Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
United Arab Emirates 2 2 2 2 2
Qatar 2 2 2 2 2
Bahrain 3 3 3 3 3
Brunei Darussalam 3 3 3 3 3
Kuwait 3 3 3 3 3
St. Martin (French part) 3 3 3 3 3
Oman 4 4 4 4 4
Syrian Arab Republic 4 4 4 4 4
Costa Rica 4 4 4 4 4
Saudi Arabia 5 4 4 4 4
Jordan 5 4 4 4 4
Malaysia 5 5 5 4 4
Guam 5 5 5 5 5
Libya 5 5 5 5 4
Singapore 5 5 4 5 5
Mexico 5 5 5 5 5
Panama 5 5 5 5 5
New Caledonia 5 5 5 5 5
West Bank and Gaza 5 5 5 5 5
French Polynesia 5 5 5 5 5
Macao SAR, China 5 5 5 5 5
Venezuela, RB 5 5 5 5 5
Hong Kong SAR, China 5 5 5 5 5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 5 5 5 5 5
Iraq 5 5 5 5 5
Korea, Rep. 5 5 5 5 5
Chile 5 5 5 5 5
Ecuador 6 5 5 5 5
Algeria 6 5 5 5 5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6 5 5 5 5
Nicaragua 6 6 6 5 5
Vietnam 6 6 6 5 5
Honduras 6 6 6 6 5
Tunisia 6 6 6 6 6
Belize 6 6 6 6 6
Bahamas, The 6 6 6 6 6
Colombia 6 6 6 6 6
Maldives 7 7 6 6 5
Lebanon 6 6 6 6 6
Albania 6 6 6 6 6
Azerbaijan 7 6 6 6 6
Uzbekistan 6 6 6 6 5
Paraguay 6 6 6 6 6
Dominican Republic 6 6 6 6 6
Peru 6 6 6 6 6
Fiji 6 6 6 6 6
Morocco 6 6 6 6 6
Kosovo 6 6 6 6 7
Philippines 6 6 6 6 6
Israel 6 6 6 6 6
Tonga 6 6 6 6 6
Samoa 7 6 6 6 6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 6 6 6 6 6
Jamaica 6 7 6 6 7
Brazil 7 7 6 6 6
El Salvador 7 6 6 6 6
China 7 7 7 7 6
Cabo Verde 7 7 7 7 6
Liechtenstein 7 7 7 7 6
Thailand 6 6 7 7 7
Vanuatu 7 7 7 7 6
Iceland 7 7 7 7 7
Turkey 7 7 7 7 7
Australia 7 7 7 7 7
Palau 6 8 7 7 7
Mauritius 7 7 7 7 7
Guatemala 7 7 7 7 7
New Zealand 7 8 7 7 7
Cyprus 7 7 7 7 7
Indonesia 7 7 7 7 7
Aruba 7 7 7 7 7
Antigua and Barbuda 7 7 7 7 7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 7 7 7 7 7
Cuba 7 7 7 7 7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 7 7 7 7 7
Seychelles 7 7 8 7 7
Canada 7 7 7 7 7
Kyrgyz Republic 8 8 7 7 7
Sri Lanka 7 7 7 7 7
St. Lucia 7 7 7 7 7
Suriname 7 7 7 7 7
Japan 7 7 7 8 8
Kiribati 8 8 8 8 7
Bangladesh 8 8 8 8 7
Turkmenistan 8 8 8 8 8
Puerto Rico 8 8 8 8 8
Dominica 8 6 8
Argentina 8 8 8 8 8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 9 8 8 8
Trinidad and Tobago 8 8 8 8 8
Malta 7 7 8 8 8
Montenegro 7 8 8 8 8
Greenland 9 8 9 8 9
Mongolia 9 9 8 8 8
Macedonia, FYR 8 8 8 8 8
Solomon Islands 9 9 9 8 8
Grenada 9 8 8 8 8
Tajikistan 9 9 9 8 8
Pakistan 9 9 9 8 8
Faeroe Islands 8 9 9 9 9
Ireland 9 9 9 9 9
United States 9 9 9 9 9
Armenia 9 9 9 9 9
Switzerland 9 9 9 9 8
Bolivia 9 9 9 9 9
Netherlands 9 9 9 9 9
Sao Tome and Principe 9 9 9 9 9
Myanmar 9 9 9 9 9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 8 8 9 9 9
France 9 9 9 9 9
Spain 9 9 9 9 9
Luxembourg 9 9 9 9 9
India 10 10 9 9 9
Lao PDR 11 10 10 9 9
Nepal 10 10 10 9 9
Cambodia 10 10 10 9 9
Guyana 10 9 9 9 9
Papua New Guinea 10 10 10 9 9
Uruguay 10 10 9 9 9
Greece 9 9 9 10 10
Austria 10 10 10 10 10
Finland 10 10 10 10 10
Slovenia 10 9 10 10 10
Bhutan 11 10 10 10 9
Poland 10 10 10 10 10
Yemen, Rep. 11 10 10 10 10
Barbados 10 10 10 10 10
Mauritania 10 10 10 10 10
Slovak Republic 10 10 10 10 10
Georgia 10 10 10 10 10
Norway 10 10 10 10 10
Italy 10 10 10 10 10
South Africa 8 9 9 10 11
Namibia 9 9 10 10 11
Belgium 11 10 10 10 10
Kazakhstan 10 10 10 10 10
Djibouti 11 11 10 10 10
Eritrea 12 12 11 10 10
Germany 11 11 11 10 10
Sweden 11 11 11 11 11
Portugal 10 11 10 11 11
Ghana 10 10 11 11 11
Czech Republic 11 11 11 11 11
Comoros 11 11 11 11 11
Timor-Leste 13 12 11 11 10
United Kingdom 11 11 11 11 11
Sudan 11 11 11 11 11
Gabon 11 11 11 11 11
Denmark 12 12 11 11 11
Senegal 11 11 11 11 11
Madagascar 13 12 12 11 11
Haiti 12 12 11 11 11
Croatia 11 11 12 12 12
Lithuania 13 12 12 12 11
Botswana 9 10 11 12 13
Kenya 11 11 12 12 12
Moldova 11 11 12 12 12
Romania 12 13 12 12 12
Swaziland 10 11 12 12 13
Togo 12 12 13 13 13
Gambia, The 13 13 13 13 12
Benin 13 13 13 13 13
Afghanistan 14 14 13 13 13
Serbia 12 13 13 13 14
Russian Federation 15 14 14 14 15
Belarus 13 13 13 14 14
Congo, Rep. 13 13 14 14 14
Hungary 14 14 14 14 14
Cameroon 14 14 14 14 14
Estonia 15 13 13 14 13
Latvia 16 14 14 14 14
Lesotho 11 12 13 14 15
Bulgaria 14 14 15 14 14
Ukraine 15 15 15 14 15
Liberia 16 15 15 15 14
Ethiopia 16 16 15 15 14
Tanzania 15 15 15 15 15
Guinea-Bissau 16 16 15 15 15
Guinea 16 15 15 15 15
Zimbabwe 13 14 15 16 16
Burkina Faso 17 16 16 16 16
Burundi 18 17 17 16 16
Cote d'Ivoire 15 16 16 17 17
Somalia 19 18 17 17 16
Uganda 18 17 17 17 16
South Sudan 18 18 17 17 16
Mozambique 18 18 18 17 17
Equatorial Guinea 18 18 18 18 18
Nigeria 18 18 18 18 18
Niger 20 19 19 18 17
Malawi 18 18 18 18 18
Rwanda 33 28 22 18 15
Mali 19 19 19 18 18
Chad 19 19 19 19 18
Congo, Dem. Rep. 19 19 19 19 19
Central African Republic 19 20 20 20 20
Zambia 21 21 21 21 20
Angola 22 22 21 21 20
Sierra Leone 27 27 26 26 25
Northern Mariana Islands
Marshall Islands 4 5
Curacao
Andorra
San Marino
Monaco
Tuvalu
Bermuda 8 7
St. Kitts and Nevis 9 11 12
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Isle of Man 13
Cayman Islands

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