Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Qatar 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.5 1.0
Rwanda 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Benin 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8
Thailand 1.1 0.9 3.4 3.0 2.4
Bhutan 2.5 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.7
Cambodia 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.5
Lao PDR 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Singapore 2.2 2.0 3.5 3.8 3.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.8 2.2 4.6 6.2 4.9
Burkina Faso 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.3 3.0
Malaysia 2.5 2.4 3.2 3.4 3.0
Guinea 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.0
Luxembourg 3.3 2.5 2.8 2.4 2.3
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 3.1 3.1 2.3
Korea, Rep. 2.0 2.6 7.0 6.3 4.4
Madagascar 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6
Uganda 2.2 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Bangladesh 2.5 2.9 2.5 3.1 3.3
Vietnam 1.9 2.9 2.3 2.3 2.3
Papua New Guinea 2.7 3.0 2.7 2.8 2.9
Macao SAR, China 4.2 3.1 4.5 6.3 6.7
Honduras 4.4 3.3 4.0 3.9 3.9
Moldova 6.5 3.3 5.6 11.1 8.5
Cyprus 4.3 3.3 4.9 5.7 5.0
Japan 3.4 3.4 4.1 4.7 4.8
Sierra Leone 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3
Brunei Darussalam 4.2 3.6 3.6 4.5 4.1
Nepal 4.5 3.8 3.1 1.8 2.4
Myanmar 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.6 3.5
Norway 4.8 3.9 3.2 3.2 3.4
Iceland 3.7 3.9 2.7 2.0 2.3
Guatemala 3.5 3.9 3.2 1.9 1.4
Nicaragua 4.4 4.0 4.6 5.1 6.2
Liberia 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.2
Cote d'Ivoire 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Mexico 5.2 4.1 3.6 2.5 2.6
Switzerland 3.7 4.1 3.6 3.1 2.7
India 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.3
Bahrain 3.9 4.2 3.9 3.9 4.5
Austria 4.1 4.2 4.2 3.7 3.5
Solomon Islands 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.7
Bolivia 5.2 4.3 3.5 4.3 4.8
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.3 4.2
Tanzania 5.0 4.6 4.8 4.6 5.1
China 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.5
Indonesia 4.4 4.7 5.5 6.3 6.1
Czech Republic 3.9 4.8 6.5 8.7 8.8
United States 5.5 5.0 4.6 4.3 4.1
Niger 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Peru 6.5 5.3 4.9 6.3 6.4
Paraguay 4.4 5.3 5.3 6.6 7.6
Denmark 6.8 5.4 5.0 5.1 4.5
Netherlands 6.4 5.5 4.4 3.6 2.7
Romania 6.7 5.5 5.6 6.2 7.0
Costa Rica 6.2 5.7 5.6 6.0 5.1
Pakistan 5.3 5.8 5.7 6.1 7.2
Equatorial Guinea 6.2 6.0 6.4 6.4 6.5
Chile 6.3 6.1 6.3 9.8 9.2
Saudi Arabia 6.0 6.2 6.4 4.3 4.6
Lebanon 8.4 6.2 8.3 8.6 8.9
Portugal 6.8 6.3 4.9 4.4 3.9
Ethiopia 5.5 6.3 7.2 8.2 7.5
Mongolia 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Belarus 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.5
Azerbaijan 4.7 6.6 7.2 5.2 11.8
Slovenia 6.9 6.6 7.4 7.3 6.9
Comoros 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Fiji 5.8 6.7 8.4 8.1 7.7
Timor-Leste 6.7 6.7 7.2 6.7 6.5
Congo, Rep. 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.6
Somalia 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.9 6.9
Turkey 6.6 6.8 6.9 7.7 6.5
New Zealand 6.3 6.8 7.7 7.0 6.2
Guinea-Bissau 6.9 6.9 7.2 6.8 6.8
Central African Republic 7.1 6.9 6.9 6.9 7.0
Angola 6.7 6.9 7.0 6.9 6.9
Zimbabwe 6.0 6.9 6.5 6.0 6.3
Chad 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1
Oman 6.7 7.0 7.4 7.7 8.0
Gambia, The 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.2
Malta 7.1 7.1 6.3 7.0 6.3
Togo 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2
Cuba 7.6 7.1 6.2 6.3 5.4
United Kingdom 8.3 7.2 6.2 6.0 5.6
Ghana 9.6 7.2 8.2 10.1 10.4
Burundi 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.3 7.3
Malawi 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6
Eritrea 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.7
Nigeria 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6
Ecuador 4.7 7.5 5.5 6.3 7.2
Israel 6.7 7.7 8.5 8.9 8.8
Brazil 6.8 7.7 8.9 9.6 9.5
Cameroon 8.1 7.8 7.5 7.2 6.4
Philippines 7.4 7.9 9.4 9.4 11.2
El Salvador 7.7 8.0 7.3 7.0 7.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2
Mauritius 8.8 8.3 8.6 9.0 7.8
Mali 8.6 8.3 8.5 8.2 8.3
Kyrgyz Republic 8.7 8.3 9.7 8.2 7.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 9.0 8.4 8.2 8.1 9.0
Afghanistan 8.4 8.5 8.5 8.4 8.3
Australia 8.5 8.5 7.7 6.9 6.3
Hungary 9.9 8.7 7.8 7.0 6.4
Ukraine 7.6 8.9 11.3 11.6 11.6
Belgium 9.5 9.0 9.3 8.6 6.6
Canada 9.6 9.1 8.3 7.6 6.8
Uruguay 10.9 9.4 8.8 9.8 10.7
Syrian Arab Republic 9.5 9.5 7.2 7.6 9.5
Greece 9.7 9.6 10.8 11.7 11.1
Cabo Verde 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.5 9.6
Bahamas, The 11.5 9.8 7.6 7.4 7.2
Germany 8.9 9.8 9.2 8.4 7.7
Croatia 10.0 9.9 11.0 13.5 16.1
Kenya 9.9 9.9 9.8 9.8 9.8
Sweden 10.1 10.2 8.5 7.3 5.9
Ireland 11.7 10.2 7.7 5.8 4.3
Turkmenistan 10.5 10.3 10.9 11.2 11.2
Estonia 9.9 10.4 9.5 11.6 13.1
Senegal 10.5 10.4 9.1 8.9 10.4
Maldives 10.1 10.4 10.5 10.3 10.8
Suriname 10.9 10.5 10.6 13.8 14.8
Sri Lanka 11.3 10.6 9.1 8.9 7.7
Venezuela, RB 12.4 10.6 11.0 14.5 13.2
Haiti 10.8 10.9 10.9 7.2 7.4
Uzbekistan 10.8 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Poland 12.4 11.2 10.7 12.5 16.1
Tajikistan 11.2 11.3 11.7 11.9 11.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 13.1 11.5 12.1 11.3 12.0
Colombia 13.7 11.6 13.1 14.8 16.6
Guyana 11.7 11.6 11.5 11.5 11.5
Jordan 13.7 11.8 12.5 11.5 13.7
Russian Federation 9.7 11.8 13.3 13.0 10.6
Slovak Republic 11.3 11.9 12.6 16.4 18.8
Italy 11.9 12.0 12.1 11.7 10.8
Georgia 12.3 12.2 12.4 13.8 10.8
France 12.4 12.6 12.1 12.0 10.2
Finland 14.4 12.6 11.4 10.1 9.7
Belize 13.8 12.7 14.3 12.8 10.9
Kazakhstan 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.5 12.8
Panama 14.5 13.4 14.0 11.8 13.5
Yemen, Rep. 12.4 13.6 15.0 13.6 16.1
Bulgaria 13.5 13.7 12.2 14.1 16.2
Serbia 13.2 13.8 13.7 13.7 12.6
Puerto Rico 13.9 14.1 13.8 12.1 10.3
Lithuania 15.6 14.1 13.7 13.4 15.9
Albania 15.6 14.5 16.0 16.0 13.5
Zambia 15.3 14.5 12.0 12.2 12.9
Barbados 14.7 14.6 12.3 10.4 9.3
Latvia 12.6 14.7 14.5 13.8 14.2
Argentina 17.2 14.9 12.8 14.1 15.0
Trinidad and Tobago 16.3 15.0 14.2 13.1 12.1
Sudan 14.9 15.3 15.0 15.0 15.0
Dominican Republic 16.7 15.6 14.4 13.8 14.2
Morocco 15.3 15.9 16.6 13.9 13.6
Tunisia 15.2 15.9 17.3 16.0 15.7
Jamaica 16.0 16.5 15.5 15.7 15.5
Iraq 19.3 17.6 19.2 18.1 18.2
Armenia 19.1 17.6 18.3 18.3 18.9
Libya 19.3 19.4 19.6 19.7 19.7
Namibia 19.5 19.5 19.6 19.8 20.3
West Bank and Gaza 23.8 20.3 14.4 11.8 14.1
Gabon 19.7 20.5 20.5 20.6 20.6
Botswana 21.5 21.0 20.8 21.9 22.1
Montenegro 19.9 21.0 20.4 21.2 19.7
Spain 22.5 21.1 19.0 15.9 14.2
Swaziland 22.0 22.5 22.6 22.6 22.7
South Africa 21.0 22.9 25.0 25.4 26.7
Mozambique 23.3 23.4 23.2 23.2 23.3
Algeria 28.7 25.4 25.4 25.4 29.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25.7 28.0 26.3 25.8 25.2
Mauritania 32.2 32.3 32.3 32.3 32.4
Macedonia, FYR 34.0 36.0 34.5 32.4 32.2
Lesotho 28.6 39.3 33.4 27.3 26.6
Vanuatu
Tuvalu
South Sudan
Marshall Islands
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Tonga
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Djibouti
Sao Tome and Principe
Palau
Liechtenstein
Aruba
Seychelles
Grenada
San Marino
Monaco
Samoa
Faroe Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
French Polynesia
Andorra
Antigua and Barbuda
American Samoa
Greenland
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Dominica
Kiribati
New Caledonia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Martin (French part)
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
Guam

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