Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Sierra Leone 37 37 38 39 40
Rwanda 40 44 49 52 54
Zambia 43 43 43 44 44
Malawi 44 44 44 44 44
Angola 44 45 45 46 47
Uganda 46 46 46 47 48
Nigeria 47 47 47 47 47
Mali 48 48 48 48 49
Niger 48 49 49 50 51
Zimbabwe 48 46 44 42 41
Central African Republic 48 48 47 47 46
Mozambique 48 49 50 50 51
Chad 49 49 49 49 49
South Sudan 49 49 50 50 50
Tanzania 50 50 50 50 51
Somalia 50 51 51 52 52
Cote d'Ivoire 50 49 48 48 47
Congo, Dem. Rep. 50 50 51 51 51
Burkina Faso 51 51 51 51 52
Burundi 51 52 52 53 53
Ethiopia 51 52 52 53 53
Guinea 52 52 52 51 51
Liberia 52 53 53 53 53
Equatorial Guinea 52 53 53 53 53
Guinea-Bissau 53 53 53 53 53
Congo, Rep. 53 52 52 52 52
Cameroon 54 54 54 53 53
Afghanistan 55 55 56 56 56
Kenya 55 54 53 52 52
Togo 55 55 54 54 54
Gambia, The 55 56 56 56 57
Eritrea 56 56 57 58 58
Botswana 56 54 52 50 50
Timor-Leste 56 57 59 60 61
Swaziland 56 54 53 51 49
Lesotho 56 54 52 50 48
Madagascar 57 57 58 59 60
Benin 57 57 57 57 57
Bhutan 57 58 59 60 61
Cambodia 58 58 59 60 61
Lao PDR 58 59 59 60 60
Ghana 58 58 58 58 58
Haiti 58 59 59 59 60
Sudan 59 59 59 60 60
Djibouti 59 59 59 59 59
Senegal 59 59 59 59 59
Papua New Guinea 60 60 61 61 61
Nepal 60 61 62 63 63
Bolivia 60 61 62 62 63
Comoros 61 61 61 61 61
Yemen, Rep. 61 61 61 62 62
Solomon Islands 61 62 63 63 64
Mauritania 61 61 61 62 62
Namibia 62 61 59 58 57
Gabon 62 61 61 60 60
India 62 62 63 63 63
Pakistan 63 63 63 63 64
Bangladesh 63 64 64 65 66
Myanmar 63 63 64 64 64
South Africa 64 63 61 60 58
Mongolia 64 64 65 65 66
Sao Tome and Principe 65 65 65 65 65
Kiribati 66 66 66 67 67
Tajikistan 67 67 67 67 68
Maldives 67 68 69 70 71
Indonesia 67 67 67 68 68
Turkmenistan 67 67 68 68 68
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 68 68 68 68
Vanuatu 68 68 68 69 69
Guyana 68 68 68 68 68
Greenland 68 69 69 69 70
Morocco 69 69 69 70 70
Azerbaijan 69 69 69 70 70
Guatemala 69 70 70 71 71
Fiji 69 69 70 70 70
Philippines 69 69 70 70 70
Iran, Islamic Rep. 69 70 70 71 71
Korea, Dem. Rep. 69 69 68 68 69
Uzbekistan 70 70 70 70 70
Egypt, Arab Rep. 70 70 71 71 71
Cabo Verde 70 70 71 71 71
Kazakhstan 70 70 70 71 71
Algeria 70 70 71 71 72
Nicaragua 70 71 71 72 72
Moldova 71 71 71 71 71
Kyrgyz Republic 71 71 71 71 72
Peru 71 72 72 73 73
Samoa 71 72 72 72 73
Suriname 71 71 71 71 71
Paraguay 71 72 72 72 72
West Bank and Gaza 72 72 72 72 72
Turkey 72 72 73 73 74
Honduras 72 72 72 73 73
Libya 72 72 72 72 72
Grenada 72 72 72 72 73
Tonga 72 72 72 73 73
Trinidad and Tobago 72 72 72 72 72
Belize 72 72 71 71 71
Brazil 72 73 73 74 74
El Salvador 72 72 73 73 73
China 72 73 73 73 74
Jordan 73 73 73 73 73
Oman 73 73 74 74 74
Ukraine 73 73 74 74 74
Armenia 73 73 74 74 75
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 73 73 73 73 73
Dominican Republic 73 73 73 74 74
Russian Federation 73 73 73 72 72
Sri Lanka 73 73 74 74 75
Iraq 73 73 73 73 73
Romania 73 73 74 74 75
Jamaica 73 73 73 73 73
St. Lucia 73 73 73 73 73
Saudi Arabia 73 74 74 74 74
French Polynesia 73 74 74 75 75
Syrian Arab Republic 73 74 74 75 75
Tunisia 74 74 74 75 75
Colombia 74 74 74 75 75
Kuwait 74 74 74 74 74
Lebanon 74 75 75 76 76
Malaysia 74 74 75 75 75
Thailand 74 74 74 74 75
New Caledonia 74 74 78 77 79
Georgia 74 75 75 75 75
Mauritius 74 74 75 75 75
Belarus 74 74 74 74 75
United Arab Emirates 75 75 75 75 76
Ecuador 75 75 75 76 76
Bulgaria 75 74 75 75 75
Macedonia, FYR 75 75 75 75 76
Venezuela, RB 75 75 76 76 76
Bahrain 75 75 75 75 76
Bahamas, The 75 75 75 75 75
Hungary 75 75 75 75 76
Latvia 75 75 75 75 76
Barbados 75 75 75 75 76
Antigua and Barbuda 75 75 76 76 76
Estonia 75 76 75 76 76
Bosnia and Herzegovina 75 76 76 77 77
Albania 76 76 76 77 77
Mexico 76 76 76 77 77
Lithuania 76 77 77 77 78
Brunei Darussalam 76 76 77 77 77
Guam 76 76 77 77 78
Aruba 76 76 76 76 76
Poland 77 77 77 78 78
Argentina 77 77 77 77 78
Slovak Republic 77 77 77 77 77
Croatia 77 77 76 77 77
Panama 77 77 77 77 78
Qatar 77 77 77 78 78
Vietnam 77 78 78 78 78
Czech Republic 77 77 78 78 78
Uruguay 78 78 78 78 78
Cuba 78 78 78 78 79
Korea, Rep. 78 78 78 79 80
Denmark 78 78 79 79 79
Slovenia 78 79 79 79 79
Montenegro 79 78 78 78 77
Chile 79 79 79 80 80
Ireland 79 79 79 79 79
Singapore 79 79 79 80 80
Portugal 79 79 79 80 80
United States 79 79 80 79 79
Macao SAR, China 79 79 80 80 80
Puerto Rico 79 79 80 80 81
Costa Rica 79 79 80 80 80
New Zealand 79 80 81 80 81
St. Martin (French part) 80 80 80 80 80
Cyprus 80 80 80 80 80
Malta 80 80 80 79 80
United Kingdom 80 80 80 80 80
Germany 80 80 81 81 81
Luxembourg 80 80 81 81 81
Israel 80 80 80 80 81
Austria 80 81 81 81 81
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 80 81 81 81 80
Netherlands 80 81 81 81 81
Greece 80 81 80 81 81
Finland 81 81 81 81 81
Belgium 81 81 81 81 81
Faeroe Islands 81 81 81 81 81
Norway 81 81 81 81 81
Australia 81 81 82 82 82
Canada 81 81 82 82 82
Iceland 81 82 82 81 82
Sweden 82 82 82 82 82
Liechtenstein 82 80 82 83 80
Italy 82 82 82 83 83
Spain 82 82 82 82 83
Switzerland 82 82 83 83 83
France 82 82 83 83 83
San Marino 83 83 83 84 84
Hong Kong SAR, China 83 83 83 83 84
Japan 84 84 84 84 85
Isle of Man
Palau 75
Northern Mariana Islands
Serbia 75 74
Bermuda 81
Curacao
American Samoa
Monaco
Dominica 78
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Marshall Islands 69 68
Cayman Islands
Andorra
St. Kitts and Nevis 73
Seychelles 75

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