Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Hong Kong SAR, China 8 8 7 7 7
Ukraine 8 8 8 9 9
Latvia 8 9 8 9 9
Russian Federation 8 9 9 10 10
Czech Republic 9 9 9 9 9
Slovenia 9 9 9 9 9
Bulgaria 9 9 9 9 9
Estonia 9 10 9 10 10
Belarus 9 9 9 9 9
Hungary 9 10 10 10 9
Greece 9 10 9 9 10
Japan 9 9 9 9 9
Germany 9 9 9 9 9
Italy 9 10 9 9 9
Spain 10 10 10 10 10
Serbia 10 10 11 10 11
Austria 10 10 9 10 10
Macao SAR, China 10 9 8 8 8
Sweden 10 10 10 11 11
Poland 10 10 10 9 9
Croatia 10 10 9 9 9
Switzerland 10 11 10 10 10
Lithuania 10 10 9 9 9
Romania 10 10 10 10 10
Slovak Republic 10 10 10 10 10
Bosnia and Herzegovina 11 10 10 9 9
Finland 11 11 11 11 11
Belgium 11 11 11 11 11
Canada 11 11 11 11 11
Portugal 11 12 11 11 11
Malta 12 12 10 10 10
United Kingdom 12 12 11 11 12
Moldova 12 12 12 12 12
Georgia 12 12 12 12 12
Denmark 12 13 12 12 12
Liechtenstein 12 13 12 12 10
Andorra 13 11 12 11 10
Netherlands 13 13 13 13 12
Singapore 13 12 12 11 11
France 13 13 13 13 13
Luxembourg 13 13 12 12 12
Korea, Rep. 13 13 12 10 10
Macedonia, FYR 13 13 12 12 12
Australia 13 13 13 13 13
Palau 13 15 15 13 15
Armenia 13 13 13 13 14
Cuba 13 13 13 12 12
Norway 13 13 13 12 12
Montenegro 13 13 13 13 13
Barbados 14 13 13 13 13
Cyprus 14 13 13 13 12
United States 14 14 14 14 14
Kazakhstan 14 15 15 15 17
Ireland 14 14 15 15 15
Aruba 15 14 14 13 13
China 15 14 13 13 12
Azerbaijan 15 15 14 14 14
Trinidad and Tobago 15 15 15 15 15
Iceland 15 14 14 14 14
New Zealand 15 15 14 14 14
Thailand 15 15 14 14 13
Puerto Rico 16 16 15 14 13
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 16 14 13 15 14
Uruguay 17 16 16 16 16
Greenland 17 16 17 17 16
Tunisia 17 17 17 17 17
United Arab Emirates 17 17 16 16 16
Chile 17 17 16 16 16
Mauritius 17 17 16 17 16
St. Martin (French part) 18 17 17 17 17
Vietnam 18 17 17 17 17
Seychelles 18 19 18 18 18
Korea, Dem. Rep. 18 18 17 17 16
Sri Lanka 18 18 18 19 19
Bahamas, The 19 18 17 16 16
Argentina 19 19 18 18 18
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19 19 18 18 18
Lebanon 19 19 18 17 16
Albania 20 19 18 17 16
Qatar 20 19 19 18 17
Grenada 20 19 19 19 19
Mongolia 20 19 19 19 19
Algeria 20 20 19 19 20
St. Lucia 20 20 19 18 18
Antigua and Barbuda 20 20 20 20 19
French Polynesia 20 20 20 19 19
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 20 20 19 19 19
Costa Rica 21 20 20 19 18
Jamaica 21 21 19 18 17
Brazil 21 21 20 20 19
New Caledonia 21 21 20 19 18
Myanmar 21 21 20 20 20
Israel 22 22 21 21 22
Kyrgyz Republic 22 20 20 19 21
Indonesia 22 22 21 21 21
Bahrain 22 21 21 20 20
Turkey 22 21 21 21 20
Guyana 22 22 22 22 22
Guam 22 22 21 21 20
Uzbekistan 22 21 21 21 20
Libya 22 22 22 23 23
Morocco 23 22 21 21 21
Kosovo 23 23 22 21 18
Suriname 23 23 22 22 21
Colombia 23 23 23 22 22
Brunei Darussalam 24 23 22 22 21
Malaysia 24 23 22 21 20
Venezuela, RB 24 24 23 23 23
Panama 24 24 24 23 23
Turkmenistan 24 24 23 23 23
Kuwait 24 24 23 22 22
South Africa 24 24 24 24 23
Peru 25 24 24 23 23
Mexico 25 24 24 23 23
Oman 25 24 23 23 22
Egypt, Arab Rep. 25 25 25 24 24
Fiji 25 25 24 24 24
Dominican Republic 25 25 25 24 24
Ecuador 26 25 25 25 24
El Salvador 26 25 24 23 22
Maldives 26 25 23 22 22
India 26 26 25 25 24
Bangladesh 28 27 26 26 25
Botswana 28 27 27 26 26
Saudi Arabia 28 27 26 25 24
Cambodia 28 28 27 27 26
Tonga 28 28 28 29 29
Paraguay 29 28 28 27 27
Bhutan 29 28 27 26 25
Nicaragua 29 28 27 27 26
Kiribati 30 29 28 27 26
Belize 30 29 29 28 28
Philippines 30 30 29 29 28
Cabo Verde 30 29 28 27 26
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 31 30 29 28 28
Samoa 31 31 30 30 30
Djibouti 31 30 30 29 29
Syrian Arab Republic 31 30 30 29 28
Tajikistan 31 30 30 29 29
Jordan 32 31 31 31 30
Haiti 32 31 31 30 30
Bolivia 32 31 31 30 30
Lesotho 32 31 31 30 30
Namibia 32 32 31 31 30
Pakistan 32 31 30 29 29
Lao PDR 32 31 30 29 29
Zimbabwe 32 32 32 32 32
Honduras 32 32 31 30 30
Vanuatu 33 32 32 31 31
Swaziland 33 33 32 32 32
Nepal 34 33 32 31 30
Gabon 34 34 34 33 33
Ghana 35 35 34 34 34
Papua New Guinea 35 35 35 34 34
Solomon Islands 36 36 35 35 35
Iraq 36 36 36 35 35
Sao Tome and Principe 36 36 37 37 37
Guatemala 37 37 36 36 35
Kenya 38 39 39 39 39
Mauritania 38 38 38 38 37
Cote d'Ivoire 39 38 38 38 37
Comoros 39 39 39 39 39
Togo 39 39 39 39 39
Congo, Rep. 39 39 39 39 39
Central African Republic 40 39 39 39 38
Eritrea 40 40 40 40 40
Sudan 40 40 39 39 39
Senegal 40 40 40 40 39
Equatorial Guinea 40 40 39 39 38
Yemen, Rep. 40 39 39 38 37
Cameroon 41 41 41 41 41
West Bank and Gaza 41 41 40 40 39
Tanzania 42 42 42 42 42
Rwanda 42 41 40 40 39
Marshall Islands 42
Madagascar 42 41 40 40 39
Guinea-Bissau 42 42 41 41 41
Guinea 43 42 42 41 41
Burundi 43 42 42 43 43
Nigeria 43 43 43 43 43
Benin 43 43 42 42 41
Liberia 43 43 42 42 41
South Sudan 43 43 42 41 41
Timor-Leste 44 43 41 40 39
Sierra Leone 44 44 44 43 43
Mozambique 44 44 45 45 45
Ethiopia 44 44 43 42 41
Gambia, The 46 45 45 45 45
Zambia 46 45 45 45 45
Malawi 46 45 45 44 43
Burkina Faso 46 46 46 46 45
Congo, Dem. Rep. 48 48 47 47 47
Mali 48 48 48 48 48
Uganda 48 48 48 48 47
Somalia 49 49 48 48 47
Afghanistan 51 50 49 48 47
Angola 51 50 50 50 50
Chad 51 51 51 51 50
Niger 54 53 53 52 52
San Marino
Faeroe Islands
Cayman Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Monaco
Tuvalu
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Bermuda 14 13 13 13
Dominica 15
American Samoa
St. Kitts and Nevis 17 17
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man 11

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