Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Rwanda 30 33 36 40 44
Sierra Leone 37 37 37 37 38
Zambia 42 41 41 41 41
Angola 44 44 44 45 45
Central African Republic 47 46 46 46 46
Uganda 47 47 47 47 47
Nigeria 47 47 47 47 47
Niger 47 47 48 49 49
Mozambique 47 47 48 48 49
Mali 47 47 48 48 48
Malawi 48 48 47 47 47
Chad 48 48 48 48 48
Congo, Dem. Rep. 48 48 48 47 47
Burundi 48 48 48 49 49
South Sudan 48 48 49 49 50
Somalia 48 49 50 51 51
Equatorial Guinea 49 49 49 49 49
Tanzania 51 50 50 50 50
Ethiopia 50 50 51 52 52
Burkina Faso 51 51 51 51 51
Cote d'Ivoire 52 51 50 49 48
Liberia 51 52 52 53 53
Guinea 52 52 52 52 52
Zimbabwe 54 52 50 48 47
Guinea-Bissau 52 53 53 53 53
Afghanistan 53 53 54 55 55
Congo, Rep. 55 54 54 54 54
Cameroon 55 55 54 54 54
Eritrea 54 55 56 56 57
Gambia, The 55 55 55 56 56
Timor-Leste 54 55 56 57 59
Togo 56 56 55 55 55
Madagascar 55 56 57 57 58
Bhutan 56 56 57 58 59
Benin 57 57 57 57 57
Kenya 59 58 57 56 55
Swaziland 59 58 56 54 53
Haiti 57 58 58 58 59
Lesotho 60 58 56 54 52
Sudan 58 58 59 59 59
Comoros 58 59 59 59 59
Ghana 59 59 58 58 58
Djibouti 59 59 59 59 59
Senegal 59 59 59 59 59
Lao PDR 59 59 60 61 62
Nepal 59 60 60 61 62
Papua New Guinea 60 60 60 60 61
Botswana 62 60 59 57 55
Solomon Islands 60 60 61 62 63
Cambodia 60 61 61 62 63
Mauritania 60 61 61 61 61
Yemen, Rep. 60 61 61 61 61
India 61 61 62 62 62
Namibia 63 62 62 61 59
Gabon 63 63 62 62 62
Myanmar 62 63 63 63 64
Bangladesh 62 63 63 64 64
Bolivia 63 63 63 64 64
Pakistan 63 63 64 64 64
Mongolia 64 64 64 64 65
Sao Tome and Principe 64 64 65 65 65
South Africa 65 65 64 63 61
Maldives 64 65 66 67 68
Kiribati 65 66 66 66 67
Tajikistan 66 66 67 67 67
Guyana 67 67 67 67 67
Vanuatu 67 67 68 68 68
Turkmenistan 67 67 67 67 68
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 67 67 68 68
Indonesia 67 68 68 68 69
Greenland 69 68 68 69 69
Iran, Islamic Rep. 68 68 69 69 70
Guatemala 68 68 69 70 70
Morocco 68 69 69 69 69
Azerbaijan 69 69 69 69 69
Fiji 69 69 69 69 70
Philippines 69 69 69 69 70
Egypt, Arab Rep. 69 69 70 70 71
Algeria 69 69 70 70 70
Uzbekistan 70 70 70 70 70
Nicaragua 69 70 70 71 71
Korea, Dem. Rep. 71 70 69 69 68
Kyrgyz Republic 71 70 71 71 71
Kazakhstan 71 70 70 70 70
Peru 70 71 71 72 72
Kosovo 71 71 71 71 71
Moldova 71 71 71 71 71
Samoa 70 71 71 72 72
Turkey 70 71 72 72 73
West Bank and Gaza 71 71 72 72 72
Paraguay 71 71 71 72 72
Suriname 71 71 71 71 71
Honduras 71 71 72 72 72
Cabo Verde 71 71 72 72 73
Grenada 71 72 72 72 72
Tonga 72 72 72 72 72
Trinidad and Tobago 72 72 72 72 72
Libya 72 72 72 73 73
China 72 72 72 73 73
Oman 71 72 73 73 74
Armenia 72 72 73 73 74
Jordan 72 72 73 73 73
Brazil 72 72 73 73 74
Russian Federation 72 73 73 73 73
Dominican Republic 72 73 73 73 73
Ukraine 73 73 73 73 74
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 73 73 73 73 73
French Polynesia 72 73 73 74 74
Saudi Arabia 73 73 73 74 74
Sri Lanka 73 73 73 73 74
Iraq 73 73 73 73 73
Latvia 73 73 75 75 75
Syrian Arab Republic 73 73 73 74 74
Jamaica 73 73 73 73 73
Belize 73 73 73 73 74
St. Lucia 73 73 73 73 73
Tunisia 73 73 74 74 74
Romania 73 73 73 73 74
Lebanon 73 74 74 75 75
El Salvador 73 74 74 74 74
Colombia 73 74 74 74 74
Kuwait 74 74 74 74 74
Malaysia 74 74 74 74 75
Ecuador 73 74 74 75 75
Estonia 73 74 75 76 75
Georgia 74 74 74 75 75
Mauritius 74 74 74 74 75
United Arab Emirates 74 74 75 75 75
Belarus 74 74 74 74 74
Thailand 74 74 74 75 75
Macedonia, FYR 74 74 75 75 75
Barbados 74 74 75 75 75
Bosnia and Herzegovina 74 74 75 76 76
Hungary 74 75 75 75 75
Bahrain 74 75 75 75 75
Bahamas, The 75 75 75 75 75
Venezuela, RB 75 75 75 75 75
Bulgaria 75 75 75 74 75
Antigua and Barbuda 75 75 75 75 76
Lithuania 75 75 76 77 77
Albania 75 75 76 76 76
Mexico 75 75 76 76 76
Guam 75 76 76 76 77
New Caledonia 74 76 74 74 78
Aruba 76 76 76 76 76
Slovak Republic 77 76 77 77 77
Argentina 76 76 77 77 77
Poland 76 76 77 77 77
Croatia 76 77 77 77 76
Czech Republic 77 77 77 77 78
Brunei Darussalam 77 77 77 77 78
Panama 77 77 77 77 77
Vietnam 77 77 77 78 78
Qatar 77 77 77 77 77
Palau 77
Korea, Rep. 77 77 78 78 78
Cuba 77 77 78 78 78
Uruguay 77 77 78 78 78
Slovenia 77 78 78 79 79
Denmark 78 78 78 78 79
Chile 78 78 78 79 79
Ireland 78 78 79 79 79
Montenegro 78 79 79 78 78
Singapore 79 79 79 79 80
Macao SAR, China 79 79 79 79 80
United States 79 79 79 79 80
Puerto Rico 79 79 79 79 80
Portugal 79 79 79 79 79
Costa Rica 79 79 79 80 80
St. Martin (French part) 79 79 80 80 80
Cyprus 79 79 80 80 80
United Kingdom 80 80 80 80 80
New Zealand 80 80 79 80 81
Israel 79 80 80 80 80
Malta 79 80 80 80 80
Germany 80 80 80 80 81
Liechtenstein 82 80 82 80 82
Austria 80 80 80 81 81
Iceland 81 80 81 82 82
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 80 80 80 81 81
Luxembourg 80 80 80 80 81
Finland 80 80 81 81 81
Greece 80 80 80 81 80
Netherlands 80 80 80 81 81
Belgium 80 80 81 81 81
Australia 81 81 81 81 82
Norway 81 81 81 81 81
Canada 81 81 81 81 82
Faeroe Islands 81 81 81 82 82
Sweden 81 81 82 82 82
Hong Kong SAR, China 82 82 83 83 83
Italy 81 82 82 82 82
Switzerland 82 82 82 82 83
Spain 82 82 82 82 82
France 82 82 82 82 83
Japan 83 83 84 84 84
Monaco
Andorra
Isle of Man 80
Cayman Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis 73
Tuvalu
Curacao
Seychelles 75
Northern Mariana Islands
San Marino 83 83 83
Bermuda
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Serbia 75
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa
Dominica 78

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