Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan 8.4 8.5 8.5 8.4 8.3
Albania 15.6 14.5 16.0 16.0 13.5
Algeria 28.7 25.4 25.4 25.4 29.8
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 6.7 6.9 7.0 6.9 6.9
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 17.2 14.9 12.8 14.1 15.0
Armenia 19.1 17.6 18.3 18.3 18.9
Aruba
Australia 8.5 8.5 7.7 6.9 6.3
Austria 4.1 4.2 4.2 3.7 3.5
Azerbaijan 4.7 6.6 7.2 5.2 11.8
Bahamas, The 11.5 9.8 7.6 7.4 7.2
Bahrain 3.9 4.2 3.9 3.9 4.5
Bangladesh 2.5 2.9 2.5 3.1 3.3
Barbados 14.7 14.6 12.3 10.4 9.3
Belarus 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.5
Belgium 9.5 9.0 9.3 8.6 6.6
Belize 13.8 12.7 14.3 12.8 10.9
Benin 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8
Bermuda
Bhutan 2.5 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.7
Bolivia 5.2 4.3 3.5 4.3 4.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25.7 28.0 26.3 25.8 25.2
Botswana 21.5 21.0 20.8 21.9 22.1
Brazil 6.8 7.7 8.9 9.6 9.5
Brunei Darussalam 4.2 3.6 3.6 4.5 4.1
Bulgaria 13.5 13.7 12.2 14.1 16.2
Burkina Faso 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.3 3.0
Burundi 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.3 7.3
Cabo Verde 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.5 9.6
Cambodia 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.5
Cameroon 8.1 7.8 7.5 7.2 6.4
Canada 9.6 9.1 8.3 7.6 6.8
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 7.1 6.9 6.9 6.9 7.0
Chad 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1
Chile 6.3 6.1 6.3 9.8 9.2
China 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.5
Colombia 13.7 11.6 13.1 14.8 16.6
Comoros 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2
Congo, Rep. 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.6
Costa Rica 6.2 5.7 5.6 6.0 5.1
Cote d'Ivoire 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Croatia 10.0 9.9 11.0 13.5 16.1
Cuba 7.6 7.1 6.2 6.3 5.4
Curacao
Cyprus 4.3 3.3 4.9 5.7 5.0
Czech Republic 3.9 4.8 6.5 8.7 8.8
Denmark 6.8 5.4 5.0 5.1 4.5
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 16.7 15.6 14.4 13.8 14.2
Ecuador 4.7 7.5 5.5 6.3 7.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 9.0 8.4 8.2 8.1 9.0
El Salvador 7.7 8.0 7.3 7.0 7.0
Equatorial Guinea 6.2 6.0 6.4 6.4 6.5
Eritrea 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.7
Estonia 9.9 10.4 9.5 11.6 13.1
Ethiopia 5.5 6.3 7.2 8.2 7.5
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 5.8 6.7 8.4 8.1 7.7
Finland 14.4 12.6 11.4 10.1 9.7
France 12.4 12.6 12.1 12.0 10.2
French Polynesia
Gabon 19.7 20.5 20.5 20.6 20.6
Gambia, The 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.2
Georgia 12.3 12.2 12.4 13.8 10.8
Germany 8.9 9.8 9.2 8.4 7.7
Ghana 9.6 7.2 8.2 10.1 10.4
Greece 9.7 9.6 10.8 11.7 11.1
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 3.5 3.9 3.2 1.9 1.4
Guinea 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.0
Guinea-Bissau 6.9 6.9 7.2 6.8 6.8
Guyana 11.7 11.6 11.5 11.5 11.5
Haiti 10.8 10.9 10.9 7.2 7.4
Honduras 4.4 3.3 4.0 3.9 3.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.8 2.2 4.6 6.2 4.9
Hungary 9.9 8.7 7.8 7.0 6.4
Iceland 3.7 3.9 2.7 2.0 2.3
India 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.3
Indonesia 4.4 4.7 5.5 6.3 6.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 13.1 11.5 12.1 11.3 12.0
Iraq 19.3 17.6 19.2 18.1 18.2
Ireland 11.7 10.2 7.7 5.8 4.3
Isle of Man
Israel 6.7 7.7 8.5 8.9 8.8
Italy 11.9 12.0 12.1 11.7 10.8
Jamaica 16.0 16.5 15.5 15.7 15.5
Japan 3.4 3.4 4.1 4.7 4.8
Jordan 13.7 11.8 12.5 11.5 13.7
Kazakhstan 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.5 12.8
Kenya 9.9 9.9 9.8 9.8 9.8
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.3 4.2
Korea, Rep. 2.0 2.6 7.0 6.3 4.4
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Kyrgyz Republic 8.7 8.3 9.7 8.2 7.5
Lao PDR 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Latvia 12.6 14.7 14.5 13.8 14.2
Lebanon 8.4 6.2 8.3 8.6 8.9
Lesotho 28.6 39.3 33.4 27.3 26.6
Liberia 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.2
Libya 19.3 19.4 19.6 19.7 19.7
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 15.6 14.1 13.7 13.4 15.9
Luxembourg 3.3 2.5 2.8 2.4 2.3
Macao SAR, China 4.2 3.1 4.5 6.3 6.7
Macedonia, FYR 34.0 36.0 34.5 32.4 32.2
Madagascar 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6
Malawi 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6
Malaysia 2.5 2.4 3.2 3.4 3.0
Maldives 10.1 10.4 10.5 10.3 10.8
Mali 8.6 8.3 8.5 8.2 8.3
Malta 7.1 7.1 6.3 7.0 6.3
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 32.2 32.3 32.3 32.3 32.4
Mauritius 8.8 8.3 8.6 9.0 7.8
Mexico 5.2 4.1 3.6 2.5 2.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 6.5 3.3 5.6 11.1 8.5
Monaco
Mongolia 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Montenegro 19.9 21.0 20.4 21.2 19.7
Morocco 15.3 15.9 16.6 13.9 13.6
Mozambique 23.3 23.4 23.2 23.2 23.3
Myanmar 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.6 3.5
Namibia 19.5 19.5 19.6 19.8 20.3
Nepal 4.5 3.8 3.1 1.8 2.4
Netherlands 6.4 5.5 4.4 3.6 2.7
New Caledonia
New Zealand 6.3 6.8 7.7 7.0 6.2
Nicaragua 4.4 4.0 4.6 5.1 6.2
Niger 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Nigeria 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 4.8 3.9 3.2 3.2 3.4
Oman 6.7 7.0 7.4 7.7 8.0
Pakistan 5.3 5.8 5.7 6.1 7.2
Palau
Panama 14.5 13.4 14.0 11.8 13.5
Papua New Guinea 2.7 3.0 2.7 2.8 2.9
Paraguay 4.4 5.3 5.3 6.6 7.6
Peru 6.5 5.3 4.9 6.3 6.4
Philippines 7.4 7.9 9.4 9.4 11.2
Poland 12.4 11.2 10.7 12.5 16.1
Portugal 6.8 6.3 4.9 4.4 3.9
Puerto Rico 13.9 14.1 13.8 12.1 10.3
Qatar 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.5 1.0
Romania 6.7 5.5 5.6 6.2 7.0
Russian Federation 9.7 11.8 13.3 13.0 10.6
Rwanda 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 6.0 6.2 6.4 4.3 4.6
Senegal 10.5 10.4 9.1 8.9 10.4
Serbia 13.2 13.8 13.7 13.7 12.6
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3
Singapore 2.2 2.0 3.5 3.8 3.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 11.3 11.9 12.6 16.4 18.8
Slovenia 6.9 6.6 7.4 7.3 6.9
Solomon Islands 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.7
Somalia 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.9 6.9
South Africa 21.0 22.9 25.0 25.4 26.7
South Sudan
Spain 22.5 21.1 19.0 15.9 14.2
Sri Lanka 11.3 10.6 9.1 8.9 7.7
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 14.9 15.3 15.0 15.0 15.0
Suriname 10.9 10.5 10.6 13.8 14.8
Swaziland 22.0 22.5 22.6 22.6 22.7
Sweden 10.1 10.2 8.5 7.3 5.9
Switzerland 3.7 4.1 3.6 3.1 2.7
Syrian Arab Republic 9.5 9.5 7.2 7.6 9.5
Tajikistan 11.2 11.3 11.7 11.9 11.9
Tanzania 5.0 4.6 4.8 4.6 5.1
Thailand 1.1 0.9 3.4 3.0 2.4
Timor-Leste 6.7 6.7 7.2 6.7 6.5
Togo 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 16.3 15.0 14.2 13.1 12.1
Tunisia 15.2 15.9 17.3 16.0 15.7
Turkey 6.6 6.8 6.9 7.7 6.5
Turkmenistan 10.5 10.3 10.9 11.2 11.2
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 2.2 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Ukraine 7.6 8.9 11.3 11.6 11.6
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 3.1 3.1 2.3
United Kingdom 8.3 7.2 6.2 6.0 5.6
United States 5.5 5.0 4.6 4.3 4.1
Uruguay 10.9 9.4 8.8 9.8 10.7
Uzbekistan 10.8 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 12.4 10.6 11.0 14.5 13.2
Vietnam 1.9 2.9 2.3 2.3 2.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 23.8 20.3 14.4 11.8 14.1
Yemen, Rep. 12.4 13.6 15.0 13.6 16.1
Zambia 15.3 14.5 12.0 12.2 12.9
Zimbabwe 6.0 6.9 6.5 6.0 6.3

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