Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Afghanistan 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.5 8.5
Albania 22.3 21.8 19.5 21.0 19.3
Algeria 24.4 27.9 28.9 25.4 25.8
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 7.6 7.4 7.3 7.5 7.6
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 12.1 18.8 17.2 14.9 12.8
Armenia 22.0 28.3 21.2 20.0 26.2
Aruba
Australia 9.7 8.5 8.5 8.5 7.7
Austria 3.5 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.2
Azerbaijan 5.3 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.9
Bahamas, The 13.4 10.8 11.5 9.8 7.6
Bahrain 6.6 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.6
Bangladesh 3.0 2.8 2.5 2.9 2.5
Barbados 23.0 19.7 14.7 14.6 12.3
Belarus 9.7 9.7 10.2 10.5 10.4
Belgium 9.6 9.3 9.5 9.0 9.3
Belize 11.1 12.5 13.8 12.7 14.3
Benin 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.9
Bermuda
Bhutan 2.2 3.1 1.5 1.6 1.4
Bolivia 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27.1 25.0 25.3 27.9 26.1
Botswana 21.2 21.5 21.5 21.0 20.8
Brazil 6.0 6.0 6.8 7.7 8.9
Brunei Darussalam 4.6 4.4 4.1 3.5 3.5
Bulgaria 20.0 15.7 13.5 13.7 12.2
Burkina Faso 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4
Burundi 7.9 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9
Cabo Verde 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9
Cambodia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.1
Cameroon 5.5 3.4 8.1 7.7 7.3
Canada 10.4 9.5 9.6 9.1 8.3
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 7.6 7.6 7.8 7.5 7.6
Chad 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.6
Chile 8.0 7.1 6.3 6.1 6.3
China 4.3 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.7
Colombia 11.7 11.8 13.9 12.7 13.8
Comoros 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.3
Congo, Rep. 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.3
Costa Rica 4.2 5.2 6.2 5.7 5.6
Cote d'Ivoire 5.4 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Croatia 10.0 10.1 10.0 9.9 11.0
Cuba 3.4 8.3 7.6 7.1 6.2
Curacao
Cyprus 3.5 3.9 4.3 3.3 4.9
Czech Republic 4.3 4.0 3.9 4.8 6.5
Denmark 8.0 7.0 6.8 5.4 5.0
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 16.2 15.8 16.7 15.6 14.4
Ecuador 7.5 5.4 5.9 6.8 5.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.0 11.3 9.0 8.4 8.2
El Salvador 7.7 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.3
Equatorial Guinea 7.0 6.9 6.4 5.8 6.8
Eritrea 7.9 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.4
Estonia 7.6 9.7 9.9 10.4 9.5
Ethiopia 7.0 8.1 8.1 8.2 8.2
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 5.7 5.4 5.8 6.6 8.4
Finland 16.4 15.3 14.4 12.6 11.4
France 12.6 11.8 12.4 12.6 12.1
French Polynesia
Gabon 18.2 18.7 19.2 19.7 19.6
Gambia, The 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.8
Georgia 12.7 14.3 12.3 12.3 12.4
Germany 8.4 8.1 8.9 9.8 9.2
Ghana 5.6 3.2 9.6 6.1 6.7
Greece 8.9 9.1 9.7 9.6 10.8
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 2.3 4.1 3.2 4.5 3.9
Guinea 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Guinea-Bissau 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5 8.1
Guyana 22.7 31.5 27.1 23.2 23.8
Haiti 13.5 10.7 11.3 11.4 11.5
Honduras 3.2 3.2 4.4 3.3 4.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.9 3.2 2.8 2.2 4.6
Hungary 10.8 10.2 9.9 8.7 7.8
Iceland 5.3 4.9 3.7 3.9 2.7
India 3.7 4.0 4.0 4.4 3.8
Indonesia 5.0 3.9 4.4 4.7 5.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 11.3 11.0 10.9 11.2 11.2
Iraq 17.7 18.5 19.4 19.2 19.1
Ireland 14.6 12.0 11.7 10.2 7.7
Isle of Man
Israel 7.8 6.9 6.7 7.7 8.5
Italy 11.1 11.7 11.9 12.0 12.1
Jamaica 15.4 16.2 16.0 16.5 15.5
Japan 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.4 4.1
Jordan 18.3 14.6 13.7 13.1 12.4
Kazakhstan 7.5 11.0 13.0 13.0 13.1
Kenya 10.0 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.8
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.8 2.8 4.8 4.8 5.1
Korea, Rep. 2.5 2.1 2.0 2.6 7.0
Kosovo
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Kyrgyz Republic 7.8 8.4 8.5 8.3 9.7
Lao PDR 2.5 2.6 1.9 2.0 2.0
Latvia 14.9 12.4 11.8 14.7 14.5
Lebanon 9.0 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.4
Lesotho 37.7 32.5 28.9 39.3 33.4
Liberia 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8
Libya 8.8 8.8 8.9 9.0 9.1
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 17.4 17.1 15.6 14.1 13.7
Luxembourg 3.5 2.9 3.3 2.5 2.8
Macao SAR, China 2.4 3.6 4.2 3.1 4.5
Macedonia, FYR 31.7 32.2 34.0 36.0 34.5
Madagascar 3.7 3.1 3.0 2.7 2.6
Malawi 7.7 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.5
Malaysia 3.8 3.1 2.5 2.4 3.2
Maldives 9.7 9.8 10.1 10.4 10.5
Mali 8.7 8.9 8.6 8.3 8.5
Malta 7.3 7.7 7.3 6.9 6.5
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 32.4 32.4 32.4 32.3 32.2
Mauritius 9.1 9.3 8.8 8.3 8.6
Mexico 4.2 6.9 5.2 4.1 3.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 6.4 6.6 6.5 8.0 5.7
Monaco
Mongolia 7.3 8.0 7.3 7.5 7.3
Montenegro 21.0 28.8 29.3 20.4 20.6
Morocco 11.8 11.6 11.4 11.2 11.0
Mozambique 7.9 8.0 7.7 7.8 7.7
Myanmar 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.7 5.1
Namibia 19.4 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.6
Nepal 2.3 2.5 4.5 3.7 3.0
Netherlands 7.2 7.2 6.4 5.5 4.4
New Caledonia
New Zealand 8.4 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.7
Nicaragua 2.7 3.4 4.3 5.5 5.2
Niger 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Nigeria 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 5.3 4.9 4.8 3.9 3.2
Oman 7.1 7.1 7.3 7.6 8.0
Pakistan 4.3 5.0 5.3 5.8 5.7
Palau
Panama 14.0 14.0 14.5 13.4 14.0
Papua New Guinea 2.6 3.0 2.5 3.1 2.6
Paraguay 6.2 3.4 4.4 5.3 5.3
Peru 4.8 4.4 5.6 4.9 4.8
Philippines 8.4 8.4 7.4 7.9 9.4
Poland 14.4 13.3 12.4 11.2 10.7
Portugal 6.5 6.8 6.8 6.3 4.9
Puerto Rico 14.8 14.1 13.9 14.1 13.8
Qatar 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.6
Romania 8.2 8.0 6.7 5.5 5.6
Russian Federation 8.1 9.4 9.7 11.8 13.3
Rwanda 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 4.9 4.8 5.9 6.1 6.4
Senegal 10.0 9.9 10.0 10.0 9.9
Serbia 15.2 13.4 13.2 13.8 13.7
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4
Singapore 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.0 3.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 13.7 13.1 11.3 11.9 12.6
Slovenia 8.2 7.2 6.9 6.6 7.4
Solomon Islands 4.9 4.7 5.3 5.4 5.2
Somalia 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
South Africa 20.0 16.9 21.0 22.9 25.0
South Sudan
Spain 24.3 23.1 22.5 21.0 19.0
Sri Lanka 13.0 12.2 11.3 10.6 9.1
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 15.1 15.1 15.0 15.6 15.2
Suriname 12.7 8.4 10.9 10.5 10.6
Swaziland 22.2 21.7 22.0 22.5 22.6
Sweden 9.7 9.2 10.1 10.2 8.5
Switzerland 3.8 3.3 3.7 4.1 3.6
Syrian Arab Republic 7.4 7.2 9.5 9.5 7.2
Tajikistan 10.6 10.9 11.3 11.5 11.6
Tanzania 3.9 4.7 5.0 4.6 4.8
Thailand 1.3 1.2 1.1 0.9 3.4
Timor-Leste 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.5 7.2
Togo 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.9 8.0
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 18.4 17.2 16.3 15.0 14.2
Tunisia 14.4 15.6 15.7 15.9 17.1
Turkey 8.6 7.6 6.6 6.8 6.9
Turkmenistan 10.6 10.9 10.9 10.8 11.3
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4
Ukraine 7.0 5.6 7.6 8.9 11.3
United Arab Emirates 2.1 1.8 3.2 3.0 2.7
United Kingdom 9.7 8.7 8.3 7.2 6.2
United States 6.2 5.7 5.5 5.1 4.6
Uruguay 8.9 10.0 11.3 9.0 10.9
Uzbekistan 11.0 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.4
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 8.6 10.2 12.4 10.6 11.0
Vietnam 2.3 2.1 1.9 2.9 2.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 24.0 24.1 23.8 20.3 14.4
Yemen, Rep. 14.6 13.9 13.2 14.2 15.4
Zambia 19.0 18.5 15.3 14.5 12.0
Zimbabwe 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.9 6.5

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