Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Rwanda 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Benin 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.9
Qatar 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.1
Kuwait 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.3
Thailand 3.0 2.4 2.6 1.8 1.5
Bhutan 1.4 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.8
Cambodia 2.3 2.5 1.7 1.8 1.9
Lao PDR 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 2.1
Nepal 1.8 2.7 3.8 2.8 2.1
Cuba 6.3 5.4 4.1 3.3 2.3
Vietnam 2.3 2.3 2.8 2.1 2.3
Papua New Guinea 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
United Arab Emirates 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.7
Guatemala 1.9 1.4 1.3 3.1 2.8
Burkina Faso 2.3 3.0 2.3 3.0 2.8
Mexico 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.9 3.0
Guinea 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Uganda 2.4 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.2
Sierra Leone 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.4
Tanzania 4.6 5.1 5.1 3.6 3.4
Iceland 2.0 2.3 2.3 3.3 3.4
Netherlands 3.6 2.7 2.1 2.6 3.6
Malaysia 3.4 3.0 3.5 3.5 3.6
Korea, Rep. 6.3 4.4 4.0 3.3 3.6
Luxembourg 2.4 2.3 1.8 2.6 3.7
Brunei Darussalam 4.4 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.9
Myanmar 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.1
India 3.9 4.3 3.9 4.3 4.1
Cote d'Ivoire 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Cyprus 5.7 5.0 4.0 3.3 4.1
Switzerland 3.1 2.7 2.5 2.9 4.1
Austria 3.7 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.3
China 4.7 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3
Bangladesh 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.4 4.3
Norway 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.9 4.4
Ireland 5.8 4.3 3.7 4.2 4.5
Solomon Islands 5.3 6.3 5.7 5.3 4.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.6 4.7
New Zealand 7.0 6.2 5.4 5.3 4.8
Zimbabwe 6.0 6.3 6.3 5.5 4.8
United Kingdom 6.1 5.6 4.8 5.1 4.9
Madagascar 2.6 2.6 4.0 4.4 5.0
Niger 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Bolivia 4.3 4.8 5.4 5.4 5.1
Liberia 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 5.1
Singapore 3.8 3.7 3.7 4.8 5.2
Honduras 3.9 3.9 4.1 3.9 5.2
Japan 4.7 4.8 5.0 5.4 5.2
Denmark 5.1 4.5 4.2 4.6 5.4
Cameroon 7.0 6.0 7.5 5.5 5.6
Saudi Arabia 4.3 4.6 4.6 5.2 5.6
Azerbaijan 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.7
Hungary 7.0 6.4 5.7 5.8 5.9
Australia 6.9 6.3 6.8 6.4 5.9
Sweden 7.2 5.9 5.1 5.3 5.9
United States 4.3 4.1 4.8 5.9 6.1
Macao SAR, China 6.3 6.7 6.5 6.4 6.1
Portugal 4.4 3.9 4.0 5.0 6.3
Ethiopia 8.2 7.9 7.6 7.0 6.4
Peru 4.7 5.8 4.3 5.3 6.4
Slovenia 7.3 6.9 5.7 6.3 6.7
Costa Rica 6.0 5.2 6.1 6.4 6.7
Ghana 10.1 10.4 10.0 9.8 6.8
Mongolia 7.3 7.0 7.2 7.5 6.8
El Salvador 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.2 6.9
Romania 6.2 7.0 6.6 8.1 7.0
Equatorial Guinea 6.8 7.0 6.5 7.1 7.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.2
Congo, Rep. 7.4 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Comoros 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.3
Bahrain 5.4 6.4 5.5 6.5 7.5
Malta 7.3 6.3 7.1 6.9 7.5
Guinea-Bissau 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5
Nigeria 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.6
Chad 7.8 7.8 7.6 7.6 7.6
Canada 7.6 6.8 7.2 7.7 7.6
Somalia 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.6 7.6
Haiti 7.2 7.4 7.8 7.7 7.6
Angola 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.6
Mozambique 7.7 7.8 7.5 7.6 7.6
Mauritius 8.9 7.8 6.8 7.2 7.7
Pakistan 6.1 7.2 7.4 7.8 7.7
Malawi 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.7 7.7
Togo 7.9 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.8
Gambia, The 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.0 7.8
Central African Republic 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8
Czech Republic 8.7 8.8 8.1 7.3 7.8
Paraguay 6.6 7.6 7.6 10.7 7.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.2 4.9 5.1 7.3 7.9
Moldova 11.1 8.5 7.3 6.8 7.9
Nicaragua 5.3 6.2 6.0 5.9 8.0
Cabo Verde 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.0 8.0
Burundi 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
Uruguay 10.3 9.7 9.2 8.6 8.1
Russian Federation 13.0 10.6 9.0 7.9 8.2
Sri Lanka 8.9 7.7 7.9 8.8 8.2
Lebanon 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.2 8.2
Belgium 8.6 6.6 6.2 7.5 8.2
Chile 9.8 9.2 9.1 8.9 8.5
Eritrea 8.4 8.7 8.3 8.4 8.5
Fiji 8.0 7.6 6.1 5.8 8.5
Timor-Leste 6.4 6.2 9.9 9.2 8.5
Afghanistan 8.5 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.5
Mali 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.4 8.6
France 12.0 10.2 8.6 8.7 8.6
Oman 8.4 8.7 8.8 8.7 8.6
Kazakhstan 13.5 12.8 10.4 9.3 8.8
Italy 11.7 10.8 9.6 9.2 8.9
Finland 10.1 9.7 9.1 9.0 9.0
Ukraine 11.6 11.6 10.9 9.6 9.1
Libya 9.1 9.2 9.2 9.2 9.2
Ecuador 6.0 7.2 8.4 8.5 9.3
Germany 8.4 7.7 7.8 8.6 9.3
Indonesia 6.3 6.1 8.1 9.1 9.5
Kenya 9.8 9.8 9.7 9.7 9.6
Brazil 9.6 9.5 9.3 9.1 9.7
Greece 11.7 11.1 10.2 10.3 9.7
Kyrgyz Republic 8.2 7.5 7.8 12.5 9.9
Senegal 9.9 10.0 10.0 10.1 9.9
Belarus 10.2 10.3 10.2 10.2 10.2
Belize 12.8 11.0 9.1 10.0 10.3
Syrian Arab Republic 7.6 9.5 11.6 11.7 10.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 8.1 9.0 9.4 10.2 10.4
Trinidad and Tobago 13.1 12.1 10.8 10.4 10.5
Turkey 7.7 6.5 8.4 10.4 10.5
Latvia 13.8 14.2 13.1 13.2 10.6
Estonia 11.6 13.1 12.4 9.4 10.7
Israel 8.9 8.8 9.3 10.3 10.7
Bahamas, The 7.4 7.2 6.9 9.0 10.8
Barbados 10.4 9.3 9.8 10.3 11.0
Philippines 9.4 11.2 11.0 11.5 11.2
Uzbekistan 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Spain 16.0 14.2 10.6 11.5 11.5
Georgia 13.8 10.8 11.2 12.6 11.5
Turkmenistan 11.7 11.7 11.8 11.6 11.7
Jamaica 15.7 15.5 15.0 14.3 11.7
Tajikistan 11.5 11.7 11.8 11.8 11.8
Morocco 13.9 13.6 12.5 11.6 11.9
Colombia 15.0 16.2 14.6 14.6 12.0
Puerto Rico 12.1 10.3 11.6 12.1 12.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 11.2 13.0 12.2 12.8 12.2
Maldives 10.3 10.8 11.3 11.9 12.6
Suriname 13.8 13.6 12.7 13.0 12.6
Albania 19.7 13.5 22.7 13.2 12.7
Lithuania 13.4 15.9 16.8 13.0 12.9
Panama 11.8 13.5 14.0 13.5 13.0
Bulgaria 14.1 16.2 19.9 18.1 13.7
Croatia 13.5 16.1 20.5 15.1 13.9
Tunisia 16.0 15.7 15.1 15.3 14.5
Yemen, Rep. 14.0 16.3 14.3 14.3 14.5
Sudan 15.2 15.2 15.0 14.9 14.9
Serbia 13.7 12.6 12.8 13.8 15.2
Zambia 12.2 12.9 15.0 14.5 15.3
Jordan 13.1 13.7 15.8 16.2 15.4
Argentina 14.1 15.0 18.3 17.9 16.1
Dominican Republic 13.8 14.2 15.7 16.1 16.7
Venezuela, RB 14.5 13.2 12.8 16.2 16.8
Slovak Republic 16.4 18.8 19.3 18.6 17.5
Gabon 19.4 19.3 19.1 19.0 18.8
Poland 12.5 16.1 18.2 19.9 19.6
Namibia 19.8 20.3 21.5 18.9 20.3
Montenegro 20.8 30.4 20.4 20.5 20.6
Swaziland 22.6 22.7 22.8 22.8 22.8
Algeria 25.5 29.8 27.3 25.9 23.7
Botswana 21.9 24.5 23.3 22.1 23.8
Guyana 24.3 17.1 28.1 24.5 24.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25.6 25.0 27.0 24.5 25.6
South Africa 25.4 26.7 25.4 27.2 27.1
Armenia 20.4 24.7 35.9 27.8 28.6
West Bank and Gaza 11.8 14.1 24.9 30.7 29.6
Iraq 18.0 18.2 18.4 18.3 29.9
Mauritania 32.2 32.1 32.1 32.0 31.9
Macedonia, FYR 32.4 32.2 30.5 31.9 36.7
Lesotho 27.3 37.3 36.9 33.0 38.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
French Polynesia
Vanuatu
Sao Tome and Principe
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
South Sudan
St. Martin (French part)
Guam
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Liechtenstein
San Marino
American Samoa
Djibouti
Faeroe Islands
Bermuda
Tonga
Kosovo
Marshall Islands
Isle of Man
New Caledonia
Cayman Islands
Tuvalu
Antigua and Barbuda
Kiribati
Northern Mariana Islands
Greenland
Andorra
Grenada
Seychelles
Samoa
Palau
Aruba
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Monaco
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Dominica
Curacao

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