Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Rwanda 30 33 36 40 44
Sierra Leone 37 37 37 37 38
Zambia 42 41 41 41 41
Angola 44 44 44 45 45
Central African Republic 47 46 46 46 46
Uganda 47 47 47 47 47
Nigeria 47 47 47 47 47
Malawi 48 48 47 47 47
Mali 47 47 48 48 48
Chad 48 48 48 48 48
Congo, Dem. Rep. 48 48 48 47 47
Mozambique 47 47 48 48 49
Niger 47 47 48 49 49
Burundi 48 48 48 49 49
South Sudan 48 48 49 49 50
Equatorial Guinea 49 49 49 49 49
Somalia 48 49 50 51 51
Cote d'Ivoire 52 51 50 49 48
Tanzania 51 50 50 50 50
Zimbabwe 54 52 50 48 47
Burkina Faso 51 51 51 51 51
Ethiopia 50 50 51 52 52
Guinea 52 52 52 52 52
Liberia 51 52 52 53 53
Guinea-Bissau 52 53 53 53 53
Congo, Rep. 55 54 54 54 54
Afghanistan 53 53 54 55 55
Cameroon 55 55 54 54 54
Togo 56 56 55 55 55
Gambia, The 55 55 55 56 56
Eritrea 54 55 56 56 57
Timor-Leste 54 55 56 57 59
Swaziland 59 58 56 54 53
Lesotho 60 58 56 54 52
Kenya 59 58 57 56 55
Madagascar 55 56 57 57 58
Benin 57 57 57 57 57
Bhutan 56 56 57 58 59
Haiti 57 58 58 58 59
Ghana 59 59 58 58 58
Botswana 62 60 59 57 55
Sudan 58 58 59 59 59
Comoros 58 59 59 59 59
Djibouti 59 59 59 59 59
Senegal 59 59 59 59 59
Lao PDR 59 59 60 61 62
Papua New Guinea 60 60 60 60 61
Nepal 59 60 60 61 62
Mauritania 60 61 61 61 61
Yemen, Rep. 60 61 61 61 61
Solomon Islands 60 60 61 62 63
Cambodia 60 61 61 62 63
India 61 61 62 62 62
Namibia 63 62 62 61 59
Gabon 63 63 62 62 62
Myanmar 62 63 63 63 64
Bangladesh 62 63 63 64 64
Bolivia 63 63 63 64 64
Pakistan 63 63 64 64 64
South Africa 65 65 64 63 61
Mongolia 64 64 64 64 65
Sao Tome and Principe 64 64 65 65 65
Maldives 64 65 66 67 68
Kiribati 65 66 66 66 67
Tajikistan 66 66 67 67 67
Guyana 67 67 67 67 67
Turkmenistan 67 67 67 67 68
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 67 67 68 68
Vanuatu 67 67 68 68 68
Indonesia 67 68 68 68 69
Greenland 69 68 68 69 69
Iran, Islamic Rep. 68 68 69 69 70
Morocco 68 69 69 69 69
Azerbaijan 69 69 69 69 69
Guatemala 68 68 69 70 70
Fiji 69 69 69 69 70
Philippines 69 69 69 69 70
Korea, Dem. Rep. 71 70 69 69 68
Algeria 69 69 70 70 70
Uzbekistan 70 70 70 70 70
Egypt, Arab Rep. 69 69 70 70 71
Kazakhstan 71 70 70 70 70
Nicaragua 69 70 70 71 71
Moldova 71 71 71 71 71
Kosovo 71 71 71 71 71
Kyrgyz Republic 71 70 71 71 71
Peru 70 71 71 72 72
Samoa 70 71 71 72 72
Suriname 71 71 71 71 71
Paraguay 71 71 71 72 72
West Bank and Gaza 71 71 72 72 72
Turkey 70 71 72 72 73
Honduras 71 71 72 72 72
Cabo Verde 71 71 72 72 73
Grenada 71 72 72 72 72
Tonga 72 72 72 72 72
Trinidad and Tobago 72 72 72 72 72
China 72 72 72 73 73
Libya 72 72 72 73 73
Jordan 72 72 73 73 73
Oman 71 72 73 73 74
Armenia 72 72 73 73 74
Brazil 72 72 73 73 74
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 73 73 73 73 73
Dominican Republic 72 73 73 73 73
Russian Federation 72 73 73 73 73
Ukraine 73 73 73 73 74
Sri Lanka 73 73 73 73 74
Iraq 73 73 73 73 73
Romania 73 73 73 73 74
Jamaica 73 73 73 73 73
St. Lucia 73 73 73 73 73
Belize 73 73 73 73 74
Saudi Arabia 73 73 73 74 74
French Polynesia 72 73 73 74 74
Syrian Arab Republic 73 73 73 74 74
Tunisia 73 73 74 74 74
El Salvador 73 74 74 74 74
Colombia 73 74 74 74 74
Kuwait 74 74 74 74 74
Lebanon 73 74 74 75 75
Malaysia 74 74 74 74 75
New Caledonia 74 76 74 74 78
Georgia 74 74 74 75 75
Belarus 74 74 74 74 74
Mauritius 74 74 74 74 75
Ecuador 73 74 74 75 75
Thailand 74 74 74 75 75
United Arab Emirates 74 74 75 75 75
Bulgaria 75 75 75 74 75
Barbados 74 74 75 75 75
Macedonia, FYR 74 74 75 75 75
Bahrain 74 75 75 75 75
Bahamas, The 75 75 75 75 75
Hungary 74 75 75 75 75
Latvia 73 73 75 75 75
Venezuela, RB 75 75 75 75 75
Bosnia and Herzegovina 74 74 75 76 76
Antigua and Barbuda 75 75 75 75 76
Estonia 73 74 75 76 75
Albania 75 75 76 76 76
Mexico 75 75 76 76 76
Lithuania 75 75 76 77 77
Guam 75 76 76 76 77
Aruba 76 76 76 76 76
Poland 76 76 77 77 77
Argentina 76 76 77 77 77
Slovak Republic 77 76 77 77 77
Croatia 76 77 77 77 76
Panama 77 77 77 77 77
Qatar 77 77 77 77 77
Brunei Darussalam 77 77 77 77 78
Vietnam 77 77 77 78 78
Czech Republic 77 77 77 77 78
Uruguay 77 77 78 78 78
Cuba 77 77 78 78 78
Korea, Rep. 77 77 78 78 78
Denmark 78 78 78 78 79
Slovenia 77 78 78 79 79
Chile 78 78 78 79 79
Montenegro 78 79 79 78 78
Ireland 78 78 79 79 79
Singapore 79 79 79 79 80
Portugal 79 79 79 79 79
United States 79 79 79 79 80
Macao SAR, China 79 79 79 79 80
Puerto Rico 79 79 79 79 80
Costa Rica 79 79 79 80 80
New Zealand 80 80 79 80 81
St. Martin (French part) 79 79 80 80 80
Cyprus 79 79 80 80 80
Malta 79 80 80 80 80
United Kingdom 80 80 80 80 80
Luxembourg 80 80 80 80 81
Germany 80 80 80 80 81
Israel 79 80 80 80 80
Austria 80 80 80 81 81
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 80 80 80 81 81
Netherlands 80 80 80 81 81
Greece 80 80 80 81 80
Finland 80 80 81 81 81
Belgium 80 80 81 81 81
Norway 81 81 81 81 81
Australia 81 81 81 81 82
Canada 81 81 81 81 82
Iceland 81 80 81 82 82
Faeroe Islands 81 81 81 82 82
Sweden 81 81 82 82 82
Liechtenstein 82 80 82 80 82
Italy 81 82 82 82 82
Spain 82 82 82 82 82
France 82 82 82 82 83
Switzerland 82 82 82 82 83
San Marino 83 83 83
Hong Kong SAR, China 82 82 83 83 83
Japan 83 83 84 84 84
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
Isle of Man 80
Bermuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Palau 77
Dominica 78
Monaco
Serbia 75
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis 73
Andorra
Curacao
Seychelles 75

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