Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Latvia 8 8 8 8 9
Bulgaria 9 8 8 9 9
Russian Federation 9 9 9 8 9
Ukraine 9 9 8 8 8
Czech Republic 9 9 9 9 9
Belarus 9 9 9 9 9
Estonia 9 9 9 9 9
Slovenia 9 9 9 9 9
Hong Kong SAR, China 10 9 8 8 8
Spain 9 9 9 10 10
Italy 9 9 9 9 10
Japan 10 10 10 9 9
Greece 10 10 9 9 10
Hungary 10 10 10 9 10
Germany 10 10 10 9 9
Sweden 11 10 10 10 10
Serbia 11 10 10 10 10
Romania 10 11 11 10 10
Austria 11 11 10 10 10
Lithuania 11 11 10 10 10
Poland 11 11 10 10 10
Slovak Republic 11 11 11 10 10
Portugal 11 11 11 11 12
Andorra 11 11 12 13 11
Belgium 12 11 11 11 11
Switzerland 12 11 11 11 11
Macao SAR, China 12 11 11 10 9
Finland 12 12 11 11 11
Canada 12 12 11 11 11
Bosnia and Herzegovina 12 12 11 11 10
Croatia 12 12 10 10 10
Netherlands 12 12 13 13 13
United Kingdom 13 13 12 12 12
France 13 13 13 13 13
Singapore 16 13 13 13 12
Denmark 13 13 13 12 13
Malta 14 13 12 12 12
Georgia 13 13 13 12 12
Moldova 14 13 12 12 11
Luxembourg 14 13 13 13 13
Australia 14 14 13 13 13
Norway 14 14 13 13 13
Liechtenstein 13 14 13 12 13
Cuba 14 14 14 13 13
Armenia 15 14 14 13 13
United States 14 14 14 14 14
Montenegro 15 14 14 14 14
Korea, Rep. 15 14 14 13 13
Ireland 14 14 15 14 14
Barbados 15 15 14 14 14
Macedonia, FYR 15 15 14 14 13
Kazakhstan 16 15 14 14 15
Cyprus 16 15 14 14 13
Faroe Islands 16 15 14 14 15
Trinidad and Tobago 16 15 15 15 15
New Zealand 15 15 15 15 15
Iceland 16 15 15 15 15
Aruba 16 16 15 15 14
Thailand 16 16 15 15 14
Puerto Rico 17 16 16 16 16
China 17 17 16 15 14
Azerbaijan 17 17 16 15 15
Uruguay 17 17 17 17 16
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 18 17 18 16 14
Mauritius 18 17 17 17 17
Chile 19 18 18 17 17
Palau 20 18 15 13 15
St. Martin (French part) 19 18 18 18 17
United Arab Emirates 19 18 18 17 16
Sri Lanka 19 19 19 18 18
Tunisia 20 19 18 17 17
Seychelles 21 19 18 18 19
Albania 20 19 18 17 16
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 20 19 19 18 18
Greenland 19 20 18 17 16
Argentina 20 20 20 20 19
Vietnam 22 20 19 18 18
Antigua and Barbuda 20 20 20 20 20
Qatar 21 20 20 20 20
Bahamas, The 21 20 20 19 18
St. Kitts and Nevis 20 21
Lebanon 22 21 20 19 19
Grenada 22 21 20 20 19
Iran, Islamic Rep. 23 21 20 19 19
Israel 21 21 22 22 22
Dominica 19 22 16
Mongolia 23 22 21 20 19
Kyrgyz Republic 23 22 22 22 20
Brazil 22 22 21 21 21
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 22 22 21 20 20
French Polynesia 23 22 21 20 20
Costa Rica 23 22 21 20 19
St. Lucia 23 22 21 20 20
Indonesia 22 22 22 22 22
Algeria 23 22 21 20 20
Colombia 23 22 22 21 21
New Caledonia 22 22 21 21 21
Libya 23 22 22 22 22
Turkey 23 23 22 22 22
Bahrain 24 23 22 22 21
Guam 23 23 23 22 22
Kuwait 23 23 24 23 23
Jamaica 24 23 22 21 21
Morocco 24 24 23 22 22
Suriname 24 24 23 23 22
Panama 25 24 24 24 23
Myanmar 25 24 24 24 24
Venezuela, RB 25 25 24 24 24
South Africa 26 25 25 25 24
Brunei Darussalam 27 25 24 23 22
Malaysia 26 25 25 24 23
Uzbekistan 27 26 23 22 21
Mexico 26 26 25 25 24
Peru 26 26 25 25 24
Egypt, Arab Rep. 26 26 25 25 25
Fiji 26 26 26 25 25
Turkmenistan 27 26 25 24 24
Dominican Republic 27 26 26 25 25
Ecuador 27 26 26 25 25
El Salvador 27 27 26 25 24
Maldives 29 27 25 24 23
Oman 28 27 26 25 24
India 28 28 27 27 26
Guyana 29 28 27 26 26
Tonga 29 29 28 28 28
Saudi Arabia 30 29 28 27 26
Botswana 30 29 29 28 28
Nicaragua 30 29 28 28 27
Paraguay 30 29 29 28 27
Bangladesh 30 30 29 28 28
Philippines 31 30 30 30 30
Bhutan 32 31 30 29 28
Cambodia 33 31 30 29 28
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 32 31 31 31 30
Samoa 32 31 31 31 31
Belize 32 32 31 30 30
Cabo Verde 33 32 31 29 28
Syrian Arab Republic 32 32 32 31 30
Kiribati 33 32 32 31 31
Bolivia 33 32 32 31 31
Jordan 33 32 32 32 31
Haiti 33 33 32 32 31
Lesotho 33 33 33 32 31
Tajikistan 34 33 32 31 31
Zimbabwe 34 33 33 33 33
Namibia 34 33 33 32 32
Djibouti 35 34 33 32 31
Vanuatu 34 34 34 33 32
Honduras 35 34 33 32 32
Gabon 35 35 34 34 33
Pakistan 35 35 34 33 32
Swaziland 36 35 34 33 33
Nepal 35 35 34 33 32
Ghana 36 35 35 35 35
Papua New Guinea 36 36 35 35 35
Lao PDR 37 36 34 33 32
Guatemala 37 36 36 35 35
Iraq 37 37 36 36 36
Solomon Islands 37 37 36 36 36
Eritrea 38 37 37 37 37
Kenya 38 38 38 38 38
Congo, Rep. 38 39 39 39 39
Comoros 39 39 38 38 38
Mauritania 39 39 39 38 38
Sao Tome and Principe 39 39 39 39 39
Central African Republic 40 40 40 40 39
Togo 40 40 40 40 40
Sudan 41 41 40 40 40
Senegal 41 41 40 40 40
Equatorial Guinea 42 41 41 40 39
Cote d'Ivoire 42 42 41 41 41
Cameroon 42 42 42 41 41
Tanzania 42 42 42 42 42
Guinea-Bissau 43 42 42 41 41
Rwanda 43 42 42 41 41
Yemen, Rep. 44 43 41 40 39
West Bank and Gaza 43 43 42 41 41
Madagascar 44 43 43 42 41
Nigeria 43 43 43 43 43
Liberia 44 44 43 43 43
Benin 44 44 43 43 43
Burundi 45 44 43 43 43
Guinea 44 44 44 43 43
Zambia 45 44 44 44 44
South Sudan 45 45 44 44 43
Sierra Leone 45 45 45 45 45
Mozambique 46 46 45 45 45
Malawi 46 46 45 45 44
Ethiopia 46 46 45 44 44
Timor-Leste 46 46 45 44 43
Gambia, The 46 46 46 45 45
Burkina Faso 47 47 47 46 46
Congo, Dem. Rep. 48 47 47 47 47
Mali 49 49 48 48 48
Uganda 49 49 49 49 48
Afghanistan 49 49 49 49 48
Somalia 50 50 49 49 49
Chad 51 51 51 51 51
Angola 52 52 52 51 51
Niger 54 54 54 54 53
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
American Samoa
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Isle of Man 12
Bermuda 14 14
Tuvalu
Monaco
Cayman Islands
Marshall Islands 26 42
Curacao

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