Country name 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Rwanda 32 30 30 32 35
Sierra Leone 37 37 37 36 37
Angola 43 43 43 44 44
Malawi 45 45 44 44 44
Niger 45 45 46 47 47
Mozambique 45 46 46 47 48
Zambia 46 45 44 44 43
South Sudan 46 46 47 48 48
Mali 47 47 47 47 47
Uganda 47 46 46 46 45
Somalia 47 47 47 48 49
Nigeria 47 47 47 47 47
Chad 48 48 48 49 49
Ethiopia 49 49 50 50 51
Burundi 49 49 50 50 50
Liberia 50 50 50 51 52
Equatorial Guinea 50 51 51 52 52
Burkina Faso 50 50 51 51 51
Congo, Dem. Rep. 51 51 51 51 51
Timor-Leste 51 52 53 54 55
Central African Republic 51 51 50 50 49
Tanzania 51 51 50 50 50
Eritrea 51 52 53 54 55
Guinea 51 52 52 52 52
Afghanistan 52 52 53 54 54
Guinea-Bissau 52 52 52 52 53
Madagascar 53 54 54 55 56
Bhutan 53 54 55 56 56
Gambia, The 54 54 54 55 55
Cote d'Ivoire 54 54 53 52 51
Cameroon 55 55 55 55 55
Lao PDR 55 56 56 57 58
Nepal 56 57 58 58 59
Congo, Rep. 56 55 55 54 54
Cambodia 56 57 57 57 57
Benin 56 57 57 57 57
Haiti 56 57 57 58 58
Togo 57 57 56 56 56
Sudan 57 57 58 58 58
Bolivia 57 58 59 59 60
Solomon Islands 58 58 59 60 60
Ghana 58 59 59 59 59
Djibouti 58 59 59 59 59
Comoros 59 59 60 60 60
India 59 59 60 61 61
Papua New Guinea 59 59 60 60 60
Senegal 59 59 59 59 59
Bangladesh 59 60 61 61 62
Zimbabwe 60 58 55 53 51
Yemen, Rep. 60 60 60 60 61
Mauritania 60 60 60 61 61
Kenya 60 59 58 57 56
Swaziland 61 61 60 59 58
Lesotho 61 61 61 60 58
Pakistan 61 61 62 62 62
Myanmar 61 62 62 62 63
Maldives 62 63 64 65 66
Gabon 63 63 63 62 62
Mongolia 63 63 63 64 64
Kiribati 64 64 65 65 66
Sao Tome and Principe 64 64 64 64 64
Namibia 64 64 63 63 62
Botswana 64 63 61 60 58
Indonesia 65 65 66 66 67
Vanuatu 65 66 66 67 67
Guatemala 66 66 67 68 68
Tajikistan 66 66 66 66 66
South Africa 66 66 66 65 65
Turkmenistan 67 67 67 67 67
Iran, Islamic Rep. 67 67 68 68 69
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 67 67 67 67
Morocco 67 67 68 68 69
Guyana 67 67 67 68 68
Egypt, Arab Rep. 67 68 68 69 69
Cabo Verde 68 68 68 69 69
Nicaragua 68 68 69 69 70
Fiji 68 68 68 69 69
Philippines 68 69 69 69 69
Peru 68 69 69 70 71
Greenland 69 69 69 69 68
Algeria 69 69 69 69 70
Turkey 69 69 70 70 71
Azerbaijan 69 69 69 69 69
Samoa 69 69 70 70 71
Honduras 69 70 70 71 71
Brazil 70 70 71 71 72
El Salvador 70 70 71 71 72
Uzbekistan 70 70 70 70 70
Oman 70 70 71 71 72
West Bank and Gaza 70 70 71 71 71
Iraq 70 70 71 71 71
Paraguay 70 71 71 71 71
Libya 71 71 71 71 72
China 71 71 71 72 72
Armenia 71 71 72 72 72
Grenada 71 71 71 71 72
Moldova 71 71 71 71 71
Suriname 71 71 71 71 71
Trinidad and Tobago 71 71 71 72 72
Dominican Republic 71 72 72 72 73
Tonga 71 71 71 72 72
French Polynesia 71 72 72 72 73
Saudi Arabia 71 72 72 73 73
Syrian Arab Republic 72 72 72 73 73
Jordan 72 72 72 72 72
Ecuador 72 73 73 74 74
Lebanon 72 72 73 73 74
Tunisia 72 73 73 73 73
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 72 73 73 73 73
Colombia 73 73 73 73 74
Kyrgyz Republic 73 72 72 71 70
Venezuela, RB 73 73 73 74 74
Malaysia 73 73 73 74 74
Kazakhstan 73 73 72 71 70
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 73 73 72 71 70
Romania 73 73 73 73 73
United Arab Emirates 73 74 74 74 74
Sri Lanka 73 73 73 73 73
Macedonia, FYR 73 74 74 74 74
Kuwait 73 74 74 74 74
Belize 73 73 73 73 72
St. Lucia 73 73 73 73 73
Thailand 74 74 74 74 74
Barbados 74 74 74 74 75
Russian Federation 74 72 71 72 73
Bahrain 74 74 74 74 75
Georgia 74 74 74 74 74
Mauritius 74 74 74 74 74
Hungary 74 74 74 74 75
Ukraine 74 74 74 73 73
Antigua and Barbuda 74 74 74 75 75
Serbia 74
Mexico 74 74 75 75 75
New Caledonia 74 75 76 74 76
Bosnia and Herzegovina 74 74 75 75 75
Bahamas, The 74 74 75 75 75
Jamaica 74 74 74 75 75
Latvia 75 74 73 73 73
Guam 75 75 75 75 76
Estonia 75 75 74 73 74
Bulgaria 75 75 75 75 75
Brunei Darussalam 75 75 75 76 76
Albania 75 75 75 75 75
Slovak Republic 75 76 77 77 76
Poland 75 76 76 76 76
Vietnam 75 76 76 76 77
Argentina 75 76 76 76 76
Belarus 76 75 74 74 74
Czech Republic 76 76 76 77 77
Lithuania 76 76 75 75 75
Korea, Rep. 76 76 77 77 77
Croatia 76 76 76 76 77
Aruba 76 76 76 76 76
Panama 76 76 77 77 77
Qatar 76 77 77 77 77
Chile 77 77 77 78 78
Uruguay 77 77 77 77 77
Cuba 77 77 77 77 77
Slovenia 77 77 77 77 78
Portugal 78 78 78 79 79
Montenegro 78 78 78 77 77
Malta 78 78 79 79 80
Ireland 78 78 78 78 78
Macao SAR, China 78 78 78 79 79
Singapore 78 78 78 78 79
Denmark 78 78 78 78 78
Bermuda 78
Costa Rica 78 79 79 79 79
Israel 79 78 79 79 80
Puerto Rico 79 79 79 79 79
Germany 79 79 79 80 80
Cyprus 79 79 79 79 79
New Zealand 79 79 79 80 80
United States 79 79 79 79 79
United Kingdom 79 79 79 80 80
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 79 79 80 80 80
Luxembourg 79 79 79 80 80
Austria 79 79 80 80 80
St. Martin (French part) 79 79 79 79 79
Finland 79 79 79 80 80
Belgium 80 80 80 80 80
Greece 80 80 80 80 80
Faroe Islands 80 80 81 81 81
Norway 80 80 80 81 81
Netherlands 80 80 80 80 80
Australia 80 80 81 81 81
Italy 80 81 81 81 82
Sweden 81 81 81 81 81
Hong Kong SAR, China 81 81 81 82 82
Spain 81 81 81 82 82
Canada 81 80 81 81 81
France 81 81 82 82 82
Switzerland 81 81 81 82 82
Iceland 81 81 81 81 80
Japan 82 82 83 83 83
Marshall Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis 70
Dominica 76
Cayman Islands
Monaco
Seychelles 74
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man 80
San Marino
Palau 77
American Samoa
Curacao
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Andorra
Tuvalu
Liechtenstein 82 80

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