Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Rwanda 37 33 29 27 27
Sierra Leone 38 37 37 36 36
Angola 41 41 41 41 41
Zambia 45 44 43 42 42
Mozambique 43 44 44 44 45
South Sudan 43 44 44 45 46
Niger 43 44 45 45 46
Somalia 46 45 45 45 46
Central African Republic 47 46 46 45 45
Nigeria 46 46 46 46 46
Chad 46 46 46 46 46
Mali 46 46 47 47 47
Equatorial Guinea 46 47 47 47 47
Burundi 48 47 47 47 46
Uganda 48 48 47 47 46
Malawi 47 47 47 47 47
Ethiopia 47 47 47 48 48
Congo, Dem. Rep. 47 47 47 47 47
Liberia 47 47 47 48 48
Eritrea 47 48 49 50 51
Burkina Faso 49 49 49 49 49
Timor-Leste 48 48 49 50 51
Afghanistan 48 49 49 50 51
Guinea-Bissau 49 49 49 50 50
Tanzania 51 50 50 50 50
Guinea 49 50 51 51 51
Madagascar 51 51 52 52 53
Cote d'Ivoire 53 53 52 52 51
Gambia, The 52 52 52 53 53
Bhutan 52 52 53 54 55
Cameroon 54 54 54 54 54
Benin 53 53 54 54 55
Congo, Rep. 56 55 55 54 54
Haiti 54 54 55 55 55
Lao PDR 53 54 55 56 57
Cambodia 54 55 55 56 56
Sudan 55 56 56 56 56
Nepal 54 55 56 57 57
Comoros 55 56 56 56 56
Togo 56 56 56 56 55
Papua New Guinea 55 56 56 56 57
Djibouti 56 57 57 57 57
Ghana 56 57 57 57 58
Solomon Islands 56 57 57 58 58
Senegal 57 57 57 58 58
Zimbabwe 60 59 58 57 55
Yemen, Rep. 57 58 58 58 59
Mauritania 58 58 59 59 59
Kenya 59 59 59 58 58
India 58 59 59 59 59
Myanmar 58 59 59 59 60
Swaziland 59 59 59 59 58
Bolivia 58 59 59 60 60
Lesotho 59 59 60 60 59
Mongolia 60 60 60 61 61
Bangladesh 59 60 61 61 62
Kiribati 60 61 61 61 62
Namibia 61 61 61 61 61
Gabon 61 61 61 61 61
Maldives 60 61 61 62 63
Pakistan 61 61 61 62 62
Sao Tome and Principe 62 62 62 62 62
Guyana 62 62 62 62 63
South Africa 62 62 62 62 62
Botswana 63 63 62 61 60
Tajikistan 63 63 63 62 62
Turkmenistan 63 63 63 63 63
Guatemala 62 62 63 63 64
Vanuatu 63 63 64 64 65
Indonesia 63 63 64 64 65
Azerbaijan 65 65 64 64 64
Iran, Islamic Rep. 62 63 65 66 67
Turkey 64 64 65 65 66
Nicaragua 63 64 65 66 66
Egypt, Arab Rep. 64 65 65 65 66
Greenland 65 65 65 65 66
Morocco 64 65 65 66 66
Philippines 65 65 65 66 66
Samoa 65 65 66 66 67
Fiji 65 66 66 66 66
Peru 65 66 66 67 67
Cabo Verde 66 66 66 67 67
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 66 66 66 66 67
Bosnia and Herzegovina 69 67 66 66 66
Uzbekistan 67 67 67 66 66
El Salvador 65 66 67 68 68
Brazil 66 67 67 67 68
Algeria 66 67 67 67 67
Honduras 66 67 67 68 68
Moldova 67 67 67 67 67
Suriname 67 68 68 68 68
Armenia 68 68 68 68 68
Oman 67 67 68 68 69
Kosovo 68 68 68 68 68
Kazakhstan 68 68 68 68 67
Trinidad and Tobago 68 68 68 68 68
Paraguay 68 68 68 68 69
West Bank and Gaza 68 68 69 69
Dominican Republic 67 68 68 69 69
Colombia 68 68 68 69 69
Russian Federation 69 69 68 67 65
Kyrgyz Republic 68 68 69 68 67
Grenada 68 68 69 69 69
Ukraine 71 70 69 69 68
Libya 68 69 69 69 70
Latvia 70 69 69 68 67
French Polynesia 69 69 69 69 70
Iraq 67 68 69 70 70
Korea, Dem. Rep. 69 69 69 69 68
Ecuador 68 69 69 70 70
Estonia 70 69 69 69 68
Hungary 69 69 69 69 69
Saudi Arabia 69 69 70 70 70
China 69 69 70 70 70
Tonga 69 70 70 70 70
Sri Lanka 70 70 70 70 70
Romania 70 70 70 70 70
Mauritius 69 69 70 70 70
Georgia 70 70 70 70 70
Jordan 70 70 70 70 71
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 70 70 70 70 70
New Caledonia 70 70 70 72 72
Lithuania 71 71 70 70 69
Belarus 72 71 70 70 69
Tunisia 68 70 71 71 71
Thailand 70 70 71 71 71
Lebanon 70 70 71 71 71
Jamaica 71 71 71 70 70
Poland 71 71 71 71 72
Syrian Arab Republic 70 70 71 71 71
Bahamas, The 70 71 71 71 71
Vietnam 70 71 71 71 71
Slovak Republic 71 71 71 72 72
Belize 71 71 71 71 71
Malaysia 71 71 71 71 71
Barbados 71 71 71 71 72
St. Lucia 71 71 71 71 71
Mexico 70 71 71 72 72
Venezuela, RB 71 71 71 71 72
Macedonia, FYR 71 71 71 71 72
Antigua and Barbuda 71 71 71 72 72
Serbia 71
Bulgaria 72 72 72 71 71
Korea, Rep. 71 71 72 72 73
Argentina 71 72 72 72 72
Czech Republic 72 71 72 72 73
Albania 72 72 72 72 72
United Arab Emirates 71 72 72 72 73
Croatia 72 72 72 71 72
Guam 72 72 72 73 73
Kuwait 72 72 72 73 73
Bahrain 72 73 73 73 73
Uruguay 72 73 73 73 73
Panama 73 73 73 74 74
Slovenia 73 73 73 73 73
Aruba 73 73 73 73 74
Chile 73 74 74 74 74
Brunei Darussalam 73 74 74 74 74
Portugal 74 74 74 74 75
Bermuda 74
Puerto Rico 74 74 74 74 74
Montenegro 74 74 74 75 75
Cuba 75 75 75 75 75
Ireland 75 75 75 75 75
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 74 75 75 75 76
Denmark 75 75 75 75 75
Finland 75 75 75 75 76
Germany 75 75 75 76 76
United States 75 75 75 76 75
Malta 75 75 75 76 77
Luxembourg 75 75 75 76 76
Qatar 75 75 75 76 76
Macao SAR, China 75 75 76 76 76
Austria 75 76 76 76 76
St. Martin (French part) 74 75 76 75 76
Costa Rica 76 76 76 76 76
New Zealand 75 75 76 76 76
United Kingdom 76 76 76 76 76
Belgium 76 76 76 76 76
Singapore 76 76 76 77 77
Cyprus 76 77 77 77 77
Israel 76 77 77 77 77
France 76 77 77 77 77
Faeroe Islands 76 77 77 77 77
Spain 77 77 77 77 78
Norway 77 77 77 77 77
Netherlands 77 77 77 77 77
Italy 77 77 77 77 78
Greece 77 77 77 77 77
Australia 77 77 77 77 78
Switzerland 77 77 78 78 78
Canada 77 77 78 77 78
Sweden 78 78 78 78 78
Hong Kong SAR, China 77 77 78 78 78
Iceland 78 78 78 79 79
Japan 79 79 79 79 79
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tuvalu
Dominica 74
Palau 69
San Marino
Cayman Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liechtenstein
Monaco
Isle of Man
Seychelles 71
Northern Mariana Islands
Marshall Islands
Curacao
American Samoa
St. Kitts and Nevis 68

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