Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
United Arab Emirates 2 2 2 2 2
Qatar 2 2 2 2 2
Kuwait 3 3 3 3 3
Bahrain 3 3 3 3 3
St. Martin (French part) 3 3 3 3 3
Brunei Darussalam 3 3 3 3 3
Oman 4 4 4 4 4
Saudi Arabia 4 4 4 4 4
Syrian Arab Republic 4 4 4 4 4
Costa Rica 4 4 4 4 4
Jordan 4 4 4 4 4
Malaysia 5 4 4 4 4
Guam 5 5 5 5 5
Singapore 5 4 5 5 4
Mexico 5 5 5 5 5
Libya 5 5 5 5 5
Panama 5 5 5 5 5
New Caledonia 5 5 5 5 5
West Bank and Gaza 5 5 5 5 5
French Polynesia 5 5 5 5 5
Macao SAR, China 5 5 5 5 5
Hong Kong SAR, China 5 5 5 5 5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 5 5 5 5 6
Venezuela, RB 5 5 5 5 5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5 5 5 5 5
Korea, Rep. 5 5 5 5 5
Maldives 6 6 5 5 5
Algeria 6 5 5 5 5
Ecuador 5 5 5 5 5
Chile 6 5 5 5 5
Nicaragua 6 6 5 5 5
Honduras 6 6 6 5 5
Tunisia 6 6 6 6 6
Vietnam 6 6 6 6 6
Bahamas, The 6 6 6 6 6
Iraq 6 6 6 6 6
Colombia 6 6 6 6 6
Lebanon 6 6 6 6 6
Uzbekistan 6 6 6 5 6
Azerbaijan 6 6 6 6 6
Paraguay 6 6 6 6 6
Dominican Republic 6 6 6 6 6
Fiji 6 6 6 6 6
Peru 6 6 6 6 6
Albania 6 6 6 6 6
Belize 6 6 6 6 6
Cabo Verde 7 6 6 6 6
Brazil 6 6 6 6 6
Israel 6 6 6 6 6
Philippines 6 6 6 6 6
Tonga 6 6 6 6 6
Samoa 6 6 6 6 6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 6 6 6 6 6
Jamaica 7 6 6 7 6
Morocco 7 7 6 6 6
China 7 7 7 6 6
Liechtenstein 7 7 7 6 7
Iceland 7 7 7 7 7
Vanuatu 7 7 7 6 6
Guatemala 7 7 7 6 6
Thailand 6 7 7 7 7
Turkey 7 7 7 7 6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 7 7 7 7 7
Mauritius 7 7 7 7 7
Australia 7 7 7 7 7
Palau 8 7 7 7 7
New Zealand 8 7 7 7 7
Cyprus 7 7 7 7 7
El Salvador 7 7 7 7 7
Aruba 7 7 7 7 7
Antigua and Barbuda 7 7 7 7 7
Cuba 7 7 7 7 7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 7 7 7 7 7
Kyrgyz Republic 7 7 7 7 7
Canada 7 7 7 7 7
Seychelles 7 8 7 7 7
Indonesia 7 7 7 7 7
Suriname 7 7 7 7 7
Bangladesh 8 8 7 7 7
St. Lucia 7 7 7 7 7
Sri Lanka 7 7 7 7 7
Japan 7 7 8 8 8
Turkmenistan 8 8 8 8 8
Puerto Rico 8 8 8 8 7
Dominica 8 6 8
Macedonia, FYR 8 8 8 8 8
Argentina 8 8 8 8 8
Trinidad and Tobago 8 8 8 8 8
Kiribati 8 8 8 8 8
Malta 7 8 8 8 8
Greenland 8 9 8 9 8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8 8 8 8 8
Mongolia 9 8 8 8 8
Solomon Islands 9 9 8 8 8
Grenada 8 8 8 8 8
Guyana 8 8 8 8 8
Tajikistan 9 9 8 8 8
Ireland 9 9 9 9 8
Faroe Islands 9 9 9 9 8
United States 9 9 9 9 9
Armenia 9 9 9 9 8
Switzerland 9 9 9 9 9
Netherlands 9 9 9 9 9
India 9 9 9 9 9
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 8 9 9 9 9
Pakistan 9 9 9 9 9
Spain 9 9 9 9 9
France 9 9 9 9 9
Luxembourg 9 9 9 9 9
Nepal 10 10 9 9 9
Myanmar 9 9 9 9 9
Sao Tome and Principe 9 9 9 9 9
Montenegro 9 9 9 10 10
Papua New Guinea 10 10 9 9 9
Uruguay 10 9 9 9 9
Comoros 10 10 10 9 9
Greece 10 9 10 10 10
Finland 10 10 10 10 10
Slovenia 9 10 10 10 9
Bhutan 10 10 10 9 9
Yemen, Rep. 10 10 10 9 9
Mauritania 10 10 10 10 10
Poland 10 10 10 10 10
Barbados 10 10 10 10 10
Austria 10 10 10 10 10
Slovak Republic 10 10 10 10 10
Georgia 10 10 10 10 10
Norway 10 10 10 10 10
Italy 10 10 10 10 10
South Africa 9 9 10 11 12
Namibia 9 10 10 11 11
Kazakhstan 10 10 10 10 10
Eritrea 11 11 10 10 9
Cambodia 11 11 10 10 9
Belgium 10 10 10 10 10
Germany 11 11 10 10 10
Djibouti 11 10 10 10 10
Portugal 11 10 11 11 10
Sweden 11 11 11 11 11
Lao PDR 11 11 11 10 10
Bolivia 11 11 11 10 10
Ghana 10 11 11 11 11
Czech Republic 11 11 11 11 11
United Kingdom 11 11 11 11 10
Sudan 11 11 11 11 11
Denmark 12 11 11 11 11
Gabon 11 11 11 11 11
Senegal 11 11 11 11 11
Timor-Leste 13 12 11 10 10
Madagascar 12 12 11 11 10
Haiti 12 11 11 11 11
Lithuania 12 12 12 11 11
Croatia 11 12 12 12 11
Moldova 11 12 12 12 12
Romania 13 12 12 12 11
Swaziland 11 12 12 13 14
Gambia, The 13 13 13 12 12
Afghanistan 13 13 13 12 12
Togo 12 13 13 13 13
Benin 13 13 13 13 12
Kenya 12 12 13 13 13
Botswana 11 12 13 14 14
Serbia 13 13 13 14 14
Russian Federation 14 14 14 15 15
Belarus 13 13 14 14 14
Hungary 14 14 14 14 13
Cameroon 14 14 14 14 14
Estonia 13 13 14 13 13
Latvia 14 14 14 14 14
Lesotho 12 13 14 15 16
Ukraine 15 15 14 15 15
Bulgaria 14 15 14 14 14
Congo, Rep. 14 14 15 15 15
Liberia 15 15 15 14 14
Tanzania 15 15 15 15 14
Burundi 16 15 15 14 14
Ethiopia 16 15 15 15 14
Equatorial Guinea 16 16 15 15 15
Guinea 16 15 15 15 15
Guinea-Bissau 16 16 15 15 15
Burkina Faso 16 16 16 16 16
Somalia 18 17 17 16 16
Cote d'Ivoire 16 16 17 17 17
Congo, Dem. Rep. 17 17 17 16 16
South Sudan 18 17 17 16 16
Zimbabwe 14 16 17 18 19
Mozambique 18 18 17 17 16
Uganda 19 18 18 17 17
Nigeria 18 18 18 18 18
Niger 19 19 18 17 17
Chad 18 18 18 18 18
Rwanda 28 23 18 15 14
Mali 19 19 18 18 18
Central African Republic 18 18 19 19 19
Malawi 19 19 19 18 18
Zambia 20 19 19 19 18
Angola 22 21 21 20 19
Sierra Leone 27 27 26 25 24
Marshall Islands 4 5
Bermuda 7 8
San Marino
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man 13
Cayman Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis 11 12
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
Monaco
Tuvalu
Curacao

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