Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.5
Rwanda 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Benin 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9
Bhutan 2.7 2.5 1.9 1.4 1.4
Lao PDR 2.6 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9
Cambodia 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.3
Guinea 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.1
Vietnam 2.1 1.9 2.9 2.3 2.3
Burkina Faso 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.3
Bangladesh 2.9 2.5 2.9 2.5 3.1
Madagascar 3.1 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.6
Papua New Guinea 3.0 2.6 3.1 2.7 2.8
Iceland 4.9 3.7 3.9 2.7 2.0
Uganda 2.7 2.2 2.8 2.8 2.7
Luxembourg 2.9 3.3 2.5 2.8 2.4
Nepal 2.5 4.5 3.7 3.0 1.8
United Arab Emirates 1.8 2.6 2.5 3.1 3.1
Malaysia 3.1 2.5 2.4 3.2 3.4
Norway 4.9 4.8 3.9 3.2 3.2
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.2 1.9
Sierra Leone 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Thailand 1.2 1.1 0.9 3.4 3.0
Brunei Darussalam 3.9 4.1 3.4 3.5 4.4
Bolivia 5.0 5.2 4.3 3.5 4.3
Singapore 2.2 2.2 2.0 3.5 3.8
Switzerland 3.3 3.7 4.1 3.6 3.1
Mexico 6.9 5.2 4.1 3.6 2.5
Honduras 3.2 4.4 3.3 4.0 3.9
Liberia 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.2
Myanmar 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.1 3.6
Cote d'Ivoire 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Japan 3.2 3.4 3.4 4.1 4.7
India 4.0 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.4
Austria 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.2 3.7
Solomon Islands 4.0 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3
Netherlands 7.2 6.4 5.5 4.4 3.6
Macao SAR, China 3.6 4.2 3.1 4.5 6.3
United States 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.6 4.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.2 2.8 2.2 4.6 6.2
Peru 5.2 6.3 4.9 4.6 5.4
Afghanistan 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8
China 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.7
Tanzania 4.7 5.0 4.6 4.8 4.6
Nicaragua 3.3 4.1 5.1 4.8 5.1
Cyprus 3.9 4.3 3.3 4.9 5.7
Portugal 6.8 6.8 6.3 4.9 4.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.8 4.9 4.8 5.0 4.7
Denmark 7.0 6.8 5.4 5.0 5.1
Niger 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0
Paraguay 3.4 4.4 5.3 5.3 6.6
Indonesia 3.9 4.4 4.7 5.5 6.3
Costa Rica 5.2 6.2 5.7 5.6 6.0
Romania 8.0 6.7 5.5 5.6 6.2
Moldova 6.6 6.5 8.0 5.6 11.1
Pakistan 5.0 5.3 5.8 5.7 6.1
Ecuador 5.5 5.6 5.5 5.9 6.5
United Kingdom 8.7 8.3 7.2 6.2 6.0
Cuba 8.3 7.6 7.1 6.2 6.3
Mongolia 7.3 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.2
Malta 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.3 6.9
Chile 7.3 6.3 6.1 6.3 9.8
Bahrain 7.5 6.2 5.9 6.4 6.8
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.4 6.4
Belarus 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.5
Saudi Arabia 5.4 6.0 6.2 6.4 4.3
Czech Republic 4.0 3.9 4.8 6.5 8.7
Zimbabwe 5.5 6.0 6.9 6.5 6.0
Congo, Rep. 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8
Comoros 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.8
Central African Republic 6.9 7.1 6.9 6.9 7.0
Somalia 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
Turkey 7.6 6.6 6.8 6.9 7.7
Korea, Rep. 2.1 2.0 2.6 7.0 6.3
Angola 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.0 6.9
Chad 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1
Burundi 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.3
Gambia, The 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Togo 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2
Syrian Arab Republic 7.2 9.5 9.5 7.2 7.6
Cabo Verde 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.1
Guinea-Bissau 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.2 6.8
Cameroon 3.4 8.1 7.7 7.3 7.0
Timor-Leste 6.7 6.7 6.8 7.3 6.7
El Salvador 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.3 7.0
Malawi 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.5
Slovenia 7.2 6.9 6.6 7.4 7.3
Nigeria 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Eritrea 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.5
Bahamas, The 10.8 11.5 9.8 7.6 7.4
Uruguay 10.4 11.3 7.7 7.7 11.2
New Zealand 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.7 7.0
Australia 8.5 8.5 8.5 7.7 6.9
Ireland 12.0 11.7 10.2 7.7 5.8
Hungary 10.2 9.9 8.7 7.8 7.0
Oman 7.0 7.2 7.5 7.9 8.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2
Ethiopia 8.1 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.3 9.0 8.4 8.2 8.1
Ghana 9.5 9.6 7.2 8.2 10.1
Lebanon 8.1 8.4 6.2 8.3 8.6
Canada 9.5 9.6 9.1 8.3 7.6
Fiji 5.4 5.8 6.7 8.4 8.1
Sweden 9.3 10.1 10.2 8.5 7.3
Israel 6.9 6.7 7.7 8.5 8.9
Mali 8.9 8.6 8.3 8.5 8.2
Mozambique 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.6 8.6
Mauritius 9.4 8.9 8.4 8.7 9.0
Brazil 6.0 6.8 7.7 8.9 9.6
Sri Lanka 12.2 11.3 10.6 9.1 8.9
Germany 8.1 8.9 9.8 9.2 8.4
Belgium 9.3 9.5 9.0 9.3 8.6
Philippines 8.4 7.4 7.9 9.4 9.4
Estonia 9.7 9.9 10.4 9.5 11.6
Kyrgyz Republic 8.4 8.7 8.2 9.7 8.2
Kenya 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.8 9.8
Senegal 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Azerbaijan 6.5 4.7 6.6 10.4 5.2
Maldives 9.8 10.1 10.4 10.5 10.3
Suriname 8.4 10.9 10.5 10.6 13.8
Poland 13.3 12.4 11.2 10.7 12.5
Greece 9.1 9.7 9.6 10.8 11.7
Morocco 11.6 11.3 11.2 10.9 13.9
Croatia 10.1 10.0 9.9 11.0 13.5
Turkmenistan 10.7 10.9 10.9 11.0 11.0
Venezuela, RB 10.2 12.4 10.6 11.0 14.5
Uzbekistan 10.8 11.0 11.1 11.1 11.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 11.0 10.9 11.2 11.2 11.2
Ukraine 5.6 7.6 8.9 11.3 11.6
Haiti 10.8 11.2 11.3 11.3 7.2
Finland 15.3 14.4 12.6 11.4 10.1
Guyana 11.8 11.7 11.6 11.5 11.5
Tajikistan 11.3 11.4 11.7 11.8 11.9
Zambia 18.4 15.3 14.5 12.0 12.2
France 11.8 12.4 12.6 12.1 12.0
Italy 11.7 11.9 12.0 12.1 11.7
Bulgaria 15.7 13.5 13.7 12.2 14.1
Barbados 19.7 14.7 14.6 12.3 10.4
Georgia 14.3 12.3 12.3 12.4 13.8
Slovak Republic 13.1 11.3 11.9 12.6 16.4
Argentina 18.8 17.2 14.9 12.8 14.1
Colombia 13.0 13.7 11.6 13.1 14.8
Kazakhstan 11.0 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.5
Russian Federation 9.4 9.7 11.8 13.3 13.0
Serbia 13.4 13.2 13.8 13.7 13.7
Jordan 14.6 13.7 12.9 13.7 12.9
Lithuania 17.1 15.6 14.1 13.7 13.4
Puerto Rico 14.1 13.9 14.1 13.8 12.1
Panama 14.0 14.5 13.4 14.0 11.8
Trinidad and Tobago 17.2 16.3 15.0 14.2 13.1
Belize 12.5 13.8 12.7 14.3 12.8
Dominican Republic 15.8 16.7 15.6 14.4 13.8
West Bank and Gaza 16.5 23.8 20.3 14.4 11.8
Latvia 12.5 12.4 14.7 14.5 13.8
Albania 15.9 14.6 13.8 14.9 15.0
Yemen, Rep. 12.9 12.4 13.6 15.0 13.6
Sudan 15.1 15.0 15.3 15.1 15.1
Jamaica 16.2 16.0 16.5 15.5 15.7
Tunisia 15.4 15.6 15.9 17.3 16.0
Armenia 24.0 19.1 17.6 18.3 17.6
Spain 23.1 22.5 21.1 19.0 15.9
Iraq 19.4 19.4 18.4 19.3 18.2
Namibia 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.6 19.8
Libya 19.4 19.7 19.8 19.9 20.0
Montenegro 19.5 19.9 21.0 20.3 21.2
Gabon 19.0 19.7 20.5 20.6 20.6
Botswana 21.5 21.5 21.0 20.8 21.9
Swaziland 21.7 22.0 22.5 22.6 22.6
South Africa 16.9 21.0 22.9 25.0 25.4
Algeria 27.9 28.7 25.4 25.4 25.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.9 25.3 27.6 25.8 25.4
Mauritania 32.1 32.2 32.2 32.3 32.3
Lesotho 32.6 28.6 39.3 33.4 27.3
Macedonia, FYR 32.0 34.0 36.0 34.5 32.4
Vanuatu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Tuvalu
St. Lucia
Kiribati
St. Martin (French part)
Faeroe Islands
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Seychelles
Guam
Sao Tome and Principe
Greenland
San Marino
Djibouti
Samoa
Bermuda
Palau
South Sudan
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
Taiwan, China
Turks and Caicos Islands
New Caledonia
Grenada
Monaco
French Polynesia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Dominica
Marshall Islands
Curacao
Aruba
Cayman Islands
Andorra
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Tonga
Antigua and Barbuda
Liechtenstein
American Samoa

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