Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Rwanda 30 33 36 40 44
Sierra Leone 37 37 37 37 38
Zambia 42 41 41 41 41
Angola 44 44 44 45 45
Central African Republic 47 46 46 46 46
Niger 47 47 48 49 49
Mozambique 47 47 48 48 49
Nigeria 47 47 47 47 47
Uganda 47 47 47 47 47
Mali 47 47 48 48 48
Chad 48 48 48 48 48
South Sudan 48 48 49 49 50
Malawi 48 48 47 47 47
Burundi 48 48 48 49 49
Somalia 48 49 50 51 51
Congo, Dem. Rep. 48 48 48 47 47
Equatorial Guinea 49 49 49 49 49
Ethiopia 50 50 51 52 52
Tanzania 51 50 50 50 50
Burkina Faso 51 51 51 51 51
Liberia 51 52 52 53 53
Cote d'Ivoire 52 51 50 49 48
Guinea 52 52 52 52 52
Guinea-Bissau 52 53 53 53 53
Afghanistan 53 53 54 55 55
Timor-Leste 54 55 56 57 59
Eritrea 54 55 56 56 57
Zimbabwe 54 52 50 48 47
Gambia, The 55 55 55 56 56
Congo, Rep. 55 54 54 54 54
Cameroon 55 55 54 54 54
Madagascar 55 56 57 57 58
Bhutan 56 56 57 58 59
Togo 56 56 55 55 55
Benin 57 57 57 57 57
Haiti 57 58 58 58 59
Sudan 58 58 59 59 59
Comoros 58 59 59 59 59
Kenya 59 58 57 56 55
Lao PDR 59 59 60 61 62
Ghana 59 59 58 58 58
Djibouti 59 59 59 59 59
Nepal 59 60 60 61 62
Swaziland 59 58 56 54 53
Senegal 59 59 59 59 59
Lesotho 60 58 56 54 52
Solomon Islands 60 60 61 62 63
Papua New Guinea 60 60 60 60 61
Cambodia 60 61 61 62 63
Yemen, Rep. 60 61 61 61 61
Mauritania 60 61 61 61 61
India 61 61 62 62 62
Botswana 62 60 59 57 55
Bangladesh 62 63 63 64 64
Myanmar 62 63 63 63 64
Bolivia 63 63 63 64 64
Gabon 63 63 62 62 62
Namibia 63 62 62 61 59
Pakistan 63 63 64 64 64
Mongolia 64 64 64 64 65
Maldives 64 65 66 67 68
Sao Tome and Principe 64 64 65 65 65
Kiribati 65 66 66 66 67
South Africa 65 65 64 63 61
Tajikistan 66 66 67 67 67
Vanuatu 67 67 68 68 68
Guyana 67 67 67 67 67
Turkmenistan 67 67 67 67 68
Indonesia 67 68 68 68 69
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 67 67 68 68
Iran, Islamic Rep. 68 68 69 69 70
Guatemala 68 68 69 70 70
Morocco 68 69 69 69 69
Greenland 69 68 68 69 69
Fiji 69 69 69 69 70
Azerbaijan 69 69 69 69 69
Egypt, Arab Rep. 69 69 70 70 71
Philippines 69 69 69 69 70
Algeria 69 69 70 70 70
Nicaragua 69 70 70 71 71
Uzbekistan 70 70 70 70 70
Peru 70 71 71 72 72
Turkey 70 71 72 72 73
Samoa 70 71 71 72 72
Kosovo 71 71 71 71 71
Kyrgyz Republic 71 70 71 71 71
Moldova 71 71 71 71 71
Honduras 71 71 72 72 72
Cabo Verde 71 71 72 72 73
West Bank and Gaza 71 71 72 72 72
Kazakhstan 71 70 70 70 70
Paraguay 71 71 71 72 72
Suriname 71 71 71 71 71
Korea, Dem. Rep. 71 70 69 69 68
Oman 71 72 73 73 74
Grenada 71 72 72 72 72
Trinidad and Tobago 72 72 72 72 72
Tonga 72 72 72 72 72
Libya 72 72 72 73 73
Russian Federation 72 73 73 73 73
China 72 72 72 73 73
Armenia 72 72 73 73 74
Brazil 72 72 73 73 74
Jordan 72 72 73 73 73
Dominican Republic 72 73 73 73 73
French Polynesia 72 73 73 74 74
Saudi Arabia 73 73 73 74 74
Latvia 73 73 75 75 75
Syrian Arab Republic 73 73 73 74 74
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 73 73 73 73 73
Estonia 73 74 75 76 75
Tunisia 73 73 74 74 74
Iraq 73 73 73 73 73
Sri Lanka 73 73 73 73 74
Jamaica 73 73 73 73 73
Belize 73 73 73 73 74
Lebanon 73 74 74 75 75
Ukraine 73 73 73 73 74
St. Lucia 73 73 73 73 73
Romania 73 73 73 73 74
El Salvador 73 74 74 74 74
Colombia 73 74 74 74 74
Ecuador 73 74 74 75 75
Malaysia 74 74 74 74 75
Kuwait 74 74 74 74 74
New Caledonia 74 76 74 74 78
Bosnia and Herzegovina 74 74 75 76 76
Georgia 74 74 74 75 75
Mauritius 74 74 74 74 75
United Arab Emirates 74 74 75 75 75
Macedonia, FYR 74 74 75 75 75
Barbados 74 74 75 75 75
Thailand 74 74 74 75 75
Belarus 74 74 74 74 74
Hungary 74 75 75 75 75
Bahrain 74 75 75 75 75
Bahamas, The 75 75 75 75 75
Antigua and Barbuda 75 75 75 75 76
Venezuela, RB 75 75 75 75 75
Lithuania 75 75 76 77 77
Mexico 75 75 76 76 76
Albania 75 75 76 76 76
Bulgaria 75 75 75 74 75
Guam 75 76 76 76 77
Aruba 76 76 76 76 76
Poland 76 76 77 77 77
Argentina 76 76 77 77 77
Croatia 76 77 77 77 76
Slovak Republic 77 76 77 77 77
Vietnam 77 77 77 78 78
Brunei Darussalam 77 77 77 77 78
Czech Republic 77 77 77 77 78
Qatar 77 77 77 77 77
Panama 77 77 77 77 77
Korea, Rep. 77 77 78 78 78
Cuba 77 77 78 78 78
Uruguay 77 77 78 78 78
Slovenia 77 78 78 79 79
Chile 78 78 78 79 79
Denmark 78 78 78 78 79
Ireland 78 78 79 79 79
Montenegro 78 79 79 78 78
Singapore 79 79 79 79 80
Portugal 79 79 79 79 79
Macao SAR, China 79 79 79 79 80
Puerto Rico 79 79 79 79 80
Costa Rica 79 79 79 80 80
United States 79 79 79 79 80
Malta 79 80 80 80 80
St. Martin (French part) 79 79 80 80 80
Cyprus 79 79 80 80 80
Israel 79 80 80 80 80
Isle of Man 80
United Kingdom 80 80 80 80 80
Germany 80 80 80 80 81
Luxembourg 80 80 80 80 81
New Zealand 80 80 79 80 81
Austria 80 80 80 81 81
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 80 80 80 81 81
Finland 80 80 81 81 81
Belgium 80 80 81 81 81
Greece 80 80 80 81 80
Netherlands 80 80 80 81 81
Norway 81 81 81 81 81
Australia 81 81 81 81 82
Canada 81 81 81 81 82
Faeroe Islands 81 81 81 82 82
Italy 81 82 82 82 82
Sweden 81 81 82 82 82
Iceland 81 80 81 82 82
Hong Kong SAR, China 82 82 83 83 83
Spain 82 82 82 82 82
Liechtenstein 82 80 82 80 82
Switzerland 82 82 82 82 83
France 82 82 82 82 83
Japan 83 83 84 84 84
Marshall Islands
Tuvalu
Northern Mariana Islands
Palau 77
Bermuda
Cayman Islands
Andorra
Monaco
Dominica 78
Serbia 75
Curacao
San Marino 83 83 83
St. Kitts and Nevis 73
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa
Seychelles 75

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