Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Sierra Leone 41 40 40 39 38
Niger 42 42 43 43 44
Angola 43 43 43 43 43
South Sudan 42 42 43 44 44
Mozambique 44 45 45 45 45
Mali 44 44 45 45 46
Rwanda 51 49 47 43 39
Afghanistan 45 46 47 48 49
Ethiopia 46 47 47 48 48
Equatorial Guinea 46 47 47 48 48
Timor-Leste 45 46 47 48 49
Chad 47 47 47 47 47
Nigeria 47 47 47 47 47
Somalia 48 48 48 47 47
Malawi 47 47 48 48 48
Zambia 50 49 48 47 46
Eritrea 47 48 48 49 50
Guinea 47 48 49 49 50
Congo, Dem. Rep. 48 48 49 49 49
Liberia 49 49 49 49 49
Bhutan 48 49 50 51 52
Guinea-Bissau 49 50 50 51 51
Central African Republic 51 51 50 50 49
Burundi 50 50 50 50 50
Uganda 51 51 50 50 50
Burkina Faso 50 51 51 51 51
Madagascar 51 51 51 51 52
Gambia, The 51 52 52 53 53
Tanzania 53 53 53 53 52
Nepal 51 52 53 54 55
Lao PDR 52 53 53 54 55
Benin 53 54 54 55 55
Haiti 54 54 55 55 56
Cameroon 54 55 55 55 55
Cote d'Ivoire 55 55 55 55 55
Ghana 55 56 56 57 57
Sudan 56 56 57 57 57
Cambodia 55 56 57 57 57
Comoros 56 56 57 57 57
Solomon Islands 58 57 57 57 57
Togo 56 57 57 57 57
Senegal 55 56 57 58 58
Maldives 55 56 57 58 59
Djibouti 57 57 58 58 58
India 57 58 58 58 59
Papua New Guinea 58 58 58 58 58
Yemen, Rep. 57 57 58 58 59
Bangladesh 57 57 58 59 59
Congo, Rep. 58 58 58 58 57
Lesotho 58 58 59 59 60
Bolivia 58 58 59 59 60
Mauritania 58 59 59 59 59
Myanmar 59 60 60 60 61
Swaziland 59 60 60 61 61
Pakistan 60 61 61 61 62
Kenya 61 62 62 61 61
Mongolia 61 61 62 62 63
Gabon 61 61 62 62 63
Kiribati 61 61 62 63 63
Zimbabwe 63 63 63 63 62
Namibia 62 63 63 63 64
Sao Tome and Principe 63 63 63 63 63
Guatemala 62 63 63 64 65
Vanuatu 63 63 63 64 64
Indonesia 63 64 64 65 65
Iran, Islamic Rep. 63 64 64 65 65
Morocco 63 64 64 65 66
South Africa 64 64 65 65 66
Nicaragua 64 65 65 66 67
Egypt, Arab Rep. 64 65 65 66 67
Guyana 65 65 65 66 66
Botswana 65 66 66 66 66
Tajikistan 66 66 66 66 66
Turkmenistan 66 66 66 66 66
Peru 65 66 66 67 67
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 66 66 66 67 67
Turkey 65 66 66 67 67
Fiji 66 67 67 67 67
Samoa 66 66 67 67 68
Cabo Verde 65 66 67 68 68
Algeria 66 66 67 68 68
Philippines 66 67 67 67 68
Oman 66 67 67 68 69
Honduras 66 67 67 68 69
St. Kitts and Nevis 68
Greenland 67 68 68 69 69
El Salvador 66 67 68 69 70
Dominican Republic 67 68 69 69 70
Tunisia 68 68 69 70 70
Brazil 68 69 69 69 70
Libya 69 69 69 70 70
Kosovo 69 69 69 70 70
Saudi Arabia 68 69 69 70 70
Azerbaijan 69 69 69 69 69
Ecuador 68 69 70 70 71
Kyrgyz Republic 69 69 70 70 72
Paraguay 70 70 70 70 70
Syrian Arab Republic 69 70 70 70 71
Grenada 70 70 70 70 71
Iraq 69 70 70 71 72
Uzbekistan 70 70 70 70 70
Moldova 69 70 70 71 71
China 70 70 70 71 71
Jordan 70 70 70 71 71
French Polynesia 70 70 71 71 71
Trinidad and Tobago 70 71 71 71 71
Suriname 70 71 71 71 71
Tonga 70 70 71 71 71
Lebanon 71 71 71 71 72
Armenia 72 72 71 71 71
Korea, Dem. Rep. 71 71 71 72 72
Colombia 71 71 72 72 72
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 71 72 72 72 72
Malaysia 71 72 72 72 72
United Arab Emirates 71 72 72 72 73
Macedonia, FYR 72 72 72 73 73
Thailand 71 72 72 73 73
Romania 73 73 72 72 73
Barbados 72 72 72 73 73
Mauritius 72 72 73 73 73
Sri Lanka 72 73 73 73 73
Kuwait 72 73 73 73 73
Seychelles 73
Mexico 72 73 73 73 74
Antigua and Barbuda 73 73 73 73 74
Jamaica 73 73 73 73 73
Bahrain 73 73 73 73 73
Venezuela, RB 73 73 73 74 74
Belize 73 73 73 74 74
Dominica 74
Bahamas, The 73 73 74 74 74
St. Lucia 74 74 74 74 74
Guam 73 73 74 74 74
New Caledonia 72 73 74 74 73
Hungary 73 73 74 74 74
Georgia 74 74 74 74 74
Kazakhstan 73 74 74 73 73
Korea, Rep. 73 73 74 75 75
Vietnam 73 74 74 74 75
Bosnia and Herzegovina 74 74 74 74 74
Russian Federation 73 74 74 75 74
Argentina 74 74 75 75 75
Marshall Islands 75
Albania 74 74 75 75 75
Brunei Darussalam 74 75 75 75 75
Bulgaria 74 75 75 75 75
Ukraine 74 74 75 75 75
Estonia 74 75 75 75 75
Slovak Republic 75 75 75 76 75
Latvia 74 75 75 75 75
Poland 75 75 75 76 76
Czech Republic 75 75 75 75 75
Croatia 75 75 75 75 76
Panama 75 75 75 76 76
Qatar 75 75 75 76 76
Belarus 76 76 76 76 76
Uruguay 75 75 76 76 76
Aruba 76 76 76 76 76
Chile 75 76 76 76 76
Slovenia 76 76 76 77 77
Lithuania 75 76 76 76 76
Cuba 76 76 76 77 77
Macao SAR, China 76 77 77 77 77
Malta 77 77 77 77 77
Ireland 77 77 77 77 77
St. Martin (French part) 76 77 77 78 78
Israel 77 77 77 75 78
Singapore 76 77 77 77 78
Montenegro 77 77 77 77 77
Portugal 76 77 77 77 78
New Zealand 77 77 77 78 78
Costa Rica 77 77 77 78 78
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 77 77 78 78 78
Denmark 77 78 78 78 78
Germany 77 78 78 78 78
Luxembourg 77 78 78 78 78
Austria 77 78 78 79 79
Cyprus 78 78 78 78 78
United Kingdom 78 78 78 78 78
United States 78 78 78 78 79
Puerto Rico 78 78 79 79 79
Finland 79 79 79 79 79
Greece 78 79 79 79 79
Belgium 78 78 79 79 79
Australia 79 79 79 80 80
Norway 79 80 80 80 80
Italy 79 79 80 80 80
Hong Kong SAR, China 79 79 80 80 80
Faeroe Islands 79 79 80 80 80
Iceland 80 81 80 80 80
France 80 80 80 80 81
Netherlands 80 80 80 80 80
Canada 80 80 80 80 80
Sweden 80 80 80 80 81
Spain 80 80 80 80 80
Switzerland 80 80 81 81 81
Japan 81 81 81 81 82
San Marino
West Bank and Gaza
American Samoa
Isle of Man
Curacao
Palau
Serbia
Bermuda
Cayman Islands
Monaco
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Northern Mariana Islands
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein

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