Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Rwanda 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Benin 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.9
Thailand 1.3 1.2 1.1 0.9 3.4
Qatar 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.6
Bhutan 2.2 3.1 1.5 1.6 1.4
Cambodia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.1
Lao PDR 2.5 2.6 1.9 2.0 2.0
Vietnam 2.3 2.1 1.9 2.9 2.3
Korea, Rep. 2.5 2.1 2.0 2.6 7.0
Singapore 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.0 3.5
Burkina Faso 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4
Uganda 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4
Malaysia 3.8 3.1 2.5 2.4 3.2
Bangladesh 3.0 2.8 2.5 2.9 2.5
Papua New Guinea 2.6 3.0 2.5 3.1 2.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.9 3.2 2.8 2.2 4.6
Madagascar 3.7 3.1 3.0 2.7 2.6
Guinea 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
United Arab Emirates 2.1 1.8 3.2 3.0 2.7
Guatemala 2.3 4.1 3.2 4.5 3.9
Luxembourg 3.5 2.9 3.3 2.5 2.8
Japan 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.4 4.1
Sierra Leone 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4
Switzerland 3.8 3.3 3.7 4.1 3.6
Iceland 5.3 4.9 3.7 3.9 2.7
Czech Republic 4.3 4.0 3.9 4.8 6.5
India 3.7 4.0 4.0 4.4 3.8
Austria 3.5 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.2
Brunei Darussalam 4.6 4.4 4.1 3.5 3.5
Cote d'Ivoire 5.4 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Macao SAR, China 2.4 3.6 4.2 3.1 4.5
Nicaragua 2.7 3.4 4.3 5.5 5.2
Cyprus 3.5 3.9 4.3 3.3 4.9
Paraguay 6.2 3.4 4.4 5.3 5.3
Honduras 3.2 3.2 4.4 3.3 4.0
Indonesia 5.0 3.9 4.4 4.7 5.5
Nepal 2.3 2.5 4.5 3.7 3.0
Myanmar 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.7 5.1
China 4.3 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.8 2.8 4.8 4.8 5.1
Liberia 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8
Norway 5.3 4.9 4.8 3.9 3.2
Tanzania 3.9 4.7 5.0 4.6 4.8
Niger 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Bolivia 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.8
Mexico 4.2 6.9 5.2 4.1 3.6
Pakistan 4.3 5.0 5.3 5.8 5.7
Solomon Islands 4.9 4.7 5.3 5.4 5.2
United States 6.2 5.7 5.5 5.1 4.6
Bahrain 6.6 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.6
Peru 4.8 4.4 5.6 4.9 4.8
Fiji 5.7 5.4 5.8 6.6 8.4
Azerbaijan 5.3 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.9
Ecuador 7.5 5.4 5.9 6.8 5.0
Saudi Arabia 4.9 4.8 5.9 6.1 6.4
Zimbabwe 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.9 6.5
Costa Rica 4.2 5.2 6.2 5.7 5.6
New Zealand 8.4 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.7
Chile 8.0 7.1 6.3 6.1 6.3
Timor-Leste 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.5 7.2
Equatorial Guinea 7.0 6.9 6.4 5.8 6.8
Netherlands 7.2 7.2 6.4 5.5 4.4
Moldova 6.4 6.6 6.5 8.0 5.7
Turkey 8.6 7.6 6.6 6.8 6.9
Israel 7.8 6.9 6.7 7.7 8.5
Romania 8.2 8.0 6.7 5.5 5.6
Portugal 6.5 6.8 6.8 6.3 4.9
Denmark 8.0 7.0 6.8 5.4 5.0
Brazil 6.0 6.0 6.8 7.7 8.9
Slovenia 8.2 7.2 6.9 6.6 7.4
Malawi 7.7 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.5
Malta 7.3 7.7 7.3 6.9 6.5
Congo, Rep. 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.3
Angola 7.6 7.4 7.3 7.5 7.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.3
Oman 7.1 7.1 7.3 7.6 8.0
Mongolia 7.3 8.0 7.3 7.5 7.3
Comoros 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Philippines 8.4 8.4 7.4 7.9 9.4
Nigeria 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Ukraine 7.0 5.6 7.6 8.9 11.3
Somalia 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Cuba 3.4 8.3 7.6 7.1 6.2
Guinea-Bissau 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5 8.1
Chad 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.6
Mozambique 7.9 8.0 7.7 7.8 7.7
El Salvador 7.7 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.3
Gambia, The 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.8
Central African Republic 7.6 7.6 7.8 7.5 7.6
Togo 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.9 8.0
Cabo Verde 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9
Burundi 7.9 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9
Cameroon 5.5 3.4 8.1 7.7 7.3
Ethiopia 7.0 8.1 8.1 8.2 8.2
Eritrea 7.9 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.4
United Kingdom 9.7 8.7 8.3 7.2 6.2
Lebanon 9.0 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.4
Australia 9.7 8.5 8.5 8.5 7.7
Kyrgyz Republic 7.8 8.4 8.5 8.3 9.7
Afghanistan 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.5 8.5
Mali 8.7 8.9 8.6 8.3 8.5
Mauritius 9.1 9.3 8.8 8.3 8.6
Libya 8.8 8.8 8.9 9.0 9.1
Germany 8.4 8.1 8.9 9.8 9.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.0 11.3 9.0 8.4 8.2
Belgium 9.6 9.3 9.5 9.0 9.3
Syrian Arab Republic 7.4 7.2 9.5 9.5 7.2
Ghana 5.6 3.2 9.6 6.1 6.7
Canada 10.4 9.5 9.6 9.1 8.3
Greece 8.9 9.1 9.7 9.6 10.8
Russian Federation 8.1 9.4 9.7 11.8 13.3
Hungary 10.8 10.2 9.9 8.7 7.8
Kenya 10.0 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.8
Estonia 7.6 9.7 9.9 10.4 9.5
Croatia 10.0 10.1 10.0 9.9 11.0
Senegal 10.0 9.9 10.0 10.0 9.9
Sweden 9.7 9.2 10.1 10.2 8.5
Maldives 9.7 9.8 10.1 10.4 10.5
Belarus 9.7 9.7 10.2 10.5 10.4
Turkmenistan 10.6 10.9 10.9 10.8 11.3
Suriname 12.7 8.4 10.9 10.5 10.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 11.3 11.0 10.9 11.2 11.2
Slovak Republic 13.7 13.1 11.3 11.9 12.6
Sri Lanka 13.0 12.2 11.3 10.6 9.1
Tajikistan 10.6 10.9 11.3 11.5 11.6
Haiti 13.5 10.7 11.3 11.4 11.5
Uruguay 8.9 10.0 11.3 9.0 10.9
Uzbekistan 11.0 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.4
Morocco 11.8 11.6 11.4 11.2 11.0
Bahamas, The 13.4 10.8 11.5 9.8 7.6
Ireland 14.6 12.0 11.7 10.2 7.7
Latvia 14.9 12.4 11.8 14.7 14.5
Italy 11.1 11.7 11.9 12.0 12.1
Georgia 12.7 14.3 12.3 12.3 12.4
France 12.6 11.8 12.4 12.6 12.1
Poland 14.4 13.3 12.4 11.2 10.7
Venezuela, RB 8.6 10.2 12.4 10.6 11.0
Kazakhstan 7.5 11.0 13.0 13.0 13.1
Serbia 15.2 13.4 13.2 13.8 13.7
Yemen, Rep. 14.6 13.9 13.2 14.2 15.4
Bulgaria 20.0 15.7 13.5 13.7 12.2
Jordan 18.3 14.6 13.7 13.1 12.4
Belize 11.1 12.5 13.8 12.7 14.3
Puerto Rico 14.8 14.1 13.9 14.1 13.8
Colombia 11.7 11.8 13.9 12.7 13.8
Finland 16.4 15.3 14.4 12.6 11.4
Panama 14.0 14.0 14.5 13.4 14.0
Barbados 23.0 19.7 14.7 14.6 12.3
Sudan 15.1 15.1 15.0 15.6 15.2
Zambia 19.0 18.5 15.3 14.5 12.0
Lithuania 17.4 17.1 15.6 14.1 13.7
Tunisia 14.4 15.6 15.7 15.9 17.1
Jamaica 15.4 16.2 16.0 16.5 15.5
Trinidad and Tobago 18.4 17.2 16.3 15.0 14.2
Dominican Republic 16.2 15.8 16.7 15.6 14.4
Argentina 12.1 18.8 17.2 14.9 12.8
Gabon 18.2 18.7 19.2 19.7 19.6
Iraq 17.7 18.5 19.4 19.2 19.1
Namibia 19.4 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.6
Albania 22.3 21.8 19.5 21.0 19.3
South Africa 20.0 16.9 21.0 22.9 25.0
Armenia 22.0 28.3 21.2 20.0 26.2
Botswana 21.2 21.5 21.5 21.0 20.8
Swaziland 22.2 21.7 22.0 22.5 22.6
Spain 24.3 23.1 22.5 21.0 19.0
West Bank and Gaza 24.0 24.1 23.8 20.3 14.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27.1 25.0 25.3 27.9 26.1
Guyana 22.7 31.5 27.1 23.2 23.8
Algeria 24.4 27.9 28.9 25.4 25.8
Lesotho 37.7 32.5 28.9 39.3 33.4
Montenegro 21.0 28.8 29.3 20.4 20.6
Mauritania 32.4 32.4 32.4 32.3 32.2
Macedonia, FYR 31.7 32.2 34.0 36.0 34.5
Vanuatu
Monaco
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Faeroe Islands
St. Lucia
Andorra
Samoa
South Sudan
Cayman Islands
Djibouti
French Polynesia
Dominica
Guam
Liechtenstein
Bermuda
Grenada
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Curacao
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Aruba
Sao Tome and Principe
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
Greenland
Kiribati
Antigua and Barbuda
Northern Mariana Islands
American Samoa
San Marino
Seychelles
New Caledonia
Palau
Isle of Man
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Tonga
Kosovo
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines

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