Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Japan 5 5 5 5 5
Iceland 6 6 6 5 5
Finland 6 6 6 6 6
Sweden 6 6 6 6 6
Switzerland 7 7 7 7 7
Netherlands 8 8 7 7 7
Canada 8 8 7 7 7
Korea, Rep. 8 7 7 7 6
Denmark 8 8 8 8 7
France 8 8 8 8 7
Norway 8 8 8 8 7
Singapore 8 8 7 7 6
Ireland 9 8 8 8 8
Germany 9 8 8 7 7
Luxembourg 9 9 8 8 7
Australia 9 9 8 8 8
United Kingdom 10 9 9 8 8
Belgium 10 9 9 9 8
Italy 10 9 9 9 8
Austria 10 9 9 8 8
United States 10 10 10 10 9
Brunei Darussalam 11 10 10 10 9
Spain 11 10 10 10 9
New Zealand 11 11 10 10 9
Cyprus 11 11 10 10 10
Israel 12 11 10 10 10
Slovenia 12 11 10 9 9
Malta 12 11 11 10 10
San Marino 13 12 11 10 10
Dominica 14 14 14 14 14
Cuba 14 13 12 11 11
Lithuania 15 14 13 13 13
Czech Republic 15 14 14 13 13
Croatia 15 14 13 12 11
Greece 15 14 13 12 11
Belarus 15 15 14 14 14
Portugal 16 15 14 13 12
Latvia 16 15 15 15 17
Seychelles 17 16 15 15 14
Poland 17 17 16 16 15
Costa Rica 17 16 16 15 14
Malaysia 18 17 16 15 14
United Arab Emirates 18 17 16 15 14
Kuwait 19 18 17 16 15
Estonia 19 18 18 17 17
Ukraine 19 18 17 17 17
Slovak Republic 19 18 17 16 16
Chile 19 18 18 17 16
Bulgaria 19 18 18 18 18
Barbados 19 18 17 17 16
Grenada 19 19 19 19 18
Montenegro 20 18 17 16 15
Bahrain 21 20 20 20 20
Hungary 21 19 18 18 17
Tonga 21 21 20 19 19
St. Lucia 21 20 20 19 19
Bosnia and Herzegovina 22 20 19 17 16
Qatar 23 21 20 19 18
Sri Lanka 23 21 19 18 18
Bahamas, The 23 22 21 21 20
Russian Federation 24 24 23 22 22
Uruguay 24 23 22 21 20
Mauritius 24 24 23 21 20
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 26 24 22 21 20
Korea, Dem. Rep. 27 28 29 31 33
Argentina 28 27 26 25 24
Fiji 28 27 26 26 25
Jamaica 28 28 27 26 25
Venezuela, RB 29 28 27 26 25
Trinidad and Tobago 29 28 28 27 27
Panama 29 28 27 26 26
St. Kitts and Nevis 29 27 26 24 23
Samoa 29 28 28 27 26
Moldova 31 30 29 28 27
Romania 32 33 33 32 31
Lebanon 32 31 29 28 27
Serbia 33 31 29 27 25
Colombia 33 32 31 30 29
Palau 34 33 32 32 31
Jordan 34 33 32 31 30
Solomon Islands 35 34 34 33 32
Vanuatu 36 34 32 31 29
Syrian Arab Republic 36 34 33 32 30
Thailand 37 35 34 32 30
Belize 40 38 36 34 32
Vietnam 41 40 39 38 37
Paraguay 42 41 39 38 37
China 42 42 42 42 42
Georgia 43 42 42 41 41
Botswana 43 42 41 41 42
Albania 43 41 39 37 35
West Bank and Gaza 43 41 39 37 36
Libya 43 41 39 37 36
Mexico 44 42 41 39 37
Macedonia, FYR 44 43 40 36 33
Suriname 45 44 43 42 41
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 45 45 44 44 43
Marshall Islands 46 44 43 41 40
Oman 46 42 38 35 32
Tuvalu 46 46 45 45 44
Iraq 46 45 44 43 42
Philippines 48 47 45 43 41
Kazakhstan 49 47 46 45 45
Saudi Arabia 49 45 42 39 36
Armenia 50 48 50 44 43
Guyana 50 49 49 48 47
Algeria 51 46 43 41 40
Tunisia 52 50 48 46 44
Zimbabwe 52 50 50 50 51
Ecuador 52 50 48 46 44
Dominican Republic 53 51 50 48 47
South Africa 53 51 50 49 47
Honduras 53 51 49 47 45
Iran, Islamic Rep. 55 52 49 47 45
Namibia 55 54 52 51 50
Cabo Verde 56 54 52 50 48
El Salvador 56 53 51 48 46
Nicaragua 59 57 55 53 51
Brazil 59 57 55 53 51
Kyrgyz Republic 61 59 57 55 54
Congo, Rep. 62 61 60 60 61
Swaziland 62 59 58 56 56
Kenya 63 63 63 65 66
Gabon 64 63 62 61 61
Uzbekistan 66 63 61 60 59
Sao Tome and Principe 67 68 69 70 71
Peru 68 65 62 59 56
Turkey 68 65 62 59 56
Papua New Guinea 69 68 67 66 65
Guatemala 70 68 65 62 60
Indonesia 72 69 67 65 62
Morocco 74 71 68 66 63
Lesotho 75 74 72 71 71
Senegal 78 76 73 72 70
Egypt, Arab Rep. 78 74 69 66 63
Azerbaijan 79 77 76 76 76
Turkmenistan 79 77 75 74 73
Kiribati 80 77 75 72 69
Maldives 81 78 74 71 68
Sudan 84 83 82 81 80
Mauritania 84 82 80 79 78
Myanmar 86 84 82 80 78
Cambodia 87 86 86 86 85
Gambia, The 89 87 84 82 80
Cameroon 89 87 86 85 86
Mongolia 91 87 84 80 77
Tajikistan 92 89 86 85 85
Ghana 92 89 86 83 80
Rwanda 95 93 92 92 93
Togo 96 94 93 91 90
Bolivia 97 94 91 88 86
India 98 96 93 91 88
Comoros 99 96 93 90 88
Djibouti 101 99 97 95 93
Yemen, Rep. 102 98 94 91 89
Eritrea 104 102 99 96 93
Burundi 105 103 103 103 104
Tanzania 105 104 103 102 100
Cote d'Ivoire 106 105 105 105 105
Burkina Faso 107 105 104 103 103
Madagascar 108 106 104 101 98
Zambia 108 111 112 113 113
Bhutan 109 105 101 97 93
Somalia 111 111 111 110 108
Haiti 112 109 106 104 101
Pakistan 113 111 110 108 106
Bangladesh 114 111 107 103 100
Nepal 115 111 107 102 98
Central African Republic 116 116 115 115 115
Uganda 116 115 114 113 111
Benin 117 115 113 110 108
Chad 120 119 118 117 116
Lao PDR 121 118 116 114 111
Congo, Dem. Rep. 124 123 122 121 120
Nigeria 125 125 126 126 126
Ethiopia 130 128 126 124 122
Angola 134 134 134 134 134
Equatorial Guinea 138 135 133 130 128
Afghanistan 140 136 131 127 123
Mali 141 138 135 133 131
Niger 141 141 141 140 138
Guinea-Bissau 146 143 140 138 136
Malawi 149 150 149 146 143
Guinea 153 150 147 144 141
Timor-Leste 156 150 144 138 132
Liberia 159 162 165 168 170
Sierra Leone 159 158 158 157 157
South Sudan 161 158 155 153 150
Mozambique 168 166 164 162 160
Monaco 7 6
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Macao SAR, China
Aruba
Isle of Man
Liechtenstein
Hong Kong SAR, China
American Samoa
Curacao
Faeroe Islands
Andorra 8
New Caledonia
Puerto Rico
St. Martin (French part)
French Polynesia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Greenland
Bermuda
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
Antigua and Barbuda 24

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