Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Afghanistan 51 51 51 51 51
Albania 28 27 27 27 26
Algeria 40 39 38 36 35
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 53 53 53 53 53
Antigua and Barbuda 19 19 19 19 19
Argentina 23 23 22 22 22
Armenia 23 23 23 23 23
Aruba 22 22 21 21 21
Australia 15 16 15 15 15
Austria 12 12 11 11 12
Azerbaijan 27 27 28 27 26
Bahamas, The 26 26 25 25 24
Bahrain 33 33 32 32 31
Bangladesh 40 40 39 38 37
Barbados 17 17 17 17 16
Belarus 17 17 17 16 16
Belgium 12 12 12 12 12
Belize 39 39 38 38 37
Benin 47 47 47 47 47
Bermuda 15
Bhutan 42 42 41 41 40
Bolivia 38 38 37 37 37
Bosnia and Herzegovina 18 18 18 17 16
Botswana 41 40 39 38 37
Brazil 30 29 28 27 26
Brunei Darussalam 32 32 32 32 32
Bulgaria 14 13 13 13 13
Burkina Faso 49 48 48 48 48
Burundi 52 52 52 51 51
Cabo Verde 42 41 41 41 40
Cambodia 49 49 48 47 46
Cameroon 46 46 46 46 45
Canada 15 15 15 14 15
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 42 42 42 42 42
Central Europe and the Baltics 16 16 15 15 15
Chad 50 50 50 51 51
Chile 24 24 24 24 24
China 20 21 22 23 22
Colombia 30 29 29 28 28
Comoros 45 43 42 41 40
Congo, Dem. Rep. 47 47 48 48 48
Congo, Rep. 40 40 40 39 39
Costa Rica 30 30 29 29 28
Cote d'Ivoire 45 45 44 43 43
Croatia 14 13 13 13 12
Cuba 17 17 17 17 17
Curacao
Cyprus 20 20 20 20 20
Czech Republic 13 13 13 13 13
Denmark 10 11 11 11 12
Djibouti 40 40 40 40 41
Dominica 21 24
Dominican Republic 33 32 32 31 31
Ecuador 33 32 32 32 31
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36 36 35 34 33
El Salvador 35 34 34 33 33
Equatorial Guinea 44 45 46 47 47
Eritrea 46 46 46 45 45
Estonia 16 16 16 16 16
Ethiopia 49 49 49 48 48
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 32 31 31 30 30
Finland 13 13 12 12 13
Fragile and conflict affected situations 43 42 42 42 41
France 14 14 14 14 14
French Polynesia 31 31 30 30 30
Gabon 38 38 38 38 38
Gambia, The 49 49 49 48 48
Georgia 18 18 18 18 18
Germany 10 11 11 11 11
Ghana 42 41 41 40 40
Greece 13 12 11 11 11
Greenland 20 22 20 20 22
Grenada 33 33 32 32 31
Guam 27 27 27 27 27
Guatemala 41 41 40 40 40
Guinea 47 47 47 47 47
Guinea-Bissau 47 47 46 46 45
Guyana 24 23 23 23 23
Haiti 42 41 41 40 39
Honduras 41 41 40 40 39
Hong Kong SAR, China 14 14 13 13 13
Hungary 12 12 12 12 12
Iceland 17 16 16 17 19
India 34 33 33 32 32
Indonesia 30 30 29 28 27
Iran, Islamic Rep. 43 42 41 39 37
Iraq 39 39 38 38 38
Ireland 18 18 17 17 16
Isle of Man 11 12
Israel 24 24 23 23 23
Italy 10 10 10 10 10
Jamaica 28 28 28 27 27
Japan 13 12 11 11 11
Jordan 38 37 37 36 35
Kazakhstan 26 25 26 26 25
Kenya 48 47 46 45 44
Kiribati 37 37 37 37 37
Korea, Dem. Rep. 21 21 21 21 21
Korea, Rep. 17 16 15 15 15
Kosovo 34 32 32 32 31
Kuwait 33 31 29 26 24
Kyrgyz Republic 32 32 33 33 32
Lao PDR 43 43 43 43 43
Latvia 16 15 16 16 16
Lebanon 28 27 27 26 26
Lesotho 39 38 38 37 36
Liberia 48 48 47 47 46
Libya 37 35 34 32 31
Liechtenstein 15 14 13 13 15
Lithuania 16 17 17 16 16
Luxembourg 12 11 12 11 12
Macao SAR, China 21 22 22 22 21
Macedonia, FYR 20 20 19 19 19
Madagascar 43 44 44 45 45
Malawi 54 53 53 52 52
Malaysia 29 29 29 29 29
Maldives 48 48 47 46 45
Mali 49 48 48 48 48
Malta 17 16 15 15 16
Marshall Islands 39
Mauritania 42 42 41 41 41
Mauritius 20 19 19 19 20
Mexico 31 30 30 29 29
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 38 38 37 36 35
Moldova 22 22 22 21 20
Monaco
Mongolia 38 38 37 36 35
Montenegro 17 17 16 16 15
Morocco 36 35 34 33 32
Mozambique 45 45 44 44 44
Myanmar 33 32 31 30 29
Namibia 41 40 40 39 39
Nepal 40 40 40 39 39
Netherlands 12 12 13 13 13
New Caledonia 24 23 24 24 24
New Zealand 16 16 16 17 17
Nicaragua 41 41 40 39 38
Niger 55 55 55 55 55
Nigeria 46 46 45 45 45
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 12 12 13 13 14
Oman 47 46 45 44 42
Pakistan 42 42 42 42 42
Palau
Panama 29 28 28 27 27
Papua New Guinea 37 36 36 36 35
Paraguay 37 36 36 35 35
Peru 33 32 32 31 31
Philippines 35 35 35 34 34
Poland 19 18 17 16 16
Portugal 14 13 13 12 12
Puerto Rico 19 19 19 20 19
Qatar 31 29 28 26 25
Romania 16 16 17 17 17
Russian Federation 17 17 17 17 16
Rwanda 53 52 52 51 50
Samoa 36 35 35 34 34
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 40 40 39 39 38
Saudi Arabia 41 41 40 39 38
Senegal 46 46 45 45 44
Serbia
Seychelles 27 27 26 25 25
Sierra Leone 47 46 46 45 45
Singapore 17 17 15 17 20
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 18 18 17 16 16
Slovenia 14 13 13 13 13
Solomon Islands 42 42 41 41 41
Somalia 46 47 47 47 48
South Africa 33 33 32 31 31
South Sudan 48 48 48 48 48
Spain 12 12 11 11 11
Sri Lanka 25 24 23 22 22
St. Kitts and Nevis 25 23 23 24 21
St. Lucia 32 32 31 30 30
St. Martin (French part) 24 25 24 25 26
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 28 27 27 26 26
Sudan 43 43 43 42 42
Suriname 29 28 27 26 25
Swaziland 48 47 47 46 45
Sweden 11 12 12 13 13
Switzerland 12 12 12 12 12
Syrian Arab Republic 42 41 40 39 38
Tajikistan 42 42 42 42 42
Tanzania 46 45 45 45 45
Thailand 23 22 21 21 20
Timor-Leste 44 44 43 43 43
Togo 46 45 45 44 44
Tonga 34 33 33 32 32
Trinidad and Tobago 28 27 26 24 23
Tunisia 33 32 31 30 29
Turkey 32 31 30 29 28
Turkmenistan 36 36 36 36 36
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 49 49 50 50 50
Ukraine 16 15 16 15 14
United Arab Emirates 30 30 29 29 28
United Kingdom 13 13 13 14 14
United States 16 16 16 16 16
Uruguay 18 18 18 18 18
Uzbekistan 36 37 38 37 35
Vanuatu 38 37 37 37 37
Venezuela, RB 32 31 31 30 30
Vietnam 31 31 30 30 30
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 25 25 24 22 22
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 56 55 55 54 53
Zambia 45 44 44 44 44
Zimbabwe 43 42 41 40 39

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