Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Rwanda 33 36 40 44 46
Sierra Leone 37 37 37 38 38
Zambia 41 41 41 41 42
Angola 44 44 45 45 46
Central African Republic 46 46 46 46 45
Uganda 47 47 47 47 48
Nigeria 47 47 47 47 47
Malawi 48 47 47 47 46
Mali 47 48 48 48 48
Chad 48 48 48 48 48
Congo, Dem. Rep. 48 48 47 47 48
Mozambique 47 48 48 49 49
Niger 47 48 49 49 50
Burundi 48 48 49 49 49
South Sudan 48 49 49 50 50
Equatorial Guinea 49 49 49 49 49
Somalia 49 50 51 51 52
Cote d'Ivoire 51 50 49 48 47
Tanzania 50 50 50 50 50
Zimbabwe 52 50 48 47 45
Burkina Faso 51 51 51 51 52
Ethiopia 50 51 52 52 53
Guinea 52 52 52 52 51
Liberia 52 52 53 53 53
Guinea-Bissau 53 53 53 53 53
Congo, Rep. 54 54 54 54 53
Afghanistan 53 54 55 55 56
Cameroon 55 54 54 54 53
Togo 56 55 55 55 54
Gambia, The 55 55 56 56 56
Eritrea 55 56 56 57 58
Timor-Leste 55 56 57 59 60
Swaziland 58 56 54 53 51
Lesotho 58 56 54 52 50
Kenya 58 57 56 55 54
Madagascar 56 57 57 58 59
Benin 57 57 57 57 57
Bhutan 56 57 58 59 60
Haiti 58 58 58 59 59
Ghana 59 58 58 58 58
Botswana 60 59 57 55 53
Sudan 58 59 59 59 60
Comoros 59 59 59 59 59
Djibouti 59 59 59 59 59
Senegal 59 59 59 59 59
Lao PDR 59 60 61 62 62
Papua New Guinea 60 60 60 61 61
Nepal 60 60 61 62 62
Mauritania 61 61 61 61 61
Yemen, Rep. 61 61 61 61 62
Solomon Islands 60 61 62 63 63
Cambodia 61 61 62 63 64
India 61 62 62 62 63
Namibia 62 62 61 59 58
Gabon 63 62 62 62 61
Myanmar 63 63 63 64 64
Bangladesh 63 63 64 64 65
Bolivia 63 63 64 64 65
Pakistan 63 64 64 64 64
South Africa 65 64 63 61 60
Mongolia 64 64 64 65 65
Sao Tome and Principe 64 65 65 65 65
Maldives 65 66 67 68 69
Kiribati 66 66 66 67 67
Tajikistan 66 67 67 67 67
Guyana 67 67 67 67 67
Turkmenistan 67 67 67 68 68
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 67 68 68 68
Vanuatu 67 68 68 68 69
Indonesia 68 68 68 69 69
Greenland 68 68 69 69 69
Iran, Islamic Rep. 68 69 69 70 70
Morocco 69 69 69 69 70
Azerbaijan 69 69 69 69 70
Guatemala 68 69 70 70 71
Fiji 69 69 69 70 70
Philippines 69 69 69 70 70
Korea, Dem. Rep. 70 69 69 68 68
Algeria 69 70 70 70 70
Uzbekistan 70 70 70 70 70
Egypt, Arab Rep. 69 70 70 71 71
Kazakhstan 70 70 70 70 71
Nicaragua 70 70 71 71 72
Moldova 71 71 71 71 71
Kosovo 71 71 71 71 69
Kyrgyz Republic 70 71 71 71 71
Peru 71 71 72 72 73
Samoa 71 71 72 72 72
Suriname 71 71 71 71 71
Paraguay 71 71 72 72 72
West Bank and Gaza 71 72 72 72 72
Turkey 71 72 72 73 73
Honduras 71 72 72 72 73
Cabo Verde 71 72 72 73 73
Grenada 72 72 72 72 72
Tonga 72 72 72 72 73
Trinidad and Tobago 72 72 72 72 72
China 72 72 73 73 73
Libya 72 72 73 73 73
Jordan 72 73 73 73 73
Oman 72 73 73 74 74
Armenia 72 73 73 74 74
Brazil 72 73 73 74 74
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 73 73 73 73 73
Dominican Republic 73 73 73 73 74
Russian Federation 73 73 73 73 72
Ukraine 73 73 73 74 74
Sri Lanka 73 73 73 74 74
Iraq 73 73 73 73 73
Romania 73 73 73 74 74
Jamaica 73 73 73 73 73
St. Lucia 73 73 73 73 73
Belize 73 73 73 74 74
Saudi Arabia 73 73 74 74 74
French Polynesia 73 73 74 74 75
Syrian Arab Republic 73 73 74 74 75
Tunisia 73 74 74 74 75
El Salvador 74 74 74 74 74
Colombia 74 74 74 74 75
Kuwait 74 74 74 74 74
Lebanon 74 74 75 75 76
Malaysia 74 74 74 75 75
New Caledonia 76 74 74 78 77
Georgia 74 74 75 75 75
Belarus 74 74 74 74 74
Mauritius 74 74 74 75 75
Ecuador 74 74 75 75 76
Thailand 74 74 75 75 75
United Arab Emirates 74 75 75 75 75
Bulgaria 75 75 74 75 75
Barbados 74 75 75 75 75
Macedonia, FYR 74 75 75 75 75
Bahrain 75 75 75 75 75
Bahamas, The 75 75 75 75 75
Hungary 75 75 75 75 75
Latvia 73 75 75 75 75
Venezuela, RB 75 75 75 75 75
Bosnia and Herzegovina 74 75 76 76 77
Antigua and Barbuda 75 75 75 76 76
Estonia 74 75 76 75 76
Albania 75 76 76 76 77
Mexico 75 76 76 76 76
Lithuania 75 76 77 77 77
Guam 76 76 76 77 77
Aruba 76 76 76 76 76
Poland 76 77 77 77 78
Argentina 76 77 77 77 77
Slovak Republic 76 77 77 77 77
Croatia 77 77 77 76 77
Panama 77 77 77 77 78
Qatar 77 77 77 77 77
Brunei Darussalam 77 77 77 78 78
Vietnam 77 77 78 78 78
Czech Republic 77 77 77 78 78
Uruguay 77 78 78 78 78
Cuba 77 78 78 78 78
Korea, Rep. 77 78 78 78 79
Denmark 78 78 78 79 79
Slovenia 78 78 79 79 79
Chile 78 78 79 79 79
Montenegro 79 79 78 78 78
Ireland 78 79 79 79 79
Singapore 79 79 79 80 80
Portugal 79 79 79 79 80
United States 79 79 79 80 79
Macao SAR, China 79 79 79 80 80
Puerto Rico 79 79 79 80 80
Costa Rica 79 79 80 80 80
New Zealand 80 79 80 81 80
St. Martin (French part) 79 80 80 80 80
Cyprus 79 80 80 80 80
Malta 80 80 80 80 79
United Kingdom 80 80 80 80 80
Luxembourg 80 80 80 81 81
Germany 80 80 80 81 81
Israel 80 80 80 80 80
Austria 80 80 81 81 81
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 80 80 81 81 81
Netherlands 80 80 81 81 81
Greece 80 80 81 80 81
Finland 80 81 81 81 81
Belgium 80 81 81 81 81
Norway 81 81 81 81 81
Australia 81 81 81 82 82
Canada 81 81 81 82 82
Iceland 80 81 82 82 81
Faeroe Islands 81 81 82 82 82
Sweden 81 82 82 82 82
Liechtenstein 80 82 80 82 83
Italy 82 82 82 82 83
Spain 82 82 82 82 82
France 82 82 82 83 83
Switzerland 82 82 82 83 83
San Marino 83 83 83 84
Hong Kong SAR, China 82 83 83 83 83
Japan 83 84 84 84 84
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Palau 77
Dominica 78
Monaco
Serbia 75
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands 69
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis 73
Andorra
Curacao
Seychelles 75

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