Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Rwanda 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Qatar 1.5 1.2 0.9 0.5 0.4
Benin 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1
Thailand 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Lao PDR 2.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Cambodia 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7
Cuba 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.6
Uganda 2.5 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.9
Kuwait 1.7 2.0 1.6 1.6 1.6
Vietnam 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.4
Tanzania 2.9 2.5 4.3 2.0 2.5
Nepal 2.1 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.7
Madagascar 3.8 2.6 3.2 4.1 4.3
Papua New Guinea 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.4
Iceland 3.1 2.6 3.0 2.3 3.0
Burkina Faso 2.8 2.7 2.3 3.3 3.3
Guatemala 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.5 2.8
United Arab Emirates 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.4 4.0
Guinea 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Bhutan 2.5 3.1 3.1 3.7 3.8
Brunei Darussalam 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2
Sierra Leone 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Malaysia 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.3
Ghana 5.8 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6
Mexico 3.7 3.5 3.2 3.4 3.5
Korea, Rep. 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.2
New Zealand 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.7 4.2
Liberia 4.8 3.9 5.3 5.6 5.1
Myanmar 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.4
China 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.8 4.4
Cote d'Ivoire 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0
Singapore 4.4 4.1 3.6 3.0 3.2
Macao SAR, China 4.9 4.2 3.7 3.0 3.0
Zimbabwe 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.3
Honduras 6.0 4.2 3.1 2.9 3.1
Bangladesh 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.4
Solomon Islands 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.6 4.5
Ireland 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.6 6.0
Switzerland 4.3 4.4 4.0 3.6 3.4
India 3.9 4.4 4.3 3.9 4.2
Japan 4.7 4.4 4.1 3.9 4.0
Cameroon 4.5 4.4 3.8 4.0 4.6
Korea, Dem. Rep. 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.6
Luxembourg 5.1 4.5 4.7 4.1 5.1
Fiji 4.7 4.6 6.5 8.6 9.0
Norway 4.4 4.6 3.4 2.5 2.6
Netherlands 4.6 4.7 3.9 3.2 2.8
United Kingdom 4.7 4.7 5.5 5.4 5.4
Denmark 5.5 4.8 3.9 3.8 3.4
Niger 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.1
Australia 5.4 5.0 4.8 4.4 4.2
Saudi Arabia 5.9 5.0 6.3 5.7 5.1
Peru 5.2 5.2 4.6 4.5 4.5
Austria 4.9 5.2 4.7 4.4 3.8
United States 5.6 5.2 4.7 4.7 5.9
Cyprus 4.3 5.3 4.5 3.9 3.6
Bolivia 4.3 5.4 5.3 5.2 2.9
Ethiopia 5.9 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4
Nicaragua 6.7 5.6 5.3 5.0 6.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.7 5.6 4.8 4.0 3.6
Paraguay 7.4 5.8 6.7 5.6 5.6
Azerbaijan 5.6 6.4 6.8 6.5 6.1
Slovenia 6.3 6.5 6.0 4.8 4.4
Costa Rica 6.5 6.6 6.0 4.6 4.9
Ecuador 6.7 6.6 6.3 5.0 6.0
Canada 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.0 6.1
Congo, Rep. 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.1
Pakistan 7.4 7.1 6.1 5.1 5.0
Russian Federation 7.8 7.1 7.1 6.0 6.2
Hungary 6.1 7.2 7.5 7.4 7.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
El Salvador 6.8 7.2 6.6 6.3 5.9
Romania 7.7 7.2 7.3 6.4 5.8
Timor-Leste 7.9 7.2 6.5 6.7 5.9
Ukraine 8.6 7.2 6.8 6.4 6.4
Malta 7.3 7.3 6.9 6.5 6.0
Angola 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4
Moldova 8.1 7.3 7.4 5.1 4.0
Comoros 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2
Equatorial Guinea 7.0 7.4 7.6 7.3 7.4
Mongolia 7.4 7.4 6.4 7.2 5.6
Haiti 8.2 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.5
Mozambique 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6
Guinea-Bissau 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Nigeria 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Somalia 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Portugal 6.7 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.6
Sri Lanka 8.4 7.7 6.5 6.0 5.2
Italy 7.9 7.7 6.8 6.1 6.7
Chad 7.3 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.8
Philippines 11.9 7.7 8.0 7.4 7.3
Central African Republic 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.6
Sweden 6.6 7.8 7.1 6.2 6.3
Estonia 10.0 7.9 5.9 4.7 5.5
Czech Republic 8.3 7.9 7.1 5.3 4.4
Gambia, The 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.8 7.8
Malawi 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.6 7.5
Togo 7.9 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.8
Cabo Verde 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.8
Trinidad and Tobago 8.3 8.0 6.3 5.5 4.6
Lebanon 7.9 8.0 8.1 9.0 9.0
Chile 8.8 8.0 7.7 7.1 7.8
Burundi 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9
Kazakhstan 8.4 8.1 7.8 7.3 6.6
Kyrgyz Republic 8.5 8.1 8.3 8.2 8.2
Eritrea 8.4 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.4
Lithuania 11.3 8.3 5.6 4.3 5.8
Finland 8.8 8.4 7.6 6.8 6.3
Belgium 8.4 8.4 8.2 7.5 7.0
Oman 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5
Mali 8.8 8.5 8.3 8.5 8.4
Afghanistan 8.2 8.5 8.4 8.6 8.4
Bahrain 9.0 8.8 8.5 8.2 7.8
Uruguay 9.2 8.9 10.6 9.2 7.6
France 9.2 8.9 8.8 8.0 7.4
Latvia 9.9 8.9 6.8 6.0 7.4
Israel 10.4 9.0 8.4 7.3 6.1
Libya 9.1 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.8
Barbados 9.8 9.1 8.7 7.4 8.1
Syrian Arab Republic 9.8 9.2 8.2 8.4 10.9
Brazil 8.9 9.3 8.4 8.1 7.1
Spain 11.1 9.3 8.6 8.4 11.5
Kenya 9.6 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.4
Mauritius 8.5 9.6 9.1 8.5 7.2
Panama 11.7 9.8 8.7 6.4 5.6
Greece 10.5 9.8 8.9 8.3 7.7
Senegal 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.0 10.0
Bulgaria 12.0 10.1 8.9 6.9 5.6
Bahamas, The 10.3 10.2 7.6 7.9 8.7
Belarus 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.2
Argentina 12.6 10.6 10.1 8.5 7.8
Turkey 10.8 10.6 10.2 10.3 11.0
Jamaica 11.4 10.9 9.6 9.4 10.6
Morocco 10.8 11.0 9.7 9.7 9.6
Belize 10.5 11.0 9.4 8.5 8.2
Germany 10.3 11.1 10.3 8.6 7.5
Indonesia 9.9 11.2 10.3 9.1 8.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 10.7 11.2 10.6 8.9 8.7
Colombia 11.9 11.3 10.5 12.0 13.2
Uzbekistan 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.5 11.5
Venezuela, RB 15.0 11.4 9.3 7.5 6.9
Puerto Rico 10.5 11.5 11.2 11.1 11.8
Turkmenistan 11.6 11.6 11.5 11.5 11.6
Tajikistan 11.9 11.7 11.7 11.8 11.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.3 12.1 11.6 10.6 10.5
Albania 12.6 12.5 12.4 13.5 13.0
Croatia 13.7 12.6 11.1 9.6 8.4
Suriname 12.4 12.9 12.7 12.8 13.0
Tunisia 13.9 12.9 12.5 12.4 12.4
Maldives 12.5 13.4 14.4 12.6 12.8
Georgia 12.6 13.8 13.6 13.3 16.5
Sudan 14.9 14.8 14.9 14.9 14.8
Jordan 12.4 14.9 14.0 13.1 12.7
Algeria 20.1 15.3 12.3 13.8 11.3
Zambia 15.5 15.9 15.7 15.7 15.7
Yemen, Rep. 14.4 16.1 15.7 15.3 15.0
Slovak Republic 18.1 16.2 13.3 11.0 9.6
Poland 19.0 17.7 13.8 9.6 7.1
Dominican Republic 18.4 18.0 16.4 15.7 14.2
Iraq 28.7 18.0 17.5 16.9 15.3
Gabon 18.6 18.5 18.4 18.3 19.1
Namibia 21.9 20.2 21.9 19.4 37.6
Serbia 18.5 20.8 20.8 18.1 13.6
Botswana 22.9 22.0 17.6 18.3 21.8
Swaziland 22.9 22.9 22.9 23.0 23.0
South Africa 24.7 23.8 22.6 22.3 22.7
Guyana 25.8 24.8 28.5 20.2 21.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 28.4 25.7 31.8 29.7 23.9
West Bank and Gaza 26.8 26.0 23.6 21.6 26.0
Armenia 32.3 27.8 24.5 28.4 28.6
Montenegro 29.3 30.3 24.7 19.4 16.8
Mauritania 32.5 32.1 31.8 31.3 31.2
Lesotho 36.0 36.4 32.7 26.6 25.3
Macedonia, FYR 37.2 37.3 36.0 34.9 33.8
Vanuatu
Monaco
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Djibouti
St. Lucia
Andorra
St. Martin (French part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Dominica
Seychelles
South Sudan
Guam
Kiribati
Cayman Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Marshall Islands
Aruba
Sao Tome and Principe
Liechtenstein
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Samoa
Grenada
Kosovo
Antigua and Barbuda
Isle of Man
American Samoa
Faeroe Islands
Greenland
New Caledonia
Palau
Curacao
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Tonga
Northern Mariana Islands
French Polynesia
Bermuda

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