Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Sierra Leone 41 41 40 40 39
Niger 41 42 42 43 43
South Sudan 41 42 42 43 44
Angola 42 43 43 43 43
Mali 43 44 44 45 45
Mozambique 44 44 45 45 45
Timor-Leste 43 45 46 47 48
Afghanistan 45 45 46 47 48
Ethiopia 46 46 47 47 48
Equatorial Guinea 46 46 47 47 48
Chad 47 47 47 47 47
Nigeria 47 47 47 47 47
Malawi 47 47 47 48 48
Guinea 46 47 48 49 49
Eritrea 47 47 48 48 49
Somalia 48 48 48 48 47
Congo, Dem. Rep. 48 48 48 49 49
Zambia 51 50 49 48 47
Bhutan 48 48 49 50 51
Liberia 49 49 49 49 49
Rwanda 52 51 49 47 43
Guinea-Bissau 49 49 50 50 51
Burundi 50 50 50 50 50
Burkina Faso 50 50 51 51 51
Uganda 51 51 51 50 50
Central African Republic 51 51 51 50 50
Madagascar 51 51 51 51 51
Gambia, The 51 51 52 52 53
Nepal 51 51 52 53 54
Lao PDR 52 52 53 53 54
Tanzania 53 53 53 53 53
Benin 52 53 54 54 55
Haiti 54 54 54 55 55
Cameroon 54 54 55 55 55
Cote d'Ivoire 54 55 55 55 55
Ghana 55 55 56 56 57
Maldives 55 55 56 57 58
Senegal 54 55 56 57 58
Cambodia 53 55 56 57 57
Sudan 56 56 56 57 57
Comoros 56 56 56 57 57
Togo 56 56 57 57 57
Solomon Islands 58 58 57 57 57
Yemen, Rep. 56 57 57 58 58
Djibouti 57 57 57 58 58
Bangladesh 56 57 57 58 59
India 57 57 58 58 58
Papua New Guinea 58 58 58 58 58
Lesotho 57 58 58 59 59
Bolivia 57 58 58 59 59
Congo, Rep. 58 58 58 58 58
Mauritania 58 58 59 59 59
Myanmar 59 59 60 60 60
Swaziland 59 59 60 60 61
Pakistan 60 60 61 61 61
Mongolia 60 61 61 62 62
Gabon 60 61 61 62 62
Kiribati 60 61 61 62 63
Kenya 61 61 62 62 61
Guatemala 61 62 63 63 64
Namibia 62 62 63 63 63
Sao Tome and Principe 63 63 63 63 63
Vanuatu 62 63 63 63 64
Zimbabwe 63 63 63 63 63
Iran, Islamic Rep. 62 63 64 64 65
Indonesia 63 63 64 64 65
Morocco 62 63 64 64 65
South Africa 63 64 64 65 65
Nicaragua 63 64 65 65 66
Egypt, Arab Rep. 63 64 65 65 66
Guyana 65 65 65 65 66
Botswana 65 65 66 66 66
Peru 65 65 66 66 67
Turkey 65 65 66 66 67
Tajikistan 66 66 66 66 66
Turkmenistan 66 66 66 66 66
Cabo Verde 65 65 66 67 68
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 66 66 66 66 67
Samoa 65 66 66 67 67
Algeria 65 66 66 67 68
Fiji 66 66 67 67 67
Oman 65 66 67 67 68
Honduras 65 66 67 67 68
Philippines 66 66 67 67 67
El Salvador 66 66 67 68 69
Greenland 67 67 68 68 69
Dominican Republic 67 67 68 69 69
Tunisia 67 68 68 69 70
Brazil 68 68 69 69 69
Saudi Arabia 68 68 69 69 70
Libya 68 69 69 69 70
Ecuador 68 68 69 70 70
Kosovo 69 69 69 69 70
Kyrgyz Republic 69 69 69 70 70
Azerbaijan 69 69 69 69 69
Iraq 68 69 70 70 71
Syrian Arab Republic 69 69 70 70 70
Paraguay 69 70 70 70 70
Moldova 69 69 70 70 71
Grenada 70 70 70 70 70
Jordan 69 70 70 70 71
China 70 70 70 70 71
Uzbekistan 70 70 70 70 70
French Polynesia 70 70 70 71 71
Tonga 70 70 70 71 71
Suriname 70 70 71 71 71
Trinidad and Tobago 70 70 71 71 71
Lebanon 70 71 71 71 71
Korea, Dem. Rep. 70 71 71 71 72
Colombia 71 71 71 72 72
Malaysia 71 71 72 72 72
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 71 71 72 72 72
Thailand 70 71 72 72 73
Armenia 73 72 72 71 71
United Arab Emirates 71 71 72 72 72
Macedonia, FYR 71 72 72 72 73
Barbados 72 72 72 72 73
Mauritius 72 72 72 73 73
Mexico 72 72 73 73 73
Kuwait 72 72 73 73 73
Sri Lanka 72 72 73 73 73
Romania 73 73 73 72 72
Antigua and Barbuda 72 73 73 73 73
Bahrain 73 73 73 73 73
Venezuela, RB 72 73 73 73 74
New Caledonia 72 72 73 74 74
Jamaica 73 73 73 73 73
Hungary 73 73 73 74 74
Bahamas, The 73 73 73 74 74
Belize 73 73 73 73 74
Guam 73 73 73 74 74
Korea, Rep. 72 73 73 74 75
Kazakhstan 73 73 74 74 73
St. Lucia 74 74 74 74 74
Vietnam 73 73 74 74 74
Georgia 74 74 74 74 74
Russian Federation 73 73 74 74 75
Bosnia and Herzegovina 74 74 74 74 74
Ukraine 74 74 74 75 75
Argentina 74 74 74 75 75
Albania 74 74 74 75 75
Brunei Darussalam 74 74 75 75 75
Czech Republic 75 75 75 75 75
Slovak Republic 75 75 75 75 76
Estonia 74 74 75 75 75
Panama 74 75 75 75 76
Bulgaria 75 74 75 75 75
Poland 75 75 75 75 76
Latvia 75 74 75 75 75
Qatar 75 75 75 75 76
Croatia 74 75 75 75 75
Uruguay 75 75 75 76 76
Chile 75 75 76 76 76
Aruba 75 76 76 76 76
Slovenia 75 76 76 76 77
Belarus 75 76 76 76 76
Cuba 76 76 76 76 77
Lithuania 76 75 76 76 76
Macao SAR, China 76 76 77 77 77
Singapore 76 76 77 77 77
Malta 76 77 77 77 77
Ireland 76 77 77 77 77
Israel 77 77 77 77 75
Portugal 76 76 77 77 77
St. Martin (French part) 76 76 77 77 78
Montenegro 77 77 77 77 77
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 76 77 77 78 78
Costa Rica 77 77 77 77 78
New Zealand 78 77 77 77 78
Denmark 78 77 78 78 78
Germany 77 77 78 78 78
Luxembourg 77 77 78 78 78
Austria 77 77 78 78 79
United Kingdom 78 78 78 78 78
Cyprus 78 78 78 78 78
United States 78 78 78 78 78
Belgium 78 78 78 79 79
Puerto Rico 78 78 78 79 79
Greece 78 78 79 79 79
Finland 79 79 79 79 79
Italy 79 79 79 80 80
Australia 79 79 79 79 80
Faeroe Islands 79 79 79 80 80
Hong Kong SAR, China 79 79 79 80 80
Netherlands 80 80 80 80 80
Norway 80 79 80 80 80
France 79 80 80 80 80
Canada 80 80 80 80 80
Spain 80 80 80 80 80
Sweden 80 80 80 80 80
Switzerland 80 80 80 81 81
Iceland 80 80 81 80 80
Japan 80 81 81 81 81
Liechtenstein
Palau
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Dominica 74
St. Kitts and Nevis 68
Bermuda
Andorra
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Serbia
Northern Mariana Islands
Monaco
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands 75
Tuvalu
Seychelles 73
West Bank and Gaza
San Marino
American Samoa
Curacao

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