Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Rwanda 34 31 29 28 30
Sierra Leone 38 37 37 37 37
Zambia 45 44 43 42 42
Angola 43 43 43 43 44
Niger 44 45 45 46 47
Mozambique 45 45 46 46 47
Central African Republic 49 48 47 47 47
South Sudan 45 46 46 47 48
Nigeria 47 47 47 47 47
Mali 46 47 47 47 47
Somalia 47 47 47 47 48
Uganda 49 48 48 47 47
Chad 48 48 48 48 48
Burundi 49 49 48 48 48
Malawi 48 48 48 48 48
Congo, Dem. Rep. 49 49 49 49 48
Equatorial Guinea 48 48 49 49 49
Ethiopia 48 49 49 50 50
Liberia 49 50 50 50 51
Burkina Faso 51 50 50 51 51
Tanzania 52 52 51 51 51
Afghanistan 50 50 51 52 53
Guinea 51 51 52 52 52
Guinea-Bissau 51 52 52 52 52
Timor-Leste 50 51 52 53 54
Cote d'Ivoire 55 54 54 53 52
Eritrea 50 51 52 53 54
Gambia, The 54 54 54 54 55
Madagascar 52 53 54 54 55
Bhutan 52 53 54 55 56
Cameroon 55 55 55 55 55
Congo, Rep. 57 56 56 55 55
Togo 57 57 57 56 56
Zimbabwe 61 60 58 56 54
Benin 56 56 57 57 57
Haiti 56 56 57 57 57
Sudan 57 57 57 58 58
Lao PDR 55 56 57 58 59
Nepal 56 56 57 58 59
Comoros 58 58 58 58 58
Djibouti 58 58 59 59 59
Ghana 58 58 59 59 59
Solomon Islands 57 58 58 59 60
Senegal 59 59 59 59 59
Cambodia 57 58 59 59 60
Kenya 61 61 60 59 59
Papua New Guinea 59 59 59 60 60
Swaziland 61 61 61 60 59
India 59 59 60 60 61
Yemen, Rep. 59 60 60 60 60
Mauritania 60 60 60 60 60
Lesotho 61 61 61 61 60
Bangladesh 60 60 61 61 62
Myanmar 61 61 62 62 62
Bolivia 61 61 62 62 63
Pakistan 62 62 62 63 63
Gabon 63 63 63 63 63
Maldives 60 61 62 63 64
Botswana 65 65 64 63 62
Namibia 64 64 64 63 63
Mongolia 63 63 63 63 64
Sao Tome and Principe 64 64 64 64 64
Kiribati 63 64 64 65 65
South Africa 66 66 66 66 65
Tajikistan 66 66 66 66 66
Vanuatu 65 65 66 66 67
Guyana 66 66 66 66 67
Indonesia 65 66 66 67 67
Turkmenistan 66 67 67 67 67
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 67 67 67 67
Guatemala 65 66 66 67 68
Iran, Islamic Rep. 66 66 67 67 68
Morocco 66 67 67 68 68
Egypt, Arab Rep. 67 67 68 68 69
Fiji 68 68 68 68 69
Greenland 69 69 69 69 69
Philippines 68 68 68 69 69
Azerbaijan 69 69 69 69 69
Nicaragua 67 68 68 69 69
Algeria 68 69 69 69 69
Peru 68 68 69 69 70
Uzbekistan 70 70 70 70 70
Turkey 68 69 69 70 70
Samoa 68 69 69 70 70
Cabo Verde 69 69 70 70 71
Honduras 69 69 70 70 71
Kosovo 70 70 70 70 71
West Bank and Gaza 70 70 70 71 71
Moldova 71 71 71 71 71
Paraguay 70 70 71 71 71
Oman 69 70 70 71 71
Suriname 71 71 71 71 71
Russian Federation 74 74 72 71 72
Libya 70 71 71 71 72
Grenada 71 71 71 71 71
Trinidad and Tobago 71 71 71 71 72
Tonga 71 71 71 71 72
Armenia 71 71 71 72 72
China 71 71 71 72 72
Brazil 70 71 71 72 72
Kyrgyz Republic 73 73 72 72 71
Kazakhstan 73 73 73 72 71
French Polynesia 71 71 72 72 72
Dominican Republic 71 71 72 72 72
Jordan 71 72 72 72 72
Korea, Dem. Rep. 73 73 73 72 71
Saudi Arabia 71 71 72 72 73
Syrian Arab Republic 71 72 72 72 73
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 72 72 73 73 73
Tunisia 72 72 73 73 73
Iraq 72 72 73 73 73
Lebanon 72 72 72 73 73
Ecuador 71 72 72 73 73
El Salvador 71 72 73 73 73
Ukraine 75 74 74 73 73
Jamaica 73 73 73 73 73
Belize 73 73 73 73 73
Colombia 72 73 73 73 73
Sri Lanka 73 73 73 73 73
Romania 73 73 73 73 73
Latvia 75 75 74 73 73
St. Lucia 73 73 73 73 73
Malaysia 73 73 73 73 74
Kuwait 73 73 74 74 74
Bosnia and Herzegovina 74 74 73 74 74
United Arab Emirates 73 73 74 74 74
Estonia 75 75 75 74 73
Macedonia, FYR 73 73 74 74 74
Hungary 74 74 74 74 74
Georgia 74 74 74 74 74
Barbados 73 73 74 74 74
Mauritius 73 74 74 74 74
Thailand 74 74 74 74 74
Bahrain 74 74 74 74 74
Belarus 76 76 75 74 74
Antigua and Barbuda 74 74 74 74 75
Bahamas, The 74 74 74 75 75
Venezuela, RB 74 74 74 75 75
Mexico 74 74 74 75 75
Lithuania 76 76 76 75 75
Albania 75 75 75 75 75
Guam 74 75 75 75 75
Bulgaria 75 75 75 75 75
New Caledonia 73 74 75 76 74
Argentina 75 75 76 76 76
Poland 76 75 76 76 76
Aruba 76 76 76 76 76
Croatia 76 76 76 76 76
Vietnam 75 75 76 76 77
Brunei Darussalam 76 76 76 76 77
Czech Republic 75 76 76 76 77
Qatar 76 76 76 77 77
Panama 76 76 76 77 77
Slovak Republic 75 75 76 77 77
Korea, Rep. 76 76 76 77 77
Cuba 77 77 77 77 77
Uruguay 76 77 77 77 77
Slovenia 77 77 77 77 77
Chile 77 77 77 77 78
Denmark 78 78 78 78 78
Ireland 78 78 78 78 78
Portugal 78 78 78 78 79
Montenegro 78 78 78 78 78
Macao SAR, China 78 78 78 78 79
Malta 78 78 78 79 79
Puerto Rico 79 79 79 79 79
Costa Rica 78 78 79 79 79
United States 79 79 79 79 79
St. Martin (French part) 78 79 79 79 79
Cyprus 79 79 79 79 79
United Kingdom 79 79 79 79 80
Israel 78 79 78 79 79
New Zealand 78 79 79 79 80
Germany 79 79 79 79 80
Singapore 78 79 79 79 79
Luxembourg 79 79 79 79 80
Austria 79 79 79 79 80
Finland 79 79 79 79 80
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 79 79 79 80 80
Belgium 80 80 80 80 80
Greece 80 80 80 80 80
Netherlands 80 80 80 80 80
Norway 80 80 80 80 81
Sweden 80 81 81 81 81
Canada 81 81 80 81 81
Iceland 81 81 81 81 81
Australia 80 80 80 81 81
Hong Kong SAR, China 80 81 81 81 82
Faeroe Islands 80 81 81 81 81
Italy 80 80 81 81 81
Spain 81 81 81 81 82
Switzerland 81 81 81 81 82
France 81 81 81 82 82
Japan 82 82 82 83 83
Isle of Man 80
Dominica 76
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Marshall Islands
Bermuda 78
American Samoa
Serbia 74
Palau 75
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Seychelles 74
St. Kitts and Nevis 70
Monaco
San Marino
Curacao
Turks and Caicos Islands
Andorra
Tuvalu
Liechtenstein 82

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