Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Sierra Leone 37 37 38 39 40
Zambia 43 43 43 44 44
Malawi 44 44 44 44 44
Rwanda 40 44 49 52 54
Angola 44 45 45 46 47
Uganda 46 46 46 47 48
Zimbabwe 48 46 44 42 41
Nigeria 47 47 47 47 47
Mali 48 48 48 48 49
Central African Republic 48 48 47 47 46
Niger 48 49 49 50 51
Chad 49 49 49 49 49
Cote d'Ivoire 50 49 48 48 47
Mozambique 48 49 50 50 51
South Sudan 49 49 50 50 50
Tanzania 50 50 50 50 51
Congo, Dem. Rep. 50 50 51 51 51
Somalia 50 51 51 52 52
Burkina Faso 51 51 51 51 52
Burundi 51 52 52 53 53
Ethiopia 51 52 52 53 53
Guinea 52 52 52 51 51
Congo, Rep. 53 52 52 52 52
Liberia 52 53 53 53 53
Equatorial Guinea 52 53 53 53 53
Guinea-Bissau 53 53 53 53 53
Kenya 55 54 53 52 52
Botswana 56 54 52 50 50
Cameroon 54 54 54 53 53
Lesotho 56 54 52 50 48
Swaziland 56 54 53 51 49
Togo 55 55 54 54 54
Afghanistan 55 55 56 56 56
Gambia, The 55 56 56 56 57
Eritrea 56 56 57 58 58
Benin 57 57 57 57 57
Timor-Leste 56 57 59 60 61
Madagascar 57 57 58 59 60
Bhutan 57 58 59 60 61
Ghana 58 58 58 58 58
Cambodia 58 58 59 60 61
Lao PDR 58 59 59 60 60
Haiti 58 59 59 59 60
Djibouti 59 59 59 59 59
Sudan 59 59 59 60 60
Senegal 59 59 59 59 59
Papua New Guinea 60 60 61 61 61
Namibia 62 61 59 58 57
Comoros 61 61 61 61 61
Bolivia 60 61 62 62 63
Nepal 60 61 62 63 63
Gabon 62 61 61 60 60
Yemen, Rep. 61 61 61 62 62
Mauritania 61 61 61 62 62
Solomon Islands 61 62 63 63 64
India 62 62 63 63 63
South Africa 64 63 61 60 58
Pakistan 63 63 63 63 64
Myanmar 63 63 64 64 64
Bangladesh 63 64 64 65 66
Mongolia 64 64 65 65 66
Sao Tome and Principe 65 65 65 65 65
Kiribati 66 66 66 67 67
Tajikistan 67 67 67 67 68
Indonesia 67 67 67 68 68
Turkmenistan 67 67 68 68 68
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 68 68 68 68
Maldives 67 68 69 70 71
Guyana 68 68 68 68 68
Vanuatu 68 68 68 69 69
Greenland 68 69 69 69 70
Korea, Dem. Rep. 69 69 68 68 69
Morocco 69 69 69 70 70
Azerbaijan 69 69 69 70 70
Philippines 69 69 70 70 70
Fiji 69 69 70 70 70
Iran, Islamic Rep. 69 70 70 71 71
Guatemala 69 70 70 71 71
Uzbekistan 70 70 70 70 70
Egypt, Arab Rep. 70 70 71 71 71
Cabo Verde 70 70 71 71 71
Kazakhstan 70 70 70 71 71
Algeria 70 70 71 71 72
Moldova 71 71 71 71 71
Nicaragua 70 71 71 72 72
Suriname 71 71 71 71 71
Kyrgyz Republic 71 71 71 71 72
Peru 71 72 72 73 73
Paraguay 71 72 72 72 72
Belize 72 72 71 71 71
Samoa 71 72 72 72 73
West Bank and Gaza 72 72 72 72 72
Libya 72 72 72 72 72
Grenada 72 72 72 72 73
Trinidad and Tobago 72 72 72 72 72
Tonga 72 72 72 73 73
Honduras 72 72 72 73 73
Turkey 72 72 73 73 74
El Salvador 72 72 73 73 73
China 72 73 73 73 74
Brazil 72 73 73 74 74
Jordan 73 73 73 73 73
St. Kitts and Nevis 73
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 73 73 73 73 73
Ukraine 73 73 74 74 74
Romania 73 73 74 74 75
Oman 73 73 74 74 74
Dominican Republic 73 73 73 74 74
St. Lucia 73 73 73 73 73
Iraq 73 73 73 73 73
Jamaica 73 73 73 73 73
Sri Lanka 73 73 74 74 75
Armenia 73 73 74 74 75
Russian Federation 73 73 73 72 72
Saudi Arabia 73 74 74 74 74
Syrian Arab Republic 73 74 74 75 75
Bulgaria 75 74 75 75 75
Tunisia 74 74 74 75 75
French Polynesia 73 74 74 75 75
Kuwait 74 74 74 74 74
Colombia 74 74 74 75 75
Thailand 74 74 74 74 75
Belarus 74 74 74 74 75
New Caledonia 74 74 78 77 79
Malaysia 74 74 75 75 75
Mauritius 74 74 75 75 75
Lebanon 74 75 75 76 76
Georgia 74 75 75 75 75
Serbia 75 74
United Arab Emirates 75 75 75 75 76
Bahamas, The 75 75 75 75 75
Macedonia, FYR 75 75 75 75 76
Bahrain 75 75 75 75 76
Ecuador 75 75 75 76 76
Seychelles 75
Barbados 75 75 75 75 76
Latvia 75 75 75 75 76
Venezuela, RB 75 75 76 76 76
Hungary 75 75 75 75 76
Antigua and Barbuda 75 75 76 76 76
Estonia 75 76 75 76 76
Bosnia and Herzegovina 75 76 76 77 77
Mexico 76 76 76 77 77
Albania 76 76 76 77 77
Aruba 76 76 76 76 76
Brunei Darussalam 76 76 77 77 77
Guam 76 76 77 77 78
Lithuania 76 77 77 77 78
Slovak Republic 77 77 77 77 77
Argentina 77 77 77 77 78
Croatia 77 77 76 77 77
Poland 77 77 77 78 78
Panama 77 77 77 77 78
Qatar 77 77 77 78 78
Czech Republic 77 77 78 78 78
Vietnam 77 78 78 78 78
Uruguay 78 78 78 78 78
Cuba 78 78 78 78 79
Dominica 78
Korea, Rep. 78 78 78 79 80
Denmark 78 78 79 79 79
Montenegro 79 78 78 78 77
Slovenia 78 79 79 79 79
Ireland 79 79 79 79 79
Chile 79 79 79 80 80
Singapore 79 79 79 80 80
Portugal 79 79 79 80 80
Macao SAR, China 79 79 80 80 80
Costa Rica 79 79 80 80 80
United States 79 79 80 79 79
Puerto Rico 79 79 80 80 81
Cyprus 80 80 80 80 80
St. Martin (French part) 80 80 80 80 80
Luxembourg 80 80 81 81 81
United Kingdom 80 80 80 80 80
Israel 80 80 80 80 81
New Zealand 79 80 81 80 81
Malta 80 80 80 79 80
Germany 80 80 81 81 81
Liechtenstein 82 80 82 83 80
Finland 81 81 81 81 81
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 80 81 81 81 80
Netherlands 80 81 81 81 81
Belgium 81 81 81 81 81
Austria 80 81 81 81 81
Greece 80 81 80 81 81
Norway 81 81 81 81 81
Faeroe Islands 81 81 81 81 81
Australia 81 81 82 82 82
Canada 81 81 82 82 82
Iceland 81 82 82 81 82
Sweden 82 82 82 82 82
Italy 82 82 82 83 83
Switzerland 82 82 83 83 83
Spain 82 82 82 82 83
France 82 82 83 83 83
San Marino 83 83 83 84 84
Hong Kong SAR, China 83 83 83 83 84
Japan 84 84 84 84 85
American Samoa
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda 81
Palau 75
Isle of Man
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cayman Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Andorra
Tuvalu
Marshall Islands 69 68

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