Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8
Albania 15.9 14.6 13.8 14.9 15.0
Algeria 27.9 28.7 25.4 25.4 25.4
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.0 6.9
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 18.8 17.2 14.9 12.8 14.1
Armenia 24.0 19.1 17.6 18.3 17.6
Aruba
Australia 8.5 8.5 8.5 7.7 6.9
Austria 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.2 3.7
Azerbaijan 6.5 4.7 6.6 10.4 5.2
Bahamas, The 10.8 11.5 9.8 7.6 7.4
Bahrain 7.5 6.2 5.9 6.4 6.8
Bangladesh 2.9 2.5 2.9 2.5 3.1
Barbados 19.7 14.7 14.6 12.3 10.4
Belarus 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.5
Belgium 9.3 9.5 9.0 9.3 8.6
Belize 12.5 13.8 12.7 14.3 12.8
Benin 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9
Bermuda
Bhutan 2.7 2.5 1.9 1.4 1.4
Bolivia 5.0 5.2 4.3 3.5 4.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.9 25.3 27.6 25.8 25.4
Botswana 21.5 21.5 21.0 20.8 21.9
Brazil 6.0 6.8 7.7 8.9 9.6
Brunei Darussalam 3.9 4.1 3.4 3.5 4.4
Bulgaria 15.7 13.5 13.7 12.2 14.1
Burkina Faso 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.3
Burundi 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.3
Cabo Verde 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.1
Cambodia 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.3
Cameroon 3.4 8.1 7.7 7.3 7.0
Canada 9.5 9.6 9.1 8.3 7.6
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 6.9 7.1 6.9 6.9 7.0
Chad 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1
Chile 7.3 6.3 6.1 6.3 9.8
China 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.7
Colombia 13.0 13.7 11.6 13.1 14.8
Comoros 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2
Congo, Rep. 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8
Costa Rica 5.2 6.2 5.7 5.6 6.0
Cote d'Ivoire 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Croatia 10.1 10.0 9.9 11.0 13.5
Cuba 8.3 7.6 7.1 6.2 6.3
Curacao
Cyprus 3.9 4.3 3.3 4.9 5.7
Czech Republic 4.0 3.9 4.8 6.5 8.7
Denmark 7.0 6.8 5.4 5.0 5.1
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 15.8 16.7 15.6 14.4 13.8
Ecuador 5.5 5.6 5.5 5.9 6.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.3 9.0 8.4 8.2 8.1
El Salvador 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.3 7.0
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.4 6.4
Eritrea 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.5
Estonia 9.7 9.9 10.4 9.5 11.6
Ethiopia 8.1 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 5.4 5.8 6.7 8.4 8.1
Finland 15.3 14.4 12.6 11.4 10.1
France 11.8 12.4 12.6 12.1 12.0
French Polynesia
Gabon 19.0 19.7 20.5 20.6 20.6
Gambia, The 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Georgia 14.3 12.3 12.3 12.4 13.8
Germany 8.1 8.9 9.8 9.2 8.4
Ghana 9.5 9.6 7.2 8.2 10.1
Greece 9.1 9.7 9.6 10.8 11.7
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.2 1.9
Guinea 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.1
Guinea-Bissau 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.2 6.8
Guyana 11.8 11.7 11.6 11.5 11.5
Haiti 10.8 11.2 11.3 11.3 7.2
Honduras 3.2 4.4 3.3 4.0 3.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.2 2.8 2.2 4.6 6.2
Hungary 10.2 9.9 8.7 7.8 7.0
Iceland 4.9 3.7 3.9 2.7 2.0
India 4.0 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.4
Indonesia 3.9 4.4 4.7 5.5 6.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 11.0 10.9 11.2 11.2 11.2
Iraq 19.4 19.4 18.4 19.3 18.2
Ireland 12.0 11.7 10.2 7.7 5.8
Isle of Man
Israel 6.9 6.7 7.7 8.5 8.9
Italy 11.7 11.9 12.0 12.1 11.7
Jamaica 16.2 16.0 16.5 15.5 15.7
Japan 3.2 3.4 3.4 4.1 4.7
Jordan 14.6 13.7 12.9 13.7 12.9
Kazakhstan 11.0 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.5
Kenya 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.8 9.8
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.8 4.9 4.8 5.0 4.7
Korea, Rep. 2.1 2.0 2.6 7.0 6.3
Kosovo
Kuwait 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Kyrgyz Republic 8.4 8.7 8.2 9.7 8.2
Lao PDR 2.6 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9
Latvia 12.5 12.4 14.7 14.5 13.8
Lebanon 8.1 8.4 6.2 8.3 8.6
Lesotho 32.6 28.6 39.3 33.4 27.3
Liberia 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.2
Libya 19.4 19.7 19.8 19.9 20.0
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 17.1 15.6 14.1 13.7 13.4
Luxembourg 2.9 3.3 2.5 2.8 2.4
Macao SAR, China 3.6 4.2 3.1 4.5 6.3
Macedonia, FYR 32.0 34.0 36.0 34.5 32.4
Madagascar 3.1 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.6
Malawi 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.5
Malaysia 3.1 2.5 2.4 3.2 3.4
Maldives 9.8 10.1 10.4 10.5 10.3
Mali 8.9 8.6 8.3 8.5 8.2
Malta 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.3 6.9
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 32.1 32.2 32.2 32.3 32.3
Mauritius 9.4 8.9 8.4 8.7 9.0
Mexico 6.9 5.2 4.1 3.6 2.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 6.6 6.5 8.0 5.6 11.1
Monaco
Mongolia 7.3 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.2
Montenegro 19.5 19.9 21.0 20.3 21.2
Morocco 11.6 11.3 11.2 10.9 13.9
Mozambique 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.6 8.6
Myanmar 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.1 3.6
Namibia 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.6 19.8
Nepal 2.5 4.5 3.7 3.0 1.8
Netherlands 7.2 6.4 5.5 4.4 3.6
New Caledonia
New Zealand 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.7 7.0
Nicaragua 3.3 4.1 5.1 4.8 5.1
Niger 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0
Nigeria 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 4.9 4.8 3.9 3.2 3.2
Oman 7.0 7.2 7.5 7.9 8.3
Pakistan 5.0 5.3 5.8 5.7 6.1
Palau
Panama 14.0 14.5 13.4 14.0 11.8
Papua New Guinea 3.0 2.6 3.1 2.7 2.8
Paraguay 3.4 4.4 5.3 5.3 6.6
Peru 5.2 6.3 4.9 4.6 5.4
Philippines 8.4 7.4 7.9 9.4 9.4
Poland 13.3 12.4 11.2 10.7 12.5
Portugal 6.8 6.8 6.3 4.9 4.4
Puerto Rico 14.1 13.9 14.1 13.8 12.1
Qatar 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.5
Romania 8.0 6.7 5.5 5.6 6.2
Russian Federation 9.4 9.7 11.8 13.3 13.0
Rwanda 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 5.4 6.0 6.2 6.4 4.3
Senegal 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Serbia 13.4 13.2 13.8 13.7 13.7
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Singapore 2.2 2.2 2.0 3.5 3.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 13.1 11.3 11.9 12.6 16.4
Slovenia 7.2 6.9 6.6 7.4 7.3
Solomon Islands 4.0 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3
Somalia 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
South Africa 16.9 21.0 22.9 25.0 25.4
South Sudan
Spain 23.1 22.5 21.1 19.0 15.9
Sri Lanka 12.2 11.3 10.6 9.1 8.9
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 15.1 15.0 15.3 15.1 15.1
Suriname 8.4 10.9 10.5 10.6 13.8
Swaziland 21.7 22.0 22.5 22.6 22.6
Sweden 9.3 10.1 10.2 8.5 7.3
Switzerland 3.3 3.7 4.1 3.6 3.1
Syrian Arab Republic 7.2 9.5 9.5 7.2 7.6
Tajikistan 11.3 11.4 11.7 11.8 11.9
Tanzania 4.7 5.0 4.6 4.8 4.6
Thailand 1.2 1.1 0.9 3.4 3.0
Timor-Leste 6.7 6.7 6.8 7.3 6.7
Togo 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 17.2 16.3 15.0 14.2 13.1
Tunisia 15.4 15.6 15.9 17.3 16.0
Turkey 7.6 6.6 6.8 6.9 7.7
Turkmenistan 10.7 10.9 10.9 11.0 11.0
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 2.7 2.2 2.8 2.8 2.7
Ukraine 5.6 7.6 8.9 11.3 11.6
United Arab Emirates 1.8 2.6 2.5 3.1 3.1
United Kingdom 8.7 8.3 7.2 6.2 6.0
United States 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.6 4.3
Uruguay 10.4 11.3 7.7 7.7 11.2
Uzbekistan 10.8 11.0 11.1 11.1 11.0
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 10.2 12.4 10.6 11.0 14.5
Vietnam 2.1 1.9 2.9 2.3 2.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 16.5 23.8 20.3 14.4 11.8
Yemen, Rep. 12.9 12.4 13.6 15.0 13.6
Zambia 18.4 15.3 14.5 12.0 12.2
Zimbabwe 5.5 6.0 6.9 6.5 6.0

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