Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Japan 5 5 4 4 4
Iceland 5 5 5 5 4
Finland 6 5 5 5 5
Sweden 6 6 5 5 4
Korea, Rep. 6 6 6 5 5
Singapore 6 6 5 5 4
Monaco 6 6 6 6 5
Switzerland 7 6 6 6 6
Netherlands 7 7 6 6 6
Canada 7 7 6 6 6
Germany 7 7 6 6 6
Norway 7 6 6 5 5
Luxembourg 7 7 6 6 6
Denmark 7 7 7 6 6
France 7 7 7 6 6
Andorra 8 7 7 6 6
Australia 8 7 7 6 6
Ireland 8 7 7 6 6
United Kingdom 8 7 7 7 6
Austria 8 8 7 7 6
Italy 8 8 8 7 7
Belgium 8 8 8 7 7
Slovenia 9 8 8 7 7
New Zealand 9 9 8 8 8
Spain 9 9 9 8 8
Brunei Darussalam 9 9 9 9 9
United States 9 9 9 9 8
San Marino 10 9 9 8 7
Israel 10 9 9 8 8
Cyprus 10 10 9 9 8
Malta 10 10 9 9 9
Cuba 11 10 9 9 9
Croatia 11 11 10 10 9
Greece 11 11 10 10 9
Portugal 12 11 10 9 8
Czech Republic 13 12 12 11 10
Lithuania 13 15 16 16 15
Belarus 14 14 14 14 14
Dominica 14 14 14 14 15
United Arab Emirates 14 14 13 12 12
Seychelles 14 14 13 13 13
Malaysia 14 14 13 12 12
Costa Rica 14 14 14 13 13
Kuwait 14 14 13 13 13
Montenegro 15 14 14 14 14
Poland 15 15 14 14 14
Slovak Republic 16 15 14 14 13
Chile 16 15 14 13 12
Bosnia and Herzegovina 16 15 14 13 13
Barbados 16 16 15 15 14
Estonia 17 16 15 15 14
Latvia 17 18 19 20 20
Ukraine 17 17 17 17 17
Hungary 17 16 15 14 13
Grenada 18 17 17 16 16
Qatar 18 17 16 15 14
Sri Lanka 18 18 18 18 18
Bulgaria 18 19 19 19 19
St. Lucia 19 18 18 18 17
Tonga 19 19 18 18 17
Bahrain 20 19 19 18 17
Bahamas, The 20 19 18 17 16
Mauritius 20 19 18 19 19
Uruguay 20 20 19 19 19
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 21 20 19 19 19
Russian Federation 22 22 22 22 22
St. Kitts and Nevis 23 22 21 20 19
Antigua and Barbuda 23 22 21 20 19
Serbia 24 22 21 20 19
Argentina 24 24 23 22 21
Venezuela, RB 25 24 23 23 23
Jamaica 25 24 24 23 23
Fiji 25 24 24 23 23
Panama 26 25 25 24 24
Samoa 26 25 24 23 23
Moldova 27 27 28 28 29
Lebanon 27 26 25 24 23
Trinidad and Tobago 27 27 26 26 26
Vanuatu 27 26 25 24 23
Colombia 29 28 27 27 26
Jordan 30 29 28 28 27
Thailand 30 29 27 26 25
Syrian Arab Republic 30 29 28 27 26
Palau 31 30 29 29 28
Romania 31 30 29 29 28
Solomon Islands 32 31 30 30 29
Oman 32 29 27 25 22
Belize 32 30 29 28 26
Macedonia, FYR 33 32 30 28 25
Korea, Dem. Rep. 33 37 41 46 50
West Bank and Gaza 35 33 32 31 30
Albania 35 34 33 31 30
Saudi Arabia 35 33 30 28 26
Libya 36 35 33 32 30
Vietnam 37 35 34 33 32
Paraguay 37 36 35 34 33
Mexico 37 35 34 32 30
Botswana 39 39 40 42 43
Marshall Islands 39 38 37 36 35
Algeria 40 39 38 38 37
Georgia 41 40 40 39 39
Suriname 41 40 39 38 37
Tunisia 41 39 38 36 35
Philippines 41 39 38 36 35
Iraq 42 41 41 40 39
China 42 42 41 40 39
Armenia 42 41 39 37 35
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 43 43 43 43 43
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44 42 41 39 37
Ecuador 44 42 41 39 37
Tuvalu 44 44 43 42 41
Kazakhstan 45 45 45 45 45
Honduras 46 44 42 41 39
El Salvador 46 44 42 40 38
Dominican Republic 46 45 43 42 40
South Africa 47 46 45 45 45
Guyana 47 46 45 44 43
Cabo Verde 48 47 47 46 45
Namibia 50 49 48 47 47
Zimbabwe 50 52 54 56 57
Nicaragua 51 49 47 45 43
Brazil 51 49 47 45 43
Kyrgyz Republic 55 54 54 53 53
Swaziland 55 56 57 59 62
Turkey 56 53 51 48 46
Peru 57 54 51 49 46
Uzbekistan 59 59 58 58 58
Guatemala 60 57 55 53 51
Congo, Rep. 60 61 62 64 66
Gabon 60 60 59 59 58
Indonesia 62 60 57 55 53
Egypt, Arab Rep. 63 60 57 55 52
Morocco 64 61 59 57 55
Kenya 64 65 67 68 70
Papua New Guinea 65 64 63 62 62
Maldives 68 65 62 59 56
Kiribati 69 67 65 63 61
Lesotho 70 69 69 70 71
Sao Tome and Principe 70 71 71 70 69
Senegal 71 70 70 70 71
Turkmenistan 73 72 72 72 72
Azerbaijan 75 76 76 76 76
Mongolia 77 74 71 68 65
Myanmar 78 76 74 72 70
Mauritania 78 77 77 76 76
Gambia, The 80 78 76 74 73
Sudan 80 79 78 77 76
Ghana 80 78 76 75 73
Bolivia 85 82 79 77 74
Cameroon 85 86 87 89 91
Tajikistan 85 87 90 93 94
Cambodia 86 86 86 86 87
Yemen, Rep. 88 86 84 82 80
Comoros 88 86 83 81 79
India 88 86 84 82 80
Togo 90 89 88 87 86
Djibouti 92 91 89 88 87
Eritrea 93 89 86 82 78
Rwanda 93 96 99 105 125
Bhutan 93 90 86 82 79
Madagascar 98 95 93 91 89
Nepal 99 94 90 86 82
Bangladesh 100 96 92 88 85
Haiti 100 98 95 92 90
Tanzania 101 100 100 99 98
Burkina Faso 103 102 102 102 102
Burundi 103 104 104 104 104
Cote d'Ivoire 104 104 104 104 104
Pakistan 106 104 103 101 99
Uganda 107 106 104 102 100
Benin 108 105 102 100 98
Somalia 108 107 106 105 105
Lao PDR 111 108 106 103 100
Zambia 115 115 115 114 113
Congo, Dem. Rep. 115 115 115 115 115
Central African Republic 115 115 115 115 114
Chad 116 115 114 113 112
Afghanistan 121 117 113 109 106
Ethiopia 122 119 117 113 110
Equatorial Guinea 124 122 119 117 114
Nigeria 126 126 126 125 125
Timor-Leste 130 124 119 114 110
Mali 131 129 127 126 125
Guinea-Bissau 133 131 129 126 124
Angola 133 133 133 133 133
Niger 138 135 132 129 124
Guinea 140 137 133 130 126
Malawi 143 140 136 132 129
South Sudan 150 147 143 140 136
Mozambique 158 156 153 150 146
Sierra Leone 158 157 156 155 154
Liberia 165 166 165 162 158
Northern Mariana Islands
Faeroe Islands
Liechtenstein
New Caledonia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Isle of Man
Aruba
Bermuda
St. Martin (French part)
American Samoa
Puerto Rico
French Polynesia
Curacao
Greenland
Cayman Islands
Guam
Middle East (developing only)
Hong Kong SAR, China
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Macao SAR, China

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