Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Rwanda 39 34 31 29 28
Sierra Leone 38 38 37 37 37
Angola 43 43 43 43 43
Zambia 46 45 44 43 42
Niger 44 44 45 45 46
Mozambique 45 45 45 46 46
South Sudan 44 45 46 46 47
Mali 46 46 47 47 47
Somalia 47 47 47 47 47
Nigeria 47 47 47 47 47
Chad 47 48 48 48 48
Central African Republic 49 49 48 47 47
Malawi 48 48 48 48 48
Uganda 50 49 48 48 47
Equatorial Guinea 48 48 48 49 49
Burundi 50 49 49 48 48
Ethiopia 48 48 49 49 50
Congo, Dem. Rep. 49 49 49 49 49
Liberia 49 49 50 50 50
Afghanistan 49 50 50 51 52
Burkina Faso 51 51 50 50 51
Timor-Leste 49 50 51 52 53
Eritrea 50 50 51 52 53
Guinea 50 51 51 52 52
Guinea-Bissau 51 51 52 52 52
Tanzania 52 52 52 51 51
Madagascar 52 52 53 54 54
Bhutan 52 52 53 54 55
Gambia, The 53 54 54 54 54
Cote d'Ivoire 55 55 54 54 53
Cameroon 55 55 55 55 55
Lao PDR 55 55 56 57 58
Congo, Rep. 57 57 56 56 55
Haiti 56 56 56 57 57
Nepal 55 56 56 57 58
Benin 55 56 56 57 57
Togo 57 57 57 57 56
Sudan 57 57 57 57 58
Solomon Islands 57 57 58 58 59
Comoros 57 58 58 58 58
Cambodia 57 57 58 59 59
Ghana 57 58 58 59 59
Djibouti 58 58 58 59 59
Papua New Guinea 58 59 59 59 60
Senegal 58 59 59 59 59
India 59 59 59 60 60
Yemen, Rep. 59 59 60 60 60
Zimbabwe 62 61 60 58 56
Mauritania 59 60 60 60 60
Bangladesh 59 60 60 61 61
Kenya 61 61 61 60 59
Swaziland 61 61 61 61 60
Bolivia 60 61 61 62 62
Maldives 59 60 61 62 63
Lesotho 60 61 61 61 61
Myanmar 61 61 61 62 62
Pakistan 62 62 62 62 63
Gabon 63 63 63 63 63
Mongolia 63 63 63 63 63
Sao Tome and Principe 63 64 64 64 64
Namibia 64 64 64 64 63
Kiribati 63 63 64 64 65
Botswana 66 65 65 64 63
Vanuatu 64 65 65 66 66
Guatemala 65 65 66 66 67
Indonesia 65 65 66 66 67
Tajikistan 66 66 66 66 66
South Africa 66 66 66 66 66
Guyana 66 66 66 66 66
Iran, Islamic Rep. 65 66 66 67 67
Turkmenistan 66 66 67 67 67
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 67 67 67 67
Morocco 66 66 67 67 68
Egypt, Arab Rep. 67 67 67 68 68
Nicaragua 67 67 68 68 69
Fiji 67 68 68 68 68
Philippines 68 68 68 68 69
Peru 67 68 68 69 69
Greenland 69 69 69 69 69
Turkey 67 68 69 69 70
Algeria 68 68 69 69 69
Azerbaijan 69 69 69 69 69
Samoa 68 68 69 69 70
Cabo Verde 68 69 69 70 70
Honduras 69 69 69 70 70
Uzbekistan 70 70 70 70 70
Oman 69 69 70 70 71
West Bank and Gaza 70 70 70 71
Kosovo 70 70 70 70 70
Paraguay 70 70 70 71 71
Libya 70 70 71 71 71
Brazil 70 70 71 71 72
Armenia 71 71 71 71 72
Grenada 71 71 71 71 71
Moldova 71 71 71 71 71
Suriname 71 71 71 71 71
Trinidad and Tobago 71 71 71 71 71
Dominican Republic 70 71 71 72 72
Tonga 71 71 71 71 71
China 71 71 71 71 72
French Polynesia 71 71 71 72 72
Saudi Arabia 70 71 71 72 72
Jordan 71 71 72 72 72
Syrian Arab Republic 71 71 72 72 72
Ecuador 71 71 72 72 73
El Salvador 70 71 72 73 73
Lebanon 72 72 72 72 73
Iraq 72 72 72 73 73
Tunisia 70 72 72 73 73
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 72 72 72 73 73
Colombia 72 72 73 73 73
Kyrgyz Republic 72 73 73 72 72
Malaysia 72 73 73 73 73
Kazakhstan 73 73 73 73 72
Korea, Dem. Rep. 72 73 73 73 72
Jamaica 73 73 73 73 73
Romania 73 73 73 73 73
United Arab Emirates 73 73 73 74 74
Sri Lanka 73 73 73 73 73
Belize 74 73 73 73 73
Macedonia, FYR 73 73 73 74 74
Kuwait 73 73 73 74 74
St. Lucia 74 73 73 73 73
Barbados 73 73 73 74 74
Bosnia and Herzegovina 74 74 74 73 74
Russian Federation 74 74 74 72 71
Thailand 73 74 74 74 74
Bahrain 73 74 74 74 74
Georgia 74 74 74 74 74
Mauritius 73 73 74 74 74
Hungary 74 74 74 74 74
Ukraine 75 75 74 74 73
Antigua and Barbuda 74 74 74 74 74
Serbia 74
Mexico 74 74 74 74 75
New Caledonia 73 73 74 75 76
Venezuela, RB 74 74 74 74 75
Bahamas, The 74 74 74 74 75
Latvia 75 75 75 74 73
Guam 74 74 75 75 75
Estonia 75 75 75 75 74
Bulgaria 75 75 75 75 75
Albania 75 75 75 75 75
Slovak Republic 75 75 75 76 77
Poland 76 76 75 76 76
Argentina 75 75 75 76 76
Vietnam 75 75 75 76 76
Belarus 76 76 76 75 74
Czech Republic 75 75 76 76 76
Lithuania 76 76 76 76 75
Brunei Darussalam 75 76 76 76 76
Korea, Rep. 75 76 76 76 77
Croatia 76 76 76 76 76
Aruba 76 76 76 76 76
Qatar 76 76 76 76 77
Panama 76 76 76 76 77
Uruguay 76 76 77 77 77
Cuba 77 77 77 77 77
Chile 76 77 77 77 77
Slovenia 77 77 77 77 77
Portugal 78 78 78 78 78
Montenegro 77 78 78 78 78
Malta 77 78 78 78 79
Ireland 77 78 78 78 78
Macao SAR, China 77 78 78 78 78
Denmark 78 78 78 78 78
Bermuda 78
Costa Rica 78 78 78 79 79
Israel 78 78 79 78 79
Singapore 78 78 79 79 79
Puerto Rico 79 79 79 79 79
Germany 78 79 79 79 79
Cyprus 78 79 79 79 79
New Zealand 78 78 79 79 79
United Kingdom 78 79 79 79 79
United States 79 79 79 79 79
Austria 79 79 79 79 79
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 78 79 79 79 80
Luxembourg 78 79 79 79 79
St. Martin (French part) 78 78 79 79 79
Finland 79 79 79 79 79
Belgium 79 80 80 80 80
Greece 79 80 80 80 80
Norway 80 80 80 80 80
Netherlands 80 80 80 80 80
Italy 80 80 80 81 81
Australia 80 80 80 80 81
Faeroe Islands 80 80 81 81 81
Sweden 81 80 81 81 81
Hong Kong SAR, China 80 80 81 81 81
Spain 80 81 81 81 81
Canada 80 81 81 80 81
France 81 81 81 81 82
Switzerland 81 81 81 81 81
Iceland 80 81 81 81 81
Japan 82 82 82 82 83
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Kitts and Nevis 70
Monaco
Curacao
Andorra
Cayman Islands
Tuvalu
Palau 75
Seychelles 74
Marshall Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liechtenstein
Dominica 76
American Samoa
San Marino

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