Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Italy 10 10 10 10 10
Greece 12 11 11 11 10
Spain 12 11 11 11 11
Japan 12 11 11 11 10
Germany 11 11 11 11 11
Denmark 11 11 11 12 12
Austria 12 11 11 12 12
Hungary 12 12 12 12 12
Isle of Man 11 12 12
Belgium 12 12 12 12 12
Portugal 13 13 12 12 12
Luxembourg 11 12 11 12 12
Switzerland 12 12 12 12 13
Croatia 13 13 13 12 12
Netherlands 12 13 13 13 13
Slovenia 13 13 13 13 12
Finland 13 12 12 13 13
Czech Republic 13 13 13 13 12
Bulgaria 13 13 13 13 13
Sweden 12 12 13 13 14
Hong Kong SAR, China 14 13 13 13 12
Norway 12 13 13 14 14
France 14 14 14 14 14
United Kingdom 13 13 14 14 14
Ukraine 15 16 15 14 13
Canada 15 15 14 15 15
Australia 16 15 15 15 15
Liechtenstein 14 13 13 15 13
Korea, Rep. 16 15 15 15 15
Montenegro 17 16 16 15 15
Ireland 18 17 17 16 15
Lithuania 17 17 16 16 15
Latvia 15 16 16 16 15
Poland 18 17 16 16 15
Malta 16 15 15 16 16
Slovak Republic 18 17 16 16 15
Estonia 16 16 16 16 16
Russian Federation 17 17 17 16 15
United States 16 16 16 16 16
Belarus 17 17 16 16 15
Barbados 17 17 17 16 16
Bosnia and Herzegovina 18 18 17 16 16
Romania 16 17 17 17 16
New Zealand 16 16 17 17 18
Cuba 17 17 17 17 17
Georgia 18 18 18 18 17
Uruguay 18 18 18 18 18
Macedonia, FYR 20 19 19 19 18
Iceland 16 16 17 19 18
Antigua and Barbuda 19 19 19 19 19
Puerto Rico 19 19 20 19 19
Cyprus 20 20 20 20 19
Singapore 17 15 17 20 18
Mauritius 19 19 19 20 21
Thailand 22 21 21 20 20
Moldova 22 22 21 20 20
Aruba 22 21 21 21 20
Korea, Dem. Rep. 21 21 21 21 21
St. Kitts and Nevis 23 23 24 21 22
Macao SAR, China 22 22 22 21 20
Sri Lanka 24 23 22 22 21
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 25 24 22 22 22
Argentina 23 22 22 22 22
Greenland 22 20 20 22 22
China 21 22 23 22 22
Israel 24 23 23 23 22
Guyana 23 23 23 23 23
Armenia 23 23 23 23 22
Trinidad and Tobago 27 26 24 23 22
Chile 24 24 24 24 23
Kuwait 31 29 26 24 21
Bahamas, The 26 25 25 24 24
New Caledonia 23 24 24 24 25
Seychelles 27 26 25 25 24
Qatar 29 28 26 25 23
Kazakhstan 25 26 26 25 23
Suriname 28 27 26 25 24
St. Martin (French part) 25 24 25 26 26
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 27 27 26 26 25
Lebanon 27 27 26 26 25
Brazil 29 28 27 26 25
Albania 27 27 27 26 26
Azerbaijan 27 28 27 26 26
Guam 27 27 27 27 26
Jamaica 28 28 27 27 26
Panama 28 28 27 27 27
Indonesia 30 29 28 27 27
Turkey 31 30 29 28 27
United Arab Emirates 30 29 29 28 27
Colombia 29 29 28 28 28
Costa Rica 30 29 29 28 28
Malaysia 29 29 29 29 28
Myanmar 32 31 30 29 28
Mexico 30 30 29 29 29
Tunisia 32 31 30 29 28
French Polynesia 31 30 30 30 29
Fiji 31 31 30 30 29
St. Lucia 32 31 30 30 29
Vietnam 31 30 30 30 29
Venezuela, RB 31 31 30 30 29
South Africa 33 32 31 31 30
Dominican Republic 32 32 31 31 30
Grenada 33 32 32 31 30
Libya 35 34 32 31 30
Bahrain 33 32 32 31 30
Peru 32 32 31 31 30
Ecuador 32 32 32 31 31
Kosovo 32 32 32 31 29
Kyrgyz Republic 32 33 33 32 30
Tonga 33 33 32 32 31
India 33 33 32 32 31
Morocco 35 34 33 32 31
Brunei Darussalam 32 32 32 32 32
El Salvador 34 34 33 33 32
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36 35 34 33 32
Philippines 35 35 34 34 33
Samoa 35 35 34 34 34
Paraguay 36 36 35 35 34
Algeria 39 38 36 35 34
Jordan 37 37 36 35 35
Mongolia 38 37 36 35 34
Uzbekistan 37 38 37 35 33
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 38 37 36 35 35
Papua New Guinea 36 36 36 35 35
Turkmenistan 36 36 36 36 36
Lesotho 38 38 37 36 36
Kiribati 37 37 37 37 36
Vanuatu 37 37 37 37 36
Botswana 40 39 38 37 36
Bangladesh 40 39 38 37 36
Belize 39 38 38 37 36
Bolivia 38 37 37 37 37
Iran, Islamic Rep. 42 41 39 37 35
Gabon 38 38 38 38 37
Saudi Arabia 41 40 39 38 37
Syrian Arab Republic 41 40 39 38 37
Sao Tome and Principe 40 39 39 38 38
Iraq 39 38 38 38 38
Nicaragua 41 40 39 38 37
Congo, Rep. 40 40 39 39 39
Nepal 40 40 39 39 38
Haiti 41 41 40 39 38
Namibia 40 40 39 39 39
Zimbabwe 42 41 40 39 38
Honduras 41 40 40 39 39
Guatemala 41 40 40 40 39
Bhutan 42 41 41 40 39
Comoros 43 42 41 40 39
Ghana 41 41 40 40 39
Cabo Verde 41 41 41 40 40
Djibouti 40 40 40 41 41
Solomon Islands 42 41 41 41 40
Mauritania 42 41 41 41 41
Pakistan 42 42 42 42 41
Central African Republic 42 42 42 42 41
Tajikistan 42 42 42 42 41
Oman 46 45 44 42 40
Sudan 43 43 42 42 42
Cote d'Ivoire 45 44 43 43 42
Timor-Leste 44 43 43 43 43
Lao PDR 43 43 43 43 43
Mozambique 45 44 44 44 43
Togo 45 45 44 44 43
Zambia 44 44 44 44 44
Kenya 47 46 45 44 43
Senegal 46 45 45 44 44
Nigeria 46 45 45 45 44
Tanzania 45 45 45 45 44
Maldives 48 47 46 45 43
Madagascar 44 44 45 45 45
Sierra Leone 46 46 45 45 45
Eritrea 46 46 45 45 45
Guinea-Bissau 47 46 46 45 45
Cameroon 46 46 46 45 45
Swaziland 47 47 46 45 44
Cambodia 49 48 47 46 44
Liberia 48 47 47 46 46
Benin 47 47 47 47 47
Guinea 47 47 47 47 47
Equatorial Guinea 45 46 47 47 47
Somalia 47 47 47 48 48
Burkina Faso 48 48 48 48 48
South Sudan 48 48 48 48 48
Congo, Dem. Rep. 47 48 48 48 48
Mali 48 48 48 48 48
Gambia, The 49 49 48 48 48
Ethiopia 49 49 48 48 48
Uganda 49 50 50 50 50
Rwanda 52 52 51 50 49
Afghanistan 51 51 51 51 51
Chad 50 50 51 51 51
Burundi 52 52 51 51 51
Malawi 53 53 52 52 51
Angola 53 53 53 53 53
Yemen, Rep. 55 55 54 53 52
Niger 55 55 55 55 55
Monaco
Dominica 24
Tuvalu
Serbia
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bermuda 15
Palau
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Marshall Islands 39
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Andorra
West Bank and Gaza
American Samoa
Cayman Islands
San Marino

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