Country name 2009 2010 2011 2012
Niger 50 50 50 50
Chad 48 47 47 46
Mali 48 48 48 47
Angola 47 46 46 45
Somalia 46 45 45 44
Uganda 45 45 44 44
Burundi 45 45 45 45
Congo, Dem. Rep. 44 44 44 43
Gambia, The 43 43 43 43
Zambia 43 43 43 43
Burkina Faso 43 43 42 41
Nigeria 42 42 42 42
Mozambique 41 41 40 39
Malawi 41 41 40 40
Tanzania 41 41 40 40
Afghanistan 39 38 37 35
Cameroon 39 39 38 38
Guinea-Bissau 39 39 38 38
Eritrea 39 38 38 37
Sierra Leone 39 38 38 37
Congo, Rep. 39 39 38 38
Senegal 39 39 38 38
Guinea 39 38 38 37
Benin 38 38 37 37
South Sudan 38 37 37 37
Liberia 38 37 37 36
Togo 38 37 37 37
Comoros 38 37 36 36
Rwanda 37 37 36 36
Kenya 37 37 36 36
Equatorial Guinea 37 37 36 36
Sao Tome and Principe 37 36 36 35
Timor-Leste 37 36 36 36
Cote d'Ivoire 36 37 37 37
Madagascar 36 35 35 35
Mauritania 36 35 35 34
Central African Republic 35 35 35 34
Sudan 35 35 34 34
Ethiopia 35 35 34 34
Fragile and conflict affected situations 35 34 34 34
Solomon Islands 33 33 32 31
Gabon 33 33 32 32
Yemen, Rep. 33 32 32 31
Iraq 33 32 32 31
Guatemala 33 32 32 31
Ghana 33 32 32 31
Zimbabwe 32 32 32 32
Tajikistan 32 33 33 33
West Bank and Gaza 32 31 31 31
Swaziland 31 31 31 30
Papua New Guinea 31 30 30 29
Jordan 29 29 28 28
Djibouti 29 28 28 28
Lao PDR 29 28 28 27
Samoa 28 28 27 27
Lesotho 28 28 28 28
Vanuatu 28 27 27 27
Tonga 28 27 27 26
Namibia 27 27 27 26
Honduras 27 27 26 26
Haiti 27 27 26 26
Pakistan 27 27 26 26
Bolivia 27 26 26 26
Cambodia 26 26 26 26
Philippines 25 25 25 25
Syrian Arab Republic 25 25 25 24
Kyrgyz Republic 25 27 27 28
Belize 25 24 24 24
Botswana 25 24 24 24
Paraguay 25 24 24 24
Nicaragua 24 24 24 23
Egypt, Arab Rep. 24 24 24 24
Algeria 24 25 25 25
Nepal 24 23 22 22
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 24 24 24 24
Kiribati 24 23 23 23
Uzbekistan 23 23 22 21
Mongolia 23 23 23 23
Dominican Republic 22 22 22 21
Libya 22 22 22 21
Ecuador 22 22 21 21
Maldives 22 22 22 22
Kazakhstan 22 23 23 23
Guyana 22 22 21 21
Turkmenistan 22 22 22 22
Fiji 22 22 21 21
Oman 22 22 22 21
South Africa 22 22 21 21
India 22 21 21 21
Israel 22 22 21 22
Kuwait 21 21 21 21
Bangladesh 21 21 21 20
Cabo Verde 21 21 21 20
Morocco 21 22 22 23
Saudi Arabia 21 21 20 20
Venezuela, RB 21 21 20 20
Bhutan 21 21 20 20
Peru 21 21 20 20
Panama 21 20 20 20
El Salvador 21 20 20 20
Indonesia 20 20 20 19
Colombia 20 20 19 19
Mexico 20 20 19 19
Grenada 19 19 19 19
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19 19 19 19
Kosovo 19 19 18 18
Suriname 19 18 18 18
Sri Lanka 19 18 18 18
Myanmar 18 18 18 17
Seychelles 18 17 19 19
Turkey 18 18 17 17
Guam 18 18 18 17
Tunisia 18 19 19 19
Malaysia 18 18 18 18
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 17 17 17 17
Argentina 17 17 17 17
Brunei Darussalam 17 17 16 16
Antigua and Barbuda 17 17 17 17
French Polynesia 17 17 17 17
Azerbaijan 17 18 19 19
St. Martin (French part) 17 17 17 16
Ireland 17 17 16 16
Vietnam 17 16 16 16
Bahrain 17 16 16 16
St. Lucia 17 16 16 16
New Caledonia 16 17 16 16
United Arab Emirates 16 16 16 15
Jamaica 16 15 15 15
Costa Rica 16 16 16 15
Greenland 16 15 14 14
Brazil 16 16 15 15
Iceland 16 15 14 14
Bahamas, The 16 16 15 15
Cayman Islands 16 15 15 13
Trinidad and Tobago 15 15 15 15
Uruguay 15 15 15 15
Korea, Dem. Rep. 14 14 14 14
New Zealand 14 15 14 14
Chile 14 14 14 14
Armenia 14 14 14 14
Australia 14 14 14 14
Georgia 14 14 14 14
United States 14 13 13 13
Curacao 13 14 13 13
Barbados 13 13 13 13
France 13 13 13 13
Norway 13 13 12 12
Lebanon 13 13 13 13
United Kingdom 13 13 13 13
Albania 13 13 13 13
Bermuda 12 12 12 12
Moldova 12 12 12 12
Russian Federation 12 13 13 13
Montenegro 12 12 12 12
China 12 12 12 12
Qatar 12 12 11 11
Sweden 12 12 12 12
Mauritius 12 12 11 11
Hong Kong SAR, China 12 13 14 13
Belgium 12 12 12 11
Estonia 12 12 11 11
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 12 11 11 11
Puerto Rico 12 11 11 11
Cyprus 12 12 12 12
Lithuania 12 12 11 10
Denmark 11 11 11 10
Liechtenstein 11 9 11 10
Slovak Republic 11 11 11 10
Belarus 11 11 12 12
Thailand 11 11 11 10
Canada 11 11 11 11
Finland 11 11 11 11
Czech Republic 11 11 10 10
Luxembourg 11 12 11 11
Netherlands 11 11 11 11
Ukraine 11 11 11 11
Aruba 11 11 11 10
Macedonia, FYR 11 11 11 11
Romania 11 11 10 10
Poland 11 11 10 10
Bulgaria 11 10 10 10
Central Europe and the Baltics 11 11 10 10
San Marino 11 11 10 10
Slovenia 11 11 11 11
Spain 11 10 10 10
Greece 11 10 10 9
Latvia 10 9 9 10
Cuba 10 10 10 10
Croatia 10 10 10 10
Switzerland 10 10 10 10
Singapore 10 9 10 10
Andorra 10 10 10
Malta 10 9 10 10
Hungary 10 9 9 9
Serbia 10 9 9 9
Italy 10 9 9 9
Portugal 9 10 9 9
Macao SAR, China 9 9 10 10
Austria 9 9 9 9
Korea, Rep. 9 9 9 10
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9 9 9 9
Japan 9 9 8 8
Germany 8 8 8 8
Palau
St. Kitts and Nevis
Isle of Man
Marshall Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Monaco
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Faeroe Islands 12 13
Tuvalu
Dominica 13
American Samoa 19

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