Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Qatar 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.1
Rwanda 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Benin 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.9
Kuwait 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.3
Guatemala 1.9 1.4 1.3 3.1 2.8
Bhutan 1.4 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.8
Lao PDR 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 2.1
Iceland 2.0 2.3 2.3 3.3 3.4
Luxembourg 2.4 2.3 1.8 2.6 3.7
Vietnam 2.3 2.3 2.8 2.1 2.3
United Arab Emirates 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.7
Thailand 3.0 2.4 2.6 1.8 1.5
Cambodia 2.3 2.5 1.7 1.8 1.9
Madagascar 2.6 2.6 4.0 4.4 5.0
Mexico 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.9 3.0
Nepal 1.8 2.7 3.8 2.8 2.1
Netherlands 3.6 2.7 2.1 2.6 3.6
Switzerland 3.1 2.7 2.5 2.9 4.1
Uganda 2.4 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.2
Papua New Guinea 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Burkina Faso 2.3 3.0 2.3 3.0 2.8
Malaysia 3.4 3.0 3.5 3.5 3.6
Guinea 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Bangladesh 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.4 4.3
Sierra Leone 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.4
Norway 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.9 4.4
Austria 3.7 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.3
Singapore 3.8 3.7 3.7 4.8 5.2
Portugal 4.4 3.9 4.0 5.0 6.3
Honduras 3.9 3.9 4.1 3.9 5.2
Brunei Darussalam 4.4 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.9
Myanmar 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.1
United States 4.3 4.1 4.8 5.9 6.1
Cote d'Ivoire 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
India 3.9 4.3 3.9 4.3 4.1
Ireland 5.8 4.3 3.7 4.2 4.5
Korea, Rep. 6.3 4.4 4.0 3.3 3.6
China 4.7 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3
Denmark 5.1 4.5 4.2 4.6 5.4
Saudi Arabia 4.3 4.6 4.6 5.2 5.6
Korea, Dem. Rep. 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.6 4.7
Japan 4.7 4.8 5.0 5.4 5.2
Liberia 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 5.1
Bolivia 4.3 4.8 5.4 5.4 5.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.2 4.9 5.1 7.3 7.9
Niger 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Cyprus 5.7 5.0 4.0 3.3 4.1
Tanzania 4.6 5.1 5.1 3.6 3.4
Costa Rica 6.0 5.2 6.1 6.4 6.7
Cuba 6.3 5.4 4.1 3.3 2.3
United Kingdom 6.1 5.6 4.8 5.1 4.9
Peru 4.7 5.8 4.3 5.3 6.4
Azerbaijan 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.7
Sweden 7.2 5.9 5.1 5.3 5.9
Cameroon 7.0 6.0 7.5 5.5 5.6
Indonesia 6.3 6.1 8.1 9.1 9.5
Nicaragua 5.3 6.2 6.0 5.9 8.0
New Zealand 7.0 6.2 5.4 5.3 4.8
Timor-Leste 6.4 6.2 9.9 9.2 8.5
Zimbabwe 6.0 6.3 6.3 5.5 4.8
Malta 7.3 6.3 7.1 6.9 7.5
Solomon Islands 5.3 6.3 5.7 5.3 4.7
Australia 6.9 6.3 6.8 6.4 5.9
Hungary 7.0 6.4 5.7 5.8 5.9
Bahrain 5.4 6.4 5.5 6.5 7.5
Turkey 7.7 6.5 8.4 10.4 10.5
Belgium 8.6 6.6 6.2 7.5 8.2
Macao SAR, China 6.3 6.7 6.5 6.4 6.1
Canada 7.6 6.8 7.2 7.7 7.6
Slovenia 7.3 6.9 5.7 6.3 6.7
Mongolia 7.3 7.0 7.2 7.5 6.8
Romania 6.2 7.0 6.6 8.1 7.0
Equatorial Guinea 6.8 7.0 6.5 7.1 7.2
El Salvador 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.2 6.9
Ecuador 6.0 7.2 8.4 8.5 9.3
Bahamas, The 7.4 7.2 6.9 9.0 10.8
Pakistan 6.1 7.2 7.4 7.8 7.7
Congo, Rep. 7.4 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Guinea-Bissau 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.2
Comoros 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.3
Haiti 7.2 7.4 7.8 7.7 7.6
Kyrgyz Republic 8.2 7.5 7.8 12.5 9.9
Somalia 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.6 7.6
Angola 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.6
Malawi 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.7 7.7
Paraguay 6.6 7.6 7.6 10.7 7.9
Nigeria 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.6
Fiji 8.0 7.6 6.1 5.8 8.5
Germany 8.4 7.7 7.8 8.6 9.3
Sri Lanka 8.9 7.7 7.9 8.8 8.2
Central African Republic 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8
Chad 7.8 7.8 7.6 7.6 7.6
Mauritius 8.9 7.8 6.8 7.2 7.7
Mozambique 7.7 7.8 7.5 7.6 7.6
Cabo Verde 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.0 8.0
Gambia, The 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.0 7.8
Ethiopia 8.2 7.9 7.6 7.0 6.4
Togo 7.9 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.8
Burundi 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
Afghanistan 8.5 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.5
Mali 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.4 8.6
Lebanon 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.2 8.2
Moldova 11.1 8.5 7.3 6.8 7.9
Eritrea 8.4 8.7 8.3 8.4 8.5
Oman 8.4 8.7 8.8 8.7 8.6
Israel 8.9 8.8 9.3 10.3 10.7
Czech Republic 8.7 8.8 8.1 7.3 7.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 8.1 9.0 9.4 10.2 10.4
Chile 9.8 9.2 9.1 8.9 8.5
Libya 9.1 9.2 9.2 9.2 9.2
Barbados 10.4 9.3 9.8 10.3 11.0
Brazil 9.6 9.5 9.3 9.1 9.7
Syrian Arab Republic 7.6 9.5 11.6 11.7 10.3
Uruguay 10.3 9.7 9.2 8.6 8.1
Finland 10.1 9.7 9.1 9.0 9.0
Kenya 9.8 9.8 9.7 9.7 9.6
Senegal 9.9 10.0 10.0 10.1 9.9
France 12.0 10.2 8.6 8.7 8.6
Belarus 10.2 10.3 10.2 10.2 10.2
Puerto Rico 12.1 10.3 11.6 12.1 12.0
Ghana 10.1 10.4 10.0 9.8 6.8
Russian Federation 13.0 10.6 9.0 7.9 8.2
Maldives 10.3 10.8 11.3 11.9 12.6
Georgia 13.8 10.8 11.2 12.6 11.5
Italy 11.7 10.8 9.6 9.2 8.9
Belize 12.8 11.0 9.1 10.0 10.3
Greece 11.7 11.1 10.2 10.3 9.7
Philippines 9.4 11.2 11.0 11.5 11.2
Uzbekistan 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Ukraine 11.6 11.6 10.9 9.6 9.1
Tajikistan 11.5 11.7 11.8 11.8 11.8
Turkmenistan 11.7 11.7 11.8 11.6 11.7
Trinidad and Tobago 13.1 12.1 10.8 10.4 10.5
Serbia 13.7 12.6 12.8 13.8 15.2
Kazakhstan 13.5 12.8 10.4 9.3 8.8
Zambia 12.2 12.9 15.0 14.5 15.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 11.2 13.0 12.2 12.8 12.2
Estonia 11.6 13.1 12.4 9.4 10.7
Venezuela, RB 14.5 13.2 12.8 16.2 16.8
Albania 19.7 13.5 22.7 13.2 12.7
Panama 11.8 13.5 14.0 13.5 13.0
Morocco 13.9 13.6 12.5 11.6 11.9
Suriname 13.8 13.6 12.7 13.0 12.6
Jordan 13.1 13.7 15.8 16.2 15.4
West Bank and Gaza 11.8 14.1 24.9 30.7 29.6
Dominican Republic 13.8 14.2 15.7 16.1 16.7
Spain 16.0 14.2 10.6 11.5 11.5
Latvia 13.8 14.2 13.1 13.2 10.6
Argentina 14.1 15.0 18.3 17.9 16.1
Sudan 15.2 15.2 15.0 14.9 14.9
Jamaica 15.7 15.5 15.0 14.3 11.7
Tunisia 16.0 15.7 15.1 15.3 14.5
Lithuania 13.4 15.9 16.8 13.0 12.9
Croatia 13.5 16.1 20.5 15.1 13.9
Poland 12.5 16.1 18.2 19.9 19.6
Bulgaria 14.1 16.2 19.9 18.1 13.7
Colombia 15.0 16.2 14.6 14.6 12.0
Yemen, Rep. 14.0 16.3 14.3 14.3 14.5
Guyana 24.3 17.1 28.1 24.5 24.4
Iraq 18.0 18.2 18.4 18.3 29.9
Slovak Republic 16.4 18.8 19.3 18.6 17.5
Gabon 19.4 19.3 19.1 19.0 18.8
Namibia 19.8 20.3 21.5 18.9 20.3
Swaziland 22.6 22.7 22.8 22.8 22.8
Botswana 21.9 24.5 23.3 22.1 23.8
Armenia 20.4 24.7 35.9 27.8 28.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25.6 25.0 27.0 24.5 25.6
South Africa 25.4 26.7 25.4 27.2 27.1
Algeria 25.5 29.8 27.3 25.9 23.7
Montenegro 20.8 30.4 20.4 20.5 20.6
Mauritania 32.2 32.1 32.1 32.0 31.9
Macedonia, FYR 32.4 32.2 30.5 31.9 36.7
Lesotho 27.3 37.3 36.9 33.0 38.7
Dominica
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Antigua and Barbuda
St. Kitts and Nevis
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Lucia
Faeroe Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Palau
South Sudan
Grenada
Aruba
Liechtenstein
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Northern Mariana Islands
Marshall Islands
San Marino
Tonga
Djibouti
Greenland
American Samoa
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Tuvalu
Sao Tome and Principe
Monaco
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Andorra
Vanuatu
Kiribati
Bermuda
French Polynesia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Samoa
Seychelles
Guam
New Caledonia
Kosovo
Curacao

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