Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Sierra Leone 41 40 40 39 38
Niger 42 42 43 43 44
South Sudan 42 42 43 44 44
Angola 43 43 43 43 43
Mali 44 44 45 45 46
Mozambique 44 45 45 45 45
Timor-Leste 45 46 47 48 49
Afghanistan 45 46 47 48 49
Ethiopia 46 47 47 48 48
Equatorial Guinea 46 47 47 48 48
Chad 47 47 47 47 47
Nigeria 47 47 47 47 47
Malawi 47 47 48 48 48
Guinea 47 48 49 49 50
Eritrea 47 48 48 49 50
Somalia 48 48 48 47 47
Congo, Dem. Rep. 48 48 49 49 49
Zambia 50 49 48 47 46
Bhutan 48 49 50 51 52
Liberia 49 49 49 49 49
Rwanda 51 49 47 43 39
Guinea-Bissau 49 50 50 51 51
Burundi 50 50 50 50 50
Burkina Faso 50 51 51 51 51
Uganda 51 51 50 50 50
Central African Republic 51 51 50 50 49
Madagascar 51 51 51 51 52
Gambia, The 51 52 52 53 53
Nepal 51 52 53 54 55
Lao PDR 52 53 53 54 55
Tanzania 53 53 53 53 52
Benin 53 54 54 55 55
Haiti 54 54 55 55 56
Cameroon 54 55 55 55 55
Cote d'Ivoire 55 55 55 55 55
Ghana 55 56 56 57 57
Maldives 55 56 57 58 59
Senegal 55 56 57 58 58
Cambodia 55 56 57 57 57
Sudan 56 56 57 57 57
Comoros 56 56 57 57 57
Togo 56 57 57 57 57
Solomon Islands 58 57 57 57 57
Yemen, Rep. 57 57 58 58 59
Djibouti 57 57 58 58 58
Bangladesh 57 57 58 59 59
India 57 58 58 58 59
Papua New Guinea 58 58 58 58 58
Lesotho 58 58 59 59 60
Bolivia 58 58 59 59 60
Congo, Rep. 58 58 58 58 57
Mauritania 58 59 59 59 59
Myanmar 59 60 60 60 61
Swaziland 59 60 60 61 61
Pakistan 60 61 61 61 62
Mongolia 61 61 62 62 63
Gabon 61 61 62 62 63
Kiribati 61 61 62 63 63
Kenya 61 62 62 61 61
Guatemala 62 63 63 64 65
Namibia 62 63 63 63 64
Sao Tome and Principe 63 63 63 63 63
Vanuatu 63 63 63 64 64
Zimbabwe 63 63 63 63 62
Iran, Islamic Rep. 63 64 64 65 65
Indonesia 63 64 64 65 65
Morocco 63 64 64 65 66
South Africa 64 64 65 65 66
Nicaragua 64 65 65 66 67
Egypt, Arab Rep. 64 65 65 66 67
Guyana 65 65 65 66 66
Botswana 65 66 66 66 66
Peru 65 66 66 67 67
Turkey 65 66 66 67 67
Tajikistan 66 66 66 66 66
Turkmenistan 66 66 66 66 66
Cabo Verde 65 66 67 68 68
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 66 66 66 67 67
Samoa 66 66 67 67 68
Algeria 66 66 67 68 68
Fiji 66 67 67 67 67
Oman 66 67 67 68 69
Honduras 66 67 67 68 69
Philippines 66 67 67 67 68
El Salvador 66 67 68 69 70
Greenland 67 68 68 69 69
Dominican Republic 67 68 69 69 70
Tunisia 68 68 69 70 70
Brazil 68 69 69 69 70
Saudi Arabia 68 69 69 70 70
Libya 69 69 69 70 70
Ecuador 68 69 70 70 71
Kosovo 69 69 69 70 70
Kyrgyz Republic 69 69 70 70 72
Azerbaijan 69 69 69 69 69
Iraq 69 70 70 71 72
Syrian Arab Republic 69 70 70 70 71
Paraguay 70 70 70 70 70
Moldova 69 70 70 71 71
Grenada 70 70 70 70 71
Jordan 70 70 70 71 71
China 70 70 70 71 71
Uzbekistan 70 70 70 70 70
French Polynesia 70 70 71 71 71
Tonga 70 70 71 71 71
Suriname 70 71 71 71 71
Trinidad and Tobago 70 71 71 71 71
Lebanon 71 71 71 71 72
Korea, Dem. Rep. 71 71 71 72 72
Colombia 71 71 72 72 72
Malaysia 71 72 72 72 72
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 71 72 72 72 72
Thailand 71 72 72 73 73
Armenia 72 72 71 71 71
United Arab Emirates 71 72 72 72 73
Macedonia, FYR 72 72 72 73 73
Barbados 72 72 72 73 73
Mauritius 72 72 73 73 73
Mexico 72 73 73 73 74
Kuwait 72 73 73 73 73
Sri Lanka 72 73 73 73 73
Romania 73 73 72 72 73
Antigua and Barbuda 73 73 73 73 74
Bahrain 73 73 73 73 73
Venezuela, RB 73 73 73 74 74
New Caledonia 72 73 74 74 73
Jamaica 73 73 73 73 73
Hungary 73 73 74 74 74
Bahamas, The 73 73 74 74 74
Belize 73 73 73 74 74
Guam 73 73 74 74 74
Korea, Rep. 73 73 74 75 75
Kazakhstan 73 74 74 73 73
St. Lucia 74 74 74 74 74
Vietnam 73 74 74 74 75
Georgia 74 74 74 74 74
Russian Federation 73 74 74 75 74
Bosnia and Herzegovina 74 74 74 74 74
Ukraine 74 74 75 75 75
Argentina 74 74 75 75 75
Albania 74 74 75 75 75
Brunei Darussalam 74 75 75 75 75
Czech Republic 75 75 75 75 75
Slovak Republic 75 75 75 76 75
Estonia 74 75 75 75 75
Panama 75 75 75 76 76
Bulgaria 74 75 75 75 75
Poland 75 75 75 76 76
Latvia 74 75 75 75 75
Qatar 75 75 75 76 76
Croatia 75 75 75 75 76
Uruguay 75 75 76 76 76
Chile 75 76 76 76 76
Aruba 76 76 76 76 76
Slovenia 76 76 76 77 77
Belarus 76 76 76 76 76
Cuba 76 76 76 77 77
Lithuania 75 76 76 76 76
Macao SAR, China 76 77 77 77 77
Singapore 76 77 77 77 78
Malta 77 77 77 77 77
Ireland 77 77 77 77 77
Israel 77 77 77 75 78
Portugal 76 77 77 77 78
St. Martin (French part) 76 77 77 78 78
Montenegro 77 77 77 77 77
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 77 77 78 78 78
Costa Rica 77 77 77 78 78
New Zealand 77 77 77 78 78
Denmark 77 78 78 78 78
Germany 77 78 78 78 78
Luxembourg 77 78 78 78 78
Austria 77 78 78 79 79
United Kingdom 78 78 78 78 78
Cyprus 78 78 78 78 78
United States 78 78 78 78 79
Belgium 78 78 79 79 79
Puerto Rico 78 78 79 79 79
Greece 78 79 79 79 79
Finland 79 79 79 79 79
Italy 79 79 80 80 80
Australia 79 79 79 80 80
Faeroe Islands 79 79 80 80 80
Hong Kong SAR, China 79 79 80 80 80
Netherlands 80 80 80 80 80
Norway 79 80 80 80 80
France 80 80 80 80 81
Canada 80 80 80 80 80
Spain 80 80 80 80 80
Sweden 80 80 80 80 81
Switzerland 80 80 81 81 81
Iceland 80 81 80 80 80
Japan 81 81 81 81 82
Liechtenstein
Palau
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Dominica 74
St. Kitts and Nevis 68
Bermuda
Andorra
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Serbia
Northern Mariana Islands
Monaco
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands 75
Tuvalu
Seychelles 73
West Bank and Gaza
San Marino
American Samoa
Curacao

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