Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.5
Rwanda 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Benin 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9
Bhutan 2.7 2.5 1.9 1.4 1.4
Lao PDR 2.6 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9
Cambodia 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.3
Guinea 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.1
Vietnam 2.1 1.9 2.9 2.3 2.3
Burkina Faso 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.3
Bangladesh 2.9 2.5 2.9 2.5 3.1
Madagascar 3.1 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.6
Papua New Guinea 3.0 2.6 3.1 2.7 2.8
Iceland 4.9 3.7 3.9 2.7 2.0
Luxembourg 2.9 3.3 2.5 2.8 2.4
Uganda 2.7 2.2 2.8 2.8 2.7
Nepal 2.5 4.5 3.7 3.0 1.8
United Arab Emirates 1.8 2.6 2.5 3.1 3.1
Norway 4.9 4.8 3.9 3.2 3.2
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.2 1.9
Malaysia 3.1 2.5 2.4 3.2 3.4
Sierra Leone 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Thailand 1.2 1.1 0.9 3.4 3.0
Singapore 2.2 2.2 2.0 3.5 3.8
Bolivia 5.0 5.2 4.3 3.5 4.3
Brunei Darussalam 3.9 4.1 3.4 3.5 4.4
Switzerland 3.3 3.7 4.1 3.6 3.1
Mexico 6.9 5.2 4.1 3.6 2.5
Honduras 3.2 4.4 3.3 4.0 3.9
India 4.0 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.4
Myanmar 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.1 3.6
Japan 3.2 3.4 3.4 4.1 4.7
Cote d'Ivoire 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Liberia 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.2
Austria 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.2 3.7
Solomon Islands 4.0 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3
Netherlands 7.2 6.4 5.5 4.4 3.6
Macao SAR, China 3.6 4.2 3.1 4.5 6.3
Peru 5.2 6.3 4.9 4.6 5.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.2 2.8 2.2 4.6 6.2
United States 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.6 4.3
Afghanistan 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8
China 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.7
Nicaragua 3.3 4.1 5.1 4.8 5.1
Tanzania 4.7 5.0 4.6 4.8 4.6
Portugal 6.8 6.8 6.3 4.9 4.4
Cyprus 3.9 4.3 3.3 4.9 5.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.8 4.9 4.8 5.0 4.7
Denmark 7.0 6.8 5.4 5.0 5.1
Niger 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0
Paraguay 3.4 4.4 5.3 5.3 6.6
Indonesia 3.9 4.4 4.7 5.5 6.3
Moldova 6.6 6.5 8.0 5.6 11.1
Costa Rica 5.2 6.2 5.7 5.6 6.0
Romania 8.0 6.7 5.5 5.6 6.2
Pakistan 5.0 5.3 5.8 5.7 6.1
Ecuador 5.5 5.6 5.5 5.9 6.5
United Kingdom 8.7 8.3 7.2 6.2 6.0
Cuba 8.3 7.6 7.1 6.2 6.3
Mongolia 7.3 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.2
Malta 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.3 6.9
Chile 7.3 6.3 6.1 6.3 9.8
Belarus 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.5
Saudi Arabia 5.4 6.0 6.2 6.4 4.3
Bahrain 7.5 6.2 5.9 6.4 6.8
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.4 6.4
Zimbabwe 5.5 6.0 6.9 6.5 6.0
Czech Republic 4.0 3.9 4.8 6.5 8.7
Congo, Rep. 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8
Comoros 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.8
Somalia 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
Turkey 7.6 6.6 6.8 6.9 7.7
Central African Republic 6.9 7.1 6.9 6.9 7.0
Chad 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1
Korea, Rep. 2.1 2.0 2.6 7.0 6.3
Angola 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.0 6.9
Burundi 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.3
Gambia, The 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Cabo Verde 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.1
Guinea-Bissau 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.2 6.8
Syrian Arab Republic 7.2 9.5 9.5 7.2 7.6
Togo 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2
Cameroon 3.4 8.1 7.7 7.3 7.0
El Salvador 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.3 7.0
Timor-Leste 6.7 6.7 6.8 7.3 6.7
Slovenia 7.2 6.9 6.6 7.4 7.3
Malawi 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.5
Eritrea 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.5
Nigeria 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Bahamas, The 10.8 11.5 9.8 7.6 7.4
Australia 8.5 8.5 8.5 7.7 6.9
New Zealand 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.7 7.0
Ireland 12.0 11.7 10.2 7.7 5.8
Uruguay 10.4 11.3 7.7 7.7 11.2
Hungary 10.2 9.9 8.7 7.8 7.0
Oman 7.0 7.2 7.5 7.9 8.3
Ghana 9.5 9.6 7.2 8.2 10.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2
Ethiopia 8.1 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.3 9.0 8.4 8.2 8.1
Lebanon 8.1 8.4 6.2 8.3 8.6
Canada 9.5 9.6 9.1 8.3 7.6
Fiji 5.4 5.8 6.7 8.4 8.1
Israel 6.9 6.7 7.7 8.5 8.9
Sweden 9.3 10.1 10.2 8.5 7.3
Mali 8.9 8.6 8.3 8.5 8.2
Mozambique 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.6 8.6
Mauritius 9.4 8.9 8.4 8.7 9.0
Brazil 6.0 6.8 7.7 8.9 9.6
Sri Lanka 12.2 11.3 10.6 9.1 8.9
Germany 8.1 8.9 9.8 9.2 8.4
Belgium 9.3 9.5 9.0 9.3 8.6
Philippines 8.4 7.4 7.9 9.4 9.4
Estonia 9.7 9.9 10.4 9.5 11.6
Kyrgyz Republic 8.4 8.7 8.2 9.7 8.2
Kenya 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.8 9.8
Senegal 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Azerbaijan 6.5 4.7 6.6 10.4 5.2
Maldives 9.8 10.1 10.4 10.5 10.3
Suriname 8.4 10.9 10.5 10.6 13.8
Poland 13.3 12.4 11.2 10.7 12.5
Greece 9.1 9.7 9.6 10.8 11.7
Morocco 11.6 11.3 11.2 10.9 13.9
Croatia 10.1 10.0 9.9 11.0 13.5
Venezuela, RB 10.2 12.4 10.6 11.0 14.5
Turkmenistan 10.7 10.9 10.9 11.0 11.0
Uzbekistan 10.8 11.0 11.1 11.1 11.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 11.0 10.9 11.2 11.2 11.2
Ukraine 5.6 7.6 8.9 11.3 11.6
Haiti 10.8 11.2 11.3 11.3 7.2
Finland 15.3 14.4 12.6 11.4 10.1
Guyana 11.8 11.7 11.6 11.5 11.5
Tajikistan 11.3 11.4 11.7 11.8 11.9
Zambia 18.4 15.3 14.5 12.0 12.2
France 11.8 12.4 12.6 12.1 12.0
Italy 11.7 11.9 12.0 12.1 11.7
Bulgaria 15.7 13.5 13.7 12.2 14.1
Barbados 19.7 14.7 14.6 12.3 10.4
Georgia 14.3 12.3 12.3 12.4 13.8
Slovak Republic 13.1 11.3 11.9 12.6 16.4
Argentina 18.8 17.2 14.9 12.8 14.1
Kazakhstan 11.0 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.5
Colombia 13.0 13.7 11.6 13.1 14.8
Russian Federation 9.4 9.7 11.8 13.3 13.0
Lithuania 17.1 15.6 14.1 13.7 13.4
Serbia 13.4 13.2 13.8 13.7 13.7
Jordan 14.6 13.7 12.9 13.7 12.9
Puerto Rico 14.1 13.9 14.1 13.8 12.1
Panama 14.0 14.5 13.4 14.0 11.8
Trinidad and Tobago 17.2 16.3 15.0 14.2 13.1
Belize 12.5 13.8 12.7 14.3 12.8
West Bank and Gaza 16.5 23.8 20.3 14.4 11.8
Dominican Republic 15.8 16.7 15.6 14.4 13.8
Latvia 12.5 12.4 14.7 14.5 13.8
Albania 15.9 14.6 13.8 14.9 15.0
Yemen, Rep. 12.9 12.4 13.6 15.0 13.6
Sudan 15.1 15.0 15.3 15.1 15.1
Jamaica 16.2 16.0 16.5 15.5 15.7
Tunisia 15.4 15.6 15.9 17.3 16.0
Armenia 24.0 19.1 17.6 18.3 17.6
Spain 23.1 22.5 21.1 19.0 15.9
Iraq 19.4 19.4 18.4 19.3 18.2
Namibia 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.6 19.8
Libya 19.4 19.7 19.8 19.9 20.0
Montenegro 19.5 19.9 21.0 20.3 21.2
Gabon 19.0 19.7 20.5 20.6 20.6
Botswana 21.5 21.5 21.0 20.8 21.9
Swaziland 21.7 22.0 22.5 22.6 22.6
South Africa 16.9 21.0 22.9 25.0 25.4
Algeria 27.9 28.7 25.4 25.4 25.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.9 25.3 27.6 25.8 25.4
Mauritania 32.1 32.2 32.2 32.3 32.3
Lesotho 32.6 28.6 39.3 33.4 27.3
Macedonia, FYR 32.0 34.0 36.0 34.5 32.4
Vanuatu
South Sudan
Tuvalu
Djibouti
San Marino
Dominica
Antigua and Barbuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Liechtenstein
Seychelles
Greenland
Marshall Islands
American Samoa
Kosovo
Monaco
Curacao
French Polynesia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Aruba
Bermuda
Turks and Caicos Islands
Isle of Man
Samoa
New Caledonia
Faeroe Islands
Guam
Andorra
Grenada
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sao Tome and Principe
Palau
Tonga
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
Kiribati
St. Martin (French part)

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