Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Sierra Leone 40 40 39 39 38
South Sudan 40 41 42 42 43
Angola 41 41 41 41 41
Niger 42 42 43 43 43
Mozambique 43 43 43 43 43
Mali 43 44 45 45 46
Timor-Leste 43 45 46 47 48
Afghanistan 44 45 46 47 48
Ethiopia 45 45 46 46 47
Equatorial Guinea 45 45 46 46 46
Eritrea 45 46 46 47 47
Guinea 45 46 47 48 49
Chad 46 46 46 46 46
Malawi 46 46 47 47 47
Somalia 46 46 46 46 46
Nigeria 46 46 46 46 46
Congo, Dem. Rep. 47 47 47 47 47
Guinea-Bissau 47 48 48 48 49
Liberia 47 47 47 47 47
Zambia 48 47 46 46 45
Central African Republic 48 48 48 47 47
Burundi 49 49 48 48 48
Bhutan 49 49 50 51 52
Uganda 49 49 49 48 48
Burkina Faso 49 49 49 49 49
Rwanda 49 48 45 41 37
Madagascar 50 50 50 50 51
Benin 50 51 51 52 53
Gambia, The 50 51 51 52 52
Lao PDR 51 51 52 53 53
Nepal 51 52 53 53 54
Tanzania 51 51 51 51 51
Haiti 53 53 53 54 54
Cote d'Ivoire 53 53 53 53 53
Cameroon 53 53 53 53 54
Cambodia 53 54 54 54 54
Senegal 54 55 56 56 57
Comoros 54 54 55 55 55
Ghana 54 55 55 56 56
Togo 55 55 55 56 56
Sudan 55 55 55 55 55
Papua New Guinea 55 55 55 55 55
Yemen, Rep. 55 56 56 57 57
Djibouti 55 56 56 56 56
Bolivia 56 56 57 58 58
Iran, Islamic Rep. 56 57 59 60 62
Lesotho 56 57 57 58 59
Maldives 57 57 58 59 60
Congo, Rep. 57 57 56 56 56
Myanmar 57 57 58 58 58
Mauritania 57 57 58 58 58
India 57 57 58 58 58
Solomon Islands 57 57 56 56 56
Bangladesh 57 58 58 59 59
Swaziland 57 58 58 59 59
Mongolia 58 59 59 60 60
Kiribati 58 59 59 60 60
Gabon 59 60 60 61 61
Kenya 60 60 60 60 59
Guatemala 60 60 61 61 62
Pakistan 60 60 60 61 61
El Salvador 60 61 62 64 65
Namibia 60 60 61 61 61
South Africa 60 60 61 61 62
Nicaragua 61 61 62 63 63
Sao Tome and Principe 61 61 61 61 62
Vanuatu 61 62 62 62 63
Indonesia 61 62 62 63 63
Guyana 61 61 62 62 62
Zimbabwe 61 61 61 61 60
Morocco 61 62 63 63 64
Turkey 62 62 63 63 64
Egypt, Arab Rep. 62 62 63 64 64
Iraq 62 63 65 66 67
Turkmenistan 62 62 63 63 63
Samoa 62 63 63 64 65
Peru 63 63 64 65 65
Botswana 63 63 63 63 63
Tajikistan 63 63 63 63 63
Cabo Verde 64 64 65 65 66
Honduras 64 64 65 66 66
Philippines 64 64 64 65 65
Greenland 64 64 65 65 65
Oman 64 65 65 66 67
Algeria 64 65 66 66 66
Fiji 64 65 65 65 65
Brazil 65 65 65 66 66
Kyrgyz Republic 65 65 66 66 68
Dominican Republic 65 66 66 67 67
Azerbaijan 65 66 66 65 65
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 66 66 66 66 66
Tunisia 66 66 67 68 68
Ecuador 66 67 67 68 68
Moldova 66 67 67 67 67
Saudi Arabia 67 67 68 68 69
Libya 67 67 67 68 68
Uzbekistan 67 67 67 67 67
Kosovo 67 67 67 67 68
Suriname 67 67 67 67 67
Paraguay 67 67 68 68 68
Korea, Dem. Rep. 67 68 68 69 69
French Polynesia 67 68 68 68 69
Grenada 67 68 68 68 68
Trinidad and Tobago 68 68 68 68 68
Colombia 68 68 68 68 68
Thailand 68 69 69 70 70
Russian Federation 68 69 69 69 69
Syrian Arab Republic 68 69 69 70 70
Jordan 68 69 69 69 70
China 68 69 69 69 69
Mauritius 68 68 69 69 69
Korea, Rep. 69 69 70 70 71
Kazakhstan 69 69 69 69 68
Tonga 69 69 69 69 69
New Caledonia 69 69 69 69 69
Mexico 69 69 70 70 70
Vietnam 69 69 70 70 70
Lebanon 69 69 69 70 70
Hungary 69 69 70 70 69
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 69 69 69 70 70
Sri Lanka 69 69 69 69 70
Latvia 69 71 71 71 70
Estonia 69 70 71 71 70
Armenia 70 69 69 68 68
Malaysia 70 70 70 70 71
Ukraine 70 70 70 70 71
Bahamas, The 70 70 70 70 70
Barbados 70 70 70 70 71
Venezuela, RB 70 70 70 71 71
Romania 70 69 69 69 70
Macedonia, FYR 70 70 70 71 71
Georgia 70 70 70 70 70
Antigua and Barbuda 70 70 70 71 71
United Arab Emirates 70 70 71 71 71
St. Lucia 70 71 71 71 71
Lithuania 71 72 72 72 71
Poland 71 71 71 71 71
Argentina 71 71 71 71 71
Slovak Republic 71 71 71 71 71
Guam 71 71 71 72 72
Croatia 71 71 71 71 72
Belarus 71 72 71 71 72
Czech Republic 71 71 71 72 72
Jamaica 71 71 71 71 71
Belize 71 71 71 71 71
Kuwait 71 71 72 72 72
Bulgaria 71 72 72 72 72
Slovenia 71 72 72 72 73
Bahrain 71 72 72 72 72
Albania 71 72 72 72 72
Uruguay 72 72 72 72 72
Bosnia and Herzegovina 72 72 71 70 69
Panama 72 72 72 73 73
Chile 72 72 73 73 73
Brunei Darussalam 72 73 73 73 73
St. Martin (French part) 73 74 74 74 74
Portugal 73 73 74 74 74
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 73 73 74 74 74
Aruba 73 73 73 73 73
Luxembourg 74 74 74 74 75
Ireland 74 74 74 74 75
Montenegro 74 74 74 74 74
Austria 74 74 75 75 75
New Zealand 74 74 74 74 75
Singapore 74 74 75 75 75
Macao SAR, China 74 74 74 75 75
Germany 74 74 75 75 75
Malta 74 74 75 75 75
Finland 74 75 75 75 75
Qatar 74 74 75 75 75
Puerto Rico 74 74 74 74 74
Denmark 74 75 75 75 75
Belgium 75 75 75 76 76
Cuba 75 75 75 75 75
United States 75 75 75 75 75
Costa Rica 75 75 75 75 76
United Kingdom 75 75 75 75 76
Greece 75 75 76 76 77
Israel 75 75 75 74 76
France 75 76 76 76 76
Italy 75 76 76 76 77
Australia 76 76 76 76 77
Cyprus 76 76 76 76 76
Norway 76 76 76 76 77
Spain 76 77 77 77 77
Netherlands 76 76 77 77 77
Canada 76 76 77 77 77
Hong Kong SAR, China 76 77 77 77 77
Sweden 77 77 77 77 78
Switzerland 77 77 77 77 77
Iceland 78 78 77 77 78
Japan 78 78 78 78 79
Cayman Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis 66
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
Tuvalu
Bermuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Andorra
San Marino
Dominica 72
Isle of Man
Faeroe Islands 75 75 76 76
Monaco
Palau
Marshall Islands 72
Serbia
West Bank and Gaza
Seychelles 70
American Samoa
Curacao

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