Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Rwanda 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Qatar 1.5 1.2 0.9 0.5 0.4
Benin 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1
Thailand 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Lao PDR 2.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Kuwait 1.7 2.0 1.6 1.6 1.6
Cambodia 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7
Cuba 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.6
Uganda 2.5 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.9
Burkina Faso 2.8 2.7 2.3 3.3 3.3
Vietnam 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.4
Papua New Guinea 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.4
Nepal 2.1 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.7
Guatemala 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.5 2.8
Iceland 3.1 2.6 3.0 2.3 3.0
Bhutan 2.5 3.1 3.1 3.7 3.8
Guinea 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Honduras 6.0 4.2 3.1 2.9 3.1
Brunei Darussalam 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2
Mexico 3.7 3.5 3.2 3.4 3.5
Madagascar 3.8 2.6 3.2 4.1 4.3
Malaysia 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.3
United Arab Emirates 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.4 4.0
Korea, Rep. 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.2
Sierra Leone 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Norway 4.4 4.6 3.4 2.5 2.6
Singapore 4.4 4.1 3.6 3.0 3.2
Ghana 5.8 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6
Macao SAR, China 4.9 4.2 3.7 3.0 3.0
Cameroon 4.5 4.4 3.8 4.0 4.6
Denmark 5.5 4.8 3.9 3.8 3.4
Netherlands 4.6 4.7 3.9 3.2 2.8
New Zealand 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.7 4.2
Myanmar 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.4
Switzerland 4.3 4.4 4.0 3.6 3.4
China 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.8 4.4
Japan 4.7 4.4 4.1 3.9 4.0
Cote d'Ivoire 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0
Bangladesh 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.4
Zimbabwe 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.3
India 3.9 4.4 4.3 3.9 4.2
Tanzania 2.9 2.5 4.3 2.0 2.5
Ireland 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.6 6.0
Cyprus 4.3 5.3 4.5 3.9 3.6
Korea, Dem. Rep. 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.6
Peru 5.2 5.2 4.6 4.5 4.5
United States 5.6 5.2 4.7 4.7 5.9
Luxembourg 5.1 4.5 4.7 4.1 5.1
Solomon Islands 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.6 4.5
Austria 4.9 5.2 4.7 4.4 3.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.7 5.6 4.8 4.0 3.6
Australia 5.4 5.0 4.8 4.4 4.2
Niger 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.1
Nicaragua 6.7 5.6 5.3 5.0 6.2
Bolivia 4.3 5.4 5.3 5.2 2.9
Liberia 4.8 3.9 5.3 5.6 5.1
Ethiopia 5.9 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4
United Kingdom 4.7 4.7 5.5 5.4 5.4
Lithuania 11.3 8.3 5.6 4.3 5.8
Estonia 10.0 7.9 5.9 4.7 5.5
Costa Rica 6.5 6.6 6.0 4.6 4.9
Slovenia 6.3 6.5 6.0 4.8 4.4
Pakistan 7.4 7.1 6.1 5.1 5.0
Canada 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.0 6.1
Ecuador 6.7 6.6 6.3 5.0 6.0
Saudi Arabia 5.9 5.0 6.3 5.7 5.1
Trinidad and Tobago 8.3 8.0 6.3 5.5 4.6
Mongolia 7.4 7.4 6.4 7.2 5.6
Timor-Leste 7.9 7.2 6.5 6.7 5.9
Fiji 4.7 4.6 6.5 8.6 9.0
Sri Lanka 8.4 7.7 6.5 6.0 5.2
El Salvador 6.8 7.2 6.6 6.3 5.9
Paraguay 7.4 5.8 6.7 5.6 5.6
Ukraine 8.6 7.2 6.8 6.4 6.4
Azerbaijan 5.6 6.4 6.8 6.5 6.1
Latvia 9.9 8.9 6.8 6.0 7.4
Italy 7.9 7.7 6.8 6.1 6.7
Malta 7.3 7.3 6.9 6.5 6.0
Russian Federation 7.8 7.1 7.1 6.0 6.2
Congo, Rep. 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.1
Czech Republic 8.3 7.9 7.1 5.3 4.4
Sweden 6.6 7.8 7.1 6.2 6.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Romania 7.7 7.2 7.3 6.4 5.8
Angola 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4
Comoros 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2
Haiti 8.2 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.5
Moldova 8.1 7.3 7.4 5.1 4.0
Guinea-Bissau 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Hungary 6.1 7.2 7.5 7.4 7.8
Mozambique 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6
Central African Republic 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.6
Somalia 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Equatorial Guinea 7.0 7.4 7.6 7.3 7.4
Finland 8.8 8.4 7.6 6.8 6.3
Bahamas, The 10.3 10.2 7.6 7.9 8.7
Nigeria 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Chile 8.8 8.0 7.7 7.1 7.8
Portugal 6.7 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.6
Togo 7.9 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.8
Cabo Verde 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.8
Kazakhstan 8.4 8.1 7.8 7.3 6.6
Chad 7.3 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.8
Malawi 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.6 7.5
Gambia, The 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.8 7.8
Philippines 11.9 7.7 8.0 7.4 7.3
Burundi 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9
Lebanon 7.9 8.0 8.1 9.0 9.0
Syrian Arab Republic 9.8 9.2 8.2 8.4 10.9
Belgium 8.4 8.4 8.2 7.5 7.0
Eritrea 8.4 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.4
Mali 8.8 8.5 8.3 8.5 8.4
Kyrgyz Republic 8.5 8.1 8.3 8.2 8.2
Afghanistan 8.2 8.5 8.4 8.6 8.4
Brazil 8.9 9.3 8.4 8.1 7.1
Israel 10.4 9.0 8.4 7.3 6.1
Oman 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5
Bahrain 9.0 8.8 8.5 8.2 7.8
Spain 11.1 9.3 8.6 8.4 11.5
Panama 11.7 9.8 8.7 6.4 5.6
Barbados 9.8 9.1 8.7 7.4 8.1
France 9.2 8.9 8.8 8.0 7.4
Greece 10.5 9.8 8.9 8.3 7.7
Bulgaria 12.0 10.1 8.9 6.9 5.6
Libya 9.1 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.8
Mauritius 8.5 9.6 9.1 8.5 7.2
Venezuela, RB 15.0 11.4 9.3 7.5 6.9
Belize 10.5 11.0 9.4 8.5 8.2
Kenya 9.6 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.4
Jamaica 11.4 10.9 9.6 9.4 10.6
Morocco 10.8 11.0 9.7 9.7 9.6
Senegal 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.0 10.0
Argentina 12.6 10.6 10.1 8.5 7.8
Turkey 10.8 10.6 10.2 10.3 11.0
Germany 10.3 11.1 10.3 8.6 7.5
Belarus 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.2
Indonesia 9.9 11.2 10.3 9.1 8.4
Colombia 11.9 11.3 10.5 12.0 13.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 10.7 11.2 10.6 8.9 8.7
Uruguay 9.2 8.9 10.6 9.2 7.6
Croatia 13.7 12.6 11.1 9.6 8.4
Puerto Rico 10.5 11.5 11.2 11.1 11.8
Uzbekistan 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.5 11.5
Turkmenistan 11.6 11.6 11.5 11.5 11.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.3 12.1 11.6 10.6 10.5
Tajikistan 11.9 11.7 11.7 11.8 11.8
Algeria 20.1 15.3 12.3 13.8 11.3
Albania 12.6 12.5 12.4 13.5 13.0
Tunisia 13.9 12.9 12.5 12.4 12.4
Suriname 12.4 12.9 12.7 12.8 13.0
Slovak Republic 18.1 16.2 13.3 11.0 9.6
Georgia 12.6 13.8 13.6 13.3 16.5
Poland 19.0 17.7 13.8 9.6 7.1
Jordan 12.4 14.9 14.0 13.1 12.7
Maldives 12.5 13.4 14.4 12.6 12.8
Sudan 14.9 14.8 14.9 14.9 14.8
Zambia 15.5 15.9 15.7 15.7 15.7
Yemen, Rep. 14.4 16.1 15.7 15.3 15.0
Dominican Republic 18.4 18.0 16.4 15.7 14.2
Iraq 28.7 18.0 17.5 16.9 15.3
Botswana 22.9 22.0 17.6 18.3 21.8
Gabon 18.6 18.5 18.4 18.3 19.1
Serbia 18.5 20.8 20.8 18.1 13.6
Namibia 21.9 20.2 21.9 19.4 37.6
South Africa 24.7 23.8 22.6 22.3 22.7
Swaziland 22.9 22.9 22.9 23.0 23.0
West Bank and Gaza 26.8 26.0 23.6 21.6 26.0
Armenia 32.3 27.8 24.5 28.4 28.6
Montenegro 29.3 30.3 24.7 19.4 16.8
Guyana 25.8 24.8 28.5 20.2 21.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 28.4 25.7 31.8 29.7 23.9
Mauritania 32.5 32.1 31.8 31.3 31.2
Lesotho 36.0 36.4 32.7 26.6 25.3
Macedonia, FYR 37.2 37.3 36.0 34.9 33.8
Seychelles
Turks and Caicos Islands
Grenada
Aruba
St. Kitts and Nevis
Antigua and Barbuda
St. Lucia
Djibouti
Guam
Marshall Islands
French Polynesia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Dominica
American Samoa
Greenland
South Sudan
Liechtenstein
Tonga
Samoa
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Palau
New Caledonia
Tuvalu
Cayman Islands
Faeroe Islands
Monaco
Andorra
Vanuatu
Kiribati
Isle of Man
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Kosovo
Bermuda
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe

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