Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Rwanda 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Benin 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.9
Qatar 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.1
Kuwait 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.3
Thailand 3.0 2.4 2.6 1.8 1.5
Cambodia 2.3 2.5 1.7 1.8 1.9
Lao PDR 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 2.1
Bhutan 1.4 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.8
Vietnam 2.3 2.3 2.8 2.1 2.3
United Arab Emirates 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.7
Luxembourg 2.4 2.3 1.8 2.6 3.7
Netherlands 3.6 2.7 2.1 2.6 3.6
Papua New Guinea 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Nepal 1.8 2.7 3.8 2.8 2.1
Mexico 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.9 3.0
Switzerland 3.1 2.7 2.5 2.9 4.1
Burkina Faso 2.3 3.0 2.3 3.0 2.8
Guatemala 1.9 1.4 1.3 3.1 2.8
Guinea 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Sierra Leone 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.4
Iceland 2.0 2.3 2.3 3.3 3.4
Cyprus 5.7 5.0 4.0 3.3 4.1
Korea, Rep. 6.3 4.4 4.0 3.3 3.6
Cuba 6.3 5.4 4.1 3.3 2.3
Bangladesh 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.4 4.3
Malaysia 3.4 3.0 3.5 3.5 3.6
Uganda 2.4 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.2
Tanzania 4.6 5.1 5.1 3.6 3.4
Honduras 3.9 3.9 4.1 3.9 5.2
Brunei Darussalam 4.4 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.9
Norway 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.9 4.4
Austria 3.7 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.3
Cote d'Ivoire 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Ireland 5.8 4.3 3.7 4.2 4.5
Myanmar 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.1
India 3.9 4.3 3.9 4.3 4.1
China 4.7 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3
Madagascar 2.6 2.6 4.0 4.4 5.0
Denmark 5.1 4.5 4.2 4.6 5.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.6 4.7
Singapore 3.8 3.7 3.7 4.8 5.2
Liberia 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 5.1
Niger 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Portugal 4.4 3.9 4.0 5.0 6.3
United Kingdom 6.1 5.6 4.8 5.1 4.9
Saudi Arabia 4.3 4.6 4.6 5.2 5.6
New Zealand 7.0 6.2 5.4 5.3 4.8
Peru 4.7 5.8 4.3 5.3 6.4
Sweden 7.2 5.9 5.1 5.3 5.9
Solomon Islands 5.3 6.3 5.7 5.3 4.7
Bolivia 4.3 4.8 5.4 5.4 5.1
Japan 4.7 4.8 5.0 5.4 5.2
Zimbabwe 6.0 6.3 6.3 5.5 4.8
Cameroon 7.0 6.0 7.5 5.5 5.6
Azerbaijan 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.7
Fiji 8.0 7.6 6.1 5.8 8.5
Hungary 7.0 6.4 5.7 5.8 5.9
United States 4.3 4.1 4.8 5.9 6.1
Nicaragua 5.3 6.2 6.0 5.9 8.0
El Salvador 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.2 6.9
Slovenia 7.3 6.9 5.7 6.3 6.7
Costa Rica 6.0 5.2 6.1 6.4 6.7
Australia 6.9 6.3 6.8 6.4 5.9
Macao SAR, China 6.3 6.7 6.5 6.4 6.1
Bahrain 5.4 6.4 5.5 6.5 7.5
Moldova 11.1 8.5 7.3 6.8 7.9
Malta 7.3 6.3 7.1 6.9 7.5
Ethiopia 8.2 7.9 7.6 7.0 6.4
Equatorial Guinea 6.8 7.0 6.5 7.1 7.2
Congo, Rep. 7.4 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.2
Mauritius 8.9 7.8 6.8 7.2 7.7
Czech Republic 8.7 8.8 8.1 7.3 7.8
Comoros 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.2 4.9 5.1 7.3 7.9
Angola 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.6
Belgium 8.6 6.6 6.2 7.5 8.2
Mongolia 7.3 7.0 7.2 7.5 6.8
Guinea-Bissau 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5
Somalia 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.6 7.6
Chad 7.8 7.8 7.6 7.6 7.6
Mozambique 7.7 7.8 7.5 7.6 7.6
Nigeria 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.6
Malawi 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.7 7.7
Haiti 7.2 7.4 7.8 7.7 7.6
Canada 7.6 6.8 7.2 7.7 7.6
Central African Republic 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8
Pakistan 6.1 7.2 7.4 7.8 7.7
Togo 7.9 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.8
Russian Federation 13.0 10.6 9.0 7.9 8.2
Gambia, The 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.0 7.8
Cabo Verde 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.0 8.0
Romania 6.2 7.0 6.6 8.1 7.0
Burundi 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
Lebanon 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.2 8.2
Afghanistan 8.5 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.5
Mali 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.4 8.6
Eritrea 8.4 8.7 8.3 8.4 8.5
Ecuador 6.0 7.2 8.4 8.5 9.3
Germany 8.4 7.7 7.8 8.6 9.3
Uruguay 10.3 9.7 9.2 8.6 8.1
France 12.0 10.2 8.6 8.7 8.6
Oman 8.4 8.7 8.8 8.7 8.6
Sri Lanka 8.9 7.7 7.9 8.8 8.2
Chile 9.8 9.2 9.1 8.9 8.5
Bahamas, The 7.4 7.2 6.9 9.0 10.8
Finland 10.1 9.7 9.1 9.0 9.0
Indonesia 6.3 6.1 8.1 9.1 9.5
Brazil 9.6 9.5 9.3 9.1 9.7
Timor-Leste 6.4 6.2 9.9 9.2 8.5
Libya 9.1 9.2 9.2 9.2 9.2
Italy 11.7 10.8 9.6 9.2 8.9
Kazakhstan 13.5 12.8 10.4 9.3 8.8
Estonia 11.6 13.1 12.4 9.4 10.7
Ukraine 11.6 11.6 10.9 9.6 9.1
Kenya 9.8 9.8 9.7 9.7 9.6
Ghana 10.1 10.4 10.0 9.8 6.8
Belize 12.8 11.0 9.1 10.0 10.3
Senegal 9.9 10.0 10.0 10.1 9.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 8.1 9.0 9.4 10.2 10.4
Belarus 10.2 10.3 10.2 10.2 10.2
Barbados 10.4 9.3 9.8 10.3 11.0
Greece 11.7 11.1 10.2 10.3 9.7
Israel 8.9 8.8 9.3 10.3 10.7
Turkey 7.7 6.5 8.4 10.4 10.5
Trinidad and Tobago 13.1 12.1 10.8 10.4 10.5
Paraguay 6.6 7.6 7.6 10.7 7.9
Uzbekistan 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Philippines 9.4 11.2 11.0 11.5 11.2
Spain 16.0 14.2 10.6 11.5 11.5
Turkmenistan 11.7 11.7 11.8 11.6 11.7
Morocco 13.9 13.6 12.5 11.6 11.9
Syrian Arab Republic 7.6 9.5 11.6 11.7 10.3
Tajikistan 11.5 11.7 11.8 11.8 11.8
Maldives 10.3 10.8 11.3 11.9 12.6
Puerto Rico 12.1 10.3 11.6 12.1 12.0
Kyrgyz Republic 8.2 7.5 7.8 12.5 9.9
Georgia 13.8 10.8 11.2 12.6 11.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 11.2 13.0 12.2 12.8 12.2
Lithuania 13.4 15.9 16.8 13.0 12.9
Suriname 13.8 13.6 12.7 13.0 12.6
Latvia 13.8 14.2 13.1 13.2 10.6
Albania 19.7 13.5 22.7 13.2 12.7
Panama 11.8 13.5 14.0 13.5 13.0
Serbia 13.7 12.6 12.8 13.8 15.2
Yemen, Rep. 14.0 16.3 14.3 14.3 14.5
Jamaica 15.7 15.5 15.0 14.3 11.7
Zambia 12.2 12.9 15.0 14.5 15.3
Colombia 15.0 16.2 14.6 14.6 12.0
Sudan 15.2 15.2 15.0 14.9 14.9
Croatia 13.5 16.1 20.5 15.1 13.9
Tunisia 16.0 15.7 15.1 15.3 14.5
Dominican Republic 13.8 14.2 15.7 16.1 16.7
Jordan 13.1 13.7 15.8 16.2 15.4
Venezuela, RB 14.5 13.2 12.8 16.2 16.8
Argentina 14.1 15.0 18.3 17.9 16.1
Bulgaria 14.1 16.2 19.9 18.1 13.7
Iraq 18.0 18.2 18.4 18.3 29.9
Slovak Republic 16.4 18.8 19.3 18.6 17.5
Namibia 19.8 20.3 21.5 18.9 20.3
Gabon 19.4 19.3 19.1 19.0 18.8
Poland 12.5 16.1 18.2 19.9 19.6
Montenegro 20.8 30.4 20.4 20.5 20.6
Botswana 21.9 24.5 23.3 22.1 23.8
Swaziland 22.6 22.7 22.8 22.8 22.8
Guyana 24.3 17.1 28.1 24.5 24.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25.6 25.0 27.0 24.5 25.6
Algeria 25.5 29.8 27.3 25.9 23.7
South Africa 25.4 26.7 25.4 27.2 27.1
Armenia 20.4 24.7 35.9 27.8 28.6
West Bank and Gaza 11.8 14.1 24.9 30.7 29.6
Macedonia, FYR 32.4 32.2 30.5 31.9 36.7
Mauritania 32.2 32.1 32.1 32.0 31.9
Lesotho 27.3 37.3 36.9 33.0 38.7
Vanuatu
Grenada
Tuvalu
Samoa
Djibouti
St. Lucia
Andorra
St. Martin (French part)
Tonga
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Faeroe Islands
Cayman Islands
Kosovo
Northern Mariana Islands
Dominica
Bermuda
New Caledonia
Sao Tome and Principe
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Isle of Man
Greenland
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
Monaco
Curacao
Antigua and Barbuda
Aruba
American Samoa
San Marino
Kiribati
Seychelles
Palau
French Polynesia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Liechtenstein
St. Kitts and Nevis
South Sudan
Guam

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