Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Sierra Leone 38 38 37 37 37
Rwanda 39 34 31 29 28
Angola 43 43 43 43 43
Niger 44 44 45 45 46
South Sudan 44 45 46 46 47
Mozambique 45 45 45 46 46
Zambia 46 45 44 43 42
Mali 46 46 47 47 47
Somalia 47 47 47 47 47
Nigeria 47 47 47 47 47
Chad 47 48 48 48 48
Equatorial Guinea 48 48 48 49 49
Ethiopia 48 48 49 49 50
Malawi 48 48 48 48 48
Afghanistan 49 50 50 51 52
Congo, Dem. Rep. 49 49 49 49 49
Central African Republic 49 49 48 47 47
Timor-Leste 49 50 51 52 53
Liberia 49 49 50 50 50
Uganda 50 49 48 48 47
Burundi 50 49 49 48 48
Eritrea 50 50 51 52 53
Guinea 50 51 51 52 52
Burkina Faso 51 51 50 50 51
Guinea-Bissau 51 51 52 52 52
Bhutan 52 52 53 54 55
Madagascar 52 52 53 54 54
Tanzania 52 52 52 51 51
Gambia, The 53 54 54 54 54
Lao PDR 55 55 56 57 58
Nepal 55 56 56 57 58
Cote d'Ivoire 55 55 54 54 53
Cameroon 55 55 55 55 55
Benin 55 56 56 57 57
Haiti 56 56 56 57 57
Fragile and conflict affected situations 56 57 57 57 57
Solomon Islands 57 57 58 58 59
Sudan 57 57 57 57 58
Cambodia 57 57 58 59 59
Togo 57 57 57 57 56
Congo, Rep. 57 57 56 56 55
Ghana 57 58 58 59 59
Comoros 57 58 58 58 58
Djibouti 58 58 58 59 59
Papua New Guinea 58 59 59 59 60
Senegal 58 59 59 59 59
India 59 59 59 60 60
Yemen, Rep. 59 59 60 60 60
Maldives 59 60 61 62 63
Bangladesh 59 60 60 61 61
Mauritania 59 60 60 60 60
Bolivia 60 61 61 62 62
Lesotho 60 61 61 61 61
Myanmar 61 61 61 62 62
Swaziland 61 61 61 61 60
Kenya 61 61 61 60 59
Pakistan 62 62 62 62 63
Zimbabwe 62 61 60 58 56
Mongolia 63 63 63 63 63
Gabon 63 63 63 63 63
Kiribati 63 63 64 64 65
Sao Tome and Principe 63 64 64 64 64
Namibia 64 64 64 64 63
Vanuatu 64 65 65 66 66
Guatemala 65 65 66 66 67
Indonesia 65 65 66 66 67
Iran, Islamic Rep. 65 66 66 67 67
South Africa 66 66 66 66 66
Morocco 66 66 67 67 68
Botswana 66 65 65 64 63
Guyana 66 66 66 66 66
Tajikistan 66 66 66 66 66
Turkmenistan 66 66 67 67 67
Nicaragua 67 67 68 68 69
Egypt, Arab Rep. 67 67 67 68 68
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 67 67 67 67
Fiji 67 68 68 68 68
Peru 67 68 68 69 69
Turkey 67 68 69 69 70
Philippines 68 68 68 68 69
Samoa 68 68 69 69 70
Algeria 68 68 69 69 69
Cabo Verde 68 69 69 70 70
Honduras 69 69 69 70 70
Oman 69 69 70 70 71
Greenland 69 69 69 69 69
Azerbaijan 69 69 69 69 69
Kosovo 70 70 70 70 70
Brazil 70 70 71 71 72
Dominican Republic 70 71 71 72 72
Libya 70 70 71 71 71
Uzbekistan 70 70 70 70 70
Paraguay 70 70 70 71 71
Tunisia 70 72 72 73 73
El Salvador 70 71 72 73 73
Saudi Arabia 70 71 71 72 72
Grenada 71 71 71 71 71
Ecuador 71 71 72 72 73
Armenia 71 71 71 71 72
Trinidad and Tobago 71 71 71 71 71
Syrian Arab Republic 71 71 72 72 72
Suriname 71 71 71 71 71
China 71 71 71 71 72
Moldova 71 71 71 71 71
French Polynesia 71 71 71 72 72
Tonga 71 71 71 71 71
Jordan 71 71 72 72 72
Iraq 72 72 72 73 73
Lebanon 72 72 72 72 73
Kyrgyz Republic 72 73 73 72 72
Colombia 72 72 73 73 73
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 72 72 72 73 73
Malaysia 72 73 73 73 73
Korea, Dem. Rep. 72 73 73 73 72
Romania 73 73 73 73 73
United Arab Emirates 73 73 73 74 74
Macedonia, FYR 73 73 73 74 74
Kazakhstan 73 73 73 73 72
Barbados 73 73 73 74 74
Mauritius 73 73 74 74 74
Jamaica 73 73 73 73 73
Sri Lanka 73 73 73 73 73
Kuwait 73 73 73 74 74
Thailand 73 74 74 74 74
New Caledonia 73 73 74 75 76
Bahrain 73 74 74 74 74
Mexico 74 74 74 74 75
Belize 74 73 73 73 73
St. Lucia 74 73 73 73 73
Antigua and Barbuda 74 74 74 74 74
Hungary 74 74 74 74 74
Venezuela, RB 74 74 74 74 75
Bosnia and Herzegovina 74 74 74 73 74
Georgia 74 74 74 74 74
Bahamas, The 74 74 74 74 75
Guam 74 74 75 75 75
Russian Federation 74 74 74 72 71
Estonia 75 75 75 75 74
Central Europe and the Baltics 75 75 75 75 75
Vietnam 75 75 75 76 76
Argentina 75 75 75 76 76
Albania 75 75 75 75 75
Korea, Rep. 75 76 76 76 77
Latvia 75 75 75 74 73
Bulgaria 75 75 75 75 75
Ukraine 75 75 74 74 73
Brunei Darussalam 75 76 76 76 76
Slovak Republic 75 75 75 76 77
Czech Republic 75 75 76 76 76
Poland 76 76 75 76 76
Croatia 76 76 76 76 76
Panama 76 76 76 76 77
Qatar 76 76 76 76 77
Aruba 76 76 76 76 76
Uruguay 76 76 77 77 77
Lithuania 76 76 76 76 75
Belarus 76 76 76 75 74
Chile 76 77 77 77 77
Cuba 77 77 77 77 77
Slovenia 77 77 77 77 77
Macao SAR, China 77 78 78 78 78
Montenegro 77 78 78 78 78
Malta 77 78 78 78 79
Ireland 77 78 78 78 78
St. Martin (French part) 78 78 79 79 79
Denmark 78 78 78 78 78
Portugal 78 78 78 78 78
Singapore 78 78 79 79 79
Costa Rica 78 78 78 79 79
New Zealand 78 78 79 79 79
Israel 78 78 79 78 79
Germany 78 79 79 79 79
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 78 79 79 79 80
United Kingdom 78 79 79 79 79
Cyprus 78 79 79 79 79
Luxembourg 78 79 79 79 79
United States 79 79 79 79 79
Austria 79 79 79 79 79
Puerto Rico 79 79 79 79 79
Finland 79 79 79 79 79
Belgium 79 80 80 80 80
Greece 79 80 80 80 80
Norway 80 80 80 80 80
Australia 80 80 80 80 81
Netherlands 80 80 80 80 80
Hong Kong SAR, China 80 80 81 81 81
Faeroe Islands 80 80 81 81 81
Iceland 80 81 81 81 81
Italy 80 80 80 81 81
Canada 80 81 81 80 81
Spain 80 81 81 81 81
France 81 81 81 81 82
Sweden 81 80 81 81 81
Switzerland 81 81 81 81 81
Japan 82 82 82 82 83
St. Kitts and Nevis 70
Serbia 74
Isle of Man
West Bank and Gaza 70 70 70 71
Andorra
Palau 75
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cayman Islands
Tuvalu
Curacao
Marshall Islands
Dominica 76
Monaco
Seychelles 74
Bermuda 78
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
Northern Mariana Islands
San Marino
American Samoa

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