Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Rwanda 33 29 27 27 28
Sierra Leone 37 37 36 36 36
Angola 41 41 41 41 42
Zambia 44 43 42 42 41
Mozambique 44 44 44 45 45
South Sudan 44 44 45 46 46
Niger 44 45 45 46 46
Central African Republic 46 46 45 45 44
Somalia 45 45 45 46 46
Nigeria 46 46 46 46 46
Chad 46 46 46 46 46
Burundi 47 47 47 46 46
Uganda 48 47 47 46 46
Equatorial Guinea 47 47 47 47 47
Mali 46 47 47 47 48
Malawi 47 47 47 47 47
Congo, Dem. Rep. 47 47 47 47 47
Ethiopia 47 47 48 48 49
Liberia 47 47 48 48 49
Burkina Faso 49 49 49 49 49
Guinea-Bissau 49 49 50 50 50
Tanzania 50 50 50 50 49
Eritrea 48 49 50 51 52
Afghanistan 49 49 50 51 52
Timor-Leste 48 49 50 51 52
Guinea 50 51 51 51 52
Cote d'Ivoire 53 52 52 51 50
Madagascar 51 52 52 53 54
Gambia, The 52 52 53 53 53
Cameroon 54 54 54 54 53
Bhutan 52 53 54 55 56
Congo, Rep. 55 55 54 54 53
Benin 53 54 54 55 55
Haiti 54 55 55 55 56
Lao PDR 54 55 56 57 57
Togo 56 56 56 55 55
Cambodia 55 55 56 56 57
Sudan 56 56 56 56 56
Comoros 56 56 56 56 56
Papua New Guinea 56 56 56 57 57
Zimbabwe 59 58 57 55 53
Nepal 55 56 57 57 58
Djibouti 57 57 57 57 57
Ghana 57 57 57 58 58
Senegal 57 57 58 58 57
Solomon Islands 57 57 58 58 59
Kenya 59 59 58 58 57
Yemen, Rep. 58 58 58 59 59
Mauritania 58 59 59 59 59
Swaziland 59 59 59 58 58
India 59 59 59 59 60
Myanmar 59 59 59 60 60
Lesotho 59 60 60 59 58
Bolivia 59 59 60 60 61
Mongolia 60 60 61 61 61
Bangladesh 60 61 61 62 62
Namibia 61 61 61 61 61
Kiribati 61 61 61 62 62
Gabon 61 61 61 61 61
Botswana 63 62 61 60 59
Pakistan 61 61 62 62 62
Sao Tome and Principe 62 62 62 62 62
Maldives 61 61 62 63 64
South Africa 62 62 62 62 62
Guyana 62 62 62 63 63
Tajikistan 63 63 62 62 62
Turkmenistan 63 63 63 63 63
Guatemala 62 63 63 64 64
Vanuatu 63 64 64 65 65
Azerbaijan 65 64 64 64 64
Indonesia 63 64 64 65 65
Greenland 65 65 65 66 66
Turkey 64 65 65 66 66
Egypt, Arab Rep. 65 65 65 66 66
Philippines 65 65 66 66 66
Nicaragua 64 65 66 66 67
Morocco 65 65 66 66 67
Iran, Islamic Rep. 63 65 66 67 67
Bosnia and Herzegovina 67 66 66 66 67
Fiji 66 66 66 66 66
Samoa 65 66 66 67 67
Uzbekistan 67 67 66 66 66
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 66 66 66 67 67
Cabo Verde 66 66 67 67 67
Peru 66 66 67 67 68
Russian Federation 69 68 67 65 64
Algeria 67 67 67 67 68
Moldova 67 67 67 67 67
Brazil 67 67 67 68 68
El Salvador 66 67 68 68 68
Honduras 67 67 68 68 68
Suriname 68 68 68 68 68
Kazakhstan 68 68 68 67 66
Armenia 68 68 68 68 68
St. Kitts and Nevis 68
Kyrgyz Republic 68 69 68 67 66
Trinidad and Tobago 68 68 68 68 68
Paraguay 68 68 68 69 69
Latvia 69 69 68 67 66
Oman 67 68 68 69 69
Colombia 68 68 69 69 69
West Bank and Gaza 68 68 69 69 69
Grenada 68 69 69 69 69
Dominican Republic 68 68 69 69 69
Estonia 69 69 69 68 67
Korea, Dem. Rep. 69 69 69 68 67
Ukraine 70 69 69 68 68
Hungary 69 69 69 69 69
Libya 69 69 69 70 70
French Polynesia 69 69 69 70 70
Romania 70 70 70 70 70
Sri Lanka 70 70 70 70 70
Tonga 70 70 70 70 70
Ecuador 69 69 70 70 71
China 69 70 70 70 70
Iraq 68 69 70 70 71
Georgia 70 70 70 70 70
Saudi Arabia 69 70 70 70 71
Belarus 71 70 70 69 69
Mauritius 69 70 70 70 70
Lithuania 71 70 70 69 69
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 70 70 70 70 71
Jordan 70 70 70 71 71
Jamaica 71 71 70 70 70
Thailand 70 71 71 71 71
Seychelles 71
Belize 71 71 71 71 70
Tunisia 70 71 71 71 71
Lebanon 70 71 71 71 72
Bahamas, The 71 71 71 71 71
Syrian Arab Republic 70 71 71 71 72
Poland 71 71 71 72 72
Vietnam 71 71 71 71 72
St. Lucia 71 71 71 71 71
Malaysia 71 71 71 71 72
Croatia 72 72 71 72 72
Barbados 71 71 71 72 72
Venezuela, RB 71 71 71 72 72
Bulgaria 72 72 71 71 71
Macedonia, FYR 71 71 71 72 72
Mexico 71 71 72 72 72
New Caledonia 70 70 72 72 71
Antigua and Barbuda 71 71 72 72 72
Slovak Republic 71 71 72 72 72
Albania 72 72 72 72 72
Argentina 72 72 72 72 72
Korea, Rep. 71 72 72 73 73
Czech Republic 71 72 72 73 73
United Arab Emirates 72 72 72 73 73
Guam 72 72 73 73 73
Kuwait 72 72 73 73 73
Uruguay 73 73 73 73 73
Bahrain 73 73 73 73 73
Slovenia 73 73 73 73 73
Aruba 73 73 73 74 74
Panama 73 73 74 74 74
Puerto Rico 74 74 74 74 74
Dominica 74
Chile 74 74 74 74 75
Brunei Darussalam 74 74 74 74 75
Portugal 74 74 74 75 75
Montenegro 74 74 75 75 75
Cuba 75 75 75 75 75
Ireland 75 75 75 75 75
Denmark 75 75 75 75 75
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 75 75 75 76 76
St. Martin (French part) 75 76 75 76 76
Finland 75 75 75 76 76
United States 75 75 76 75 76
Qatar 75 75 76 76 76
Luxembourg 75 75 76 76 76
Macao SAR, China 75 76 76 76 76
Austria 76 76 76 76 76
Germany 75 75 76 76 76
Malta 75 75 76 77 77
Singapore 75 76 76 76 76
New Zealand 75 76 76 76 77
Costa Rica 76 76 76 76 77
Belgium 76 76 76 76 77
United Kingdom 76 76 76 76 77
Israel 77 77 77 77 77
Faeroe Islands 76 76 77 77 77
Cyprus 77 77 77 77 77
France 77 77 77 77 78
Norway 77 77 77 77 78
Netherlands 77 77 77 77 77
Canada 77 78 77 78 78
Australia 77 77 77 78 78
Greece 77 77 77 77 78
Spain 77 77 77 78 78
Italy 77 77 77 78 78
Hong Kong SAR, China 77 78 78 78 79
Switzerland 77 78 78 78 78
Sweden 78 78 78 78 79
Iceland 78 78 79 79 79
Japan 79 79 79 79 80
American Samoa
Tuvalu
San Marino
Liechtenstein 78
Isle of Man 77
Middle East (developing only)
Marshall Islands
Palau 69
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bermuda 74
Curacao
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Serbia 71
Northern Mariana Islands
Andorra
Cayman Islands
Monaco

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