Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Latvia 9 8 8 8 8
Bulgaria 9 9 8 8 9
Hong Kong SAR, China 11 10 9 8 8
Ukraine 10 9 9 8 8
Czech Republic 9 9 9 9 9
Estonia 9 9 9 9 9
Russian Federation 9 9 9 9 8
Slovenia 10 10 9 9 9
Belarus 10 9 9 9 9
Spain 9 9 9 9 10
Greece 10 9 10 9 9
Italy 9 9 9 9 9
Hungary 11 10 10 10 9
Japan 10 10 10 10 9
Germany 9 10 10 10 9
Sweden 12 11 10 10 10
Austria 11 11 10 10 10
Serbia 11 11 10 10 10
Poland 11 11 11 10 10
Croatia 11 12 12 10 10
Lithuania 11 11 11 10 10
Romania 10 10 11 11 10
Macao SAR, China 13 12 11 11 10
Slovak Republic 12 11 11 11 10
Switzerland 12 11 11 11 10
Finland 12 12 12 11 11
Portugal 11 11 11 11 11
Bosnia and Herzegovina 12 12 12 11 11
Belgium 11 11 11 11 11
Canada 13 12 12 11 11
United Kingdom 13 13 13 12 12
Moldova 14 13 13 12 12
Malta 13 14 13 12 12
Denmark 13 13 13 13 12
Georgia 14 13 13 13 12
Luxembourg 13 14 13 13 13
Liechtenstein 14 13 14 13 12
Netherlands 12 12 12 13 13
France 13 13 13 13 13
Norway 14 14 14 13 13
Singapore 16 16 13 13 13
Australia 14 14 14 13 13
Montenegro 14 14 13 13 13
Macedonia, FYR 15 15 14 14 13
Cuba 14 14 14 14 13
Korea, Rep. 16 15 14 14 13
Armenia 16 15 14 14 13
Barbados 15 14 14 14 14
Kazakhstan 17 16 15 14 14
United States 15 14 14 14 14
Cyprus 16 16 15 14 14
Ireland 14 14 14 15 14
New Zealand 16 15 15 15 15
Trinidad and Tobago 16 16 15 15 15
Aruba 17 16 16 15 15
Palau 23 20 18 15 13
Iceland 16 16 15 15 15
Thailand 17 16 16 15 15
China 17 17 17 16 15
Puerto Rico 17 17 16 16 16
Azerbaijan 19 17 17 16 15
Dominica 19 22 16
Mauritius 18 18 17 17 17
Uruguay 18 17 17 17 17
Greenland 20 19 20 18 17
United Arab Emirates 20 19 18 18 17
Chile 20 19 19 18 17
Tunisia 21 20 19 18 17
Seychelles 21 21 19 18 18
St. Martin (French part) 20 19 18 18 18
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 19 18 17 18 16
Sri Lanka 19 19 19 19 18
Vietnam 23 21 20 19 18
Korea, Dem. Rep. 20 20 19 19 18
Argentina 21 20 20 19 19
Bahamas, The 22 21 20 19 19
Qatar 21 20 20 20 20
Lebanon 22 22 21 20 19
Iran, Islamic Rep. 24 22 21 20 19
Grenada 22 22 21 20 20
Antigua and Barbuda 20 20 20 20 20
Albania 22 22 21 21 20
Mongolia 24 23 22 21 20
Algeria 25 23 22 21 20
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 23 22 22 21 20
French Polynesia 23 23 22 21 20
Costa Rica 23 22 22 21 21
St. Lucia 24 23 22 21 20
Kosovo 22 22 21 21 23
New Caledonia 22 22 22 21 21
Brazil 22 22 22 21 21
Indonesia 23 22 22 22 22
Kyrgyz Republic 26 24 22 22 22
Israel 21 21 21 22 22
Myanmar 24 23 22 22 21
Guyana 23 23 22 22 22
Jamaica 26 24 23 22 21
Bahrain 24 24 23 22 22
Turkey 23 23 23 22 22
Libya 24 24 23 23 22
Guam 23 23 23 23 22
Suriname 23 23 23 23 23
Morocco 26 25 24 23 23
Uzbekistan 30 27 26 23 22
Colombia 25 25 24 24 23
Kuwait 21 22 23 24 24
Venezuela, RB 26 25 25 24 24
Panama 25 25 25 24 24
Brunei Darussalam 28 26 25 24 24
South Africa 26 25 25 25 24
Malaysia 27 26 25 25 24
Turkmenistan 29 27 26 25 24
Peru 27 26 26 25 25
Mexico 27 26 26 25 25
Egypt, Arab Rep. 27 26 26 25 25
Fiji 27 27 26 26 25
Dominican Republic 27 27 26 26 25
Oman 29 28 27 26 25
Ecuador 27 27 26 26 26
India 28 27 27 26 26
El Salvador 29 29 28 27 26
Maldives 32 30 29 27 26
Bangladesh 31 30 29 28 28
Tonga 30 29 29 29 28
Botswana 30 30 29 29 28
Saudi Arabia 32 31 30 29 28
Paraguay 31 30 30 29 29
Cambodia 33 32 30 29 28
Nicaragua 33 32 31 30 29
Bhutan 33 32 31 30 29
Philippines 31 31 30 30 30
Belize 33 32 31 30 30
Kiribati 33 33 32 31 30
Cabo Verde 34 33 32 31 30
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 32 32 31 31 31
Samoa 32 32 31 31 31
Syrian Arab Republic 33 32 32 32 31
Djibouti 36 34 33 32 31
Jordan 33 33 32 32 32
Tajikistan 35 34 33 32 31
Haiti 34 33 33 32 32
Bolivia 34 34 33 33 32
Lesotho 34 33 33 33 32
Zimbabwe 34 33 33 33 32
Namibia 35 34 34 33 32
Honduras 35 35 34 33 32
Pakistan 36 35 34 33 32
Vanuatu 35 34 34 34 33
Swaziland 37 36 35 34 33
Lao PDR 38 37 35 34 32
Nepal 35 35 35 34 34
Gabon 35 35 35 34 34
Ghana 36 36 35 35 35
Papua New Guinea 36 36 36 36 35
Sao Tome and Principe 36 36 36 36 36
Solomon Islands 37 37 37 36 36
Iraq 37 37 36 36 36
Guatemala 38 38 38 37 37
Kenya 38 38 38 38 38
Comoros 37 38 38 38 39
Mauritania 39 39 39 39 38
Congo, Rep. 38 39 39 39 39
Cote d'Ivoire 40 39 39 39 39
Togo 40 40 39 39 39
Central African Republic 40 40 40 40 40
Eritrea 42 41 40 40 40
Sudan 41 41 41 40 40
Senegal 41 41 41 40 40
Equatorial Guinea 43 42 42 41 40
Cameroon 42 42 42 42 41
Yemen, Rep. 46 44 43 42 40
Tanzania 42 42 42 42 42
West Bank and Gaza 43 43 43 42 41
Guinea-Bissau 44 43 43 42 42
Rwanda 44 43 43 42 42
Madagascar 44 44 43 43 42
Guinea 44 44 43 43 43
Nigeria 43 43 43 43 43
Burundi 45 45 44 43 43
Liberia 44 44 44 43 43
Benin 45 44 44 43 43
South Sudan 45 45 44 44 43
Mozambique 43 43 44 44 44
Sierra Leone 44 44 44 44 44
Timor-Leste 46 46 45 45 44
Ethiopia 46 46 46 45 44
Zambia 45 45 45 45 46
Gambia, The 46 46 46 46 46
Malawi 48 47 47 47 46
Burkina Faso 47 47 47 47 46
Mali 48 48 48 48 48
Congo, Dem. Rep. 49 49 48 48 48
Uganda 49 49 49 49 48
Somalia 50 50 50 49 49
Afghanistan 51 51 51 51 51
Angola 52 51 51 51 51
Chad 51 51 51 51 51
Niger 55 54 54 54 54
Marshall Islands 26 42
Tuvalu
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Faeroe Islands
Bermuda 13 14
Monaco
American Samoa
St. Kitts and Nevis 19 20 21
Andorra 13
Isle of Man 12

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