Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Sweden 4 4 4 3 3
Iceland 4 4 4 3 3
Singapore 4 4 4 3 3
Japan 4 4 4 3 3
Finland 4 4 4 4 4
Norway 4 4 4 4 4
Korea, Rep. 5 5 5 5 5
Luxembourg 5 5 4 4 4
Andorra 5 5 4 4 4
Monaco 5 5 5 4 4
Germany 5 5 5 5 4
France 5 5 5 5 4
Switzerland 5 5 5 5 5
Denmark 5 5 5 5 5
Austria 5 5 5 5 5
Netherlands 6 5 5 5 5
Australia 6 5 5 5 5
Slovenia 6 5 5 5 5
Canada 6 5 5 5 5
Belgium 6 6 5 5 5
Italy 6 6 5 5 5
United Kingdom 6 6 6 6 6
San Marino 6 6 6 5 5
Spain 6 6 6 6 5
Ireland 6 6 6 6 6
Israel 7 6 6 6 6
New Zealand 7 7 6 6 6
Portugal 7 7 6 6 6
Cyprus 7 7 6 6 6
Czech Republic 8 7 7 6 6
United States 8 8 7 7 7
Malta 8 8 7 7 7
Cuba 8 8 7 7 7
Brunei Darussalam 8 8 8 8 8
Croatia 8 8 8 7 7
Greece 9 8 8 7 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 11 10 9 9 8
Chile 11 10 10 10 9
Poland 12 10 9 9 8
United Arab Emirates 11 11 10 10 10
Malaysia 11 11 10 9 9
Lithuania 12 11 10 10 10
Estonia 12 11 10 10 9
Hungary 12 11 11 10 10
Slovak Republic 12 12 11 11 10
Kuwait 12 12 12 11 11
Qatar 13 12 12 11 11
Seychelles 12 12 12 12 12
Costa Rica 13 13 12 12 11
Bahrain 14 13 12 11 11
Serbia 15 13 12 11 11
Montenegro 14 14 13 13 13
Dominica 14 14 14 14 13
Barbados 14 14 14 15 15
Bahamas, The 15 14 14 13 13
Belarus 14 14 14 13 11
Grenada 15 14 14 14 14
Tonga 16 16 16 15 15
Sri Lanka 17 16 15 15 14
St. Lucia 17 16 16 16 15
Antigua and Barbuda 17 16 15 15 14
Uruguay 18 17 16 15 15
St. Kitts and Nevis 18 17 16 16 15
Ukraine 18 17 17 17 16
Macedonia, FYR 20 18 16 15 14
Oman 19 18 16 15 14
Latvia 19 18 17 16 15
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19 19 19 19 19
Bulgaria 20 19 19 19 18
Argentina 20 20 19 19 18
Mauritius 20 20 19 18 16
Lebanon 21 20 19 18 17
Samoa 21 20 20 19 19
Jamaica 21 21 20 19 19
Venezuela, RB 22 21 20 20 19
Fiji 22 22 21 21 21
Russian Federation 22 22 21 21 20
Thailand 23 22 21 20 19
Saudi Arabia 23 22 21 20 19
Syrian Arab Republic 24 23 22 21 20
Panama 23 23 23 22 22
Belize 24 23 23 22 21
Colombia 24 23 23 22 21
Jordan 26 25 24 24 23
Palau 26 25 24 24 23
Trinidad and Tobago 26 26 25 25 25
Vanuatu 25 26 24 24 24
Mexico 27 26 24 23 22
Romania 27 26 25 24 23
Libya 27 27 26 25 24
Albania 28 27 26 24 23
West Bank and Gaza 28 27 26 26 25
Solomon Islands 29 28 28 28 27
Vietnam 30 29 28 27 26
Paraguay 31 30 29 29 28
Armenia 32 31 29 28 27
Moldova 31 31 30 28 26
Philippines 33 32 31 31 30
El Salvador 34 32 30 28 27
Tunisia 34 32 30 28 26
Ecuador 34 32 31 30 28
Iran, Islamic Rep. 35 33 32 30 29
Suriname 34 33 32 31 30
Marshall Islands 34 34 34 34 34
Honduras 36 34 37 32 31
Brazil 37 35 32 30 28
China 36 35 34 32 30
Algeria 36 35 35 34 34
Georgia 37 36 35 33 31
Dominican Republic 38 36 35 34 33
Peru 40 37 34 32 30
Nicaragua 40 38 37 34 33
Iraq 38 38 37 36 36
Tuvalu 39 38 37 35 34
Turkey 41 39 36 34 32
Cabo Verde 42 39 36 32 29
Guyana 41 40 39 38 37
Kazakhstan 44 43 41 39 38
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 44 44 43 43 42
Egypt, Arab Rep. 47 44 41 39 37
Guatemala 47 45 43 41 40
Indonesia 49 47 45 43 41
Maldives 50 47 43 39 36
Kyrgyz Republic 50 48 46 44 42
Morocco 50 48 46 44 42
Namibia 48 48 49 49 49
South Africa 49 51 52 53 54
Botswana 50 51 52 53 52
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 55 55 53 49 45
Uzbekistan 57 56 55 54 53
Mongolia 59 57 54 51 48
Gabon 58 57 57 56 56
Kiribati 59 58 56 55 53
Papua New Guinea 61 60 59 59 58
Zimbabwe 62 63 63 64 64
Sao Tome and Principe 67 65 63 61 59
Myanmar 67 66 64 62 61
Bolivia 70 67 64 61 59
Eritrea 71 67 64 61 58
Gambia, The 69 68 66 65 63
Bhutan 72 68 65 62 59
Nepal 73 70 66 63 60
Ghana 71 70 68 67 65
Turkmenistan 71 70 69 68 66
Kenya 72 71 70 68 67
Senegal 71 71 71 70 69
Azerbaijan 74 71 68 65 61
Sudan 74 72 71 69 68
India 75 73 71 69 66
Congo, Rep. 71 74 75 77 77
Bangladesh 77 74 71 67 64
Comoros 76 75 74 73 73
Swaziland 73 76 79 82 84
Mauritania 76 76 76 76 76
Yemen, Rep. 78 77 74 72 69
Madagascar 83 80 77 73 70
Lesotho 79 81 82 83 84
Togo 83 81 80 78 76
Haiti 85 82 80 77 75
Djibouti 85 84 83 81 80
Tajikistan 90 87 83 79 74
Cambodia 88 88 87 85 80
Tanzania 94 91 88 85 80
Lao PDR 94 92 89 86 83
Pakistan 95 93 91 90 88
Benin 96 94 93 91 89
Cameroon 94 95 95 94 92
Uganda 100 98 96 93 90
Timor-Leste 103 99 94 90 86
Ethiopia 102 99 96 93 90
Burkina Faso 101 99 98 97 96
Burundi 102 100 98 96 93
Afghanistan 103 101 99 97 95
Cote d'Ivoire 104 103 102 101 100
Zambia 106 105 103 101 98
Somalia 105 105 105 105 105
Chad 110 109 108 107 106
Niger 115 111 108 104 101
Equatorial Guinea 114 112 110 107 105
Congo, Dem. Rep. 114 113 111 109 107
Guinea 119 115 111 107 103
Central African Republic 115 115 115 114 114
Guinea-Bissau 119 116 113 110 107
Malawi 120 117 114 109 104
Nigeria 122 120 118 115 112
Rwanda 120 122 121 115 109
Mali 124 123 121 119 116
South Sudan 128 124 119 114 110
Angola 132 132 131 130 128
Mozambique 138 133 127 121 115
Liberia 152 145 138 131 123
Sierra Leone 152 150 148 146 143
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
French Polynesia
Bermuda
Hong Kong SAR, China
Faroe Islands
Liechtenstein
American Samoa
Greenland
Isle of Man
Macao SAR, China
St. Martin (French part)
Guam
Curacao
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
New Caledonia
Puerto Rico
Aruba

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