Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Rwanda 33 29 27 27 28
Sierra Leone 37 37 36 36 36
Angola 41 41 41 41 42
Zambia 44 43 42 42 41
Mozambique 44 44 44 45 45
South Sudan 44 44 45 46 46
Niger 44 45 45 46 46
Somalia 45 45 45 46 46
Central African Republic 46 46 45 45 44
Nigeria 46 46 46 46 46
Chad 46 46 46 46 46
Mali 46 47 47 47 48
Equatorial Guinea 47 47 47 47 47
Burundi 47 47 47 46 46
Uganda 48 47 47 46 46
Malawi 47 47 47 47 47
Ethiopia 47 47 48 48 49
Congo, Dem. Rep. 47 47 47 47 47
Liberia 47 47 48 48 49
Eritrea 48 49 50 51 52
Burkina Faso 49 49 49 49 49
Timor-Leste 48 49 50 51 52
Afghanistan 49 49 50 51 52
Guinea-Bissau 49 49 50 50 50
Tanzania 50 50 50 50 49
Guinea 50 51 51 51 52
Madagascar 51 52 52 53 54
Cote d'Ivoire 53 52 52 51 50
Gambia, The 52 52 53 53 53
Bhutan 52 53 54 55 56
Cameroon 54 54 54 54 53
Benin 53 54 54 55 55
Congo, Rep. 55 55 54 54 53
Haiti 54 55 55 55 56
Lao PDR 54 55 56 57 57
Cambodia 55 55 56 56 57
Sudan 56 56 56 56 56
Nepal 55 56 57 57 58
Comoros 56 56 56 56 56
Togo 56 56 56 55 55
Papua New Guinea 56 56 56 57 57
Djibouti 57 57 57 57 57
Ghana 57 57 57 58 58
Solomon Islands 57 57 58 58 59
Senegal 57 57 58 58 57
Zimbabwe 59 58 57 55 53
Yemen, Rep. 58 58 58 59 59
Mauritania 58 59 59 59 59
Kenya 59 59 58 58 57
India 59 59 59 59 60
Myanmar 59 59 59 60 60
Swaziland 59 59 59 58 58
Bolivia 59 59 60 60 61
Lesotho 59 60 60 59 58
Mongolia 60 60 61 61 61
Bangladesh 60 61 61 62 62
Kiribati 61 61 61 62 62
Namibia 61 61 61 61 61
Gabon 61 61 61 61 61
Maldives 61 61 62 63 64
Pakistan 61 61 62 62 62
Sao Tome and Principe 62 62 62 62 62
Guyana 62 62 62 63 63
South Africa 62 62 62 62 62
Botswana 63 62 61 60 59
Tajikistan 63 63 62 62 62
Turkmenistan 63 63 63 63 63
Guatemala 62 63 63 64 64
Vanuatu 63 64 64 65 65
Indonesia 63 64 64 65 65
Azerbaijan 65 64 64 64 64
Iran, Islamic Rep. 63 65 66 67 67
Turkey 64 65 65 66 66
Nicaragua 64 65 66 66 67
Egypt, Arab Rep. 65 65 65 66 66
Greenland 65 65 65 66 66
Morocco 65 65 66 66 67
Philippines 65 65 66 66 66
Samoa 65 66 66 67 67
Fiji 66 66 66 66 66
Peru 66 66 67 67 68
Cabo Verde 66 66 67 67 67
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 66 66 66 67 67
Bosnia and Herzegovina 67 66 66 66 67
Uzbekistan 67 67 66 66 66
El Salvador 66 67 68 68 68
Brazil 67 67 67 68 68
Algeria 67 67 67 67 68
Honduras 67 67 68 68 68
Moldova 67 67 67 67 67
Suriname 68 68 68 68 68
Armenia 68 68 68 68 68
Oman 67 68 68 69 69
Kazakhstan 68 68 68 67 66
Trinidad and Tobago 68 68 68 68 68
Paraguay 68 68 68 69 69
West Bank and Gaza 68 68 69 69 69
Dominican Republic 68 68 69 69 69
Colombia 68 68 69 69 69
Russian Federation 69 68 67 65 64
Kyrgyz Republic 68 69 68 67 66
Grenada 68 69 69 69 69
Ukraine 70 69 69 68 68
Libya 69 69 69 70 70
Latvia 69 69 68 67 66
French Polynesia 69 69 69 70 70
Iraq 68 69 70 70 71
Korea, Dem. Rep. 69 69 69 68 67
Ecuador 69 69 70 70 71
Estonia 69 69 69 68 67
Hungary 69 69 69 69 69
Saudi Arabia 69 70 70 70 71
China 69 70 70 70 70
Tonga 70 70 70 70 70
Sri Lanka 70 70 70 70 70
Romania 70 70 70 70 70
Mauritius 69 70 70 70 70
Georgia 70 70 70 70 70
Jordan 70 70 70 71 71
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 70 70 70 70 71
New Caledonia 70 70 72 72 71
Lithuania 71 70 70 69 69
Belarus 71 70 70 69 69
Tunisia 70 71 71 71 71
Thailand 70 71 71 71 71
Lebanon 70 71 71 71 72
Jamaica 71 71 70 70 70
Poland 71 71 71 72 72
Syrian Arab Republic 70 71 71 71 72
Bahamas, The 71 71 71 71 71
Vietnam 71 71 71 71 72
Slovak Republic 71 71 72 72 72
Belize 71 71 71 71 70
Malaysia 71 71 71 71 72
Barbados 71 71 71 72 72
St. Lucia 71 71 71 71 71
Mexico 71 71 72 72 72
Venezuela, RB 71 71 71 72 72
Macedonia, FYR 71 71 71 72 72
Antigua and Barbuda 71 71 72 72 72
Serbia 71
Bulgaria 72 72 71 71 71
Korea, Rep. 71 72 72 73 73
Argentina 72 72 72 72 72
Czech Republic 71 72 72 73 73
Albania 72 72 72 72 72
United Arab Emirates 72 72 72 73 73
Croatia 72 72 71 72 72
Guam 72 72 73 73 73
Kuwait 72 72 73 73 73
Bahrain 73 73 73 73 73
Uruguay 73 73 73 73 73
Panama 73 73 74 74 74
Slovenia 73 73 73 73 73
Aruba 73 73 73 74 74
Chile 74 74 74 74 75
Brunei Darussalam 74 74 74 74 75
Portugal 74 74 74 75 75
Bermuda 74
Puerto Rico 74 74 74 74 74
Montenegro 74 74 75 75 75
Cuba 75 75 75 75 75
Ireland 75 75 75 75 75
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 75 75 75 76 76
Denmark 75 75 75 75 75
Finland 75 75 75 76 76
Germany 75 75 76 76 76
United States 75 75 76 75 76
Malta 75 75 76 77 77
Luxembourg 75 75 76 76 76
Qatar 75 75 76 76 76
Macao SAR, China 75 76 76 76 76
Austria 76 76 76 76 76
Singapore 75 76 76 76 76
St. Martin (French part) 75 76 75 76 76
Costa Rica 76 76 76 76 77
New Zealand 75 76 76 76 77
United Kingdom 76 76 76 76 77
Belgium 76 76 76 76 77
Faeroe Islands 76 76 77 77 77
Cyprus 77 77 77 77 77
Israel 77 77 77 77 77
France 77 77 77 77 78
Spain 77 77 77 78 78
Norway 77 77 77 77 78
Netherlands 77 77 77 77 77
Italy 77 77 77 78 78
Greece 77 77 77 77 78
Australia 77 77 77 78 78
Switzerland 77 78 78 78 78
Canada 77 78 77 78 78
Sweden 78 78 78 78 79
Hong Kong SAR, China 77 78 78 78 79
Iceland 78 78 79 79 79
Japan 79 79 79 79 80
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao
Cayman Islands
Seychelles 71
Isle of Man 77
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis 68
Tuvalu
Monaco
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
San Marino
Palau 69
Liechtenstein 78
American Samoa
Taiwan, China
Dominica 74

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