 13.2 13.8 13.7 13.7
Bulgaria 15.7 13.5 13.7 12.2 14.1
Colombia 13.0 13.7 11.6 13.1 14.8
Jordan 14.6 13.7 12.9 13.7 12.9
Belize 12.5 13.8 12.7 14.3 12.8
Puerto Rico 14.1 13.9 14.1 13.8 12.1
Finland 15.3 14.4 12.6 11.4 10.1
Panama 14.0 14.5 13.4 14.0 11.8
Albania 15.9 14.6 13.8 14.9 15.0
Barbados 19.7 14.7 14.6 12.3 10.4
Sudan 15.1 15.0 15.3 15.1 15.1
Zambia 18.4 15.3 14.5 12.0 12.2
Tunisia 15.4 15.6 15.9 17.3 16.0
Lithuania 17.1 15.6 14.1 13.7 13.4
Jamaica 16.2 16.0 16.5 15.5 15.7
Trinidad and Tobago 17.2 16.3 15.0 14.2 13.1
Dominican Republic 15.8 16.7 15.6 14.4 13.8
Argentina 18.8 17.2 14.9 12.8 14.1
Armenia 24.0 19.1 17.6 18.3 17.6
Iraq 19.4 19.4 18.4 19.3 18.2
Namibia 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.6 19.8
Gabon 19.0 19.7 20.5 20.6 20.6
Libya 19.4 19.7 19.8 19.9 20.0
Montenegro 19.5 19.9 21.0 20.3 21.2
South Africa 16.9 21.0 22.9 25.0 25.4
Botswana 21.5 21.5 21.0 20.8 21.9
Swaziland 21.7 22.0 22.5 22.6 22.6
Spain 23.1 22.5 21.1 19.0 15.9
West Bank and Gaza 16.5 23.8 20.3 14.4 11.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.9 25.3 27.6 25.8 25.4
Lesotho 32.6 28.6 39.3 33.4 27.3
Algeria 27.9 28.7 25.4 25.4 25.4
Mauritania 32.1 32.2 32.2 32.3 32.3
Macedonia, FYR 32.0 34.0 36.0 34.5 32.4
Cayman Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis
Kiribati
St. Lucia
Faeroe Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Sao Tome and Principe
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Guam
San Marino
Greenland
Samoa
Djibouti
Palau
Bermuda
Northern Mariana Islands
South Sudan
New Caledonia
Isle of Man
Monaco
Grenada
Taiwan, China
Tuvalu
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
French Polynesia
Seychelles
Dominica
Marshall Islands
Curacao
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Vanuatu
Andorra
Aruba
Liechtenstein
Antigua and Barbuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa
Tonga

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